Conflictive 20th Century

by quietgiant2 | created - 04 Oct 2013 | updated - 06 Aug 2015 | Public

To view politicians of U.S.A. click in the list

1. Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Self | The General Election Results

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil was born on August 27, 1893 as Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil. He was previously married to Elizabeth Vere Cavendish.

3rd Marquess of Salisbury

2. Douglas Haig

Writer | The First World War

Douglas Haig was born on June 19, 1861 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a writer, known for The First World War (2003), Remembrance (1927) and Under Four Flags (1918). He died on January 29, 1928 in London, England.

1st Earl Haig, field marshal

3. Lord Kitchener

Self | Gen'l Sir Herbert Kitchener

Horatio Herbert Kitchener was born in Ballylongford, Ireland on June 24, 1850, the son of Lt. Col. Henry Kitchener. After attending boarding school in Switzerland, Horatio was admitted to the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, England in 1868. Commissioned as an officer in the Royal Engineers in ...

4. Pancho Villa

Producer | Life of Villa

Francisco "Pancho" Villa was born Doroteo Arango to rural peasant parents in San Juan del Rio, Mexico, on June 5, 1878. He later took several aliases, the most popular and well-known being "Pancho Villa". Raised in poverty in Durango, he turned to cattle rustling and robbery as a young man. The ...

5. Yat-sen Sun

Self | Pathé's Weekly, No. 23

Yat-sen Sun was born on November 12, 1866 in Hsiang-shan, Kwangtung Province, China. He was married to Ching-Ling Soong and Lu Mu-chen. He died on March 12, 1925 in Peking, China.

Sun was survived by his first and second wives, a daughter, and a son, Sun Fo. His first marriage, at the age of 18, to ...

He succeeded Yuan Shikai, his opositor, as the most influential leader in China.

7. Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Self | Pathé's Weekly, No. 29

Born on December 18, 1863, the eldest son of Archduke Karl-Ludwig von Habsburg and his wife, Princess Annunziata di Borbone, Franz Ferdinand was third in line to the thrown of the Austro-Hungarian Empire upon his birth. After his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide in 1889 and his father ...

8. Tsar Nicholas II

Self | Hänen Majesteettinsa Keisarin käynti Helsingissä

Czar Nicholas II of Russia was crowned in 1894, and was the last Emperor of Russia. He was born on 19 May, 1868, the first child of Tsarevitch Aleksandr III and his wife, Maria Fyodorovna. He was christened His Imperial Highness Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia. He was followed...

9. Kaiser Wilhelm II

Self | Gewalt gegen Recht

Kaiser William II was born on January 27, 1859 to a Prince and Princess of Prussia. His mother was the daughter of Queen Victoria. He grew up like any Prussian Prince, except for an arm that was deformed from birth. He admired his grandparents who became Kaiser and Empress when he was small. He ...

10. Crown Prince Hohenzollern

Self | Hiding in Holland

Crown Prince Hohenzollern was born on May 6, 1882 in Marmorpalais, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany as Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor August Ernst von Hohenzollern. He was married to Princess Margarita of Leiningen and Cecilie Auguste Marie Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He died on July 20, 1951 in ...

11. Paul von Hindenburg

Self | Deutschland erwacht - Ein Dokument von der Wiedergeburt Deutschlands

Coming from an aristocratic Prussian family, Paul von Hindenburg joined the Prussian army as a young man, retiring as a general in 1913 at age 66. Recalled to duty during World War I, he was placed in command of the German forces at the battle of Tannenberg in 1914 against the Russians which, due ...

12. Joseph Joffre

Self | Pathé's Weekly, No. 63

Joseph Joffre was born on January 12, 1852 in Rivesaltes, France as Joseph-Jacques-Césaire Joffre. He died on January 3, 1931 in Paris, France.

13. Ferdinand Foch

Self | La femme française pendant la guerre

Ferdinand Foch was born on October 2, 1851 in Tarbes, France. He died on March 20, 1929 in Paris, France.

