Writers, Novelists, Scriptwriters, Adapters screenwriters...

by celso-rlx | created - 6 months ago | updated - 1 week ago | Public

1. Homer

Writer | Troy

Homer is the name traditionally ascribed to the brilliant Greek bard that authored, most notably, the Iliad and the Odyssey (Western civilization's first complete stories). Nothing concrete is known of his life, but he is traditionally thought to be blind and was probably born in either Chios or ...

4. Sophocles

Writer | Antigoni

Versatile Greek poet and tragic dramatist. He was the son of Sophilus, a wealthy arms manufacturer. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions. He became a general under Nicias and...

5. Plato

Writer | Der Tod vom Sokrates

One of the greatest Greek philosophers (considered the greatest Greek writer of prose by some), Plato, was born into an aristocratic Athenian family. He met Socrates around 407 BC and became his disciple in philosophy. Socrates was executed in 399 BC. Plato and fellow disciples took refuge under ...

5. Publius Vergilius Maro

Writer | Troy: The Resurrection of Aeneas

Buried by his own request at his villa in Naples, under the epitaph, "Mantua me genuit; Calabri rapuere; tenet nunc Parthenope; cecini pascua, rura, duces" ("Mantua gave me birth, Calabria took me away, and now Naples holds me; I sang of pastures, farms, leaders").

6. Ovid

Writer | Medusa

Born a year after the notorious murder of Julius Caesar, Ovid passed his childhood in relative peace despite the civil wars that wracked the Roman Empire. At last Augustus was crowned emperor and the Pax Romana began, and Ovid set out to study rhetoric in Rome. Despite a promising career in ...

7. Plutarch

Writer | Cleopatra

Greek biographer and philosopher who was born c. 46 AD in Chaeronea, Boeotia, central Greece. Son of Aristobulus. In A.D. 66 he was in Athens, studying physics, mathematics natural science, and rhetoric - though the subject which held the greatest interest for him was ethics. He lectured in Rome on...

9. Suetonius

Writer | Cleopatra

Latin biographer and antiquarian. His family was of a knightly rank and probably came from Hippo Regius (Annaba in Algeria). Suetonius taught literature at Rome for a while. He also practiced law and then served on the staff of Pliny the Younger in c. A.D. 110-12. Suetonius then held a post as "...

10. Giovanni Boccaccio

Writer | The Little Hours

Black Death (the bubonic plague) kills several of Boccaccio's family members and friends.

12. Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra

Writer | Don Quixote

Miguel de Cervantes' baptism occurred on October 9, 1547, at Alcala de Henares, Spain, so it is reasonable to assume he was born around that time, and Alcala de Henares has long claimed itself as his birthplace. The son of Rodrigo de Cervantes, an itinerant and not-too-successful surgeon, Miguel ...

13. William Shakespeare

Writer | M the Movie

William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. About this time his father suffered an ...

13. Jonathan Swift

Writer | Gulliver's Travels

Was a clergyman. Took his orders in 1694 and was appointed vicar of Kilroot, near Belfast. His first writings were ecclesiastical in nature. Joined the Tory Party in 1710, became its leading writer and editor of The Examiner (1711). Also contributed articles to publications like Tatler. Swift ...

14. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Soundtrack | Valkyrie

Johann Wolfgang Goethe was born on 28 August 1749 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany as son of a lawyer. After growing up in a privileged upper middle class family, he studied law in Leipzig from 1765 to 1768, although he was more interested in literature. As he was seriously ill, he had to interrupt ...

16. Jane Austen

Writer | Sense and Sensibility

Jane Austen was born on December 16th, 1775, to the local rector, Rev. George Austen (1731-1805), and Cassandra Leigh (1739-1827). She was the seventh of eight children. She had one older sister, Cassandra. In 1783 she went to Southampton to be taught by a relative, Mrs. Cawley, but was brought ...

16. Stendhal

Writer | The Red and the Black

A foremost French writer of the Romantic era, Stendhal was born Marie-Henri Beyle in Grenoble, France in 1783. A loyal Bonapartist he followed Napoleon closely during his military campaigns Stendhal's novels reflect his intense love of Italy, his political convictions and the moral and ...

