Conflictive 20th Centuryby quietgiant2 | created - 04 Oct 2013 | updated - 06 Aug 2015 | Public
To view politicians of U.S.A. click in the list http://www.imdb.com/list/4nEG53avGN4/
Self | The General Election Results
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil was born on August 27, 1893 as Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil. He was previously married to Elizabeth Vere Cavendish.
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
2. Douglas Haig
Writer | The First World War
Douglas Haig was born on June 19, 1861 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a writer, known for The First World War (2003), Remembrance (1927) and Under Four Flags (1918). He died on January 29, 1928 in London, England.
1st Earl Haig, field marshal
Soundtrack | Ad Nauseam
Horatio Herbert Kitchener was born in Ballylongford, Ireland on June 24, 1850, the son of Lt. Col. Henry Kitchener. After attending boarding school in Switzerland, Horatio was admitted to the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, England in 1868. Commissioned as an officer in the Royal Engineers in ...
4. Pancho Villa
Producer | Life of Villa
Francisco "Pancho" Villa was born Doroteo Arango to rural peasant parents in San Juan del Rio, Mexico, on June 5, 1878. He later took several aliases, the most popular and well-known being "Pancho Villa". Raised in poverty in Durango, he turned to cattle rustling and robbery as a young man. The ...
5. Yat-sen Sun
Self | Pathé's Weekly, No. 23
Yat-sen Sun was born on November 12, 1866 in Hsiang-shan, Kwangtung Province, China. He was married to Ching-Ling Soong and Lu Mu-chen. He died on March 12, 1925 in Peking, China.
Sun was survived by his first and second wives, a daughter, and a son, Sun Fo. His first marriage, at the age of 18, to ...
He succeeded Yuan Shikai, his opositor, as the most influential leader in China.
Writer | The First World War
Raymond Poincaré was born on August 20, 1860 in Bar-le-Duc, Meuse, France. He was a writer, known for The First World War (2003), Nationale feesten 1919. Aankomst te Brussel van de Republikeinse garde. Het bezoek van president Poincaré aan Brussel (1919) and Mr. Poincaré in Vlaanderen...
Self | Pathé's Weekly, No. 29
Born on December 18, 1863, the eldest son of Archduke Karl-Ludwig von Habsburg and his wife, Princess Annunziata di Borbone, Franz Ferdinand was third in line to the thrown of the Austro-Hungarian Empire upon his birth. After his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide in 1889 and his father ...
Czar Nicholas II of Russia was crowned in 1894, and was the last Emperor of Russia. He was born on 19 May, 1868, the first child of Tsarevitch Aleksandr III and his wife, Maria Fyodorovna. He was christened His Imperial Highness Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia. He was followed...
Self | Gewalt gegen Recht
Kaiser William II was born on January 27, 1859 to a Prince and Princess of Prussia. His mother was the daughter of Queen Victoria. He grew up like any Prussian Prince, except for an arm that was deformed from birth. He admired his grandparents who became Kaiser and Empress when he was small. He ...
Self | Hiding in Holland
Crown Prince Hohenzollern was born on May 6, 1882 in Marmorpalais, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany as Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor August Ernst von Hohenzollern. He was married to Princess Margarita of Leiningen and Cecilie Auguste Marie Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He died on July 20, 1951 in ...
Coming from an aristocratic Prussian family, Paul von Hindenburg joined the Prussian army as a young man, retiring as a general in 1913 at age 66. Recalled to duty during World War I, he was placed in command of the German forces at the battle of Tannenberg in 1914 against the Russians which, due ...
14. Erich Ludendorff
Erich Ludendorff was born on April 9, 1865 in Kruszewnia, Prussia, Germany as Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff. He was a producer, known for Es soll ein Schwert durch Deine Seele dringen (1918). He was married to Mathilde Friederike Karoline Spiess and Margarethe Charlotte Catharina Schmidt. He ...
Self | The Levin Interview
Alexander Kerensky was born in Simbirsk, Russia, in 1881, the son of a lower-ranking nobleman in the Russian aristocracy. As a law student he gained renown for his skillful defense of socialist activists arrested by the Czarist police, which may well have contributed to his political party, the ...