14. Erich Ludendorff

Producer | Es soll ein Schwert durch Deine Seele dringen

Erich Ludendorff was born on April 9, 1865 in Kruszewnia, Prussia, Germany as Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff. He was a producer, known for Es soll ein Schwert durch Deine Seele dringen (1918). He was married to Mathilde Friederike Karoline Spiess and Margarethe Charlotte Catharina Schmidt. He ...

15. Aleksandr Kerensky

Self | The Levin Interview

Alexander Kerensky was born in Simbirsk, Russia, in 1881, the son of a lower-ranking nobleman in the Russian aristocracy. As a law student he gained renown for his skillful defense of socialist activists arrested by the Czarist police, which may well have contributed to his political party, the ...

16. V.I. Lenin

Writer | Un'alba

V.I. Lenin was born on April 22, 1870 in Simbirsk, Russian Empire as Vladimir Ilich Uliánov. He was a writer, known for Un'alba (1920), Padenie dinastii Romanovykh (1927) and Lenin v 2012 godu (2013). He was married to Nadezhda Krupskaya. He died on January 21, 1924 in Gorki, Moscow Governorate, ...

17. John J. Pershing

Self | Following the Flag in Mexico

John J. Pershing was born on September 13, 1860 in Laclede, Missouri, USA as John Joseph Pershing. He was married to Helen Frances Warren. He died on July 15, 1948 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

18. Leon Trotsky

Self | The Assassination of Trotsky

Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, which resulted in the ...

19. Mikhail Tukhachevsky

Mikhail Tukhachevsky, one of the top generals in the Soviet army, was actually born into a family of the Russian nobility. He graduated from the Russian Military Academy shortly before World War I and fought during the war as a Second Lieutenant. Captured by German forces, he escaped from captivity...

20. Józef Pilsudski

Józef Pilsudski was born on December 5, 1867 in Zulov, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire. He died on May 12, 1935 in Warsaw, Mazowieckie, Poland.

21. Georges Clemenceau

Writer | The Strongest

Georges Clemenceau was born on September 28, 1841 in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Vendée, France as George Benjamin Eugene Clemenceau. He was a writer, known for The Strongest (1920), Le voile du bonheur (1923) and Veil of Happiness (1910). He was married to Mary Plummer. He died on November 24, 1929 in ...

22. David Lloyd George

Writer | The First World War

David Lloyd George was born on January 17, 1863 in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, England. He was a writer, known for The First World War (2003), Vår egen tid (1959) and The Lord Mayor of London (1914). He was married to Frances Stevenson and Mrs. Lloyd George. He died on March 26, 1945 in ...

23. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Self | The Incredible Turk

Mustafa was born in 1881 in Salonica, then an Ottoman Turkish city, in modern day Greece. His father, Ali Riza, a customs official-turned-lumber merchant, died when Mustafa was still a boy. His mother, Zubeyde, a devout and strong-willed woman, raised him and his younger sister by herself. First ...

24. Joseph Stalin

Actor | Ostrov myortvykh

Joseph Stalin (a code name meaning "Man of Steel") was born Iosif (Joseph) Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in 1879 in Gori, Georgia, the Transcaucasian part of the Russian Empire. His father was a cobbler named Vissarion Dzhugashvili, a drunkard who beat him badly and frequently and left the family ...

25. Benito Mussolini

Writer | Villafranca

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born in Predappio, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He was the son of Alessandro Mussolini, a socialist, and Rosa Maltoni, a devout Catholic schoolteacher. In 1915, Mussolini married Donna Rachele Guidi. Together, they had five children. On October 31, 1922, at the age of...

Mafia avenged him, exchanging Lucky Luciano's freedom by the Sicily invasion.

26. Adolf Hitler

Writer | War Comes to America

Born the fourth of six children to Austrian customs officer Alois Hitler--who had been married twice before--and the former Klara Polzl, Adolf Hitler grew up in a small Austrian town in the late 19th century. He was a slow learner and did poorly in school. He was frequently beaten by his ...

There must be something wrong with a person who did not like Brahms music.