17. Mary Shelley

Writer | Young Frankenstein

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (née Godwin; 30 August 1797 - 1 February 1851) was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel "Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus" (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her...

17. Honoré de Balzac

Writer | To Magiko Derma

Honoré de Balzac was a French writer whose works have been made into films, such as, Cousin Bette (1998) starring Jessica Lange, and television serials, such as, _Cousin Bette (1971 TV mini-series)_, starring Margaret Tyzack and Helen Mirren.

He was born on March 20, 1799, in Tours, France. His ...

19. Victor Hugo

Writer | Les Misérables

Although Hugo was fascinated by poems from childhood on, he spent some time on the polytechnic university of Paris until he dedicated all his work to literature. He was one of the few authors who were allowed to reach popularity during lifetime and one of the leaders of French romance.

After the ...

20. Alexandre Dumas

Writer | The Count of Monte Cristo

His paternal grandparents were Marie Cessete Dumas (a Haitian slave) and Marquis Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie. Antoine disapproved of their son, Thomas-Alexandre, joining the French army under the "Davy de la Pailleterie" name, so Thomas-Alexandre used his mother's surname instead. He became a ...

21. Nathaniel Hawthorne

Writer | Graves and Goblins

Hawthorne was from New England.

21. Hans Christian Andersen

Writer | Frozen

H.C. Andersen was born in 1805. His father (Hans Andersen) was a poor shoemaker and his mother a washerwoman. The family did not have a permanent address until 1807. The family lived for the first time together at Munkemøllestræde. The father worked as an independent shoemaker, with a workshop in ...

22. Edgar Allan Poe

Writer | Eliza Graves

Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father, named David Poe Jr., and his mother, named Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe, were touring actors. Both parents died in 1811, and Poe became an orphan before he was 3 years old. He was adopted by John Allan, a tobacco ...

23. Nikolay Gogol

Writer | The Inspector General

Nikolai (Mykola) Gogol was a Ukrainian-born writer who wrote in Russian, because the Ukrainian language was banned in Russian Empire. His ancestors were bearing the name of Gogol-Janovsky and claimed belonging to the upper class Polish Szlachta. Gogol's father, a Ukrainian writer living on his old ...

23. Charles Dickens

Writer | Scrooged

Charles Dickens' father was a clerk at the Naval Pay Office, and because of this the family had to move from place to place: Plymouth, London, Chatham. It was a large family and despite hard work, his father couldn't earn enough money. In 1823 he was arrested for debt and Charles had to start ...

25. Charlotte Brontë

Writer | Jane Eyre

Charlotte was born 1816, the third of the six children of Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman, and his wife Maria Branwell Brontë. After their mother's death in 1821, Charlotte and her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to Cowan Bridge Clergy Daughters' School, which Charlotte would later ...

26. Emily Brontë

Writer | Wuthering Heights

The dreamiest of the talented Brontë clan, Emily Jane Brontë was born in 1818. Her mother died when she was barely more than a toddler, and Emily and her younger sister, Anne, became very close. Along with their other siblings, 'Charlotte Bronte' and Branwell Bronte, they invented the make-believe ...

26. Herman Melville

Writer | The Enigma of Benito Cereno

American poet and novelist, whose best-known work, "Moby Dick" (1851), became basis for several films.

28. Fyodor Dostoevsky

Writer | The Double

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russia. He was the second of seven children of Mikhail Andreevich and Maria Dostoevsky. His father, a doctor, was a member of the Russian nobility, owned serfs and had a considerable estate near Moscow where he lived with his ...

29. Lew Wallace

Writer | Ben-Hur

The son of the governor of Indiana, Lew Wallace lived in Indianapolis as a young boy. He served in the Mexican War, and afterwards became a lawyer and was elected to the state Senate. He served again in the Union army during the Civil War, reaching the rank of major general. He was noted for ...

30. Jules Verne

Writer | Journey to the Center of the Earth

Jules Gabriel Verne (1828-1905) was one of the most famous French novelists of all time. His major work is the "Extraordinary Journeys", a series of more than sixty adventure novels including "Journey to the Center of the Earth", "Around the World in 80 Days", "20.000 Leagues under the Seas" and "...

