My Top 1,000 Directors

by the_guttersnipe | created - 15 Aug 2012 | updated - 5 days ago | Public

Each page represents an alphabetised qualitative tier; three work minimum per director.

1. Woody Allen

Writer | Manhattan

Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...

FEATURES Crimes and Misdemeanors Annie Hall Zelig Stardust Memories Sleeper Manhattan Broadway Danny Rose Midnight in Paris Love and Death Manhattan Murder Mystery Husbands and Wives Blue Jasmine Bullets Over Broadway Interiors Hannah and Her Sisters Melinda and Melinda Another Woman Mighty Aphrodite Bananas New York Stories* Vicky Cristina Barcelona Take the Money and Run Radio Days You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger The Curse of the Jade Scorpion Sweet and Lowdown Irrational Man The Purple Rose of Cairo Magic in the Moonlight To Rome with Love Small Time Crooks Café Society Match Point A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy Hollywood Ending Scoop What's Up, Tiger Lily? Whatever Works Everyone Says I Love You Shadows and Fog Don't Drink the Water Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex September Cassandra's Dream Anything Else Celebrity Alice Deconstructing Harry SHORTS Sounds from a Town I Love TELEVISION Crisis in Six Scenes (six episodes)

* segment "Oedipus Wrecks"

2. Pedro Almodóvar

Writer | Hable con ella

The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study ...

FEATURES Talk to Her Live Flesh The Skin I Live In All About My Mother Julieta The Flower of My Secret Volver Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down! Matador Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown Bad Education What Have I Done to Deserve This? I'm So Excited! Kika Law of Desire Labyrinth of Passion Broken Embraces Dark Habits High Heels Pepi, Luci, Bom SHORTS The Cannibalistic Councillor

3. Robert Altman

Director | Gosford Park

Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started...

FEATURES The Player 3 Women Short Cuts Nashville Secret Honor Streamers MASH Quintet Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson Gosford Park McCabe & Mrs. Miller A Prairie Home Companion Aria* The Long Goodbye Dr. T & the Women Brewster McCloud The Gingerbread Man Prêt-à-Porter O.C. and Stiggs DOCUMENTARIES The James Dean Story TELEVISION Gun (one episode)

* segment "Les Boréades"

4. Paul Thomas Anderson

Director | Punch-Drunk Love

Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making...

FEATURES Magnolia There Will Be Blood The Master Boogie Nights Punch-Drunk Love Phantom Thread Inherent Vice Hard Eight SHORTS Blossoms & Blood Mattress Man Commercial MUSIC VIDEOS Hot Knife Across the Universe Paper Bag Save Me Daydreaming Limp Try Fast As You Can Here We Go

5. Kenneth Anger

Director | Fireworks

Kenneth Anger grew up in Hollywood and started out as a child actor, but his interest in filmmaking was evident at an early age: he made his first film, "Who's Been Rocking My Dreamboat?", at age 9. Anger developed into one of the pioneers of the American underground film movement. His gritty, ...

SHORTS Scorpio Rising Kustom Kar Kommandos Lucifer Rising Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome Invocation of My Demon Brother Fireworks 42 One Dream Rush* Puce Moment Missoni Rabbit's Moon Eaux d'Artifice The Man We Want to Hang DOCUMENTARIES My Surfing Lucifer

* segment "Death"

6. Michelangelo Antonioni

Writer | Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...

FEATURES L'Eclisse The Red Desert L'Avventura Blow-Up La Notte The Passenger Zabriskie Point Identification of a Woman La Signora Senza Camelie Eros* Il Grido Story of a Love Affair DOCUMENTARIES Chung Kuo - Cina People of the Po Valley 12 Registi per 12 Città**

* segment "The Dangerous Thread of Things" ** segment "Roma"

7. Ingmar Bergman

Writer | Smultronstället

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...

FEATURES Persona Scenes from a Marriage The Virgin Spring The Seventh Seal The Magician Winter Light Smiles of a Summer Night Summer with Monika Fanny and Alexander The Passion of Anna Hour of the Wolf Shame Saraband Wild Strawberries Through a Glass Darkly The Silence Cries and Whispers Summer Interlude Autumn Sonata Three Strange Loves The Rite Waiting Women After the Rehearsal From the Life of the Marionettes Port of Call A Lesson in Love The Devil's Eye To Joy Sawdust and Tinsel Crisis All These Women SHORTS The Damned Women's Dance COMMERCIALS The Rebus Three-Dimensional Operation Tennis Girl The Inventor The Magic Show Gustavian The Princess and the Swineherd Bris Soap

8. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

FEATURES The Exterminating Angel The Phantom of Liberty Viridiana The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz Belle de Jour That Obscure Object of Desire L'Âge d'Or El Bruto The Milky Way El The Diary of a Chambermaid Nazarín Los Olvidados Susana Wuthering Heights The Young One Death in the Garden Daughter of Deceit The Great Madcap Ascent to Heaven Tristana Gran Casino Guard! Alert! Robinson Crusoe SHORTS Un Chien Andalou Simon of the Desert DOCUMENTARIES Land Without Bread

9. Tim Burton

Producer | Edward Scissorhands

Timothy Walter Burton was born in Burbank, California, to Jean Rae (Erickson), who owned a cat-themed gift shop, and William Reed Burton, who worked for the Burbank Park and Recreation Department. He spent most of his childhood as a recluse, drawing cartoons, and watching old movies (he was ...

FEATURES Ed Wood Edward Scissorhands Big Fish Batman Returns Beetlejuice Corpse Bride Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Big Eyes Sleepy Hollow Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children Dark Shadows Frankenweenie Batman Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Alice in Wonderland Pee-wee's Big Adventure Mars Attacks! Planet of the Apes SHORTS Vincent Frankenweenie MUSIC VIDEOS Bones

10. Laurent Cantet

Director | Entre les murs

Laurent Cantet was born on June 15, 1961 in Melle, Deux-Sevres, France. He is a director and writer, known for The Class (2008), Human Resources (1999) and Retour à Ithaque (2014).

FEATURES Time Out Foxfire The Class Human Resources Heading South Les Sanguinaires 7 Days in Havana*

* segment "La Fuente"

11. Nuri Bilge Ceylan

Director | Bir Zamanlar Anadolu'da

Nuri Bilge Ceylan was born in Istanbul on January 26th, 1959. In 1976, he began studying chemical engineering at Istanbul Technical University, in a context of strong student unrest, boycotts and political polarization. In 1978, he switched courses to Electrical Engineering at Bogazici University. ...

FEATURES Kasaba Uzak Winter Sleep Once Upon a Time in Anatolia Climates Three Monkeys Clouds of May

12. Claude Chabrol

Director | Le beau Serge

Claude Chabrol was born on June 24, 1930 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for Le Beau Serge (1958), Story of Women (1988) and The Swindle (1997). He was married to Aurore Chabrol, Stéphane Audran and Agnès Goute. He died on September 12, 2010 in Paris.

