EUROPEAN DIRECTORSby datamatyc | created - 04 Apr 2013 | updated - 22 Apr 2013 | Public
directors of France,italy,Russia,Czech Republic,Spain,Russia,Denmark,Greece,Germany,England,Astrohungaros... 1-50 ITALY,51-100 FRANCE,101-175 SPAIN,176-225 GERMANY 226-315 EAST COUNTRIES OF EUROPA AND RUSSIA 316-339 THE BALTICS 340-365 OTHERS 366-447 ENGLAND
Actor | La vita è bella
Roberto Benigni was born on October 27, 1952 in Manciano La Misericordia, Castiglion Fiorentino, Tuscany, Italy as Roberto Remigio Benigni. He is an actor and writer, known for Life Is Beautiful (1997), La tigre e la neve (2005) and Down by Law (1986). He has been married to Nicoletta Braschi since...
Writer | Amarcord
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...
Writer | The Last Emperor
Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films are known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy, in 1940. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone (1961) and directed La commare ...
Writer | Paisà
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...
Writer | Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma
Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life ...
Producer | Palombella rossa
Nanni Moretti was born on the 19th of August, 1953. He lives in Rome, where since he was a kid he devotes himself to his two passions: cinema and water-polo. In 1970 he also played in water-polo first division in Italy, and in the junior National team. In those years he was also very committed in ...
Director | La notte di San Lorenzo
Vittorio Taviani studied law at the University of Pisa, becoming interested in the cinema after seeing Roberto Rossellini's Paisan (1946). After writing and directing short films and plays with his brother Paolo, he made his first feature in 1962. The brothers have continued to work together ever ...
Director | La notte di San Lorenzo
Paolo Taviani studied liberal arts at the University of Pisa, becoming interested in the cinema after seeing Roberto Rossellini's Paisan (1946). After writing and directing short films and plays with his brother Vittorio, he made his first feature in 1962. The brothers have continued to work ...
Writer | Caccia tragica
Giuseppe De Santis was born on February 11, 1917 in Fondi, Lazio, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Caccia tragica (1947), Giorni d'amore (1954) and Bitter Rice (1949). He was married to Gordana Miletic. He died on May 16, 1997 in Rome, Lazio.
11. Luigi Zampa
Writer | Processo alla città
Abandoning earlier studies in architecture and engineering, Luigi Zampa learned screenwriting and directing at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in Rome, between 1932 and 1937. He went on to make military training films for the Italian army during World War II, as well as collaborating on ...
Writer | Blowup
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...
13. Dario Argento
Writer | L'uccello dalle piume di cristallo
Dario Argento was born on September 7, 1940, in Rome, Italy, the first-born son of famed Italian producer Salvatore Argento and Brazilian fashion model Elda Luxardo. Argento recalls getting his ideas for filmmaking from his close-knit family from Italian folk tales told by his parents and other ...
14. Mario Monicelli
Writer | I compagni
Mario Monicelli was born on May 15, 1915 in Viareggio, Tuscany, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for The Organizer (1963), Speriamo che sia femmina (1986) and La grande guerra (1959). He was married to Antonella Salerni and Chiara Rapaccini. He died on November 29, 2010 in Rome, Lazio, ...
15. Elio Petri
Elio Petri was born on January 29, 1929 in Rome, Lazio, Italy as Eraclio Petri. He was a writer and director, known for Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion (1970), We Still Kill the Old Way (1967) and Lulu the Tool (1971). He was married to Paola Pegoraro. He died on November 10, 1982 in ...
16. Pietro Germi
Writer | Un maledetto imbroglio
Pietro Germi was born on September 14, 1914 in Genoa, Liguria, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for The Facts of Murder (1959), Il ferroviere (1956) and Divorce Italian Style (1961). He was married to Olga D'Aiello and Anna Bancio. He died on December 5, 1974 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
Director | Prima comunione
Alessandro Blasetti was born on July 3, 1900 in Rome, Lazio, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Father's Dilemma (1950), La corona di ferro (1941) and Me, Me, Me... and the Others (1966). He was married to Maria Laura Brofferio. He died on February 1, 1987 in Rome.
18. Vittorio De Sica
Director | Ladri di biciclette
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...
