THANK YOU FOR THE MUSIC

by jgcorrea | created - 1 month ago | updated - 2 weeks ago | Public

Thanks for all the joy they're bringing, Who can live without it, I ask in all honesty what would life be? So I say thank you for the music, for giving it to me!

The 111 most influential composers have been so far: ALBENIZ BACH, CPE BACH, J C BACH, J S BALAKIREV BARTOK BEETHOVEN BELLINI BERG BERLIOZ BIZET BORODIN BRAHMS BRUCKNER BUSONI BUXTEHUDE BYRD CAGE CARISSIMI CHABRIER CHERUBINI CHOPIN CLEMENTI COPLAND CORELLI COUPERIN DEBUSSY DELIUS DONIZETTI DUKAS DVORAK ELGAR FAURE FIELD FRANCK FRESCOBALDI FROBERGER FUX GABRIELI, a GABRIELI, G GERSHWIN GINKA GLAZUNOV GLUCK GOUNOD GRIEG HANDEL HASSE HAYDN HINDEMITH HUMMEL IVES JOSQUIN LASSO LISZT LULLY MAHLER MARENZIO MASSENET MAYR MEHUL MENDELSSOHN MESSIAEN MEYERBEER MIASKOVSKY MILHAUD MONTEVERDI MOZART MUSSORGSKY OFFENBACH PAGANINI PALESTRINA PERGOLESI PROKOFIEV PUCCINI PURCELL RAMEAU] RAVEL REGER REICHA RIMSKY-KORSAKOV RORE ROSSINI ROUSSEL SALIERI SAMMARTINI SATIE SCARLATTI, A SCHONBERG SCHUBERT SCHUMANN SCHUTZ SCRIABIN SIBELIUS SPOHR SPONTINI STAMITZ STANFORD STOCKHAUSEN STRAUSS, R STRAVINSKY SWEELINCK TCHAIKOVSKY VARESE VAUGHAN WILLIAMS VERDI VIVALDI WAGNER WEBERN WEBERN WIDOR

1. Hans Zimmer

Composer | Gladiator

German-born composer Hans Zimmer is recognized as one of Hollywood's most innovative musical talents. He featured in the music video for The Buggles' single "Video Killed the Radio Star", which became a worldwide hit and helped usher in a new era of global entertainment as the first music video to ...

Gladiator The thin red line

2. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

Limelight

3. Bernard Herrmann

Soundtrack | Taxi Driver

The man behind the low woodwinds that open Citizen Kane (1941), the shrieking violins of Psycho (1960), and the plaintive saxophone of Taxi Driver (1976) was one of the most original and distinctive composers ever to work in film. He started early, winning a composition prize at the age of 13 and ...

Vertigo Psycho North by Northwest Citizen Kane

4. Franz Waxman

Composer | Sunset Blvd.

Franz Waxman (Wachsmann) pursued his dream of a career in music despite his family's misgivings. He worked for several years as a bank teller and paid for piano, harmony and composition lessons with his salary. He later moved to Berlin, where he continued his study and progress as a musician. He ...

A place in the sun

5. Howard Shore

Music_department | The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

Howard Shore is a Canadian composer, born in Toronto. He was born in a Jewish family. He started studying music when 8-years-old, and played as a member of bands by the time he was 13-years-old. He was interested in a professional career in music as a teenager. He studied music at the Berklee ...

Lord of the Rings

6. James Newton Howard

Composer | King Kong

James Newton Howard attended the University of Southern California's music school, but dropped out to tour with Elton John, and eventually compose music for film and television. He started with Head Office (1985) in 1985. He has been nominated for eight Academy Awards. He currently is a songwriter, ...

7. John Williams

Music_department | Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace

As one of the best known, awarded, and financially successful composers in US history, John Williams is as easy to recall as John Philip Sousa, Aaron Copland or Leonard Bernstein, illustrating why he is "America's composer" time and again. With a massive list of awards that includes over 41 Oscar ...

