Nobel Prize for Literature

by Syl | created - 13 Aug 2014 | updated - 05 Oct 2017 | Public

The award was not awarded in 1914; 1918; 1935; 1940; 1941; 1942; 1943;

The following recipients below are not found here on this site: Sully Prudhomme 1901 Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen 1902 Giosue Carducci 1906 Rudolf Christoph Eucken 1908 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler 1919 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1931 Saint John Perse 1960 Jaroslav Seifert 1984 Herte Muller 2009 Tomas Transtromer 2011

1. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson

Writer | Ett farligt frieri

Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was born on December 8, 1832 in Kvikne, Norway as Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson. He was a writer, known for A Dangerous Wooing (1919), A Girl of Solbakken (1957) and Fairy of Solbakken (1919). He was married to Karoline Reimers. He died on April 26, 1910 in Paris, France.


2. José Echegaray y Eizaguirre

Writer | Lovers?

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1904.


3. Frédéric Mistral

Writer | Mireille

Frédéric Mistral was born on September 8, 1830 in Maillane, Provence, France. He was a writer and actor, known for Mireille (1933), Mireille (1922) and Mireille's Sincere Love (1909). He was married to Marie Louise Aimée Rivière. He died on March 25, 1914 in Maillane.


4. Henryk Sienkiewicz

Writer | Quo Vadis

Henryk Sienkiewicz was born on May 5, 1846 in Wola Okrzejska, Poland, Russian Empire as Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz. He was a writer, known for Quo Vadis (1951), Invasion 1700 (1962) and Na jasnym brzegu (1921). He was married to Maria Babska, Maria Romanowska and Maria Emilia Kazimiera...


5. Rudyard Kipling

Writer | The Man Who Would Be King

Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. He was ...


6. Selma Lagerlöf

Writer | Gösta Berlings saga

Lagerlöf made her debut in 1891 with The Gösta Berling saga, a story about her own region, Värmland and her home, the country manor Mårbacka. With her novel she starts the wave of romantic nationalist literature in Sweden of the 1890s. Her novel Jerusalem (1901-02) is about religious emigrants from...


7. Paul Heyse

Writer | Your Favorite Story

German novelist and playwright who in 1910 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.


8. Maurice Maeterlinck

Writer | The Blue Bird

Maeterlinck was a revolutionary symbolist playwright from Belgium. His influence on modern drama is vast and he was one of the best known figures in Europe in the early twentieth century, both for his plays and his philosophical writings. Best known today for his fantasy play "The Blue Bird", which...


9. Gerhart Hauptmann

Writer | Faust: Eine deutsche Volkssage

Gerhart Hauptmann was born on November 15, 1862 in Obersalzbrunn, Lower Silesia, Germany as Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann. He was a writer, known for Faust (1926), Rose Bernd (1919) and Die Weber (1927). He was married to Margarete Marschalk and Marie Thienemann. He died on June 6, 1946 in ...


10. Rabindranath Tagore

Music_department | Daruchini Dwip

Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 6, 1861 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India. He is known for his work on Daruchini Dwip (2007), Charulata (1964) and Natir Puja (1932). He was married to Mrinalini Devi. He died on August 7, 1941 in Calcutta.


11. Romain Rolland

Writer | Xiang gui chun qing

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.


12. Verner von Heidenstam

Soundtrack | Pappa Bom

Swedish poet and novelist Verner von Heidenstam was born in Orebro, Sweden, in 1859. His family came from a long line of Swedish nobility, and had a tradition of service in the country's diplomatic corps and military. As a child he was rather sickly and in poor health, and spent much time reading, ...


13. Karl Gjellerup

Writer | Kvarnen

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1917 for "Pontoppidan".


14. Henrik Pontoppidan

Writer | Thora van Deken

Henrik Pontoppidan was born on July 24, 1857 in Fredericia, Denmark. He was a writer, known for Thora van Deken (1920), A Fortunate Man (2018) and A Fortunate Man (2018). He was married to Antoinette Kofoed and Mette Marie Hansen. He died on August 21, 1943 in Copenhagen, Denmark.