16. V.I. Lenin
Writer | Un'alba
V.I. Lenin was born on April 22, 1870 in Simbirsk, Russian Empire as Vladimir Ilich Uliánov. He was a writer and actor, known for Un'alba (1920), Padenie dinastii Romanovykh (1927) and Lenin v 2012 godu (2013). He was married to Nadezhda Krupskaya. He died on January 21, 1924 in Gorki, Moscow ...
18. Leon Trotsky
Self | The Assassination of Trotsky
Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, which resulted in the ...
Mikhail Tukhachevsky, one of the top generals in the Soviet army, was actually born into a family of the Russian nobility. He graduated from the Russian Military Academy shortly before World War I and fought during the war as a Second Lieutenant. Captured by German forces, he escaped from captivity...
20. Józef Pilsudski
Józef Pilsudski was born on December 5, 1867 in Zulov, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire. He died on May 12, 1935 in Warsaw, Mazowieckie, Poland.
Writer | The Strongest
Georges Clemenceau was born on September 28, 1841 in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, Vendée, France as George Benjamin Eugene Clemenceau. He was a writer, known for The Strongest (1920), Le voile du bonheur (1923) and Veil of Happiness (1910). He was married to Mary Plummer. He died on November 24, 1929 in ...
Writer | The First World War
David Lloyd George was born on January 17, 1863 in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, England. He was a writer, known for The First World War (2003), Vår egen tid (1959) and The Lord Mayor of London (1914). He was married to Frances Stevenson and Mrs. Lloyd George. He died on March 26, 1945 in ...
Self | The Incredible Turk
Mustafa was born in 1881 in Salonica, then an Ottoman Turkish city, in modern day Greece. His father, Ali Riza, a customs official-turned-lumber merchant, died when Mustafa was still a boy. His mother, Zubeyde, a devout and strong-willed woman, raised him and his younger sister by herself. First ...
24. Joseph Stalin
Self | One Inch from Victory
Joseph Stalin (a code name meaning "Man of Steel") was born Iosif (Joseph) Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili in 1879 in Gori, Georgia, the Transcaucasian part of the Russian Empire. His father was a cobbler named Vissarion Dzhugashvili, a drunkard who beat him badly and frequently and left the family ...
25. Benito Mussolini
Writer | Villafranca
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was born in Predappio, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He was the son of Alessandro Mussolini, a socialist, and Rosa Maltoni, a devout Catholic schoolteacher. In 1915, Mussolini married Donna Rachele Guidi. Together, they had five children. On October 31, 1922, at the age of...
Mafia avenged him, exchanging Lucky Luciano's freedom by the Sicily invasion.
26. Adolf Hitler
Writer | War Comes to America
Born the fourth of six children to Austrian customs officer Alois Hitler--who had been married twice before--and the former Klara Polzl, Adolf Hitler grew up in a small Austrian town in the late 19th century. He was a slow learner and did poorly in school. He was frequently beaten by his ...
There must be something wrong with a person who did not like Brahms music.
27. Francisco Franco
Writer | Raza
Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teoula Franco y Bahamonde was born on December 4, 1892, in Ferrol, Spain. He entered the Spanish Military Academy in 1907 and upon graduation three years later was commissioned as a lieutenant. His career path seemed assured after he was detailed to the colony of ...
Self | Triumph des Willens
Reinhard Heydrich began his career as an officer in the post-World War I German navy. He was dishonorably discharged after becoming involved in an illicit love affair. The young woman became pregnant, but instead of marrying her, Heydrich met and soon got engaged to Lina von Osten. In 1930 Heydrich...
A lethal illusionist German with Jewish ancestry.
Writer | Matinee Theatre
Born in Blenheim Palace, the residence of his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough. His father was the Duke's third son, Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was the daughter of an American financier.
After passing through famous English public schools such as Harrow, he went on ...
Refusing any agreement with the Germans, Churchill had his big moment in Yalta, where England seemed to retain its power of the last 300 years. But the British people, fearing the future, not reelected him.