FEATURES La Femme Infidèle A Girl Cut in Two This Man Must Die La Cérémonie Le Boucher Les Biches Merci pour le Chocolat Une Affaire de Femmes Pleasure Party Madame Bovary Paris vu par...* The Beautiful Swindlers** COMMERCIALS La Renault 5

* segment "La Muette" ** segment "L'Homme qui Vendit la Tour Eiffel"

13. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

FEATURES The Great Dictator City Lights Monsieur Verdoux Modern Times The Kid Limelight The Circus The Gold Rush The Chaplin Revue A Woman of Paris A King in New York A Countess from Hong Kong SHORTS Shoulder Arms A Day's Pleasure A Dog's Life Sunnyside The Idle Class Pay Day The Pilgrim The Immigrant How to Make Movies The Bond

14. Henri-Georges Clouzot

Writer | Le salaire de la peur

Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...

FEATURES The Wages of Fear Les Diaboliques La Prisonnière Le Corbeau L'Assassin Habite au 21 Quai des Orfèvres La Vérité Les Espions DOCUMENTARIES The Mystery of Picasso

15. Joel Coen

Writer | Fargo

Joel Coen was born on November 29, 1954 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Joel Daniel Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for Fargo (1996), A Serious Man (2009) and Blood Simple (1984). He has been married to Frances McDormand since April 1, 1984. They have one child.

(with Ethan Coen)

FEATURES The Big Lebowski Barton Fink No Country for Old Men Fargo A Serious Man O Brother, Where Art Thou? Miller's Crossing The Hudsucker Proxy The Man Who Wasn't There True Grit Blood Simple. Raising Arizona Burn After Reading Paris, je t'aime* To Each His Own Cinema** Intolerable Cruelty Inside Llewyn Davis Hail, Caesar! The Ladykillers

* segment "Tuileries" ** segment "World Cinema"

16. Francis Ford Coppola

Producer | Apocalypse Now

Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated ...

FEATURES The Godfather: Part II Apocalypse Now The Conversation The Godfather One from the Heart Tucker: The Man and His Dream Tetro The Rain People New York Stories* The Rainmaker Rumble Fish You're a Big Boy Now The Outsiders The Cotton Club Youth Without Youth Dementia 13 Dracula Twixt The Godfather: Part III Gardens of Stone Finian's Rainbow Battle Beyond the Sun Peggy Sue Got Married The Terror Supernova Jack SHORTS Captain EO

* segment "Life Without Zoë"

17. Alex Cox

Director | Repo Man

Throughout his years in the industry, Alex Cox, an English writer-director, has not only proven his loyalty and integrity to cult cinema, but also his love for it. This all began in 1977, when Cox dropped out of Oxford University to study Radio, Film & TV at Bristol until graduating in 1977. Seeing...

FEATURES Highway Patrolman Searchers 2.0 Death and the Compass Walker Revengers Tragedy Sid and Nancy Three Businessmen Repo Man Repo Chick

18. David Cronenberg

Director | The Fly

David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father, Milton Cronenberg, was a journalist and editor, and his mother, Esther (Sumberg), was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early...

FEATURES Dead Ringers Crash Cosmopolis Videodrome Scanners A History of Violence The Fly The Dead Zone Shivers Naked Lunch eXistenZ Spider To Each His Own Cinema* Eastern Promises The Brood Maps to the Stars A Dangerous Method Stereo M. Butterfly Crimes of the Future Rabid Fast Company SHORTS Camera

* segment "At the Suicide of the Last Jew in the World in the Last Cinema in the World"

19. Jules Dassin

Director | Pote tin Kyriaki

Jules Dassin was an Academy Award-nominated director, screenwriter and actor best known for his films Rififi (1955), Never on Sunday (1960), and Topkapi (1964).

He was born Julius Samuel Dassin on 18 December 1911, in Middletown, Connecticut, USA. He was one of eight children of Russian-Jewish ...

FEATURES Night and the City Rififi Brute Force Thieves' Highway The Naked City Never on Sunday The Canterville Ghost Obsession SHORTS The Tell-Tale Heart

20. Terence Davies

Director | The House of Mirth

Terence Davies was born on November 10, 1945 in Liverpool, England. He is a director and writer, known for The House of Mirth (2000), Distant Voices, Still Lives (1988) and A Quiet Passion (2016).

FEATURES The Long Day Closes The Terence Davies Trilogy A Quiet Passion The House of Mirth Distant Voices, Still Lives The Deep Blue Sea Sunset Song The Neon Bible DOCUMENTARIES Of Time and the City

21. Maya Deren

Director | Meshes of the Afternoon

Maya Deren came to the USA in 1922 as Eleanora Derenkowsky. Together with her father, a psychiatrist, and her mother, an artist, she fled the pogroms against Russian Jews. She studied journalism and political science in at Syracuse University in New York, finishing her BA at NYU in June 1936 and ...

SHORTS Meshes of the Afternoon Witch's Cradle Ritual in Transfigured Time At Land A Study in Choreography for Camera Meditation on Violence The Very Eye of Night Ensemble for Somnambulists DOCUMENTARIES The Private Life of a Cat Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti

22. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | Gertrud

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

FEATURES Day of Wrath Ordet The Passion of Joan of Arc Gertrud Vampyr The Parson's Widow Leaves from Satan's Book Master of the House Michael Love One Another Once Upon a Time The Bride of Glomdal The President Two People SHORTS They Caught the Ferry DOCUMENTARIES The Castle Within the Castle The Storstrom Bridge Thorvaldsen Good Mothers The Danish Village Church The Struggle Against Cancer

23. Sergei M. Eisenstein

Director | Aleksandr Nevskiy

The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and ...

FEATURES October Strike Battleship Potemkin Ivan the Terrible, Part Two Alexander Nevsky Ivan the Terrible, Part One DOCUMENTARIES ¡Que viva México!

24. Abel Ferrara

Director | Bad Lieutenant

Born in the Bronx, Ferrara started making amateur films on Super 8 in his teens before making his debut with violent exploitation films such as 'Driller Killer' and 'Ms.45'. Good reviews for the latter helped create his cult reputation, leading to larger budgets, studio funding and 'name' actors (...

FEATURES The Addiction Ms .45 King of New York The Blackout Bad Lieutenant Go Go Tales Welcome to New York 4:44 Last Day on Earth Body Snatchers New Rose Hotel The Funeral Dangerous Game Crime Story China Girl The Driller Killer Pasolini Napoli, Napoli, Napoli 'R Xmas Mary SUBWAYStories: Tales from the Underground* The Gladiator Fear City Cat Chaser 9 Lives of a Wet Pussy SHORTS 42 One Dream Rush** The Hold Up Could This Be Love Nicky's Film Hans MUSIC VIDEOS California OCUMENTARIES Chelsea on the Rocks Mulberry St.

* segment "Love on the A Train" ** segment "Dream Piece"

25. David Fincher

Director | Se7en

David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials...

FEATURES Fight Club Se7en Zodiac The Social Network The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Gone Girl The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Panic Room The Game Alien³ MUSIC VIDEOS Vogue Bad Girl Oh Father Only Express Yourself Suit & Tie Judith Englishman in New York We Don't Have To Take Our Clothes Off COMMERCIALS Fate Blade Roller Smoking Fetus The Chase Pebl Mechanical Legs Beer Run Speed Chain Beauty for Sale Stand Up to Cancer Hallway Break In SoftBank The Arquettes Barkley of Seville TELEVISION House of Cards (two episodes)

26. John Ford

Director | The Quiet Man

John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...