15. Knut Hamsun

Writer | Poslední radost

Norwegian novelist Knut Hamsun was born to a poor family and sent to live with an uncle, a commercial fisherman. He grew up without any formal schooling. Hamsun left Norway for the U.S. twice: once in 1882, and again in 1886. Each time he stayed in the U.S. for two years, holding various jobs ...


16. Anatole France

Writer | Crainquebille

Anatole France, the 1921 Nobel laureate for literature, was born Jacques Anatole Thibault in Paris on April 16, 1844, the son of a Paris book dealer. He attended the Parisian boys' school Collège Stanislas, where he received a classical education, and later matriculated at the École des Chartes. ...


18. William Butler Yeats

Writer | Dancing at Lughnasa

He allegedly declined a British knighthood in 1915.


19. Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont

Writer | Chlopi

Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont was born on May 7, 1867 in Kobiele Wielkie, Poland, Russian Empire as Wladyslaw Stanislaw Rejment. He was a writer, known for Chlopi (1922), Ziemia obiecana (1927) and The Promised Land (1975). He was married to Aurelia Szablowska. He died on December 5, 1925 in Warsaw, ...


20. George Bernard Shaw

Writer | My Fair Lady

The Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925, acquired a reputation as the greatest dramatist in the English language during the first half of the 20th Century for the plays he had written at the height of his creativity from "Mrs. ...


21. Grazia Deledda

Writer | La grazia

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926.


23. Sigrid Undset

Writer | Kristin Lavransdatter

Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928.


24. Thomas Mann

Writer | Le mirage

Thomas Mann was probably Germany's most influential author of the 20th century, receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929. Born on 6 June 1875 in Lübeck, his family moved to Munich in 1893, where he lived until 1933 and wrote some of his most successful novels like "Buddenbrocks" (1901), "...


25. Sinclair Lewis

Writer | Elmer Gantry

Sinclair Lewis, the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, was a colossus of American letters in the first half of the last century. Arguably, he is the first major "modern" writer of the 20th century, as there is American literature before "Main Street" (1920) and after that seminal...


26. John Galsworthy

Writer | That Forsyte Woman

John Galsworthy was born on August 14, 1867 in Kingston Hill, Surrey, England. He was a writer and actor, known for That Forsyte Woman (1949), The Stranger (1924) and One More River (1934). He was married to Ada Nemesis Pearson Cooper. He died on January 31, 1933 in Grove Lodge, Hampshire, England.


27. Ivan Bunin

Writer | Nesrochnaya vesna

Ivan Bunin was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1933).

He was born Ivan Alekseevich Bunin on October 22, 1870 on his ancestral estate near Voronezh, Russia. His father, Aleksei Bunin, and his mother, were descendants of several lines of old nobility that included ...


28. Luigi Pirandello

Writer | Ma non è una cosa seria

Luigi Pirandello was born on June 28, 1867 in Girgenti, Sicily, Italy. He was a writer, known for But It's Nothing Serious (1937), Der Mann, der nicht nein sagen kann (1938) and Liebeslied (1931). He was married to Antonietta Portulano. He died on December 10, 1936 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.


29. Eugene O'Neill

Writer | Kali bazrobidan

Eugene O'Neill, the winner of four Pulitzer Prizes for Drama and the 1936 Nobel Prize for Literature, is widely considered the greatest American playwright. No one, not Maxwell Anderson, Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, nor Edward Albee, approaches O'Neill in terms of his artistic achievement or ...


30. Roger Martin du Gard

Writer | Les Thibault

Was awarded the 1937 Nobel prize in literature.


31. Pearl S. Buck

Writer | The Good Earth

Daughter of Christian missionaries, Pearl Buck was reared and educated in China. She received her university education in America but returned to China in the mid-1910s. She became a university instructor and writer, eventually authoring novels about China, some of which were turned into Hollywood ...


32. F.E. Sillanpää

Writer | Miehen tie

F.E. Sillanpää was born on September 16, 1888 in Hämeenkyrö, Finland as Frans Eemil Sillanpää. He was a writer, known for One Man's Fate (1940), Silja - nuorena nukkunut (1956) and Nuorena nukkunut (1937). He died on June 3, 1964 in Helsinki, Finland.