27. Francisco Franco

Writer | Raza

Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teoula Franco y Bahamonde was born on December 4, 1892, in Ferrol, Spain. He entered the Spanish Military Academy in 1907 and upon graduation three years later was commissioned as a lieutenant. His career path seemed assured after he was detailed to the colony of ...

28. Reinhard Heydrich

Self | Triumph des Willens

Reinhard Heydrich began his career as an officer in the post-World War I German navy. He was dishonorably discharged after becoming involved in an illicit love affair. The young woman became pregnant, but instead of marrying her, Heydrich met and soon got engaged to Lina von Osten. In 1930 Heydrich...

A lethal illusionist German with Jewish ancestry.

29. Winston Churchill

Writer | Matinee Theatre

Born in Blenheim Palace, the residence of his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father was the Duke's third son, Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was the daughter of an American financier.

After passing through famous English public schools such as Harrow, he went on ...

Refusing any agreement with the Germans, Churchill had his big moment in Yalta, where England seemed to retain its power of the last 300 years. But the British people, fearing the future, not reelected him.

30. Haile Selassie

Self | Bob Marley: The Making of a Legend

Haile Selassie was born on July 23, 1892 in Harar, Ethiopia as Ras Tafari Makonnen. He died on August 26, 1975 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

31. Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Self | One Inch from Victory

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran, his reign lasted from 1941 until his overthrow in 1979. He was educated in Switzerland and was familiar with the western ideas. In 1941, Britain and USSR occupied Iran and forced Reza Shah the Great to resign in favor of his son. Later the young Shah...

32. Joachim von Ribbentrop

Self | Sud narodov

Joachim von Ribbentrop was born on April 30, 1893 in Wesel, Germany as Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim Ribbentrop. He was married to Anna Elisabeth Henkell. He died on October 16, 1946 in Nuremberg, Germany.

33. Vyacheslav Molotov

Self | Literaturno-instruktorskiy agitparokhod vtsik 'Krasnaia Zvezda'

Vyacheslav Molotov was born on March 9, 1890 in Kukarka, Yaransk Uyezd, Vyatka Governorate, Russian Empire as Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin. He died on November 8, 1986 in Moscow, RSFSR, USSR.

34. Philippe Pétain

Self | Pétain et la France

Philippe Pétain was born on April 24, 1856 in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, Pas-de-Calais, France as Henri-Philippe Pétain. He was a writer, known for Pétain et la France (1941). He was married to Eugénie Hardon. He died on July 23, 1951 in Île d'Yeu, Vendée, France.

"Marechal de France"

35. Maxime Weygand

Self | La caméra explore le temps

Maxime Weygand was born on January 21, 1867 in Brussels, Belgium. He died on January 28, 1965 in Paris, France.

36. François Darlan

François Darlan was born on August 7, 1881 in Nérac, Lot-et-Garonne, France as Jean-Louis-Xavier-François Darlan. He died on December 24, 1942 in Algiers, Algeria, France [now Algeria].

37. Zedong Mao

Self | Chop Chop Chang: Operation C.H.I.M.P

Tse-tung Mao, along with Yat-sen Sun and Kai-Shek Chiang, was one of the most important figures to modern Chinese history. Born to a peasant family--his father was a farmer--in Shaoshan, China, on December 26, 1893, Mao was raised in the grinding poverty of rural Hunan province, where he developed ...

38. Kai-Shek Chiang

Self | The People Between

Kai-Shek Chiang was born on October 31, 1887 in Hsikow, Chekiang, China as Chung-Cheng Chiang. He was married to Madame Chiang. He died on April 5, 1975 in Taipei, Taiwan.

39. Gustaf Mannerheim

Self | Finnland im Kampf: Ein kleines Volk wehrt sich

Gustaf Mannerheim was born on June 4, 1867 in Askainen, Finland as Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim. He was married to Anastasia Arapova. He died on January 27, 1951 in Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland.

40. Josip Broz Tito

Actor | Prvi maj 1947 godine

Marshal Josip Broz Tito, Communist President of Yugoslavia, and 1st Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement, was born as Josip Broz on May 7, 1892, in the village of Kumrovec, in what was then the Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Croatia). He was the seventh of 15 children born to Roman ...