FEATURES The Grapes of Wrath The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Stagecoach My Darling Clementine The Iron Horse The Searchers Fort Apache Young Mr. Lincoln Two Rode Together She Wore a Yellow Ribbon The Last Hurrah Drums Along the Mohawk They Were Expendable Tobacco Road The Horse Soldiers 7 Women The Informer Donovan's Reef The Lost Patrol The Plough and the Stars Rio Grande Gideon of Scotland Yard 3 Godfathers The Fugitive Cheyenne Autumn The Wings of Eagles The Sun Shines Bright The Hurricane How the West Was Won* The Quiet Man Mogambo Wagon Master What Price Glory How Green Was My Valley Mary of Scotland Mister Roberts The Long Gray Line Born Reckless Judge Priest Cameo Kirby

* segment "The Civil War"

27. Georges Franju

Director | Thomas l'imposteur

Georges Franju is a figure of immense importance in the history of French cinema, not primarily for his films (exceptional though many of these are) but for being the co-founder, with Henri Langlois, of the Cinematheque Française in 1937--France's most famous and important film archive.

He worked ...

FEATURES Eyes Without a Face Nuits Rouges Judex Head Against the Wall DOCUMENTARIES Blood of the Beasts

28. Samuel Fuller

Writer | The Steel Helmet

At age 17, Samuel Fuller was the youngest reporter ever to be in charge of the events section of the New York Journal. After having participated in the European battle theater in World War II, he directed some minor action productions for which he mostly wrote the scripts himself and which he also ...

FEATURES The Naked Kiss White Dog Shock Corridor Underworld U.S.A. Forty Guns Pickup on South Street Verboten! Run of the Arrow I Shot Jesse James The Big Red One Fixed Bayonets! Park Row China Gate Merrill's Marauders The Baron of Arizona The Steel Helmet Shark! The Crimson Kimono House of Bamboo Hell and High Water TELEVISION Chillers (one episode)

29. Abel Gance

Writer | La dame aux camélias

Born an illegitimate son of a wealthy physician, Abel Flamant, and a working class mother, Francoise Perethon. He was raised by his mother and her boyfriend, who later became her husband, Adolphe Gance. Pressured by his parents, he began his working career as a lawyer's clerk in hopes of achieving ...

FEATURES Napoleon La Roue The Tenth Symphony SHORTS Au Secours! La Folie du Docteur Tube

30. Bahman Ghobadi

Director | Lakposhtha parvaz mikonand

Bahman Ghobadi was born in 1969 in Baneh, in the province of Iranian Kurdistan, near the Iran-Iraq border. Shortly after graduating from the National Audiovisual School, he made his first short, immediately acclaimed by the local critics. One of these short films, "Life in Fog" (1999) is even ...

FEATURES Turtles Can Fly Half Moon Rhino Season A Time for Drunken Horses No One Knows About Persian Cats Marooned in Iraq

31. Terry Gilliam

Writer | Brazil

Terry Gilliam was born in Minnesota near Medicine Lake. When he was 12 his family moved to Los Angeles where he became a fan of Mad magazine. In his early 20's he was often stopped by the police who often suspected him of being a drug addict and Gilliam had to explain that he worked in advertising....

FEATURES Brazil Monty Python and the Holy Grail Tideland The Fisher King Twelve Monkeys Time Bandits Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas The Meaning of Life* The Zero Theorem The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus The Brothers Grimm The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Jabberwocky COMMERCIALS The Secret Tournament The Rematch

* segment "The Crimson Permanent Assurance"

32. Jean-Luc Godard

Director | À bout de souffle

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...

FEATURES Week End Vivre sa Vie Pierrot le Fou Alphaville Prénom Carmen Passion Germany Year 90 Nine Zero La Chinoise Bande à Part Two or Three Things I Know About Her Tout va Bien Made in U.S.A. Film Socialisme Masculin Féminin Le Mépris King Lear À Bout de Souffle Le Petit Soldat Ro.Go.Pa.G.* Nouvelle Vague Une Femme Mariée Ten Minutes Older: The Cello** Hélas pour Moi Numéro Deux Aria*** Paris vu par...**** Éloge de l'Amour Le Gai Savoir Lotte in Italia Une Femme est une Femme Détective Adieu au Langage Notre Musique Slow Motion SHORTS Je vous Salue, Sarajevo Liberté et Patrie Une Histoire d'Eau Une Catastrophe Charlotte et Véronique, ou Tous les Garçons s'Appellent Patrick DOCUMENTARIES Histoire(s) du Cinéma Sympathy for the Devil Meetin' WA Loin du Vietnam***** L'Origine du XXIème Siècle Letter to Jane: An Investigation About a Still JLG/JLG - Autoportrait de Décembre

* segment "Il Nuovo Mondo" ** segment "Dans le Noir du Temps" *** segment "Armide" **** segment "Montparnasse-Levallois" ***** segment "Camera-Eye"

33. Peter Greenaway

Director | The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover

Peter Greenaway trained as a painter and began working as a film editor for the Central Office of Information in 1965. Shortly afterwards he started to make his own films. He has produced a wealth of short and feature-length films, but also paintings, novels and other books. He has held several ...

FEATURES The Falls Prospero's Books Vertical Features Remake The Baby of Mâcon Drowning by Numbers The Draughtsman's Contract A Zed & Two Noughts The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover Nightwatching The Belly of Architect Eisenstein in Guanajuato Goltzius and the Pelican Company The Pillow Book 8½ Women SHORTS A Walk Through H: The Reincarnation of an Ornithologist Dear Phone Water Wrackets H is for House Writing on Water Windows Intervals Revolution DOCUMENTARIES Rembrandt's J'Accuse Lumière et Compagnie*

* segment "Peter Greenaway/Munich"

34. D.W. Griffith

Director | Orphans of the Storm

David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War veteran. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually shape his movies. In 1897 ...

FEATURES Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages The Birth of a Nation Orphans of the Storm True Heart Susie Broken Blossoms Way Down East SHORTS Those Awful Hats

35. Michael Haneke

Writer | Caché

A true master of his craft, Michael Haneke is one of the greatest film artists working today and one who challenges his viewers each year and work goes by, with films that reflect real portions of life in realistic, disturbing and unforgettable ways. One of the most genuine filmmakers of the world ...

FEATURES The Seventh Continent Caché Funny Games (1997) The Piano Teacher Benny's Video Amour The White Ribbon 71 Fragments of a Chronology of Chance Code Unknown The Castle Funny Games (2007) The Time of the Wolf DOCUMENTARIES Lumière et Compagnie*

* segment "Michael Haneke/Vienne"

36. Hal Hartley

Director | Fay Grim

Hal Hartley is an American filmmaker, writer, director, producer, and composer who has made twelve feature films since 1988. Popularly associated with the American independent filmmaking scene of the early nineties, he went on to write and direct such films as No Such Thing (2001) for United ...

FEATURES Amateur Trust Henry Fool The Unbelievable Truth Ned Rifle Surviving Desire Simple Men Flirt Meanwhile Fay Grim The Book of Life The Girl from Monday No Such Thing SHORTS Ambition Kimono Opera No. 1 The Other Also Theory of Achievement NYC 3/94 Accomplice The New Math(s) The Sisters of Mercy MUSIC VIDEOS Walking Wounded The Only Living Boy in New York

37. Howard Hawks

Director | Rio Bravo

What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...