33. Johannes V. Jensen

Writer | Madame d' Ora

Danish novelist Johannes Vilhelm Jensen was born in Faroe, Denmark, in 1873, the son of a veterinarian. He went to school in Viborg, then studied medicine at the University of Copenhagen, but did not finish his studies; he dropped out to travel the world and write. In 1897 he made his first trip to...


34. Gabriela Mistral

Writer | Time of the Angels

Gabriela Mistral was born on April 7, 1889 in Vicuña, Chile as Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga. She was an actress and writer, known for Time of the Angels (1987) and Sebastián y su amigo el artista (1971). She died on January 10, 1957 in Hempstead, New York, USA.


36. André Gide

Writer | Den'en kôkyôgaku

Andre Paul Guillaume Gide was born on November 22, 1869, in Paris, France. His father, named Paul Gide, was a professor of law at the University of Paris, he was a descendant from Cevennes Huhuenots. His mother, named Juliette Rondeaux, was a devoted Calvinist. He received an excellent private ...


37. T.S. Eliot

Apocalypse Now

T.S. Eliot ranks with William Butler Yeats as the greatest English language poet of the 20th Century and was certainly the most influential. He was born Thomas Stearns Eliot into the bosom of a respectable middle class family on September 26, 1888 in St. Louis, Missouri. The family had roots in New...


38. William Faulkner

Writer | To Have and Have Not

William Faulkner, one of the 20th century's most gifted novelists, wrote for the movies in part because he could not make enough money from his novels and short stories to support his growing number of dependants. The author of such acclaimed novels as "The Sound and the Fury" and "Absalom, Absalom...


39. Bertrand Russell

Self | Five More

Bertrand Russell was born on May 18, 1872 in Ravenscroft, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Wales as Bertrand Arthur William Russell. He was married to Edith Finch, Patricia Spence, Dora Russell and Alys Pearsall. He died on February 2, 1970 in Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales.


40. Pär Lagerkvist

Writer | The Dwarf

He has a daughter from an earlier marriage.


41. François Mauriac

Writer | Les anges noirs

François Mauriac was born on October 11, 1885 in Bordeaux, France. He was a writer, known for Les anges noirs (1937), The Living Bread (1955) and Therese (1962). He was married to Jeanne Lafon. He died on September 1, 1970 in Paris, France.


42. Winston Churchill

Writer | Matinee Theatre

Born in Blenheim Palace, the residence of his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father was the Duke's third son, Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was the daughter of an American financier.

After passing through famous English public schools such as Harrow, he went on ...


43. Ernest Hemingway

Writer | To Have and Have Not

Ernest Hemingway was an American writer who won the Pulitzer Prize (1953) and the Nobel Prize in Literature (1954) for his novel The Old Man and the Sea, which was made into a 1958 film The Old Man and the Sea (1958).

He was born into the hands of his physician father. He was the second of six ...


44. Halldór Laxness

Writer | Salka Valka

Halldór Laxness was born on April 23, 1902 in Reykjavik, Iceland as Halldor Kiljan Gudjonsson. He was a writer and actor, known for Salka Valka (1954), Atomic Station (1984) and Under the Glacier (1989). He was married to Auður Sveinsdóttir and Ingibjörg Einarsdóttir. He died on February 8, 1998 in...


45. Juan Ramón Jiménez

Writer | Platero y yo

Was awarded the 1956 Nobel prize in literature.


46. Albert Camus

Writer | The Misunderstanding

Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to ...


47. Boris Pasternak

Writer | Doctor Zhivago

Boris Pasternak was born in Moscow on February 10, 1890 into an artistic family of Russian-Jewish heritage. His father was an acclaimed artist named Leonid Pasternak, who converted to Christianity, and his mother was a renown concert pianist named Rosa Kaufman. Their home was open to family friends...


48. Salvatore Quasimodo

Writer | Megi

Salvatore Quasimodo was born on August 20, 1901 in Modica, Syracuse, Italy. He was a writer and actor, known for Maggie (1989), Washington Square (1997) and Questo mondo proibito (1963). He was married to Maria Cumani Quasimodo and Bice Donetti. He died on June 14, 1968 in Naples, Italy.