Schindler's list Return of the Jedi E.T. Nixon SUperman Star wars JFk

8. Max Steiner

Composer | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

Austrian composer who achieved legendary status as the creator of hundreds of classic American film scores. As a child he was astonishingly musically gifted, composing complex works as a teenager and completing the course of study at Vienna's Hochschule fuer Musik und Darstellende Kunst in only one...

1. Gone with the wind 2. The informer 3. Since you went away 4. Now Voyager

9. Ennio Morricone

Composer | The Hateful Eight

A classmate of director Sergio Leone with whom he would form one of the great director/composer partnerships (right up there with Eisenstein & Prokofiev, Hitchcock & Herrmann, Fellini & Rota), Ennio Morricone studied at Rome's Santa Cecilia Conservatory, where he specialized in trumpet. His first ...

1. Once upon a time in America 2. The hateful eight 3.

10. Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Composer | The Adventures of Robin Hood

Erich Wolfgang Korngold was the son of a well-known music critic. A child prodigy, he accompanied his father in playing four-handed piano arrangements by the age of five. By the age of eleven he drew his first plaudits from enthusiastic Viennese audiences (including the emperor Franz Josef) with ...

11. Georges Delerue

Composer | Platoon

Georges Delerue was born on March 12, 1925 in Roubaix, Nord, France as Georges Henri Jean-Baptiste Delerue. He was a composer, known for Platoon (1986), Twins (1988) and The Day of the Dolphin (1973). He was married to Micheline Gautron. He died on March 20, 1992 in Los Angeles, California, USA.

12. Joseph Kosma

Soundtrack | Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil

Joseph Kosma was born in Budapest. He took an interest in music at a very young age, writing an opera called "Noel dans les Tranchées" as a teenager. One of his greatest loves in Budapest was the music of Bela Bartok. Finding the political atmosphere to be more and more oppressive in Budapest, ...

13. Giovanni Fusco

Composer | L'avventura

Giovanni Fusco was born on October 10, 1906 in Sant'Agata de' Goti, Campania, Italy. He was a composer, known for L'Avventura (1960), Story of a Love Affair (1950) and Red Desert (1964). He died on May 31, 1968 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

14. Maurice Jaubert

Soundtrack | Frances Ha

Maurice Jaubert was born on January 3, 1900 in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France. He is known for his work on Frances Ha (2012), L'Atalante (1934) and Port of Shadows (1938). He was married to Marthe Poidlouë. He died on June 19, 1940 in Azerailles, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France.

15. Nino Rota

Composer | The Godfather

Born in Milan in 1911 into a family of musicians, Nino Rota was first a student of Orefice and Pizzetti. Then, still a child, he moved to Rome where he completed his studies at the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia in 1929 with Alfredo Casella. In the meantime, he had become an 'enfant prodige', famous...

La strada Fortunella Il gattopardo Le notti di Cabiria Rocco i suoi fratelli

16. Malcolm Arnold

Composer | The Bridge on the River Kwai

Born in Northampton on 21st October 1921, Malcolm Arnold studied composition with Gordon Jacob and trumpet with Ernest Hall at the Royal College of Music. In 1941 he joined the trumpet section of the London Philharmonic Orchestra, becoming principal by 1943. After two years of war service and one ...

17. William Walton

Soundtrack | Last Action Hero

William Walton came from a musical family. He entered Christ Church, Oxford at the early age of sixteen but left without a degree in 1920. A fine musician, he was essentially self-taught as a composer, except some instruction from Hugh Allen, the cathedral organist. Through literary friends and ...

Henry V Richard III

18. Jerry Goldsmith

Composer | L.A. Confidential

Born on February 10, 1929, Jerry Goldsmith studied piano with Jakob Gimpel and composition, theory, and counterpoint with Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco. He also attended classes in film composition given by Miklós Rózsa at the Univeristy of Southern California. In 1950, he was employed as a clerk ...

Patton

19. Vangelis

Composer | Alexander

Vangelis is a composer and performer who works almost exclusively with electronic instruments. He is probably most well known for his Chariots of Fire (1981) and Blade Runner (1982) soundtracks or for the tracks used in the Cosmos (1980) television series. He has been involved in many musical ...