FEATURES Red River Sergeant York His Girl Friday The Big Sleep Ball of Fire Monkey Business El Dorado To Have and Have Not Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Only Angels Have Wings Rio Bravo Bringing Up Baby Rio Lobo The Big Sky Tiger Shark Scarface The Outlaw Hatari! O. Henry's Full House* I Was a Male War Bride The Thing from Another World The Crowd Roars The Prizefighter and the Lady A Song is Born

* segment "The Ransom of Red Chief"

38. Todd Haynes

Director | Far from Heaven

Todd Haynes was always interested in art, and made amateur movies and painted while he was still a child. He attended Brown university and majored in art and semiotics. After he graduated he moved to New York City and made the controversial short film Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story (1988). ...

FEATURES Poison [SAFE] I'm Not There. Carol Wonderstruck Far from Heaven Velvet Goldmine SHORTS Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story Dottie Gets Spanked MUSIC VIDEOS Disappearer TELEVISION Mildred Pierce (five episodes)

39. Werner Herzog

Director | Fitzcarraldo

Director. Writer. Producer. Has studied history, literature and theatre, but hasn't finished it. Founded his own production company in 1963. Has staged several operas, besides others in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has won numerous national and international awards for...

FEATURES Stroszek Even Dwarfs Started Small Fitzcarraldo Aguirre: The Wrath of God My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done Woyzeck The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser Heart of Glass Fata Morgana Rescue Dawn Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet* Signs of Life The Wild Blue Yonder Nosferatu the Vampyre Cobra Verde Scream of Stone The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call - New Orleans Where the Green Ants Dream Invincible Giovanna d'Arco DOCUMENTARIES Lessons of Darkness Land of Silence and Darkness Cave of Forgotten Dreams My Best Fiend Little Dieter Needs to Fly Into the Abyss Encounters at the End of the World Death Row Wheel of Time

* segment "Ten Thousand Years Older"

40. Alfred Hitchcock

Director | Psycho

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...

FEATURES Rear Window Vertigo Strangers on a Train Psycho Rope North by Northwest The Lady Vanishes Rebecca The Wrong Man Shadow of a Doubt The 39 Steps The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) Frenzy The Birds Spellbound Sabotage Dial M for Murder Suspicion Lifeboat Foreign Correspondent The Lodger Notorious The Ring Blackmail Saboteur The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) Family Plot Downhill The Manxman Young and Innocent The Pleasure Garden Jamaica Inn Champagne To Catch a Thief Stage Fright I Confess Secret Agent Murder! Marnie The Trouble with Harry Mr. & Mrs. Smith The Farmer's Wife Waltzes from Vienna Easy Virtue Torn Curtain The Paradine Case Mary Number Seventeen Rich and Strange Topaz Under Capricorn The Skin Game Elstree Calling* Juno and the Paycock DOCUMENTARIES Sound Test for Blackmail Madagascar Landing Bon Voyage

* some sketches

41. Hsiao-Hsien Hou

Writer | Cìkè Niè Yinniáng

Of the ten films that Hsiao-Hsien Hou directed between 1980 and 1989, seven received best film or best director awards from prestigious international films festivals in Venice, Berlin, Hawaii, and the Festival of the Three Continents in Nantes. In a 1988 worldwide critics' poll, Hou was championed ...

FEATURES A Time to Live and a Time to Die Dust in the Wind The Assassin Three Times A City of Sadness Millennium Mambo The Flight of the Red Balloon Good Men, Good Women Daughter of the Nile Flowers of Shanghai Goodbye South, Goodbye To Each His Own Cinema* The Puppetmaster Café Lumière Cute Girl

* segment "The Electric Princess House"

42. John Huston

Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...

FEATURES The Misfits The Treasure of the Sierra Madre The Unforgiven The Maltese Falcon The Night of the Iguana Fat City The Dead Moulin Rouge Wise Blood Key Largo The Asphalt Jungle The Last Run Freud The Man Who Would Be King Moby Dick A Walk with Love and Death The List of Adrian Messenger The Red Badge of Courage Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison Under the Volcano The African Queen Beat the Devil Across the Pacific Prizzi's Honor The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean The Kremlin Letter Escape to Victory Casino Royale* Annie DOCUMENTARIES San Pietro

* scenes at Sir James Bond's house and castle in Scotland scenes

43. Derek Jarman

Director | Edward II

Derek Jarman was born on January 31, 1942 in London, England as Michael Derek Elworthy Jarman. He was a director and cinematographer, known for Edward II (1991), Caravaggio (1986) and Wittgenstein (1993). He died on February 19, 1994 in London.

FEATURES War Requiem Blue Wittgenstein The Tempest The Garden The Angelic Conversation The Last of England Edward II Jubilee Glitterbug Sebastiane Caravaggio Aria* In the Shadow of the Sun SHORTS A Journey to Avebury The Queen is Dead MUSIC VIDEOS It's a Sin Ask Panic

* segment "Depuis le Jour"

44. Jim Jarmusch

Director | Only Lovers Left Alive

Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.

FEATURES Dead Man Down by Law Broken Flowers Mystery Train Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai Only Lovers Left Alive Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet* Night on Earth Stranger Than Paradise Coffee and Cigarettes Paterson The Limits of Control Permanent Vacation

* segment "Int. Trailer Night"

45. Alejandro Jodorowsky

Writer | La montaña sagrada

Alejandro Jodorowsky was born in Iquique, Chile on February 7, 1929. In 1942 he moved to Santiago where he attended university, was a circus clown and a puppeteer. In 1955 he went to Paris and studied mime with Marcel Marceau. He worked with Maurice Chevalier there and made a short film, La cravate...

FEATURES The Holy Mountain Santa Sangre The Dance of Reality Endless Poetry El Topo Fando and Lis The Rainbow Thief Tusk SHORTS The Severed Heads

46. Mikhail Kalatozov

Director | Letyat zhuravli

Mikhail Kalatozov was born on December 28, 1903 in Tiflis, Russian Empire as Mikhail Kalatozishvili. He was a director and cinematographer, known for The Cranes Are Flying (1957), Vernye druz'ya (1954) and Zagovor obrechyonnykh (1950). He died on March 27, 1973 in Moscow, RSFSR, USSR.

FEATURES I Am Cuba The Cranes are Flying Nail in the Boot

47. Buster Keaton

Actor | The General

Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...

FEATURES Sherlock Jr. The General The Navigator Seven Chances Our Hospitality Steamboat Bill, Jr. Spite Marriage Three Ages The Cameraman College Battling Butler Go West SHORTS The Balloonatic One Week Hard Luck Convict 13 Cops The Haunted House The Frozen North The Electric House The Rough House

48. Krzysztof Kieslowski

Writer | Trois couleurs: Bleu

Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personel (...