49. Ivo Andric

Writer | The Bridge on the Drina

Ivo Andric was born on October 9, 1892 as Ivan Andric. He was a writer, known for The Bridge on the Drina, Legends of Anika (1954) and I to ce proci (1985). He was married to Milica Babic-Andric. He died on March 13, 1975 in Belgrade, Serbia, Yugoslavia.


50. John Steinbeck

Writer | The Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck was the third of four children and the only son born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. His father was County Treasurer and his mother, a former schoolteacher. John graduated from Salinas High School in 1919 and attended classes at Stanford University, leaving in 1925 ...


51. Giorgos Seferis

Writer | Sta perihora tis Keryneias

Giorgos Seferis was born on March 13, 1900 in Urla, Ottoman Empire. He was a writer, known for Sta perihora tis Keryneias (1972), Epi aspalathon (1979) and Capitali culturali d'Europa (1983). He was married to Maria Zannou. He died on September 20, 1971 in Athens, Greece.


52. Jean-Paul Sartre

Writer | Les orgueilleux

Jean-Paul Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His father, Jean-Baptiste Sartre, was an officer in the French Navy. His mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was the cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Dr. Albert Schweitzer. Sartre was one year old when his father died. He was ...


53. Mikhail Sholokhov

Writer | Podnyataya tselina

Mikhail Sholokhov was a Russian writer who received a Nobel prize for his epic novel 'Tikhiy Don'.

He was born in 1905 into a Cossack family of farmers in Kruzhilin, Veshenskaya, Rostov province in Southern Russia. His high school studies were interrupted by the Russian revolution and the Civil War, ...


54. Shmuel Yosef Agnon

Writer | Shabbat Hamalka

Children: daughter Emuna; son Shalom


55. Nelly Sachs

Writer | Den magiska dansaren

Nelly Sachs was born on December 10, 1891 in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany as Leonie Sachs. She was a writer, known for Den magiska dansaren (1981) and Eli (1970). She died on May 12, 1970 in Stockholm, Stockholms län, Sweden.


56. Miguel Ángel Asturias

Writer | Tres historias fantásticas

Miguel Ángel Asturias was born on October 19, 1899 in Guatemala City, Guatemala. He was a writer, known for Tres historias fantásticas (1964), Soluna (1969) and Mr. President (1970). He was married to Blanca Mora y Araujo and Clemencia Amado. He died on June 9, 1974 in Madrid, Spain.


57. Yasunari Kawabata

Writer | Sleeping Beauty

Yasunari Kawabata was born on June 11, 1899 in Osaka, Japan. He was a writer and actor, known for Sleeping Beauty (2011), A Page of Madness (1926) and Mr. Thank You (1936). He was married to Hideko Keizo. He died on April 16, 1972 in Zushi, Kanagawa, Japan.


58. Samuel Beckett

Writer | Beckett Directs Beckett: Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett

One of the twentieth century's most original and important writers, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969, Samuel Beckett was the author of 'Waiting for Godot' (1952), one of the few plays in theatrical history to redefine the possibilities of the medium. Long fascinated by the cinema (...


59. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Writer | One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian writer who was imprisoned for his criticism of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and later exposed Stalin's prison system in his novels and spent 20 years in exile.

He was born Aleksandr Isaakovich Solzhenitsyn on December 11, 1918, in Kislovodsk, Southern ...


60. Pablo Neruda

Writer | What Spring Does with the Cherry Trees

Pablo Neruda was the pseudonym of Chilean poet Ricardo Neftali Reyes Basualto. He was born in Parral, a little town in central Chile, but his family moved to Temuco City when he was just a few months old. It was there he showed interest in poetry and made his early works, and where he picked "Pablo...


61. Heinrich Böll

Writer | The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum

A recurring theme in Heinrich Böll's novels is the German society during the decades following WWII. In his early novels, like 'Wo warst du Adam?' he writes about the meaningless of war, its sufferings and horrors. The moral decay of post-war Germany is the theme for the following novels, 'Nicht ...