32. Leo Tolstoy

Writer | Anna Karenina

Count Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born on September 9, 1828, in his ancestral estate Yasnaya Polyana, South of Moscow, Russia. He was the fourth of five children in a wealthy family of Russian landed Gentry. His parents died when he was a child, and he was brought up by his elder brothers and ...

34. Lewis Carroll

Writer | Alice in Wonderland

Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles L. Dodgson, author of the children's classics "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" and "Through the Looking-Glass."

Born on January 27, 1832 in Daresbury, Cheshire, England, Charles Dodgson wrote and created games as a child. At age 20 he received a ...

35. Mark Twain

Writer | Stranger

Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in Florida, Missouri in 1835, grew up in Hannibal. He was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River. Throughout his career, Twain served as a writer, lecturer, reporter, editor, printer, and prospector. Twain took his pen name from an alert cry used on his...

35. Émile Zola

Writer | Bakjwi

Émile Zola was born on April 2, 1840, in Paris, France. His father was an Italian engineer. Young Zola studied at the Collége Bourbon in Provence, where his schoolmate and friend was Paul Cezanne. In 1858 Zola returned to Paris and became a student at the Lycée Saint-Louis, from which he graduated ...

36. Karl May

Writer | Die Teufelsanbeter

Karl May was born on February 25, 1842 in Hohenstein-Ernstthal, Kingdom of Saxony as Karl Friedrich May. He was a writer, known for Die Teufelsanbeter (1920), The Treasure of the Silver Lake (1962) and Winnetou: The Last Shot (1965). He was married to Klara Plöhn and Emma Pollmer. He died on March ...

37. Friedrich Nietzsche

Soundtrack | Die Höhenluft - für Alle und Keinen

Friedrich Nietzsche was raised having five women around him - his mother, grandmother, two aunts and a sister, all living together. His father, a Lutheran pastor, died when Nietzsche was 5 years old. After a Catholic school he studied music and Greco-Roman culture at the famous Schulpfora from 1858...

38. Bram Stoker

Writer | Dracula

Bram Stoker was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1847, and gained fame for his novel "Dracula" about an aristocratic vampire in Transylvania. The sequel, "Dracula's Guest," was not published for 17 years after the publication of "Dracula," two years after Stoker's death. Stoker also wrote "The Mystery ...

39. Robert Louis Stevenson

Writer | Treasure Planet

Robert Louis Stevenson was born on November 13, 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a writer, known for Treasure Planet (2002), The Body Snatcher (1945) and Suspense (1949). He was married to Fanny Osbourne. He died on December 3, 1894 in Vailima, Samoa.

41. Oscar Wilde

Writer | The Picture of Dorian Gray

A gifted poet, playwright and wit, Oscar Wilde was a phenomenon in 19th-century England. He was illustrious for preaching the importance of style in life and art, and of attacking Victorian narrow-mindedness.

Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854. He studied at Trinity College in Dublin before ...

41. H. Rider Haggard

Writer | King Solomon's Mines

British novelist of Danish ancestry. Wrote African-based adventure stories, best known of which are the often filmed "She" (1887) and "King Solomon's Mines" (1885). He was based in South Africa (1875-1882) as assistant to the secretary to Sir Henry Bulwer, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony of Natal.

43. George Bernard Shaw

Writer | My Fair Lady

The Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925, acquired a reputation as the greatest dramatist in the English language during the first half of the 20th Century for the plays he had written at the height of his creativity from "Mrs. ...

45. Arthur Conan Doyle

Writer | Sherlock Holmes

Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland as Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle. He was a writer and producer, known for Sherlock Holmes (2009), Sherlock (2010) and The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1984). He was married to Jean Leckie and Louisa Hawkins. He died on July 7, 1930 ...

46. Anton Chekhov

Writer | Kis Uykusu

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born in 1860, the third of six children to a family of a grocer, in Taganrog, Russia, a southern seaport and resort on the Azov Sea. His father, a 3rd-rank Member of the Merchant's Guild, was a religious fanatic and a tyrant who used his children as slaves. Young Chekhov...