41. Hirohito

Self | Arrivée du prince du Japon Hiro Hito

Hirohito was born on April 29, 1901 in Tokyo, Japan. He was married to Princess Nagako Kuni. He died on January 7, 1989 in Tokyo.

42. Isoroku Yamamoto

Self | Price for Peace

Isoroku Yamamoto was born on April 4, 1884, in Nagoka, Japan, the last of seven children. His first name "Isoroku" translates into the number "56", which was his father's age when he was born. He lived near Nagaoka, entered the Imperial Naval School at age 16 and was an ensign on a cruiser during ...

43. Erwin Rommel

Self | Deutsche Soldaten in Afrika

Erwin Rommel, aka "The Desert Fox", was one of Adolf Hitler's most able generals during WWII. He joined the German army in 1910 and won awards for bravery in WW I. He was in the 7th Tank Division at the outbreak of WW II and headed the push to the English Channel. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant...

44. Bernard L. Montgomery

Self | Montgomery Speaks His Mind

Bernard L. Montgomery was born on November 17, 1887 in London, England as Bernard Law Montgomery. He was married to Elizabeth Hobart Carver. He died on March 24, 1976 in Alton, Hampshire, England.

45. Georgi Zhukov

Self | Esli dorog tebe tvoy dom...

Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov was born on December 1, 1896, in the village of Strelkovka, Kaluga region, Russia. His parents were peasants. He served during the First World War in the Russian army under Tsar Nicholas II. He was awarded the Cross of St. George twice and promoted for his bravery in ...

The man who won the World War II His biography in the wikipedia is deservedly bigger than Hitler

46. Gerd von Rundstedt

Self | Triumph des Willens

Gerd von Rundstedt served as a Field Marshall in the Wehrmacht. For his success during the France campaign in 1940 he was awarded the German Knights Cross.

47. George S. Patton

Self | Nazi Concentration Camps

George S. Patton III was a highly successful and highly controversial general who held Corps- and Army-level commands during World War II. Because of his great competence as a battlefield commander, Patton might have led the American troops during the invasion of Normandy; however, his impolitic ...

48. Mohandas K. Gandhi

Mera Gaon Mera Desh

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869, into a Hindu Modh family in Porbanadar, Gujarat, India. His father, named Karamchand Gandhi, was the Chief Minister (diwan) of the city of Porbanadar. His mother, named Putlibai, was the fourth wife; the previous three wives ...

49. Jawaharlal Nehru

Writer | Bharat Ek Khoj

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, India. He was the son of Swaroop Rani and Motilal Nehru, a wealthy lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. The Nehru family belonged to the saraswat Brahmin caste. Nehru graduated from Trinity College, ...

50. George C. Marshall

Self | Victory at Sea

George C. Marshall was born on December 31, 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, USA as George Catlett Marshall. He was married to Katherine Brown and Elizabeth Carter Coles. He died on October 16, 1959 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

"Marshall plan"

51. Kim Il-Sung

Writer | Kotpanum chonio

Kim Il-Sung was born on April 15, 1912 in Man'gyondae, Korea as Song-Ju Kim. He was a writer and actor, known for Kotpanum chonio (1972), Pibada (1969) and North Korea in Emoji (2013). He was married to Song-Ae Kim and Jong-Suk Kim. He died on July 8, 1994 in P'yongyang, North Korea.

52. Douglas MacArthur

Self | Uppdrag i Korea

Douglas MacArthur was born on January 26, 1880 in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. He was married to Jean MacArthur and Henrietta Louise Cromwell Brooks. He died on April 5, 1964 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

53. Gamal Abdel Nasser

Self | Farouk: Last of the Pharaohs

Gamal Abdel Nasser was born on January 15, 1918 in Beni Mor, Egypt. He died on September 28, 1970 in Cairo, Egypt.