FEATURES Three Colours: Red A Short Film About Love The Double Life of Véronique A Short Film About Killing No End Three Colours: Blue Blind Chance Three Colours: White Camera Buff Short Working Day The Calm The Scar Personnel First Love SHORTS Pedestrian Subway The Office Concert of Requests DOCUMENTARIES Talking Heads TELEVISION Dekalog (ten episodes)

49. Takeshi Kitano

Actor | Zatôichi

Takeshi Kitano originally studied to become an engineer, but was thrown out of school for rebellious behavior. He learned comedy, singing and dancing from famed comedian Senzaburô Fukami. Working as a lift boy on a nightclub with such features as comic sketches and striptease dancing, Kitano saw ...

FEATURES Hana-bi Kikujiro Sonatine Brother A Scene at the Sea Dolls Kids Return Ryuzo and His Seven Henchmen Violent Cop Zatôichi Boiling Point To Each His Own Cinema* Takeshis' Outrage Getting Any?

* segment "One Fine Day"

50. Stanley Kubrick

Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...

FEATURES Dr. Strangelove 2001: A Space Odyssey A Clockwork Orange Paths of Glory The Shining The Killing Full Metal Jacket Eyes Wide Shut Spartacus Lolita Barry Lyndon Killer's Kiss Fear and Desire DOCUMENTARIES Day of the Fight Flying Padre The Seafarers

51. Akira Kurosawa

Writer | Ran

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...

FEATURES High and Low Throne of Blood Seven Samurai The Bad Sleep Well Ran Rashômon Sanjuro I Live in Fear Ikiru Drunken Angel Scandal Yojimbo The Lower Depths Dodes'ka-den Dersu Uzala Madadayo No Regrets for Our Youth Dreams Stray Dog Red Beard Kagemusha The Most Beautiful The Hidden Fortress Judo Saga The Silent Duel One Wonderful Sunday Rhapsody in August The Men Who Tread on the Tiger's Tail Judo Saga II

52. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

FEATURES Destiny Scarlet Street Metropolis Die Nibelungen: Siegfried M The Woman in the Window Die Nibelungen: Kriemhild's Revenge The Big Heat The Testament of Dr. Mabuse Spione Woman in the Moon You Only Live Once Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler Hangmen Also Die! Fury Ministry of Fear Rancho Notorious Man Hunt Human Desire Western Union The Thousand Eyes of Dr. Mabuse The Blue Gardenia Clash by Night While the City Sleeps The Indian Tomb Secret Beyond the Door... The Tiger of Eschnapur The Moving Image Harakiri Cloak and Dagger Beyond a Reasonable Doubt The Return of Frank James Moonfleet American Guerrilla in the Philippines

53. Chang-dong Lee

Writer | Beoning

Lee Chang-Dong was born in 1954 in Daegu, which some consider the most right-wing city in South Korea. Lee is a former high-school teacher and an acclaimed novelist. He turned to cinema when he was over 40 years old. His debut film "Green Fish" (1997) brought immediate success and critical acclaim....

FEATURES Peppermint Candy Poetry Green Fish Oasis Secret Sunshine

54. Mike Leigh

Director | Happy-Go-Lucky

Mike Leigh was born on February 20, 1943 in Salford, Greater Manchester, England. He is a director and writer, known for Happy-Go-Lucky (2008), Secrets & Lies (1996) and Another Year (2010). He was previously married to Alison Steadman.

FEATURES Naked Life Is Sweet Secrets & Lies Mr. Turner Another Year Happy-Go-Lucky Meantime Vera Drake High Hopes Career Girls All or Nothing Topsy-Turvy Four Days in July Bleak Moments SHORTS The Short & Curlies A Running Jump A Sense of History TELEVISION Play for Today (six episodes) The Five Minute Films (five episodes) BBC2 Playhouse (one episode) Second City Firsts (one episode)

55. Sergio Leone

Writer | Once Upon a Time in America

Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in ...

FEATURES The Good, the Bad and the Ugly Once Upon a Time in the West Once Upon a Time in America For a Few Dollars More A Fistful of Dollars A Fistful of Dynamite COMMERCIALS Renault 18

56. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

FEATURES To Be or Not to Be The Shop Around the Corner Trouble in Paradise The Doll The Oyster Princess Design for Living Angel Heaven Can Wait Ninotchka Broken Lullaby Rosita That Uncertain Feeling Cluny Brown The Smiling Lieutenant If I Had a Million* Lady Windermere's Fan A Royal Scandal

* segment "The Clerk"

57. David Lynch

Writer | Twin Peaks

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...

FEATURES Mulholland Drive Blue Velvet Eraserhead Lost Highway Inland Empire The Straight Story The Elephant Man Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me Industrial Symphony No. 1: The Dream of the Broken Hearted To Each His Own Cinema* More Things That Happened Wild at Heart Dune SHORTS The Grandmother The Alphabet 42 One Dream Rush** Six Figures Getting Sick Lady Blue Shanghai The Amputee Industrial Soundscape Darkened Room The 3 Rs Bug Crawls Out Yonder - Neighbor Boy Boat MUSIC VIDEOS Shot in the Back of the Head Rammstein COMMERCIALS Parisienne People Who is Giò? We Care About New York Fitzgerald/Kissed Hemingway/Awake Lawrence/Dangerous The Third Place Cherry Pie A Mystery of "G" The Rescue Lost Opium Nissan Micra The Wall Sun Moon Stars Barilla Easy One Minute DOCUMENTARIES Lumière et Compagnie*** Lamp TELEVISION Twin Peaks (twelve episodes) Rabbits (nine episodes) On the Air (one episode) DumbLand (eight episodes) Les Français vus par (one episode)

* segment "Absurda" ** segment "Dream #7" *** segment "Premonition Following an Evil Deed"

58. Alexander Mackendrick

Writer | The Man in the White Suit

One of the most distinguished (if frequently overlooked) directors ever to emerge from the British film industry, Alexander Mackendrick, was in fact born in the US (to Scottish parents), but grew up in his native Scotland, where he studied at the Glasgow School of Art. He started out as a ...

FEATURES Sweet Smell of Success Whisky Galore! The Ladykillers Sammy Going South Mandy The Man in the White Suit The Maggie Don't Make Waves A High Wind in Jamaica

59. Guy Maddin

Director | The Saddest Music in the World

Guy Maddin was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, to Herdis Maddin (a hair-dresser) and Charles "Chas" Maddin (grain clerk and general manager of the Maroons, a Winnipeg hockey team). Maddin studied economics at the University of Winnipeg, working as a bank manager, house painter, and photographic...

FEATURES The Saddest Music in the World Brand Upon the Brain! Careful The Forbidden Room Tales from the Gimli Hospital Keyhole Cowards Bend the Knee Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's Diary Archangel Twilight of the Ice Nymphs SHORTS Odilon Redon or The Eye Like a Strange Balloon Mounts Toward Infinity The Heart of the World Sissy Boy Slap Party Sombra Dolorosa A Trip to the Orphanage Send Me to the 'Lectric Chair My Dad is 100 Years Old Glorious DOCUMENTARIES My Winnipeg

60. Terrence Malick

Writer | Days of Heaven

Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965.

A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen ...

FEATURES Badlands The Thin Red Line The Tree of Life The New World To the Wonder Knight of Cups Days of Heaven Song to Song DOCUMENTARIES Voyage of Time: Life's Journey

61. Louis Malle

Director | Au revoir les enfants

Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies ...