46. Rabindranath Tagore

Music_department | Daruchini Dwip

Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 6, 1861 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India. He is known for his work on Daruchini Dwip (2007), Charulata (1964) and Aakashee Pullover. He was married to Mrinalini Devi. He died on August 7, 1941 in Calcutta.

46. Edith Wharton

Writer | The Age of Innocence

In 1916, she was awarded France's highest decoration, the Cross of the Legion of Honor.

47. Arthur Schnitzler

Writer | Eyes Wide Shut

Arthur Schnitzler was born on May 15, 1862 in Vienna, Austrian Empire. He was a writer, known for Eyes Wide Shut (1999), The Affairs of Anatol (1921) and Daybreak (1931). He was married to Olga Gussmann. He died on October 21, 1931 in Vienna, Austria.

49. H.G. Wells

Writer | The War of the Worlds

Writer, born in Bromley, Kent. He was apprenticed to a draper, tried teaching, studied biology in London, then made his mark in journalism and literature. He played a vital part in disseminating the progressive ideas which characterized the first part of the 20th-c. He achieved fame with scientific...

49. Rudyard Kipling

Writer | The Man Who Would Be King

Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. He was ...

50. Maxim Gorky

Writer | Les bas-fonds

Maksim Gorky is a pseudonym of Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov, who was born into a poor Russian family in Nizhnii Novgorod on Volga river. Gorky lost his father at an early age, he was beaten by his stepfather and became an orphan at age 9, when his mother died. He was brought up by his grandmother, ...

52. Stephen Crane

Writer | The Red Badge of Courage: A Soldier's Tale

Stephen Crane was the 14th child of parents who were both writers. Descended from a line of soldiers and clergymen (his father, Rev. Jonathan T. Crane, was a Methodist minister), Crane inherited from his forebearers the obsessive subject of war, stoical compassion and, particularly in his poetry, a...

53. W. Somerset Maugham

Writer | Quartet

Popular British novelist, playwright, short-story writer and the highest-paid author in the world in the 1930s, Somerset Maugham graduated in 1897 from St. Thomas' Medical School and qualified as a doctor, but abandoned medicine after the success of his first novels and plays. During World War I he...

53. Thomas Mann

Writer | Le mirage

Thomas Mann was probably Germany's most influential author of the 20th century, receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929. Born on 6 June 1875 in Lübeck, his family moved to Munich in 1893, where he lived until 1933 and wrote some of his most successful novels like "Buddenbrocks" (1901), "...

54. Edgar Rice Burroughs

Writer | John Carter

His father had been a major in the Union army during the Civil War. Edgar Rice Burroughs attended the Brown School then, due to a diphtheria epidemic, Miss Coolie's Maplehurst School for Girls, then the Harvard School, Phillips Andover and the Michigan Military Academy. He was a mediocre student ...

56. Jack London

Writer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs

Jack London was the best-selling, highest paid and most popular American author of his time.

He was born John Griffith Chaney, on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco. He was raised by his mother Flora Wellman and his stepfather John London (he didn't know who his father was until his adulthood). ...

56. Hermann Hesse

Soundtrack | The Hours

Hermann Hesse was born on July 2, 1877 in Calw, Germany. He was a writer, known for The Hours (2002), Siddhartha (1972) and Steppenwolf (1974). He was married to Ninon Ausländer, Ruth Wenger and Maria Bernoulli. He died on August 9, 1962 in Montagnola, Switzerland.

57. Stefan Zweig

Writer | The Grand Budapest Hotel

Stefan Zweig was born on November 28, 1881 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. He was a writer, known for The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014), Letter from an Unknown Woman (1948) and Marie Antoinette (1938). He was married to Charlotte E. Altmann and Friderike Maria Burger von Winternitz. He died on February ...

58. James Joyce

Writer | The Dead

Joyce was born at 41 Brighton Square, Rathgar, Dublin, on 2 February 1882. His father invested unwisely, and the family's fortunes declined steadily. Joyce graduated from University College, Dublin, in 1902; he briefly studied medicine in Paris, but his mother's impending death brought him back to ...