Self | One Inch from Victory
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was the last Shah of Iran, his reign lasted from 1941 until his overthrow in 1979. He was educated in Switzerland and was familiar with the western ideas. In 1941, Britain and USSR occupied Iran and forced Reza Shah the Great to resign in favor of his son. Later the young Shah...
Vyacheslav Molotov was born on March 9, 1890 in Kukarka, Yaransk Uyezd, Vyatka Governorate, Russian Empire as Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Skryabin. He died on November 8, 1986 in Moscow, RSFSR, USSR.
34. Philippe Pétain
Self | Pétain et la France
Philippe Pétain was born on April 24, 1856 in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, Pas-de-Calais, France as Henri-Philippe Pétain. He was a writer, known for Pétain et la France (1941). He was married to Eugénie Hardon and François de Hérain. He died on July 23, 1951 in Île d'Yeu, Vendée, France.
"Marechal de France"
36. François Darlan
François Darlan was born on August 7, 1881 in Nérac, Lot-et-Garonne, France as Jean-Louis-Xavier-François Darlan. He died on December 24, 1942 in Algiers, Algeria, France [now Algeria].
37. Zedong Mao
Tse-tung Mao, along with Yat-sen Sun and Kai-Shek Chiang, was one of the most important figures to modern Chinese history. Born to a peasant family--his father was a farmer--in Shaoshan, China, on December 26, 1893, Mao was raised in the grinding poverty of rural Hunan province, where he developed ...
40. Josip Broz Tito
Actor | Prvi maj 1947 godine
Marshal Josip Broz Tito, Communist President of Yugoslavia, and 1st Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement, was born as Josip Broz on May 7, 1892, in the village of Kumrovec, in what was then the Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Croatia). He was the seventh of 15 children born to Roman ...
42. Isoroku Yamamoto
Self | Price for Peace
Isoroku Yamamoto was born on April 4, 1884, in Nagoka, Japan, the last of seven children. His first name "Isoroku" translates into the number "56", which was his father's age when he was born. He lived near Nagaoka, entered the Imperial Naval School at age 16 and was an ensign on a cruiser during ...
43. Erwin Rommel
Self | Deutsche Soldaten in Afrika
Erwin Rommel, aka "The Desert Fox", was one of Adolf Hitler's most able generals during WWII. He joined the German army in 1910 and won awards for bravery in WW I. He was in the 7th Tank Division at the outbreak of WW II and headed the push to the English Channel. Promoted to the rank of lieutenant...
45. Georgi Zhukov
Self | Esli dorog tebe tvoy dom...
Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov was born on December 1, 1896, in the village of Strelkovka, Kaluga region, Russia. His parents were peasants. He served during the First World War in the Russian army under Tsar Nicholas II. He was awarded the Cross of St. George twice and promoted for his bravery in ...
The man who won the World War II His biography in the wikipedia is deservedly bigger than Hitler
47. George S. Patton
Self | Nazi Concentration Camps
George S. Patton III was a highly successful and highly controversial general who held Corps- and Army-level commands during World War II. Because of his great competence as a battlefield commander, Patton might have led the American troops during the invasion of Normandy; however, his impolitic ...
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869, into a Hindu Modh family in Porbanadar, Gujarat, India. His father, named Karamchand Gandhi, was the Chief Minister (diwan) of the city of Porbanadar. His mother, named Putlibai, was the fourth wife; the previous three wives ...
49. Jawaharlal Nehru
Writer | Bharat Ek Khoj
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, India. He was the son of Swaroop Rani and Motilal Nehru, a wealthy lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. The Nehru family belonged to the saraswat Brahmin caste. Nehru graduated from Trinity College, ...
Self | Victory at Sea
George C. Marshall was born on December 31, 1880 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, USA as George Catlett Marshall. He was married to Katherine Brown and Elizabeth Carter Coles. He died on October 16, 1959 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
51. Kim Il-Sung
Writer | Kotpanum chonio
Kim Il-Sung was born on April 15, 1912 in Man'gyondae, Korea as Kimg Song Ju. He was a writer and actor, known for Kotpanum chonio (1972), Pibada (1969) and North Korea in Emoji (2013). He was married to Kim Sung-ae and Kim Jong-suk. He died on July 8, 1994 in P'yongyang, North Korea.