Chariots of fire 1492 - Conquest of paradise

20. Dimitri Tiomkin

Music_department | High Noon

Dimitri Tiomkin was a Russian Jewish composer who emigrated to America and became one of the most distinguished and best-loved music writers of Hollywood. He won a hallowed place in the pantheon of the most successful and productive composers in American film history, earning himself four Oscars ...

Giant The fall of the Roman Empire

21. Alfred Newman

Composer | All About Eve

Alfred Newman was born on March 17, 1901 in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. He is known for his work on All About Eve (1950), How the West Was Won (1962) and V for Vendetta (2005). He was married to Martha Montgomery and Mary Lou Dix. He died on February 17, 1970 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California,...

22. Lalo Schifrin

Music_department | Rush Hour

Immensely talented, Argentinian born pianist, conductor and composer who has written over 100 scores for both television & the cinema including the memorable themes to Mission: Impossible (1966), Mannix (1967), Starsky and Hutch (1975), Cool Hand Luke (1967), and Bullitt (1968). Schifrin has ...

23. Maurice Jarre

Composer | Lawrence of Arabia

Unlike many musicians who started to learn music while still in their childhood, Maurice Jarre was already late in his teens when he discovered music and decided to make a career in that field. Against his father's will, he enrolled at Conservatoire de Paris where he studied percussions, ...

1. Lawrence of Arabia 2. Ryan's daughter 3. Doctor Zhivago

24. Michel Legrand

Composer | The Thomas Crown Affair

Michel Legrand is a three times Academy Award-winning French composer, conductor and pianist who composed over 200 film and television scores as well as recorded over a hundred albums of jazz, popular and classical music.

He was born on February 24, 1932, in Becon-les-Bruyeres, in the Paris suburbs,...

25. Antoine Duhamel

Soundtrack | Frances Ha

Antoine Duhamel was born on July 30, 1925 in Valmondois, Val-d'Oise, France as Antoine Dominique Duhamel. He was a composer, known for Frances Ha (2012), The Dreamers (2003) and Death Watch (1980). He died on September 11, 2014 in Valmondois.

26. Michael Nyman

Composer | The Piano

Michael Nyman studied piano, harpsichord and music history with Alan Bush at the Royal Academy of Music, and musicology with Thurston Dart at King's College, London. Between 1968 and 1978 he worked as a music critic and in 1977 he founded the Campiello Band, later renamed the Michael Nyman Band. ...

27. Dario Marianelli

Composer | Atonement

Dario Marianelli was born in Pisa and studied piano and composition in Florence and London. After a year as a postgraduate composer at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, he spent 3 years at the National Film and Television School, from which he graduated in 1997. Dario's film scores include '...

28. Quincy Jones

Producer | The Color Purple

Considered to be one of the greatest minds in music and television history, Quincy Delight Jones, Jr. was born on March 14, 1933 in Chicago, Illinois. He is the son of Sarah Frances (Wells), a bank executive, and Quincy Delight Jones, Sr., a carpenter.

Jones found his love for music while he was ...

29. Victor Young

Composer | The Quiet Man

Violinist and conductor Victor Young was a prolific composer and arranger, who worked on more than 300 film scores over a period of twenty years. He came from an impoverished, but musical background and was trained on the violin at the Warsaw Imperial Conservatory, later studying piano in Paris ...

Around the world in 80 days Shane For whom the bell tolls

30. Alejandro Amenábar

Writer | The Others

Is the son of a Spanish mother and a Chilean father. His family moved back to Spain when he was 1 year old, and he grew up and studied in Madrid. He wrote, produced and directed his first short film La cabeza at the age of 19, and he was 23 when he directed his feature debut Tesis (1996). His film ...