60. Nikos Kazantzakis

Writer | The Last Temptation of Christ

Nikos Kazantzakis was born in Heraklion, Crete (Greece). He studied Law in Athens and in Paris, but soon he studied philosophy and literature. He travelled almost everywhere; he learnt many foreign languages and left his scientific research for Nitsche. At philosophy: "Ascetics" (Salvatores Dei, ...

60. Franz Kafka

Writer | Le procès

Franz Kafka was born into a German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, Austrian Empire, in 1883. His father, Hermann Kafka, was a business owner and a domestic tyrant, frequently abusing his son. Kafka later admitted to his father, "My writing was all about you...". He believed that his father broke ...

62. D.H. Lawrence

Writer | BBC Sunday-Night Theatre

David Herbert Lawrence was born in Nottinghamshire, England, 11 September 1885. His father was a coal miner, his mother a genteel woman who sought education and refinement for her son. Lawrence earned a university degree and taught school for a short time. While still a student he began to publish ...

63. Raymond Chandler

Writer | Double Indemnity

An American novelist, writer of crime fiction featuring the private detective Philip Marlowe, Raymond (Thornton) Chandler was born in Chicago of an American father and an Anglo-Irish mother. He moved to England when his parents divorced. He attended Dulwich College and studied languages in France ...

63. T.E. Lawrence

Writer | Lawrence of Arabia

T.E. Lawrence was born on August 16, 1888 in Tremadoc, Caernarvonshire, Wales as Thomas Edward Lawrence. He was a writer, known for Lawrence of Arabia (1962), With Lawrence in Arabia (1927) and T. E. Lawrence 1888-1935 (1962). He died on May 19, 1935 in Clouds Hill, Dorset, England.

64. Agatha Christie

Writer | Witness for the Prosecution

Agatha was born as "Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller" in 1890 to Frederick Alvah Miller and Clara Boehmer. Agatha was of American and British descent, her father being American and her mother British. Her father was a relatively affluent stockbroker. Agatha received home education from early childhood ...

66. Henry Miller

Writer | Stille dage i Clichy

Henry Miller was born on December 26, 1891 in New York City, New York, USA as Henry Valentine Miller. He was a writer and actor, known for Quiet Days in Clichy (1970), Jours tranquilles à Clichy (1990) and Tropic of Cancer (1970). He was married to Hoki Tokuda, Keven McClure, Janina Martha ...

67. J.R.R. Tolkien

Writer | The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King

English writer, scholar and philologist, Tolkien's father was a bank manager in South Africa. Shortly before his father died (1896) his mother took him and his younger brother to his father's native village of Sarehole, near Birmingham, England. The landscapes and Nordic mythology of the Midlands ...

67. Pearl S. Buck

Writer | The Good Earth

Daughter of Christian missionaries, Pearl Buck was reared and educated in China. She received her university education in America but returned to China in the mid-1910s. She became a university instructor and writer, eventually authoring novels about China, some of which were turned into Hollywood ...

68. Dashiell Hammett

Writer | The Maltese Falcon

Dashiell Hammett was born May 27, 1894, in St. Mary's County, Maryland, to Richard Hammett and Mary Bond. He joined the Baltimore branch of the Pinkerton Detective Agency in 1915. He enlisted in the US Army's Ambulance Corps in June 1918 and was posted to a camp 20 miles from Baltimore, where he ...

70. Aldous Huxley

Writer | Brave New World

Aldous Leonard Huxley was born on July 26, 1894, at Laleham in Godalming, Surrey, England. He was the third of four children. His brother Julian Huxley was a biologist known for his theories of evolution. His grandfather, named Thomas Henry Huxley, was a naturalist known as "Darwin's Bulldog." His ...

70. F. Scott Fitzgerald

Writer | The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

"There are no second acts in American lives," wrote F. Scott Fitzgerald, who himself went from being the high priest of the Jazz Age to a down-and-out alcoholic within the space of 20 years, but not before giving the world several literary masterpieces, the most famous of which is "The Great Gatsby...

72. William Faulkner

Writer | To Have and Have Not

William Faulkner, one of the 20th century's most gifted novelists, wrote for the movies in part because he could not make enough money from his novels and short stories to support his growing number of dependants. The author of such acclaimed novels as "The Sound and the Fury" and "Absalom, Absalom...