FEATURES Le Feu Follet Atlantic City Murmur of the Heart Zazie dans le Métro Elevator to the Gallows Au Revoir, les Enfants My Dinner with Andre Vanya on 42nd Street Lacombe Lucien Les Amants Milou en Mai Viva Maria! Alamo Bay Spirits of the Dead* Pretty Baby The Thief of Paris Damage Black Moon Crackers A Very Private Affair SHORTS Crazeologie

* segment "William Wilson"

62. Michael Mann

Producer | The Insider

A student of London's International Film School, Michael Mann began his career in the late 70s, writing for TV shows like Starsky and Hutch (1975). He directed his first film, the award-winning prison drama The Jericho Mile (1979), in 1979. He followed that in 1981 with his first theatrical release,...

FEATURES Heat Thief Manhunter The Insider Collateral The Jericho Mile Public Enemies The Last of the Mohicans The Keep L.A. Takedown Ali Blackhat Miami Vice COMMERCIALS Leave Nothing Lucky Star Ferrari California AT&T

63. Yasuzô Masumura

Director | Daichi no komoriuta

Born in Yamanashi, Japan, Yasuzô Masumura would become known as a maverick director whose main legacy was films portraying and promoting individualism, which was the opposite of the norm in Japanese society. He earned a law degree towards the end of World War II from Tokyo University, yet joined ...

FEATURES Irezumi Blind Beast Red Angel Kisses Manji Love for an Idiot Hanzo the Razor: The Snare

64. Shane Meadows

Director | Dead Man's Shoes

Shane Meadows was born on December 26, 1972 in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England. He is a director and writer, known for Dead Man's Shoes (2004), This Is England (2006) and TwentyFourSeven (1997).

FEATURES This is England Dead Man's Shoes A Room for Romeo Brass Le Donk & Scor-zay-zee Somers Town TwentyFourSeven Small Time Once Upon a Time in the Midlands SHORTS Northern Soul The Stairwell Where's the Money, Ronnie? MUSIC VIDEOS Slumville Sunrise DOCUMENTARIES Made of Stone TELEVISION This is England '88 (three episodes) This is England '90 (four episodes) This is England '86 (two episodes) Shane's World (five episodes)

65. Jean-Pierre Melville

Actor | À bout de souffle

The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...

FEATURES Army of Shadows Léon Morin, Prêtre Le Samouraï The Red Circle Second Breath Bob le Flambeur Le Doulos Le Silence de la Mer Les Enfants Terribles Un Flic SHORTS A Day in the Life of a Clown

66. Lukas Moodysson

Writer | Fucking Åmål

Lukas Moodysson was born on January 17, 1969 in Malmö, Skåne län, Sweden as Karl Frederik Lukas Moodysson. He is a writer and director, known for Show Me Love (1998), Lilya 4-Ever (2002) and Tillsammans (2000). He has been married to Coco Moodysson since 1994. They have three children.

FEATURES Lilya 4-Ever Together Show Me Love We Are the Best! Container A Hole in My Heart Mammoth SHORTS Talk DOCUMENTARIES Terrorists: The Kids They Sentenced

67. F.W. Murnau

Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

F.W. Murnau was a German film director. He was greatly influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Shakespeare and Ibsen plays he had seen at the age of 12, and became a friend of director Max Reinhardt. During World War I he served as a company commander at the eastern front and was in the German air ...

FEATURES Sunrise The Last Laugh Faust Nosferatu City Girl Tartuffe Tabu The Finances of the Grand Duke Journey Into the Night Phantom The Haunted Castle

68. Christopher Nolan

Writer | Dunkirk

Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear, storytelling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of filmmaking, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made.

...

FEATURES The Dark Knight Batman Begins Memento The Prestige Dunkirk Inception The Dark Knight Rises Following Interstellar Insomnia SHORTS Doodlebug

69. Mamoru Oshii

Director | Innocence

Mamoru Oshii is a Japanese filmmaker, television director and screenwriter. Famous for his philosophy-oriented storytelling, Oshii has directed a number of popular anime, including Urusei Yatsura (1981-1984), Angel's Egg (1985), Patlabor: The Movie (1989), Ghost in the Shell (1995), and Ghost in ...

FEATURES Patlabor 2 Ghost in the Shell Angel's Egg Patlabor Avalon Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence The Red Spectacles The Sky Crawlers Ghost in the Shell 2.0 Assault Girls TELEVISION Ani*Kuri15 (one episode)

70. Nagisa Ôshima

Director | Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence

Nagisa Oshima's career extends from the initiation of the "Nuberu bagu" (New Wave) movement in Japanese cinema in the late 1950s and early 1960s, to the contemporary use of cinema and television to express paradoxes in modern society. After an early involvement with the student protest movement in ...

FEATURES The Man Who Left His Will on Film Death by Hanging Empire of Passion Violence at Noon A Treatise on Japanese Bawdy Songs Gohatto A Street of Love and Hope Pleasures of the Flesh The Ceremony Boy Diary of a Shinjuku Thief Band of Ninja Three Resurrected Drunkards Cruel Story of Youth The Sun's Burial Night and Fog in Japan Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence Japanese Summer: Double Suicide In the Realm of the Senses The Catch The Rebel Max mon Amour Dear Summer Sister SHORTS Tomorrow's Sun DOCUMENTARIES Kyoto, My Mother's Place 100 Years of Japanese Cinema Akira Kurosawa: My Life in Cinema

71. Pier Paolo Pasolini

Writer | Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma

Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life ...

FEATURES The Gospel According to St. Matthew Oedipus Rex Salò Il Decameron The Hawks and the Sparrows Arabian Nights Accattone Mamma Roma Theorem Ro.Go.Pa.G.* Pigsty Medea DOCUMENTARIES The Walls of Sana'a

* segment "La Ricotta"

72. Sam Peckinpah

Writer | The Wild Bunch

"If they move", commands stern-eyed William Holden, "kill 'em". So begins The Wild Bunch (1969), Sam Peckinpah's bloody, high-body-count eulogy to the mythologized Old West. "Pouring new wine into the bottle of the Western, Peckinpah explodes the bottle", observed critic Pauline Kael. That ...

FEATURES Straw Dogs The Wild Bunch The Getaway Ride the High Country Cross of Iron The Killer Elite The Ballad of Cable Hogue Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia The Osterman Weekend Convoy Junior Bonner Major Dundee The Deadly Companions The Glory Guys

73. Roman Polanski

Director | Chinatown

Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933. His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years ...

FEATURES Rosemary's Baby Knife in the Water Chinatown Repulsion The Tenant The Pianist The Ninth Gate Macbeth The Ghost Cul-de-sac Venus in Fur Carnage Death and the Maiden To Each His Own Cinema* Oliver Twist Tess Frantic The Beautiful Swindlers** Bitter Moon What? The Fearless Vampire Killers Pirates SHORTS Teethful Smile Murder The Lamp Two Men and a Wardrobe Let's Break the Ball Greed, a New Fragrance by Francesco Vezzoli A Therapy The Fat Man and the Thin Man When the Angels Fall The Mammals DOCUMENTARIES Weekend of a Champion

* segment "Cinéma Erotique" ** segment "La Rivière de Diamants"

74. Michael Powell

Director | A Matter of Life and Death

The son of Thomas William Powell and Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self-confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the south of France (where his parents ran a hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury and Dulwich ...