54. Erich Honecker

Self | Der Augenzeuge

Erich Honecker was born on August 25, 1912 in Neunkirchen, Saarland, Germany. He was married to Margot Honecker, Edith Baumann and Charlotte Schanuel. He died on May 29, 1994 in Santiago de Chile, Chile.

55. Imre Nagy

Self | Rome 1960: Games of the XVII Olympiad

Imre Nagy was born on February 21, 1933 in Monor, Hungary. He died on October 20, 2013 in Hungary.

56. Juan Domingo Perón

Self | Perón: La revolución justicialista

Argentinean politician, writer and army lieutenant general. Husband of Eva Perón (aka Evita; nee Eva Duarte) between 1945 and 1952. Founder of the Partido Laborista (Labour Party) which was later renamed as Partido Justicialista (Justicialist Party), also known as "Peronism". Three times President ...

57. Sukarno

Sukarno was born on June 6, 1901 in Surabaja, Java, Dutch East Indies. He died on June 21, 1970 in Jakarta, Indonesia.

58. The Dalai Lama

Tao of Peace

His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama (born Lhamo Döndrub, also known by his religious name, Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso), is Tibet's head of state as well as the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. He was recognized at age 2 as the reincarnation...

59. Fidel Castro

Actor | Araaayyyyy!!!

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born in Birán, Holguin Province, Cuba, the fifth of nine children of Ángel María Bautista Castro y Argiz, a plantation owner originally from Galicia, Spain, who operated a plantation in Cuba's Oriente Province. His mother, Lina Ruz González, was a servant in his ...

60. Ernesto 'Che' Guevara

Writer | Diarios de motocicleta

Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born to a middle-class family in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, on June 14, 1928. Disgusted by the corrupt Argentine military dictatorship, Guevara became a dedicated Marxist while in his teens. As a student he vowed to devote his life to revolutionary causes...

61. Nikita Khrushchev

Actor | Journey to Understanding

Nikita Khruschev was born on April 17, 1894, into a family of peasants in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk region, Russian Empire. He was raised among agricultural and mining workers. He studied for only two years at grammar school as a child. After the Russian Revolution he joined the Red Army, ...

62. Enlai Zhou

Self | All Eyes and Ears

En-lai Chou (Enlai Zhou) is wildly recognized as the most influential diplomat in the history of Communist China, but less commonly known as the right-hand man of Zedong Mao.

He was born in rural Hwaian, China, in 1898 (the exact date is unknown). The son of an imperial government bureaucrat, Chou ...

63. Charles de Gaulle

Writer | Une mauvaise rencontre

Charles de Gaulle was born on November 22, 1890 in Lille, Nord, France as Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle. He was a writer, known for Une mauvaise rencontre (1981), Les manifestations du 18 Juin (1949) and L'Afrique noire française (1944). He was married to Yvonne de Gaulle. He died on ...

64. Ho Chi Minh

Actor | Bojhena Shey Bojhena

Ho Chi Minh is an actor, known for Bojhena Shey Bojhena (2012).

65. Nguyen Giap Vo

Actor | Vietnam: A Television History

Nguyen Giap Vo was born on August 25, 1911 in An Xa, Vietnam. He was an actor, known for Vietnam: A Television History (1983), Cold War (1998) and Der Ritt auf dem Drachen (1987). He was married to Dang Bich Hai, Minh Khai and Quang Thai. He died on October 4, 2013 in Hanoi, Vietnam.

nickname "Napoleon of Asia"

66. Van Minh Duong

Van Minh Duong was born in 1916 in My Tho, Indochina. He died on August 6, 2001 in Pasadena, California, USA.

Big Minh

Nobel Prize together to Menachen Begin he was killed by Khomeini's determination.

68. Menachem Begin

Actor | Satellite

Menachem Begin was born on August 16, 1913 in Brzesc, Poland, Russian Empire as Menachem Wolfovitch Begin. He was an actor, known for Satellite (1975), Panorama (1953) and NBC White Paper (1960). He was married to Aliza Arnold. He died on March 9, 1992 in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Begining with terrorism he was laureate With Nobel Peace

69. Alexander Dubcek

Self | Sprízneni volbou

Alexander Dubcek was born on November 27, 1921 in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia. He was married to Anna. He died on November 7, 1992 in Prague, Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic].