31. André Previn

Music_department | My Fair Lady

André Previn was born on April 6, 1929 in Berlin, Germany as Andreas Ludwig Prewin. He is known for his work on My Fair Lady (1964), Gigi (1958) and Porgy and Bess (1959). He was previously married to Anne-Sophie Mutter, Heather Mary Hales, Mia Farrow, Dory Previn and Betty Bennett.

32. Elmer Bernstein

Composer | Far from Heaven

Elmer Bernstein was educated at the Walden School and New York University. He served in the US Army Air Corps in World War II. A prolific and respected film music composer, he was a protégé of Aaron Copland, who studied music with Roger Sessions and Stefan Wolpe. Bernstein worked in various ...

Exodus

33. James Horner

Music_department | Titanic

James Horner began studying piano at the age of five, and trained at the Royal College of Music in London, England, before moving to California in the 1970s. After receiving a bachelor's degree in music at USC, he would go on to earn his master's degree at UCLA and teach music theory there. He ...

Titanic Braveheart

34. Alex North

Music_department | Spartacus

Alex North studied music at the Curtis Institute of Philadelphia, then won a scholarship to Juilliard in New York (1929) and the Moscow Conservatoire (1933), making him the first-ever American to become a member of the Union of Soviet Composers. In Europe, he worked as music director for the ...

Spartacus Claopatra A streetcar named Desire

35. Georges Auric

Composer | Le salaire de la peur

At the least George Auric was a fine musician, having been a child prodigy, but he was much more in the musical world. He studied under Vincent D'Indy (a devotee of Cesar Franck and the German school of symphonic composition) and attended the Paris Conservatory (1920). By the time he was 20 he had ...

La Belle et la Bête Bonjour tristesse Moulin Rouge

36. Georges Van Parys

Composer | Les diaboliques

Georges Van Parys was born on June 7, 1902 in Paris, France. He was a composer, known for Diabolique (1955), Moulin Rouge! (2001) and Frida (2002). He was married to Blanca de Selva y de Serigny. He died on January 28, 1971 in Paris.

37. John Barry

Music_department | Dances with Wolves

John Barry was born in York, England in 1933, and was the youngest of three children. His father, Jack, owned several local cinemas and by the age of fourteen, Barry was capable of running the projection box on his own - in particular, The Rialto in York. As he was brought up in a cinematic ...

Dances with Wolves Born free

38. Erik Nordgren

Composer | Smultronstället

Composer, violinist, conductor and music teacher, a graduate of the Stockholm Royal Academy of Music. Nordgren served as music director at Svensk Filmindustri from 1952 to 1967, where he worked on most of Ingmar Bergman's early films (seventeen scores in total).

39. Frank De Vol

Composer | Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

Frank DeVol was born to Herman Frank DeVol and Minnie Emma Humphreys DeVol in Moundsville, West Virginia, on September 20, 1911. He grew up in Canton, Ohio. His father had a "pit" orchestra at the local movie house, and his mother had a sewing shop in Canton. His father was also an accountant. ...

40. Gerald Fried

Music_department | Soylent Green

Composer, author and oboist, educated at Juilliard (BS). He was first oboist for the Dallas Symphony and the New York Little Orchestra between 1948 and 1956. Then he joined Revue Studios in California, lasting until 1960, thereafter working freelance. Joining ASCAP in 1956, his chief musical ...

41. Abel Korzeniowski

Composer | A Single Man

Born on the 18th of July, 1972, in Cracow, Poland. In 1996 graduated the instrumental studies (specialization: cello), and then in 2000 graduated with merit from the composition class of Krzysztof Penderecki at the Music Academy in Cracow. At the same Academy, in the years 1999-2000, he was an ...

42. Nick Cave

Soundtrack | The Proposition

Nick Cave is a man of many talents. Musician. Songwriter. Screenwriter. Novelist. Actor. The Australian was born in Warracknabeal, Victoria in 1957, and would go onto form the alternative rock band Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds, who have since successfully released a string of hit albums.

In film, Nick ...

43. Jóhann Jóhannsson

Composer | Sicario

Jóhann Jóhannsson was born on September 19, 1969 in Reykjavík, Iceland. He was a composer, known for Sicario (2015), The Theory of Everything (2014) and Prisoners (2013). He died on February 9, 2018 in Berlin, Germany.