FEATURES The Red Shoes The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp Peeping Tom Black Narcissus The Small Back Room A Matter of Life and Death The Tales of Hoffman The Thief of Bagdad The Edge of the World Age of Consent A Canterbury Tale 49th Parallel The Wild Heart Ill Met by Moonlight The Boy Who Turned Yellow 'I Know Where I'm Going!' One of Our Aircraft is Missing The Spy in Black The Phantom Light The Battle of the River Plate Contraband Lazybones They're a Weird Mob The Elusive Pimpernel

75. Otto Preminger

Director | Anatomy of a Murder

Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater and became a stage director. He directed his first film in 1931, and came to the US in ...

FEATURES Anatomy of a Murder Laura Carmen Jones Where the Sidewalk Ends Angel Face Advise & Consent Porgy and Bess The Man with the Golden Arm Fallen Angel The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Margin for Error River of No Return Whirlpool Bonjour Tristesse Exodus Danger: Love at Work Saint Joan The Moon is Blue In Harm's Way The Fan The Human Factor A Royal Scandal

76. Nicholas Ray

Director | Rebel Without a Cause

Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the ...

FEATURES In a Lonely Place Johnny Guitar They Live by Night On Dangerous Ground We Can't Go Home Again The Lusty Men The Savage Innocents Rebel Without a Cause Bigger Than Life Bitter Victory The Racket Party Girl Run for Cover Macao 55 Days at Peking The True Story of Jesse James King of Kings Flying Leathernecks Androcles and the Lion DOCUMENTARIES Lightning Over Water TELEVISION General Electric Theater (one episode)

77. Satyajit Ray

Writer | Pather Panchali

Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on May 2, 1921. His father, Late Sukumar Ray was an eminent poet and writer in the history of Bengali literature. In 1940, after receiving his degree in science and economics from Calcutta University, he attended Tagore's Viswa-Bharati University. His first movie ...

FEATURES The Adversary Devi Nayak Charulata Aparajito Pather Panchali Days and Nights in the Forest Two Daughters Mahanagar The World of Apu The Stranger The Music Room The Chess Players

78. Jean Renoir

Writer | La grande illusion

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

FEATURES Boudu Saved from Drowning La Grand Illusion Toni La Règle du Jeu La Bête Humaine This Land is Mine The Southerner Le Crime de Monsieur Lange La Chienne French Cancan The River The Golden Coach The Diary of a Chambermaid Elena et les Hommes La Nuit du Carrefour SHORTS Partie de Campagne Charleston Parade

79. Alain Resnais

Director | Hiroshima mon amour

Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959), Same Old Song (1997) and Mon oncle d'Amérique (1980). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He ...

FEATURES Last Year at Marienbad Je t'aime, je t'aime Hiroshima Mon Amour Mon Oncle d'Amérique Providence Muriel You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet Wild Grass L'Amour à Mort Mélo Stavisky... Life is a Bed of Roses Life of Riley On Connaît la Chanson Private Fears in Public Places Not on the Lips I Want to Go Home DOCUMENTARIES Night and Fog Toute la Mémoire du Monde Loin du Vietnam* Statues Also Die

* segment "Claude Ridder"

80. Leni Riefenstahl

Actress | Das blaue Licht

Leni Riefenstahl's show-biz experience began with an experiment: she wanted to know what it felt like to dance on the stage. Success as a dancer gave way to film acting when she attracted the attention of film director Arnold Fanck, subsequently starring in some of his mountaineering pictures. With...

FEATURES The Blue Light Tiefland DOCUMENTARIES Triumph of the Will Olympia Part One: Festival of the Nations Olympia Part Two: Festival of Beauty Day of Freedom: Our Armed Forces Impressions of the Deep Victory of the Faith

81. Jacques Rivette

Director | La belle noiseuse

Although François Truffaut has written that the New Wave began "thanks to Rivette," the films of this masterful French director are not well known. Rivette, like his "Cahiers du Cinéma" colleagues Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Éric Rohmer, did graduate to filmmaking but, like Rohmer...

FEATURES Out 1: Noli me Tangere La Belle Noiseuse Va Savoir Out 1: Spectre Celine and Julie Go Boating The Story of Marie and Julien Gang of Four Secret Défense Don't Touch the Axe Love on the Ground Jeanne la Pucelle II - Les Prisons Hurlevent Paris Nous Appartient Up, Down, Fragile Jeanne la Pucelle I - Les Batailles L'Amour Fou DOCUMENTARIES Lumière et Compagnie*

* segment "Jacques Rivette/Paris"

82. John Sayles

Writer | Lone Star

A bright child, John Sayles began reading novels before age 9. A Williams grad in 1972, he shunned a corporate career to work various blue-collar jobs, moving to east Boston to take a factory job. He wrote stories and submitted them to various magazines, and the Atlantic Monthly gave him the idea ...

FEATURES Lone Star City of Hope Matewan Limbo Passion Fish Sunshine State Return of the Secaucus Seven Honeydripper Baby It's You Men with Guns Lianna The Brother from Another Planet Eight Men Out Silver City Casa de Los Babys The Secret of Roan Inish MUSIC VIDEOS I'm on Fire Born in the U.S.A. Glory Days

83. Martin Scorsese

Director | Taxi Driver

Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later ...

FEATURES Taxi Driver Goodfellas Raging Bull The Last Temptation of Christ Mean Streets The King of Comedy Silence The Departed Hugo Shutter Island Casino Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore After Hours New York Stories* The Aviator Cape Fear Who's That Knocking at My Door The Age of Innocence Gangs of New York The Wolf of Wall Street Kundun Bringing Out the Dead New York, New York The Color of Money Boxcar Bertha MUSIC VIDEOS Bad COMMERCIALS Street of Dreams DOCUMENTARIES A Personal Journey with Martin Scorsese Through American Movies No Direction Home Shine a Light The Last Waltz A Letter to Elia TELEVISION Boardwalk Empire (one episode) Amazing Stories (one episode)

* segment "Life Lessons"

84. Victor Sjöström

Actor | Smultronstället

Victor Sjöström was born on September 20, 1879, and is the undisputed father of Swedish film, ranking as one of the masters of world cinema. His influence lives on in the work of Ingmar Bergman and all those directors, both Swedish and international, influenced by his work and the works of ...

FEATURES The Wind He Who Gets Slapped The Phantom Carriage The Monastery of Sendomir SHORTS The Gardener

85. Steven Spielberg

Producer | Schindler's List

One of the most influential personalities in the history of cinema, Steven Spielberg is Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. He has an extraordinary number of commercially successful and critically acclaimed credits to his name, either as a director, ...

FEATURES Schindler's List Minority Report Raiders of the Lost Ark Artificial Intelligence: AI E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Jurassic Park Saving Private Ryan Catch Me If You Can Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Duel Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Jaws The Adventures of Tintin Munich Close Encounters of the Third Kind Lincoln War of the Worlds The Post Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull The Sugarland Express Empire of the Sun Ready Player One Always Amistad War Horse Twilight Zone: The Movie* The Lost World: Jurassic Park The Color Purple The Terminal Hook 1941 COMMERCIALS BP TELEVISION Amazing Stories (two episodes) Columbo (one episode)

* segment "Kick the Can"

86. Josef von Sternberg

Director | The Devil Is a Woman

Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop ...