62. Patrick White

Writer | Voss

Patrick White was born on May 28, 1912 in Knightsbridge, London, England as Patrick Victor Martindale White. He was a writer, known for Voss, The Night, the Prowler (1978) and The Eye of the Storm (2011). He died on September 29, 1990 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


63. Eyvind Johnson

Writer | 4 x 4

Received the Nobel prize in literature in 1974 "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom". He shared the prize with Harry Martinson.


64. Harry Martinson

Writer | Vägen till Klockrike

Harry Martinson was born on May 6, 1904 in Nyteboda, Blekinge län, Sweden as Harry Edmund Martinson. He was a writer and actor, known for Vägen till Klockrike (1953), Aniara (2018) and Aniara (1960). He was married to Moa Martinson. He died on February 11, 1978 in Karolinska sjukhuset, Solna, ...


65. Eugenio Montale

Writer | And You're So Special?

Eugenio Montale was born on October 12, 1896 in Genoa, Liguria, Italy. He was a writer, known for And You're So Special? (1990) and La fatica di leggere (1970). He was married to Drusilla Tanzi. He died on September 12, 1981 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy.


66. Saul Bellow

Actor | Zelig

Saul Bellow was born on June 10, 1915 in Lachine, Québec, Canada as Solomon Bellows. He was a writer and actor, known for Zelig (1983), Henderson the Rain King and Q for Quest (1961). He was married to Janis Freedman Bellow, Alexandra Ionesco Tuleca, Susan Glassman, Alexandra Tschacbasov and Anita ...


67. Vicente Aleixandre

Writer | Vibraciones oscilatorias

Vicente Aleixandre was born on April 26, 1898 in Seville, Spain as Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo. He was a writer, known for Vibraciones oscilatorias (1975), Sufrían por la luz (2006) and Mirar un cuadro (1982). He died on December 14, 1984 in Madrid, Spain.


68. Isaac Bashevis Singer

Writer | Yentl

Isaac Bashevis Singer was born on July 14, 1904 in Leoncin, Poland, Russian Empire as Icek Hersz Zynger. He was a writer, known for Yentl (1983), American Playhouse (1981) and The Magician of Lublin (1979). He was married to Alma Wassermann and Runia Pontsch. He died on July 24, 1991 in Surfside, ...


69. Odysseas Elytis

Soundtrack | Mia aioniotita kai mia mera

Nobel Prize in Literature in 1979.


70. Czeslaw Milosz

Writer | Robinson warszawski

Czeslaw Milosz was born on June 30, 1911 in Szetejnie, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire. He was a writer, known for Robinson warszawski (1950), Valley of the Issa (1982) and United States of Poetry (1995). He was married to Carol Marie Thigpen and Janina Dluska. He died on August 14, 2004 in ...


71. Elias Canetti

Writer | Komödie der Eitelkeit

Elias Canetti was born on July 24, 1905 in Russe, Bulgaria. He was a writer, known for Komödie der Eitelkeit (1972), Hochzeit (1972) and La mandrágora (1997). He was married to Hera Buschor and Venetiana Taubner-Calderon. He died on August 11, 1994 in Zürich, Switzerland.


72. Gabriel García Márquez

Writer | El año de la peste

Major Latin-American author of novels and short stories, a central figure in the so-called magical realism movement in Latin American literature. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982. Studied law and journalism in Bogotá and Cartagena. He began his career as a journalist in 1948, ...


73. William Golding

Writer | Lord of the Flies

William Golding was born on September 19, 1911 in St Columb Minor, Cornwall, England as William Gerald Golding. He was a writer, known for Lord of the Flies (1990), Lord of the Flies (1963) and Alkitrang dugo (1975). He was married to Ann Brookfield. He died on June 19, 1993 in Perranarworthal, ...


74. Claude Simon

Self | Cinéastes de notre temps

Claude Simon was born on October 10, 1913 in Antananarivo, Madagascar. He died on July 6, 2005 in Paris, France.


75. Wole Soyinka

Writer | Kongi's Harvest

Wole Soyinka was born on July 13, 1934 in Abeokuta, Nigeria as Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka. He is a writer and actor, known for Kongi's Harvest (1970), Joshua: A Nigerian Portrait (1963) and Un dieu au bord de la route (1994).