70. Gustav Husák

Self | Sprízneni volbou

Gustav Husák was born on January 10, 1913 in Pozsonyhidegkút (Dúbravka), Hungary, Austria-Hungary. He was married to Viera Millerovou and Magda Husáková. He died on November 18, 1991 in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.

72. Leonid Brezhnev

Writer | Brezhnev

Leonid Brezhnev was a communist leader of the Soviet Union who restored a conservative, centralized state, initially raising living standards and bringing the country to its height but ultimately causing economic stagnation and disproportionate military growth. This process exhausted the Soviet ...

73. Nicolae Ceausescu

Self | Ost und West

Nicolae Ceausescu was born on January 26, 1918 in Scornicesti, Olt, Romania. He was married to Elena Ceausescu. He died on December 25, 1989 in Targoviste, Dambovita, Romania.

74. Pol Pot

Actor | The Most Evil Men and Women in History

Pol Pot was born on May 19, 1925 in Prek Sbauv, Kampong Thum Province, Cambodia as Saloth Sar. He was an actor, known for The Most Evil Men and Women in History (2001). He was married to Sar and Khieu Ponnary. He died on April 15, 1998 in Along Veng, Cambodia.

75. Kurt Waldheim

Actor | Österreich im Herbst 95

Kurt Waldheim was born on December 21, 1918 in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Lower Austria, Austria as Kurt Josef Waldheim. He was an actor, known for Österreich im Herbst 95 (1997), Vienna Is Different: 50 Years After the Anschluss (1989) and V.I.P.-Schaukel (1971). He was married to Elisabeth ...

76. Augusto Pinochet

Self | Contra la razon y por la fuerza

Augusto Pinochet was born on November 25, 1915 in Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile as Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte. He was married to Lucía Hiriart. He died on December 10, 2006 in La Reina, Santiago, Chile.

His father Anastasio Somoza García ordered the assassination of Augusto Cesar Sandino and his followers, starting a wave of violence. The two Somoza (father and son) were killed in the exercise of power.

78. Jean-Bédel Bokassa

Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the former president and then self-proclaimed Emperior of the poverty-stricken Central African Republic, was born Bokassa Mgboundoulou in Bobangui, a village in what was then French Equatorial Africa, on February 22, 1921, one of 12 children of a village chief. When he was a ...

79. Idi Amin

Composer | Général Idi Amin Dada: Autoportrait

Idi Amin Dada Oumee was born in the rural village of Koboko, Uganda, in 1923, a member of the Kakwa tribe. Raised in the isolated farming country of northwestern Uganda, Amin received a scant education which left him functionally illiterate.

During the Second World War, at the age of 18, he enlisted...

81. Ruhollah Khomeyni

Self | Baraye azadi

Ruhollah Khomeyni was born on September 24, 1902 in Khomein, Iran as Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini Hindizadeh. He died on June 3, 1989 in Tehran, Iran.

82. Xiaoping Deng

Self | Xuan feng jiu ri

Xiaoping Deng was born on August 22, 1904 in Guang'an, Sichuan, China as Teng Hsiao-P'ing. He was married to Zhuo Lin, Jin Weiying (Ah Jin) and Zhang Xiyuan. He died on February 19, 1997 in Peking, China.

83. Muammar Gadaffi

Producer | Al-risâlah

Muammar Abu Meniar el-Gaddafi was born in the North African desert, south of Sirte, Libya, in 1942 (the exact date is unknown; some sources day June 1, while others say sometime in September). The son of a poor Bedouin nomad, Gaddafi lived in his family's remote desert camp until he went away to ...

84. Saddam Hussein

Writer | Al-ayyam al-tawila

Saddam Hussein was a bloody and brutal dictator who kept his country of Iraq at war almost constantly after assuming power in 1979. At least one million people died due to the machinations of Saddam. After his regime was toppled by the U.S. invasion of 2003, he wound up on a gallows, his life ...