FEATURES The Blue Angel The Scarlet Empress Duel in the Sun The Shanghai Gesture The Last Command The Docks of New York Blonde Venus The Devil is a Woman It Underworld Crime and Punishment Dishonored Anatahan Shanghai Express Macao Morocco DOCUMENTARIES The Town

87. Preston Sturges

Writer | The Great McGinty

Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S....

FEATURES The Palm Beach Story The Miracle of Morgan's Creek Sullivan's Travels Hail the Conquering Hero Unfaithfully Yours The Lady Eve Christmas in July The Great Moment The Great McGinty The Sin of Harold Diddlebock The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend The Diary of Major Thompson DOCUMENTARIES Safeguarding Military Information

88. Quentin Tarantino

Writer | Reservoir Dogs

Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old.

In January of...

FEATURES Pulp Fiction Reservoir Dogs Inglourious Basterds Kill Bill vol. 1 Grindhouse* Jackie Brown Death Proof The Hateful Eight Sin City** Django Unchained Kill Bill vol. 2 Four Rooms*** SHORTS My Best Friend's Birthday TELEVISION CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (two episodes) ER (one episode)

* segment "Death Proof" ** one scene *** segment "The Man from Hollywood"

89. Andrei Tarkovsky

Writer | Solyaris

The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood (1962), which ...

FEATURES Stalker Nostalghia Mirror The Sacrifice Solaris Andrei Rublev The Steamroller and the Violin Ivan's Childhood SHORTS The Killers

90. Hiroshi Teshigahara

Director | Suna no onna

Hiroshi Teshigahara was born the son of Sofu Teshigahara who was the founder of the Sogetsu School of Ikebana (flower arrangement). In 1950, he graduated from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in oil painting. In 1958, he became the director of Sogetsu Art Centre and took a ...

FEATURES Woman of the Dunes Pitfall The Face of Another DOCUMENTARIES Tokyo 1958 Ikebana

91. Dziga Vertov

Director | Chelovek s kino-apparatom

Born in Bialystok, Poland, studied music and enrolled in St. Petersburg Neurological Institute in 1916. Worked on first Soviet newsreel, Kinonedelia (1918-1919), then on subsequent newsreel series (inc. Kinopravda, 1922-1925).

SHORTS Our Response to the Gloatings of the Capitalist World DOCUMENTARIES Man with a Movie Camera Kino-Eye Three Songs About Lenin Soviet Toys

92. Jean Vigo

Writer | Zéro de conduite: Jeunes diables au collège

Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people ...

FEATURES L'Atalante SHORTS Zéro de Conduite DOCUMENTARIES À Propos de Nice Taris, Roi de l'Eau

93. Raoul Walsh

Director | Sadie Thompson

Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson (1928) opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona ...

FEATURES White Heat High Sierra The Roaring Twenties The Thief of Bagdad Pursued They Died with Their Boots On Dark Command Me and My Gal The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw The Tall Men Sadie Thompson Distant Drums The Enforcer Blackbeard the Pirate Action in the North Atlantic Rosita The Lawless Breed Gun Fury Battle Cry The Big Trail They Drive by Night A Lion is in the Streets

94. Orson Welles

Actor | Citizen Kane

His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was nine) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr....

FEATURES Citizen Kane The Trial Chimes at Midnight Touch of Evil The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice Macbeth The Immortal Story The Magnificent Ambersons The Lady from Shanghai The Stranger Journey Into Fear Black Magic Mr. Arkadin Too Much Johnson Don Quixote SHORTS The Fountain of Youth The Hearts of Age DOCUMENTARIES F for Fake Around the World with Orson Welles

95. Wim Wenders

Director | Der Himmel über Berlin

Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until ...

FEATURES Wings of Desire Paris, Texas The American Friend Alice in the Cities Kings of the Road Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet* To Each His Own Cinema** SHORTS The Other Side of the Road MUSIC VIDEOS Stay (Faraway, So Close!) The Ground Beneath Her Feet Night and Day DOCUMENTARIES Pina Tokyo-Ga Lightning Over Water Lumière et Compagnie*** Buena Vista Social Club Chambre 666 Pope Francis: A Man of His Word Notebook on Cities and Clothes

* segment "Twelve Miles to Trona" ** segment "War in Peace" *** segment "Wim Wenders/Berlin"

96. James Whale

Director | The Invisible Man

James Whale was an English film director, theatre director and actor. He is best remembered for his four classic horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He also directed films in other genres, including what is ...

FEATURES Bride of Frankenstein The Invisible Man Frankenstein The Old Dark House Show Boat Hell's Angels SHORTS Hello Out There

97. Billy Wilder

Writer | The Apartment

Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...

FEATURES The Apartment Ace in the Hole Sunset Boulevard Double Indemnity Some Like It Hot Witness for the Prosecution One, Two, Three The Fortune Cookie Love in the Afternoon Stalag 17 The Lost Weekend Sabrina The Spirit of St. Louis Irma la Douce The Major and the Minor The Front Page Fedora Avanti! Kiss Me, Stupid The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes The Seven Year Itch Five Graves to Cairo Mauvaise Graine Buddy Buddy A Foreign Affair The Emperor Waltz DOCUMENTARIES Death Mills

98. Robert Wise

Director | West Side Story

Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an ...

FEATURES Odds Against Tomorrow I Want to Live! Somebody Up There Likes Me The Set-Up The Sound of Music The Day the Earth Stood Still The Haunting The Curse of the Cat People Blood on the Moon The Body Snatcher The Sand Pebbles Destination Gobi The Andromeda Strain Born to Kill Run Silent Run Deep Audrey Rose The House on Telegraph Hill The Desert Rats Star Trek: The Motion Picture This Could Be the Night West Side Story The Hindenburg Rooftops

99. William Wyler

Director | The Best Years of Our Lives

William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as the ...

FEATURES Roman Holiday Jezebel Ben-Hur The Collector The Desperate Hours The Best Years of Our Lives Funny Girl The Heiress How to Steal a Million Carrie The Westerner Detective Story Wuthering Heights The Cowboy and the Lady Dead End The Letter Mrs. Miniver The Children's Hour Dodsworth The Little Foxes Raffles The Big Country DOCUMENTARIES Thunderbolt

100. Yimou Zhang

Director | Shi mian mai fu

Yimou Zhang was born on November 14, 1951 in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. He is a director and writer, known for House of Flying Daggers (2004), Ying xiong (2002) and Man cheng jin dai huang jin jia (2006).

FEATURES To Live Ju Dou Raise the Red Lantern Hero Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles House of Flying Daggers Not One Less The Flowers of War Happy Times Curse of the Golden Flower Red Sorghum To Each His Own Cinema* The Story of Qiu Ju The Road Home The Great Wall Blood Simple Lady of the Dynasty COMMERCIALS Chinese Railways DOCUMENTARIES Lumière et Compagnie**

* segment "En Regardant le Film" ** segment "Zhang Yimou/Chine"



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