76. Joseph Brodsky

Writer | Khrustalyov, mashinu!

Joseph Brodsky was a Nobel Prize-winning Russian-Jewish poet, writer, director and translator, who was arrested and prosecuted by the Soviet regime before his emigration.

He was born Joseph Aleksandrovich Brodsky on May 24, 1940 in Leningrad (St. Petersburg, Russia). He survived the Nazi siege of ...


77. Najeeb Mahfouz

Writer | El fatawa

Najeeb Mahfouz was born on December 11, 1911 in Cairo, Egypt. He was a writer, known for The Tough (1957), The Monster (1954) and Between Heaven and Earth (1960). He was married to Atiyyatallah Ibrahim. He died on August 30, 2006 in Cairo.


78. Camilo José Cela

Writer | El cerco del diablo

Spanish novelista of post-Civil War period who, with his first and most popular novel, 'La familia de Pascual Duarte' (1942) established the narrative style known as tremendismo, a tendency to emphasize violence and grotesque imagery. His literary production -primarily novels, short narratives, and...


79. Octavio Paz

Music_department | El rebelde (Romance de antaño)

Octavio Paz was born on March 31, 1914 in Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico. He was a writer and actor, known for The Rebel (1943), I, the Worst of All (1990) and Sor Juana Inez de la cruz (1988). He was married to Marie Jo Paz and Elena Garro. He died on April 19, 1998 in Mexico City, Mexico.


80. Nadine Gordimer

Writer | The Gordimer Stories

Nadine Gordimer was born on November 20, 1923 in Springs, Transvaal, South Africa. She is known for her work on The Gordimer Stories (1982), The House Gun and City Lovers (1982). She was married to Reinhold Cassirer and Gerald Gavronsky. She died on July 13, 2014 in Johannesburg, South Africa.


81. Derek Walcott

Self | Shapes of Rhythm: The Music of Galt MacDermot

Derek Walcott was born on January 23, 1930 in Castries, Saint Lucia as Derek Alton Walcott. He was a writer, known for Shapes of Rhythm: The Music of Galt MacDermot, United States of Poetry (1995) and Arena (1975). He was married to Sigrid Nama, Norline Metivier, Margaret Ruth Maillard and Fay ...


82. Toni Morrison

Writer | Beloved

Toni Morrison was born on February 18, 1931 in Lorain, Ohio, USA as Chloe Anthony Wofford. She is a writer, known for Beloved (1998), Minstrel Man (1977) and Scales of Injustice. She was previously married to Harold Morrison.


83. Kenzaburô Oe

Writer | Upland

Kenzaburô Oe was born on January 31, 1935 in Oose, Japan. He is a writer, known for Upland, A False Student (1960) and Warera no jidai (1959).


84. Seamus Heaney

Writer | Bye-Child

Seamus Heaney was born on April 13, 1939 in Castledawson, Londonderry, Northern Ireland. He was a writer and actor, known for Bye-Child (2003), Stay (2013) and Seanchaí (2006). He was married to Marie Devlin. He died on August 30, 2013 in Dublin, Ireland.


85. Wislawa Szymborska

Writer | Tortures

Wislawa Szymborska was born on July 2, 1923 in Prowent, Poznanskie [now part of Kórnik, Wielkopolskie], Poland as Maria Wislawa Anna Szymborska. She was a writer, known for Tortures (2017), Nothing Twice (2005) and Life Is Bearable at Times... (2010). She was married to Adam Wlodek. She died on ...


86. Dario Fo

Writer | Lo svitato

Dario Fo was born on March 24, 1926 in Sangiano, Lombardy, Italy. He was a writer and actor, known for Lo svitato (1956), Rosso e nero (1954) and Teatr telewizji (1953). He was married to Franca Rame. He died on October 13, 2016 in Milan, Italy.


87. José Saramago

Writer | Blindness

José Saramago was born on November 16, 1922 in Azinhaga, Golega, Portugal as José de Sousa Saramago. He was a writer and actor, known for Blindness (2008), Enemy (2013) and O Evangelho Segundo Jesus Cristo. He was married to Pilar del Río and Ilda Reis. He died on June 18, 2010 in Lanzarote, Las ...