44. Nathaniel Shilkret

Soundtrack | Magic in the Moonlight

Nathaniel Shilkret was born on December 25, 1889 in New York City, New York, USA as Naftule Schüldkraut. He is known for his work on Magic in the Moonlight (2014), Winterset (1936) and Swing Time (1936). He died on February 18, 1982 in New York City.

45. Dun Tan

Composer | Wo hu cang long

Dun Tan was born on August 18, 1957 in Si Mao, Hunan Province, China. He is known for his work on Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000), Ying xiong (2002) and Fallen (1998).

46. Alexandre Desplat

Composer | The King's Speech

Alexandre Desplat was born on August 23, 1961 in Paris, Île-de-France, France as Alexandre Michel Gerard Desplat. He is known for his work on The King's Speech (2010), Argo (2012) and The Queen (2006).

47. Carter Burwell

Music_department | Carol

Carter Burwell was born on November 18, 1954 in New York City, New York, USA as Carter Benedict Burwell. He is known for his work on Carol (2015), Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017) and Fargo (1996). He has been married to Christine Sciulli since 1999.

48. Philip Glass

Composer | The Hours

Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Glass worked in his father's radio store and discovered music listening to the offbeat Western classical records customers didn't seem to want. He studied the violin and flute, and obtained early admission to the University of Chicago. After graduating in mathematics ...

49. Patrick Doyle

Composer | Rise of the Planet of the Apes

Patrick Doyle is a classically trained composer.

His first film score, the acclaimed adaptation of "Henry V" with Kenneth Branagh for Renaissance films was scored in 1989. He has subsequently worked with Kenneth Branagh, a long time collaborator on numerous pictures including "Dead Again", "Much Ado...

Hamlet

50. Richard Rodney Bennett

Composer | Murder on the Orient Express

Richard Rodney Bennett was an eclectic composer of serious orchestral works, jazz songs and music for stage and screen. Of the former, his most famous compositions include a First Symphony, a piano concerto and four string quartets. Among the latter are scores for operas, such as the dramatic "The ...

Nicholas and Alexandra

51. Mikis Theodorakis

Composer | Z

Mikis Theodorakis was born in the Greek island of Chios, in 1925. The exact same year that the other great composer of Greece was born in Xanthi, Manos Hatzidakis. He fought during the 2nd World War, and he was captured at the city of Tripoli. He was tortured, but when he was set free, he joined ...

52. Carl Davis

Composer | The General

Carl Davis was born on October 28, 1936 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA. He is known for his work on The General (1926), City Lights (1931) and The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981). He has been married to Jean Boht since December 28, 1970. They have two children.

53. Ryuichi Sakamoto

Soundtrack | The Revenant

Ryuichi Sakamoto was born on January 17, 1952 in Tokyo, Japan. He was previously married to Akiko Yano.

54. Jun Miyake

Soundtrack | Eat Pray Love

Jun Miyake is a Japanese composer. His music (e.g., the songs "Lilies in the Valley" and "The Here and After") was used in the film Pina, nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature in January 2012. He has also been awarded by the German critic's award - Der Preis der deutschen ...

55. Jean-Claude Petit

Composer | Cyrano de Bergerac

Jean-Claude Petit was born on November 14, 1943 in Vaires-sur-Marne, Seine-et-Marne, France. He is a composer, known for Cyrano de Bergerac (1990), The Boondock Saints (1999) and Scary Movie (2000).

56. Zbigniew Preisner

Composer | Trois couleurs: Bleu

Born in Poland in 1955, Zbigniew Preisner studied philosophy and history in the university of Cracow. In his twenties he started to study music in a autodidactical way: buying records and learning to write by taking the music in parts. He started to write his own compositions. His style has always ...