73. Erich Maria Remarque

Writer | A Time to Love and a Time to Die

German novelist Remarque was born in Osnabruck in 1898. His first novel, the anti-war All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), was written in response to his experiences as a soldier in WWI, and published in 1929. He moved to Switzerland until 1939, when he emigrated to the U.S., where he lived and ...

73. Vilhelm Moberg

Writer | Gläd dig i din ungdom

Vilhelm Moberg is considered to be one of the greatest writers in Sweden of all time. He is most known for The Immigrants-series about the Swedish emigration to the United States in the 19th century. Moberg was also a journalist, author, historian and political debater. He struggled with depression...

74. C.S. Lewis

Writer | The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe

C.S. Lewis was born in 1898 and brought up in a very strict, religious household. While he was quite young, his mother died of cancer but the "stiff upper lip" in favour at the time meant he wasn't allowed to grieve. He became an Oxford don and led a sheltered life. He seriously questioned his ...

75. Vladimir Nabokov

Writer | Lolita

Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov was born on April 22, 1899, the eldest of five children in a wealthy aristocratic family in St. Petersburg, Russia. His grandfather was a Justice Minister to the Czar Alexander II. His father, named Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, was a liberal political leader, the ...

77. Ernest Hemingway

Writer | To Have and Have Not

Ernest Hemingway was an American writer who won the Pulitzer Prize (1953) and the Nobel Prize in Literature (1954) for his novel The Old Man and the Sea, which was made into a 1958 film The Old Man and the Sea (1958).

He was born into the hands of his physician father. He was the second of six ...

77. Eduardo De Filippo

Writer | Napoli milionaria

Coming from a show-business family (his father Eduardo Scarpetta was a famous stage actor), Eduardo de Filippo made his stage debut at age 5 playing the role of "Peppiniello" in his father's comedy "Miseria e Nobiltà". At 32 he formed his own stage company with his brother Peppino de Filippo and ...

79. Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Writer | Le Petit Prince

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry was born into a family of old provincial nobility. Failing his final exams at a preparatory school, he entered the École des Beaux-Arts to study architecture. In 1921, he began military service in the 2nd Regiment of Chasseurs, and sent to Strasbourg for pilot training. The...

79. Howard Koch

Writer | Casablanca

Playwright and author of sophisticated screenplays, a graduate of Bard College and Columbia University Law School. Howard Koch started out as a practicing lawyer in Hartsdale, New Jersey, but soon found himself dissatisfied with his career choice and began to write plays on the side. His first two ...

81. John Steinbeck

Writer | The Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck was the third of four children and the only son born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. His father was County Treasurer and his mother, a former schoolteacher. John graduated from Salinas High School in 1919 and attended classes at Stanford University, leaving in 1925 ...

82. Louise de Vilmorin

Writer | Madame de...

Louise de Vilmorin was born on April 4, 1902 in Verrières-le-Buisson, Seine-et-Oise, France as Louise de Lévêque de Vilmorin. She was a writer and actress, known for The Earrings of Madame De... (1953), The Lovers (1958) and Julietta (1953). She was married to Count Paul Pálffy ab Erdöd and Henry ...

83. George Orwell

Writer | Nineteen Eighty-Four

Born the son of an Opium Agent in Bengal, Eric Blair was educated in England (Eton 1921). The joined the British Imperial Police in Burma, serving until 1927. He then travelled around England and Europe, doing various odd jobs to support his writing. By 1935 he had adopted the 'pen-name' of 'George...

83. Marguerite Yourcenar

Writer | Der Fangschuß

Marguerite Yourcenar was born on June 8, 1903 in Brussels, Belgium. She was a writer, known for Coup de Grâce (1976), L'oeuvre au noir (1988) and Le dialogue dans le marécage (1973). She died on December 17, 1987 in Mount Desert Island, Maine, USA.

85. Irving Stone

Writer | Arkansas Judge

Irving Stone was born on July 14, 1903 in San Francisco, California, USA as Irvin Tenenbaum. He was a writer, known for Arkansas Judge (1941), The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) and Lust for Life (1956). He was married to Jean Factor and Lona Mosk. He died on August 26, 1989 in Los Angeles, ...