20. Luchino Visconti
Director | Le notti bianche
Luchino Visconti was born on November 2, 1906 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy as Luchino Visconti di Modrone. He was a director and writer, known for Le Notti Bianche (1957), Rocco and His Brothers (1960) and Death in Venice (1971). He died on March 17, 1976 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
21. Francesco Rosi
Writer | Salvatore Giuliano
Francesco Rosi was born on November 15, 1922 in Naples, Campania, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Salvatore Giuliano (1962), La sfida (1958) and Cadaveri eccellenti (1976). He was married to Giancarla Mandelli. He died on January 10, 2015 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
23. Valerio Zurlini
Writer | Il deserto dei tartari
Valerio Zurlini was born on March 19, 1926. During his law studies in Rome, he started working in the theatre. In 1943, he joined the Italian resistance. Zurlini became a member of the Italian Communist Party. He filmed short documentaries in the immediate post-war period and in 1954 directed his ...
24. Marco Ferreri
Writer | Storie di ordinaria follia
Marco Ferreri was born on May 11, 1928 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Storie di ordinaria follia (1981), Dillinger Is Dead (1969) and L'udienza (1972). He was married to Jacqueline Ferreri. He died on May 9, 1997 in Paris, France.
Writer | Due soldi di speranza
Renato Castellani was born on September 4, 1913 in Finale Ligure, Liguria, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Two Cents Worth of Hope (1952), Romeo and Juliet (1954) and Sotto il sole di Roma (1948). He died on December 28, 1985 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
27. Dino Risi
Director | Il sorpasso
Dino Risi became a movie director by chance. In 1940 he met Alberto Lattuada at a friend's boutique. Lattuada told him they needed an assistant director for the movie Piccolo mondo antico (1941). Risi accepted just for fun, not for work. Later, he became a psychiatrist and wrote some articles for a...
Director | Rambo: First Blood Part II
George P. Cosmatos was born on January 4, 1941 in Florence, Tuscany, Italy as Yorgo Pan Cosmatos. He was a director and writer, known for Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985), Cobra (1986) and Tombstone (1993). He was married to Birgitta Ljungberg. He died on April 19, 2005 in Victoria, British ...
30. Riccardo Freda
Writer | Il cavaliere misterioso
Riccardo Freda was born in Alexandria, Egypt, of Italian parents. Educated in Milan, he became a sculptor, then a newspaper art critic. He began a career in film in 1937 as a screenwriter and production supervisor. He moved into directing in 1942, beginning a career that lasted some 40 years. ...
31. Luigi Comencini
Director | Voltati Eugenio
Luigi Comencini was born on June 8, 1916 in Salò, Lombardy, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Voltati Eugenio (1980), Everybody Go Home! (1960) and Bread, Love and Dreams (1953). He was married to Giulia Grifeo. He died on April 6, 2007 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
32. Alberto Lattuada
Writer | Guendalina
Alberto Lattuada was born on November 13, 1914 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Guendalina (1957), Flesh Will Surrender (1947) and Tempest (1958). He was married to Carla Del Poggio. He died on July 3, 2005 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
33. Sergio Corbucci
Writer | Django
Sergio Corbucci was born on December 6, 1927, in Rome, Italy. He entered grade school with thoughts of becoming a businessman, but after earning a college degree in economics he took an abrupt detour into the world of cinema. Corbucci began his career as a film critic, first for the Italian film ...
37. Gillo Pontecorvo
Director | La battaglia di Algeri
Gillo Pontecorvo was an Italian filmmaker. He is best known for his 1966 masterpiece, The Battle of Algiers, widely viewed as one of the finest films of its genre: realistic though fictionalized documentary. Its portrayal of the Algerian resistance during the Algerian War uses the neorealist style ...
Director | Cabiria
Giovanni Pastrone was born on September 13, 1883 in Montechiaro d'Asti, Piedmont, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Cabiria (1914), Il fuoco (la favilla - la vampa - la cenere) (1916) and The Warrior (1916). He died on June 27, 1959 in Turin, Piedmont.