57. Wojciech Kilar

Composer | The Pianist

Wojciech Kilar was born on July 17, 1932 in Lwów, Lwowskie, Poland. He was a composer, known for The Pianist (2002), Dracula (1992) and The Ninth Gate (1999). He was married to Barbara Pomianowska. He died on December 29, 2013 in Katowice, Slaskie, Poland.

The promised land

58. Carmine Coppola

Composer | Apocalypse Now

Composer, conductor, arranger and flautist, educated at the Manhattan School of Music (BA, MA) and Juilliard (on scholarship) (MM). He was first flautist for Radio City Music Hall from 1934 to 1936, the Detroit Symphony from 1936 to 1941, the NBC Toscanini Orchestra from 1942 to 1948 and staff ...

1. Napoleon vu par Abel Gance 2. Godfather II

59. Stephen Sondheim

Soundtrack | Dick Tracy

Sondheim's work as a composer-lyricist over the past four decades has set the standard for modern American musical theater. He has won a record seven Tony Awards for his songwriting, and received a Pulitzer Prize for Sunday in the Park with George. Sondheim was an unpaid and uncredited clapper boy ...

Reds Stavisky

60. Miklós Rózsa

Composer | Ben-Hur

A child prodigy, Miklos Rosza learned to play the violin at the age of five and read music before he was able to read words. In 1926, he began studying at the Leipzig Conservatory where he was considered a brilliant student. He obtained his doctorate in music in 1930. Moving to Paris the following ...

El Cid

1 Lakmé (1883) 2 Coppélia (1870) 3 Sylvia - Pas-De-Deux 4 Les Filles De Cadix. (Maids of Cadiz)

62. Kurt Weill

Soundtrack | Die Dreigroschenoper

Kurt Weill was born on March 2, 1900 in Dessau, Germany as Kurt Julian Weill. He was married to Lotte Lenya. He died on April 3, 1950 in New York City, New York, USA.

1 The Threepenny Opera [operetta/'play with music'] (1928) 2 Rise & Fall of the City of Mahagonny (1927-9) 3 Die sieben Todsünden: Ballett mit Gesang. Sopran und Orchester. Klavierauszug. by Kurt Weill 4 Symphony #2 5 Concerto for Violin & Wind Orch. Op.12 (1924) 6 Lamentations of Jeremiah [2 choruses] Op.11 (1923)

63. Sergei Rachmaninoff

Soundtrack | Dawn of the Dead

Sergei Rachmaninov (also spelled Rachmaninoff) was a legendary Russian composer and pianist who emigrated after the Communist revolution of 1917, and became one of the highest paid concert stars of his time, and one of the most influential pianists of the 20th century.

He was born Sergei Vasilevich ...

1 Preludios for piano op. 32 2 Vespers 3 Symphony #2 in E minor Op. 27 (1906-7) 4 Concerto #3 in D minor Op. 30 (1909) 5 Symphony #1 6 Concerto #2 in C minor Op.18 (1900-1) 7 Preludes op. 22 8 Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini Op.43 (1934) 9 Fantaisie tableau op. 5 10 Variations on a thme by Corelli

64. Dmitri Shostakovich

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Dmitri Shostakovich, one of Russian culture's most acclaimed intellectuals who was censored under the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, was an internationally recognized composer whose music was in over 100 films.

He was born Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich on September 25, 1906, in St. Petersburg, ...

1 Symphony #7 in C 'Leningrad' Op.60 (1941) 2 Sinfonia 4 opus 43 3 Symphony #8 in C minor Op.65 (1943) 4 Symphony #10 in E minor Op.93 (1953) 5 Symphony #11 opus 103 6 Symphony #5 in D minor Op.47 (1937) 7 Violin Concerto #1 in A minor Op.77 (1947-8, r1955 as Op.99) 8 Symphony #12 9 Symphony #1 in F minor Op.10 (1925) 10 Quartet #8

65. Benjamin Britten

Soundtrack | Moonrise Kingdom

Benjamin Britten was born on November 22, 1913 in Lowestoft, Suffolk, England as Edward Benjamin Britten. He died on December 4, 1976 in Aldeburgh, Suffolk.