Argentinean politician, writer and army lieutenant general. Husband of Eva Perón (aka Evita; nee Eva Duarte) between 1945 and 1952. Founder of the Partido Laborista (Labour Party) which was later renamed as Partido Justicialista (Justicialist Party), also known as "Peronism". Three times President ...
Sukarno was born on June 6, 1901 in Surabaja, Java, Dutch East Indies. He died on June 21, 1970 in Jakarta, Indonesia.
58. The Dalai Lama
His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama (born Lhamo Döndrub, also known by his religious name, Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso), is Tibet's head of state as well as the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. He was recognized at age 2 as the reincarnation...
59. Fidel Castro
Actor | Araaayyyyy!!!
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born in Birán, Holguin Province, Cuba, the fifth of nine children of Ángel María Bautista Castro y Argiz, a plantation owner originally from Galicia, Spain, who operated a plantation in Cuba's Oriente Province. His mother, Lina Ruz González, was a servant in his ...
Writer | Diarios de motocicleta
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born to a middle-class family in Rosario, Santa Fe Province, Argentina, on June 14, 1928. Disgusted by the corrupt Argentine military dictatorship, Guevara became a dedicated Marxist while in his teens. As a student he vowed to devote his life to revolutionary causes...
Actor | Journey to Understanding
Nikita Khruschev was born on April 17, 1894, into a family of peasants in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk region, Russian Empire. He was raised among agricultural and mining workers. He studied for only two years at grammar school as a child. After the Russian Revolution he joined the Red Army, ...
62. Enlai Zhou
Self | All Eyes and Ears
En-lai Chou (Enlai Zhou) is wildly recognized as the most influential diplomat in the history of Communist China, but less commonly known as the right-hand man of Zedong Mao.
He was born in rural Hwaian, China, in 1898 (the exact date is unknown). The son of an imperial government bureaucrat, Chou ...
Writer | Une mauvaise rencontre
Charles de Gaulle was born on November 22, 1890 in Lille, Nord, France as Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle. He was a writer, known for Une mauvaise rencontre (1981), Les manifestations du 18 Juin (1949) and L'Afrique noire française (1944). He was married to Yvonne de Gaulle. He died on ...
65. Nguyen Giap Vo
Actor | Vietnam: A Television History
Nguyen Giap Vo was born on August 25, 1911 in An Xa, Vietnam. He was an actor, known for Vietnam: A Television History (1983), Cold War (1998) and Der Ritt auf dem Drachen (1987). He was married to Dang Bich Hai, Minh Khai and Quang Thai. He died on October 4, 2013 in Hanoi, Vietnam.
nickname "Napoleon of Asia"
66. Van Minh Duong
Van Minh Duong was born in 1916 in My Tho, Indochina. He died on August 6, 2001 in Pasadena, California, USA.
Nobel Prize together to Menachen Begin he was killed by Khomeini's determination.
68. Menachem Begin
Actor | Satellite
Menachem Begin was born on August 16, 1913 in Brzesc, Poland, Russian Empire as Menachem Wolfovitch Begin. He was an actor, known for Satellite (1975), NBC White Paper (1960) and Panorama (1953). He was married to Aliza Arnold. He died on March 9, 1992 in Tel Aviv, Israel.
Begining with terrorism he was laureate With Nobel Peace
72. Leonid Brezhnev
Writer | Brezhnev
Leonid Brezhnev was a communist leader of the Soviet Union who restored a conservative, centralized state, initially raising living standards and bringing the country to its height but ultimately causing economic stagnation and disproportionate military growth. This process exhausted the Soviet ...
74. Pol Pot
Pol Pot was born on May 19, 1925 in Prek Sbauv, Kampong Thum Province, Cambodia as Saloth Sar. He was married to Sar and Khieu Ponnary. He died on April 15, 1998 in Along Veng, Cambodia.