40. Mario Soldati
Writer | La provinciale
Mario Soldati studied by the Jesuits and in the 1920s was acquainted with liberal intellectuals who gathered around Piero Gobetti. He wrote his first play ("Pilatus") when he was 18, and published hist first short story collection ("Salmace") in 1929. In 1935 he reached literary success with "...
Director | I nuovi barbari
Enzo G. Castellari was born on July 29, 1938 in Rome, Lazio, Italy as Enzo Girolami. He is a director and actor, known for Warriors of the Wasteland (1983), Colpi di luce (1985) and Escape from the Bronx (1983). He has been married to Mirella since December 17, 1961. They have two children.
42. Mario Bava
Cinematographer | Reazione a catena
Italian director Mario Bava was born on July 31, 1914 in the coastal northern Italian town of San Remo. His father, Eugenio Bava (1886-1966), was a cinematographer in the early days of the Italian film industry. Bava was trained as a painter, and when he eventually followed his father into film ...
43. Matteo Garrone
Director | Gomorra
Matteo Garrone was born in Rome in 1968. He is the son of a theatre critic, Nico Garrone, and a photographer. In 1996 he won the Sacher d'Oro, an award sponsored by Nanni Moretti, with the short film Silhouette (1996), that became one of the three episodes of his first feature film Terra di mezzo (...
Director | Berlinguer ti voglio bene
Giuseppe Bertolucci was born on February 27, 1947 in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Berlinguer: I Love You (1977), Segreti segreti (1985) and Il dolce rumore della vita (1999). He was married to Lucilla Albano. He died on June 16, 2012 in Diso, Puglia, Italy.
45. Damiano Damiani
Writer | Il giorno della civetta
Damiano Damiani was born on July 23, 1922 in Pasiano di Pordenone, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Il giorno della civetta (1968), The Reunion (1963) and Confessions of a Police Captain (1971). He died on March 7, 2013 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
47. Marco Bellocchio
Writer | Buongiorno, notte
Marco Bellocchio was born on November 9, 1939 in Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He is a writer and director, known for Good Morning, Night (2003), Fists in the Pocket (1965) and My Mother's Smile (2002). He is married to Gisella Burinato. They have two children.
48. Ermanno Olmi
Director | L'albero degli zoccoli
Ermanno Olmi was born on July 24, 1931 in Treviglio, Lombardy, Italy. He is a director and writer, known for The Tree of Wooden Clogs (1978), La leggenda del santo bevitore (1988) and Il Posto (1961). He has been married to Loredana Detto since February 28, 1963. They have three children.
Writer | Questa specie d'amore
Alberto Bevilacqua was born on June 27, 1934 in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Questa specie d'amore (1972), Attenti al buffone (1975) and La califfa (1970). He died on September 9, 2013 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
50. Sergio Leone
Writer | Once Upon a Time in America
Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in ...
Writer | La nuit américaine
French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...
52. Jean-Luc Godard
Director | À bout de souffle
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...
54. Éric Rohmer
Director | Ma nuit chez Maud
Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...
55. Jacques Tati
Writer | Les vacances de Monsieur Hulot
The comic genius Jacques Tati was born Taticheff, descended from a noble Russian family. His grandfather, Count Dimitri, had been a general in the Imperial Army and had served as military attaché to the Russian Embassy in Paris. His father, Emmanuel Taticheff, was a well-to-do picture framer who ...
56. Jean Vigo
Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people ...
57. René Clément
Director | Jeux interdits
René Clément was one of the leading French directors of the post-World War II era. He directed what are regarded as some of the greatest films of the time, such as The Battle of the Rails (1946), Forbidden Games (1952) and The Day and the Hour (1963). He was later almost forgotten as a director. He...
Actor | À bout de souffle
The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...
59. René Clair
Writer | Le silence est d'or
René Clair was born on November 11, 1898 in Paris, France as René-Lucien Chomette. He was a writer and director, known for Le silence est d'or (1947), À Nous la Liberté (1931) and The Grand Maneuver (1955). He was married to Bronia Clair. He died on March 15, 1981 in Neuilly-sur-Seine...