66. Johann Pachelbel

Soundtrack | 4: Rise of the Silver Surfer

His most famous work, the Canon in D Major, is one of the most famous orchestral works.

67. Ravi Shankar

Composer | Gandhi

Ravi Shankar was a world-renowned musician, composer, performer, and scholar of classical Indian music. He was one of the leading cultural figures of the twentieth century whose accomplishments placed him as the leading figure of an important musical tradition. His long and distinguished musical ...

68. Carl Orff

Soundtrack | Excalibur

Carl Orff was born on July 10, 1895 in Munich, Germany as Karl Heinrich Maria Orff. He was married to Liselotte Schmitz, Luise Rinser, Gertrud Willert and Alice Solscher. He died on March 29, 1982 in Munich.

70. John Adams

Soundtrack | Shutter Island

John Adams was born on February 15, 1947 in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA as John Coolidge Adams. He is known for his work on Shutter Island (2010), Run Lola Run (1998) and Call Me by Your Name (2017).

71. Aram Khachaturyan

Soundtrack | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Aram Khachaturyan was born in 1903, in Tiflis, Russian Empire (now Tbilisi, Georgia). He was the fourth son in a modest Armenian family. His father was a book-binder and a craftsman; he noticed the son's musical talent and got him a used piano, but he did not have money for a music teacher. ...

72. Richard Thompson

Soundtrack | Looper

Talented singer, songwriter, and guitarist co-founded the British folk-rock group Fairport Convention in 1967. He left the group in 1971 to perform and record solo and then with his wife, Linda Thompson, with whom he made the legendary albums I Want to See the Bright Lights Tonight (1974) and Shoot...

73. Krzysztof Penderecki

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Krzysztof Penderecki was born on November 23, 1933 in Debica, Podkarpackie, Poland. He is married to Elzbieta Solecka. They have one child.

Manuscript of Saragoza

74. Henryk Mikolaj Górecki

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Henryk Mikolaj Górecki was born on December 6, 1933 in Czernica, Slaskie, Poland. He was married to Jadwiga Górecki. He died on November 12, 2010 in Katowice, Slaskie.

77. Charles Ives

Soundtrack | Lola rennt

Pictured on one of a set of eight 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the Legends of American Music series, issued 12 September 1997, celebrating "Classical Composers & Conductors". Others honored in this issue are Leopold Stokowski, Arthur Fiedler, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Samuel Barber, ...

78. Jules Massenet

Soundtrack | Transamerica

A major composer of French opera in the late 19th century, author of the important works "Werther" and "Manon."

79. Pierre Boulez

Soundtrack | Heat

Pierre Boulez was born on March 26, 1925 in Montbrison, Loire, France as Pierre Louis Joseph Boulez. He died on January 5, 2016 in Baden-Baden, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

80. Francis Poulenc

Soundtrack | Call Me by Your Name

Francis Poulenc was born on January 7, 1899 in Paris, France as Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc. He is known for his work on Call Me by Your Name (2017), The Great Beauty (2013) and The City of Your Final Destination (2009). He died on January 30, 1963 in Paris.

81. Niccolò Paganini

Soundtrack | Rear Window

Paganini's musical talent was recognized at an early age, and his ambitious father drove him hard to succeed, even withholding food if his son did not perform to his satisfaction on the violin. Escaping his father's domineering influence in his late teens by fleeing to Lucca, Paganini came to the ...

82. Paul Dukas

Soundtrack | The Sorcerer's Apprentice

Paul Abraham Dukas was born on October 1, 1865 into a Jewish family in Paris, France. He studied music at the Paris Conservatoire, where his teachers were Theodore Dubois, César Franck, and 'Ernest Guiraud'. He met Claude Debussy while both were students at the Paris Conservatoire and they remained ...

83. Heitor Villa-Lobos

Soundtrack | Fifty Shades of Grey

Heitor Villa-Lobos was born on March 5, 1887 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was married to Lucília Guimarães. He died on November 17, 1959 in Rio de Janeiro.