75. Kurt Waldheim
Actor | Österreich im Herbst 95
Kurt Waldheim was born on December 21, 1918 in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Lower Austria, Austria as Kurt Josef Waldheim. He was an actor, known for Österreich im Herbst 95 (1997), Vienna Is Different: 50 Years After the Anschluss (1989) and V.I.P.-Schaukel (1971). He was married to Elisabeth ...
His father Anastasio Somoza García ordered the assassination of Augusto Cesar Sandino and his followers, starting a wave of violence. The two Somoza (father and son) were killed in the exercise of power.
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the former president and then self-proclaimed Emperior of the poverty-stricken Central African Republic, was born Bokassa Mgboundoulou in Bobangui, a village in what was then French Equatorial Africa, on February 22, 1921, one of 12 children of a village chief. When he was a ...
79. Idi Amin
Composer | Général Idi Amin Dada: Autoportrait
Idi Amin Dada Oumee was born in the rural village of Koboko, Uganda, in 1923, a member of the Kakwa tribe. Raised in the isolated farming country of northwestern Uganda, Amin received a scant education which left him functionally illiterate.
During the Second World War, at the age of 18, he enlisted...
83. Muammar Gadaffi
Self | Situation Critical
Muammar Abu Meniar el-Gaddafi was born in the North African desert, south of Sirte, Libya, in 1942 (the exact date is unknown; some sources day June 1, while others say sometime in September). The son of a poor Bedouin nomad, Gaddafi lived in his family's remote desert camp until he went away to ...
84. Saddam Hussein
Writer | Al-ayyam al-tawila
Saddam Hussein was a bloody and brutal dictator who kept his country of Iraq at war almost constantly after assuming power in 1979. At least one million people died due to the machinations of Saddam. After his regime was toppled by the U.S. invasion of 2003, he wound up on a gallows, his life ...
Writer | La bottega dell'orefice
Pope John Paul II was born on May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Malopolskie, Poland as Karol Józef Wojtyla. He was a writer, known for The Jeweller's Shop (1988), Our God's Brother (1997) and Teatr telewizji (1953). He died on April 2, 2005 in Vatican City.
Self | Echtzeit
François Mitterrand was born in Jarnac on October 26, 1916. He was finishing his studies in Paris when he was called by the French army in September 1939. He was 3 times mentioned, then injured and imprisoned but he escaped in December 1941 during his transfer to another war camp. Back to France, ...
Margaret Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 in Grantham, England, the younger daughter of Alfred and Beatrice Roberts. Her father was a greengrocer and respected town leader, serving as lay-leader with their church, city-alderman and then as mayor. He taught Margaret never to do things because ...
91. Lech Walesa
Actor | Czlowiek z zelaza
Lech Walesa was born on September 29, 1943 in Popowo, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland. He is an actor, known for Man of Iron (1981), Prawdziwy koniec zimnej wojny (2011) and Moonwalker (1988). He has been married to Miroslawa Danuta Golos since September 8, 1969. They have eight children.
92. Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden was the criminal mastermind behind Al-Qaida and the world's most sought-after terrorist since the 1998 attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Libya. He has released videos praising terrorist threats. Almost 10 years after the September 11, 2001 attacks, on a late May 1, 2011 evening...
Actor | In weiter Ferne, so nah!
Mikhail Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Communist Party who initiated changes known as 'perestroika' and 'glasnost'.
He was born Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev into a peasant family on March 2, 1931, in the village of Privolnoe, Stavropol province, Southern Russia. His father, named Sergei...
place reserved to his son Zviad
96. Yitzhak Rabin
Actor | Magazine 52
Yitzhak Rabin was born on March 1, 1922 in Jerusalem, Palestine. He was an actor and cinematographer, known for Magazine 52 (1973), Ben Gurion Remembers (1972) and Tzulam Al Yedey Yitzhak (2009). He was married to Leah Rabin. He died on November 4, 1995 in Tel Aviv, Israel.
97. Yasser Arafat
Yasir Arafat was born Rahman Abdul Rauf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husayni on August 24, 1929. Although he was raised in Cairo, Egypt, he always considered himself a Palestinian. In the late 1940s while a student in Egypt, he became an ardent Arab nationalist and adopted the name Yasir, after Yasir al ...