60. Roger Vadim
Writer | Barbarella
Roger Vadim was born on January 26, 1928 in Paris, France as Roger Vladimir Plemiannikov. He was a writer and director, known for Barbarella (1968), The Game Is Over (1966) and No Sun in Venice (1957). He was married to Marie-Christine Barrault, Catherine Schneider, Jane Fonda, Annette Stroyberg ...
61. Jean Cocteau
Writer | La belle et la bête
Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei...
62. Louis Malle
Director | Au revoir les enfants
Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies ...
63. Abel Gance
Writer | La dame aux camélias
Born an illegitimate son of a wealthy physician, Abel Flamant, and a working class mother, Francoise Perethon. He was raised by his mother and her boyfriend, who later became her husband, Adolphe Gance. Pressured by his parents, he began his working career as a lawyer's clerk in hopes of achieving ...
64. Jean Renoir
Writer | La grande illusion
Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...
65. Marcel Carné
Director | Le quai des brumes
Marcel Carné, the son of a cabinet maker, entered the movies as the assistant of Jacques Feyder. At the age of 25 he directed his first movie Jenny (1936). Colaborating with the writer Jacques Prévert, the decorator Alexandre Trauner, the musician and composer Maurice Jaubert and the actor Jean ...
66. Alain Resnais
Director | On connaît la chanson
Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Same Old Song (1997), Mon oncle d'Amérique (1980) and Coeurs (2006). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He died on March 1,...
67. Robert Bresson
Writer | Au hasard Balthazar
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Affaires publiques (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Les anges du péché (1943) in 1943. ...
Writer | Le salaire de la peur
Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...
70. Henri Verneuil
Director | I... comme Icare
Henri Verneuil was born on October 15, 1920 in Rodosto, Ottoman Empire as Achod Malakian. He was a director and writer, known for I... comme Icare (1979), Greed in the Sun (1964) and The Sheep Has Five Legs (1954). He died on January 11, 2002 in Bagnolet, Seine-Saint-Denis, France.
71. Gérard Oury
Writer | Le corniaud
Gérard Oury was born on April 29, 1919 in Paris, France as Max-Gérard Houry. He was an actor and writer, known for The Sucker (1965), Ace of Aces (1982) and The Mad Adventures of 'Rabbi' Jacob (1973). He was married to Michèle Morgan. He died on July 19, 2006 in Saint-Tropez, Var, France.
73. Jacques Deray
Director | Borsalino
Jacques Deray was born on February 19, 1929 in Lyon, Rhône, France as Jacques Desrayaud. He was a director and writer, known for Borsalino (1970), On ne meurt que deux fois (1985) and Symphonie pour un massacre (1963). He was married to Agnès Vincent-Deray and Nicole Jones. He died on August 9, ...
74. Francis Veber
Writer | Le dîner de cons
Francis Veber was born on July 28, 1937 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France. He is a writer and director, known for Le Dîner de Cons (1998), The Birdcage (1996) and The Fugitives (1986). He has been married to Françoise Veber since January 11, 1964. They have two ...
Director | Un long dimanche de fiançailles
Jean-Pierre Jeunet is a self-taught director who was very quickly interested by cinema, with a predilection for a fantastic cinema where form is as important as the subject. Thus he started directing TV commercials and video clips (such as Julien Clerc in 1984). At the same time he met designer/...
Director | Der Name der Rose
Jean-Jacques Annaud is a French film director, screenwriter and producer, best known for directing Quest for Fire (1981), The Name of the Rose (1986), The Lover (1992), Seven Years in Tibet (1997) and Le dernier loup (2015). Annaud has received numerous awards for his work, including four César ...
Writer | Une étrange affaire
Pierre Granier-Deferre was born on July 22, 1927 in Paris, France. He was a writer and director, known for Une étrange affaire (1981), L'étoile du Nord (1982) and Le chat (1971). He was married to Isabel García de Herreros, Susan Hampshire, Denise Levé and Annie Fratellini. He died on...
79. Claude Sautet
Writer | Un coeur en hiver
Claude Sautet was born on February 23, 1924 in Montrouge, Seine [now Hauts-de-Seine], France as Claude Marie Sautet. He was a writer and director, known for Un Coeur en Hiver (1992), Nelly & Monsieur Arnaud (1995) and The Things of Life (1970). He was married to Graziella Sautet. He died on ...