84. Manuel de Falla

Writer | El retablo de Maese Pedro

Perhaps the greatest Spanish composer of the twentieth century. He wrote many works, and among them are what are considered to be four of the greatest masterpieces of Spanish classical music-- the opera "La Vida Breve [The Short Life]", the ballets "El Sombrero de Tres Picos [The Three-Cornered Hat...

85. Max Bruch

Soundtrack | Kinsey

86. Max Reger

Soundtrack | Fury

87. Enric Granados

Soundtrack | Original Sin

Enrique Costanzo Granados y Campiña was born on July 27, 1867, in Lèrida, Catalonia, Spain. His father was born in Cuba, and served in the Spanish Military. From the age of 8, young Granados studied piano in Barcelona under the tutelage of Joan Baptista Pujol. From 1883-1887 he studied composition ...

89. Mikhail Glinka

Music_department | Ruslan and Lyudmila

Mikhail Glinka, the author of the first Russian Opera who suffered from abuse in his early childhood and barely survived the Napoleon's invasion of 1812, had lived most of his adult life outside of Russia and fused Spanish, Italian, French, and other influences in his own music.

He was born Mikhail ...

90. Edgard Varèse

Soundtrack | Another Woman

Edgard Varèse was born on December 22, 1883 in Paris, France as Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse. He was married to Louise Norton and Suzanne Bing. He died on November 6, 1965 in New York City, New York, USA.

91. Elliott Carter

Music_department | Ascension

Elliott Cook Carter Jr. was a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American Western-classical-music composer who was born in and lived in New York City. He studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris in the 1930s and then returned to the United States. After a neoclassical phase, he went on to write atonal, ...

92. Virgil Thomson

Composer | Louisiana Story

One of the driving forces, both as critic and musician, of 20th century American music, Thomson studied music at both Harvard University and elsewhere in the Boston area before moving to Paris to study with Nadia Boulanger in 1921. After spending a short time in his native land, he returned to ...

93. Leos Janácek

Music_department | The Unbearable Lightness of Being

Leos Janácek was born on July 3, 1854 in Hukvaldy/Hochwald, Moravia, Austrian Empire. He is known for his work on The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988), Cunning Little Vixen and NET Opera Theater (1967). He was married to Zdenka Schulzova. He died on August 12, 1928 in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia [...

94. Gian Carlo Menotti

Writer | The Medium

Gian Carlo Menotti was born on July 7, 1911 in Cadegliano-Viconago, Lombardy, Italy. He was a writer and composer, known for The Medium (1951), Great Performances (1971) and NBC Television Opera Theatre (1950). He was married to Samuel Barber. He died on February 1, 2007 in Monte Carlo, Monaco.

96. Zoltán Kodály

Soundtrack | If I Stay

His work as folk song collector began in 1905. In 1907 he was appointed lecturer at the Academy of Music where he taught music history and composing. His own works were first published in 1910. In 1919 he participated in the work of the musical directorium, for which later a disciplinary procedure ...

97. Ottorino Respighi

Soundtrack | The Tree of Life

Italian composer who introduced Russian orchestral colour and some of the violence of Richard Strauss's harmonic techniques into Italian music. He studied at the Liceo of Bologna and later with Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov in St. Petersburg, where he was first violist in the Opera Orchestra. From his ...

98. Arthur Honegger

Composer | Mademoiselle Docteur

Arthur Honegger was born on March 10, 1892 in Le Havre, Seine-Inférieure [now Seine-Maritime], France. He is known for his work on Mademoiselle Docteur (1937), Pygmalion (1938) and Mayerling (1936). He was married to Andrée Vaurabourg. He died on November 27, 1955 in Paris, France.

100. Fritz Kreisler

Soundtrack | The King Steps Out

Violinist, composer and arranger, educated at the Vienna Conservatory (which he entered at age seven and won a Gold Medal at ten) with Auber and Hellmesberger, and at the Paris Conservatory with Massart and Delibes, where he graduated at age twelve with the Grand Prix. In 1888, at age thirteen, he ...



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