88. Günter Grass

Writer | Die Blechtrommel

Günter Grass was born on October 16, 1927 in Free City of Danzig as Günter Wilhelm Grass. He was a writer, known for The Tin Drum (1979), Cat and Mouse (1967) and The Call of the Toad (2005). He was married to Ute Grunert and Anna Margareta Schwartz. He died on April 13, 2015 in Lübeck, ...


90. V.S. Naipaul

Writer | The Mystic Masseur

V.S. Naipaul was born on August 17, 1932 in Chaguanas, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago as Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul. He was a writer, known for The Mystic Masseur (2001), The Levin Interviews (1980) and Le cercle de minuit (1992). He was married to Nadira Khannum Alvi and Patricia Ann Hale. He ...


91. Imre Kertész

Writer | Sorstalanság

Imre Kertész was born on November 9, 1929 in Budapest, Hungary. He was a writer, known for Fateless (2005), Emelet (2006) and Csacsifogat (1984). He was married to Magda Ambrus-Sass and Albina Vas. He died on March 31, 2016 in Budapest.


92. J.M. Coetzee

Writer | Waiting for the Barbarians

J.M. Coetzee was born on February 9, 1940 in Cape Town, South Africa as John Maxwell Coetzee. He is a writer, known for Waiting for the Barbarians, Dust (1985) and Disgrace (2008).


93. Elfriede Jelinek

Writer | La pianiste

Elfriede Jelinek was born on October 20, 1946 in Mürzzuschlag, Styria, Austria. She is a writer and actress, known for The Piano Teacher (2001), Malina (1991) and Bambiland (2008). She has been married to Gottfried Hüngsberg since June 12, 1974.


94. Harold Pinter

Writer | Sleuth

Harold Pinter, the 2005 Nobel Laureate for Literature, was born October 10, 1930, in London's working-class Hackney district to Hyman and Frances Pinter, Eastern European Jews who had immigrated to the United Kingdom from Portugal. Hyman (known as "Jack") was a tailor specializing in women's ...


95. Orhan Pamuk

Writer | Gizli Yüz

Orhan Pamuk was born on June 7, 1952 in Istanbul, Turkey. He is a writer and actor, known for Gizli Yüz (1991), Innocence of Memories (2015) and Mandarin (2008). He was previously married to Aylin Türegün.


96. Doris Lessing

Writer | Adoration

Doris Lessing was born on October 22, 1919 in Kermanshah, Persia as Doris May Tayler. She was a writer, known for Adore (2013), Maupassant (1963) and Memoirs of a Survivor (1981). She was married to Gottfried Anton Nicolai Lessing and Frank Charles Wisdom. She died on November 17, 2013 in London, ...


97. Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio

Writer | Mondo

Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio was born on April 13, 1940 in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France. He is a writer, known for Mondo (1995), Moloch, les chairs vives (2005) and Ex Libris (1988). He has been married to Jémia Jean since December 10, 1975. They have two children. He was previously married to ...


98. Herta Müller

Writer | Vulpe - vânator

Herta Müller was born on August 17, 1953 in Nitzkydorf, Banat, Romania. She is a writer, known for Vulpe - vânator (1993), Traveling on One Leg (2016) and An den Rand geschrieben - Rumäniendeutsche Schriftsteller im Fadenkreuz der Securitate (2010). She is married to Richard Wagner.


99. Mario Vargas Llosa

Writer | Tune in Tomorrow...

Mario Vargas Llosa was born on March 28, 1936 in Arequipa, Peru. He is a writer and director, known for Tune in Tomorrow... (1990), Pantaleón y las visitadoras (1976) and Captain Pantoja and the Special Services (1999). He has been married to Patricia Llosa since 1965. He was previously ...


100. Yan Mo

Writer | Xing fu shi guang

Mo Yan (a pseudonym for Guan Moye) was born in 1955 and grew up in Gaomi in Shandong province in north-eastern China. His parents were farmers. As a twelve-year-old during the Cultural Revolution he left school to work, first in agriculture, later in a factory. In 1976 he joined the People's ...


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