80. Julien Duvivier
Writer | Pépé le Moko
Revered by such legendary fellow directors as Ingmar Bergman and Jean Renoir, Julien Duvivier is one of the greatest figures in the history of French cinema and of world cinema in general. He is perhaps the most neglected of the "Big Five" of classic French cinema (the other four being Jean Renoir,...
Director | L'homme de Rio
Philippe de Broca born in 1933 worked as an assistant for Claude Chabrol and Francois Truffaut ( "Les 400 coups" aka "The 400 blows" ). From 1960 to 2004 he directed over 30 full-length feature films, including the highly successful adventure movies such as "That Man from Rio" (L'Homme de Rio) in ...
Director | Le rouge et le noir
Claude Autant-Lara was born on August 5, 1901 in Luzarches, Val-d'Oise, France as Claude Autant Larapide de Lisle. He was a director and writer, known for Rouge et noir (1954), Four Bags Full (1956) and Devil in the Flesh (1947). He was married to Ghislaine Autant-Lara. He died on February 5, 2000 ...
87. José Giovanni
Writer | Mon père, il m'a sauvé la vie
Joseph Damiani, a.k.a José Giovanni, was born on June 22th, 1923, to a Corsican family. He did many little jobs when he was a teenager. Washing dishes in a train-restaurant, lumberjack, coal miner, waiter in a hotel restaurant of Chamonix. He was arrested for fraud and condemned to one year in jail...
88. Jacques Becker
Writer | Le trou
His interest in films was stimulated by a meeting with King Vidor, who offered him employment in the US as actor and assistant director. However, he remained in France and became assistant to Jean Renoir, a friend of the family, during that director's peak period (1932-39). In 1934 he ventured ...
89. Chris Marker
Writer | Twelve Monkeys
Chris Marker was born on July 29, 1921 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France as Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve. He was a director and writer, known for Twelve Monkeys (1995), Sans Soleil (1983) and Description d'un combat (1960). He died on July 29, 2012 in Paris, France.
90. Jacques Demy
Director | Les parapluies de Cherbourg
Jacques Demy was born on June 5, 1931 in Pontchâteau, Loire-Atlantique, France. He was a director and writer, known for The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964), The Young Girls of Rochefort (1967) and Une Chambre en Ville (1982). He was married to Agnès Varda. He died on October 27, 1990 in Paris, France.
91. Jean Eustache
Director | La maman et la putain
Jean Eustache was born on November 30, 1938 in Pessac, Gironde, France. He was a director and editor, known for The Mother and the Whore (1973), Mes Petites Amoureuses (1974) and Les photos d'Alix (1980). He died on November 3, 1981 in Paris, France.
92. Claude Lelouch
Director | Un homme et une femme
Claude Lelouch was born on October 30, 1937 in Paris, France. He is a writer and director, known for A Man and a Woman (1966), Itinéraire d'un enfant gâté (1988) and September 11 (2002). He is married to Valérie Perrin. He was previously married to Alessandra Martines, ...
93. Marcel Pagnol
Writer | La fille du puisatier
Marcel Pagnol was born on February 28, 1895 in Aubagne, Bouches-du-Rhône, France as Marcel Paul Pagnol. He was a writer and producer, known for The Well-Digger's Daughter (1940), Marius (1931) and Le schpountz (1938). He was married to Jacqueline Pagnol and Simone Collin. He died on April 18, 1974 ...
95. Jacques Rivette
Director | La belle noiseuse
Although François Truffaut has written that the New Wave began "thanks to Rivette," the films of this masterful French director are not well known. Rivette, like his "Cahiers du Cinéma" colleagues Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Éric Rohmer, did graduate to filmmaking but, like Rohmer...
98. Georges Méliès
Director | Le royaume des fées
Georges Méliès was a French illusionist and film director famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.
Méliès was an especially prolific innovator in the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, ...
100. Luc Besson
Writer | Le cinquième élément
Luc Besson spent the first years of his life following his parents, scuba diving instructors, around the world. His early life was entirely aquatic. He already showed amazing creativity as a youth, writing early drafts of The Big Blue (1988) and The Fifth Element (1997), as an adolescent bored in ...