86. Cornell Woolrich

Writer | The Window

Prolific mystery writer Cornell Woolrich was born in New York City, but his parents separated when he was young and he spent much of his childhood in Latin America with his father. Then he was sent back to New York to live with his rich, domineering mother, Claire. He attended Columbia University ...

86. Graham Greene

Writer | The Quiet American

Graham Greene was one of the greatest novelists of the 20th century and his influence on the cinema and theatre was enormous. He wrote five plays and almost all of his novels, including "Brighton Rock", "The Ministry of Fear" and "The End of the Affair", have been brought to the screen. A superb ...

87. Jean-Paul Sartre

Writer | Les orgueilleux

Jean-Paul Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His father, Jean-Baptiste Sartre, was an officer in the French Navy. His mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was the cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Dr. Albert Schweitzer. Sartre was one year old when his father died. He was ...

87. Roberto Rossellini

Writer | Paisà

The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...

89. Jim Thompson

Writer | Paths of Glory

Jim Thompson was born on September 27, 1906 in Anadarko, Oklahoma, USA as James Myers Thompson. He was a writer and actor, known for Paths of Glory (1957), The Killing (1956) and The Killer Inside Me (2010). He died on April 7, 1977 in Hollywood, California, USA.

90. Daphne Du Maurier

Writer | The Birds

Daphne Du Maurier was one of the most popular English writers of the 20th Century, when middle-brow genre fiction was accorded a higher level of respect in a more broadly literate age. For her services to literature, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1969, the ...

92. Ian Fleming

Writer | Casino Royale

Born into a wealthy and influential English family, Ian Fleming spent his early years attending top British schools such as Eton and Sandhurst military academy. He took to writing while schooling in Kitzbuhel, Austria, and upon failing the entrance requirements for Foreign Service joined the news ...

92. Albert Maltz

Writer | Broken Arrow

Oscar-nominated screenwriter Albert Maltz was born on October 28, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. After graduating from Columbia University in 1930, he attended the Yale School of Drama for two years as a tyro playwright. After striking out on his own as a dramatist, he developed sociopolitical plays ...

94. Pierre Boulle

Writer | The Bridge on the River Kwai

Pierre Boulle was a French novelist best known for two works, The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952) and Planet of the Apes (1963), that were both made into award-winning films.

He was an engineer serving as a secret agent with the Free French in Singapore, when he was captured and subjected to two ...

94. Chester Himes

Writer | Cotton Comes to Harlem

Chester Himes was born on July 29, 1909 in Jefferson City, Missouri, USA as Bomar Himes. He was a writer, known for Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970), Come Back Charleston Blue (1972) and A Rage in Harlem (1991). He was married to Lesley Packard and Jean Johnson. He died on November 12, 1984 in Moravia...

95. Jorge Amado

Writer | Gabriela

Jorge Amado was born on August 10, 1912 in Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil. He was a writer, known for Gabriela (1975), The Sandpit Generals (1971) and Tieta (1989). He was married to Zélia Gattai and Matilde Garcia Rosa. He died on August 6, 2001 in Salvador, Bahia.

96. Michelangelo Antonioni

Writer | Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...

96. Albert Camus

Writer | The Misunderstanding

Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to ...

98. William S. Burroughs

Actor | Drugstore Cowboy

William S. Burroughs, one of the three seminal writers of the Beat Generation (the other two being his friends Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg), was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on February 5, 1914, to the son of the founder of the Burroughs Adding Machine Co. He grew up in patrician surroundings ...

99. Marguerite Duras

Writer | Le camion

Ms. Duras was born in southern Vietnam and lost her father at age 4. The family savings of 20 years bought the family a small plot in Cambodia, but everything was lost in a single season's flooding. The disaster killed her mother as a result. After high school in Saigon, Ms. Duras left Indochina to...

102. Howard Fast

Writer | Spartacus

Howard Fast was born on November 11, 1914 in New York City, New York, USA as Howard Melvin Fast. He was a writer, known for Spartacus (1960), The Lives of Benjamin Franklin (1974) and Jigsaw (1968). He was married to Mercedes O'Connor and Bette Cohen. He died on March 12, 2003 in Old Greenwich, ...



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