85. Pope John Paul II

Writer | La bottega dell'orefice

Pope John Paul II was born on May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Malopolskie, Poland as Karol Józef Wojtyla. He was a writer, known for The Jeweller's Shop (1988), Teatr telewizji (1953) and Our God's Brother (1997). He died on April 2, 2005 in Vatican City.

86. François Mitterrand

Self | Echtzeit

François Mitterrand was born in Jarnac on October 26, 1916. He was finishing his studies in Paris when he was called by the French army in September 1939. He was 3 times mentioned, then injured and imprisoned but he escaped in December 1941 during his transfer to another war camp. Back to France, ...

88. Ariel Sharon

Self | Ben Gurion Zoher

Ariel Sharon was born on February 26, 1928 in Kfar Malal, Palestine as Ariel Scheinerman. He was married to Lili and Margalit. He died on January 11, 2014 in Tel Hashomer, Israel.

89. Margaret Thatcher

SDI Star Wars

Margaret Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 in Grantham, England, the younger daughter of Alfred and Beatrice Roberts. Her father was a greengrocer and respected town leader, serving as lay-leader with their church, city-alderman and then as mayor. He taught Margaret never to do things because ...

90. Leopoldo Galtieri

Self | TV Eye

Leopoldo Galtieri was born on July 15, 1926 in Casero, Argentina as Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri. He was married to Lucía Gentile. He died on January 13, 2003 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

91. Lech Walesa

Actor | Czlowiek z zelaza

Lech Walesa was born on September 29, 1943 in Popowo, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland. He is an actor, known for Man of Iron (1981), Prawdziwy koniec zimnej wojny (2011) and My w Metropolii (2013). He has been married to Miroslawa Danuta Golos since September 8, 1969. They have eight children.

92. Osama bin Laden

Self | Knowledge is for Acting Upon: The Manhattan Raid

Osama bin Laden was the criminal mastermind behind Al-Qaida and the world's most sought-after terrorist since the 1998 attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Libya. He has released videos praising terrorist threats. Almost 10 years after the September 11, 2001 attacks, on a late May 1, 2011 evening...

93. Mikhail Gorbachev

Actor | In weiter Ferne, so nah!

Mikhail Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Communist Party who initiated changes known as 'perestroika' and 'glasnost'.

He was born Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev into a peasant family on March 2, 1931, in the village of Privolnoe, Stavropol province, Southern Russia. His father, named Sergei...

place reserved to his son Zviad

95. Boris Yeltsin

Self | Elegiya zhizni. Rostropovich. Vishnevskaya.

Boris Yeltsin was born on February 1, 1931 in Butka, Ural Oblast, Russian SFSR, USSR as Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin. He was married to Naina Girina. He died on April 23, 2007 in Moscow, Russia.

96. Yitzhak Rabin

Actor | Magazine 52

Yitzhak Rabin was born on March 1, 1922 in Jerusalem, Palestine. He was an actor and cinematographer, known for Magazine 52 (1973), Ben Gurion Remembers (1972) and Tzulam Al Yedey Yitzhak (2009). He was married to Leah Rabin. He died on November 4, 1995 in Tel Aviv, Israel.

97. Yasser Arafat


Yasir Arafat was born Rahman Abdul Rauf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husayni on August 24, 1929. Although he was raised in Cairo, Egypt, he always considered himself a Palestinian. In the late 1940s while a student in Egypt, he became an ardent Arab nationalist and adopted the name Yasir, after Yasir al ...

98. Slobodan Milosevic

Self | The Death of Yugoslavia

Slobodan Milosevic was born on August 20, 1941 in Pozarevac, Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. He was married to Mirjana Markovic. He died on March 11, 2006 in The Hague, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands.

place reserved to his father Laurent

100. Hugo Chávez

Self | The War on Democracy

Hugo Chávez was born on July 28, 1954 in Sabaneta, Venezuela as Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías. He was married to Marisabel Rodríguez and Nancy Colmenares. He died on March 5, 2013 in Caracas, Venezuela.

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