Highest Rated Titles With Michael L. Schaertl

 Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc
  • Job Types
  • Movies or TV
  • Genres
  • Keywords
  • IMDb Rating
  • Instant Watch Options
  • In Theaters
  • On TV
  • Release Year


















































































































IMDb user rating (average) to
Number of votes to »






Reset



Reset
Release year or range to »

1. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Psalm 151 (1998)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.6/10 X  

It is Monica's 100th case, and not an easy one. She must help a young child fulfill his list of last wishes before he dies. One of his wishes is for his mother to finish a song she had started when he was born.

Director: Sandor Stern | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Fredric Lehne

Votes: 116

2. Promised Land (1996–1999)
Episode: Amazing Grace: Part 2 (1997)

Drama

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Josh is blinded due to a drive-by shooting. His family visits and they all must find their faith.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Gerald McRaney, Wendy Phillips, Austin O'Brien, Sarah Schaub

Votes: 18

3. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: As It Is in Heaven (2003)

TV-PG | 44 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Monica goes to driving school. The teacher's son is her assignment. Jesse teaches school in an underprivileged area; one student's father sells drugs and tries to sell them at the school. The angels must help Jesse, his mother, and the student.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 22

4. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Fear Not! (1994)

TV-PG | 46 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Monica must help Joey, who has a mental condition, deal with the fact that his friend Serena is dying from a heart condition. Serena was to be the angel at the town's Christmas pageant.

Director: Timothy Van Patten | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, RaéVen Kelly, Paul Wittenburg

Votes: 66

5. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: I Will Walk with You: Part 1 (2003)

TV-G | 44 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Monica is up for promotion. The angels are being interviewed to see if she is ready. She's sent to a town needing help. An explosion at school killed the students and teachers. It leaves the town in a shadow of grief, blaming an unknown man.

Director: Larry Peerce | Stars: Roma Downey, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli, Della Reese

Votes: 54

6. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: I Will Walk with You: Part 2 (2003)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Monica must overcome her revulsion at the person accused of killing schoolchildren in order to complete her assignment.

Director: Larry Peerce | Stars: Roma Downey, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli, Patrick Duffy

Votes: 54

7. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Remembering Me: Part 1 (2002)

TV-PG | 45 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.2
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.2/10 X  

Monica tries to carry on when Tess is placed in a nursing home with severe Alzheimer's.

Director: Bethany Rooney | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 19

8. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: An Angel by Any Other Name (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.1/10 X  

The angels are in a small town, where a group home opens their doors to children with Down's Syndrome. The neighbor across the street finds these children disturbing.

Director: Gabrielle Beaumont | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Kathleen Garrett

Votes: 28

9. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: My Dinner with Andrew (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.1/10 X  

Andrew is an eligible bachelor placed on auction to raise money for medical research. A female doctor wins the bid for Andrew, but then refuses to go on a date since she is too busy. Andrew tries to teach her to enjoy the life God gave her.

Director: Gabrielle Beaumont | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Keene Curtis

Votes: 25

10. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Remembering Me: Part 2 (2002)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

9.1
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 9.1/10 X  

Monica's pain at witnessing Tess' helplessness handicaps her both in her assignment and in trying to help Tess.

Director: Armand Mastroianni | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 19

11. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: A Feather on the Breath of God (2002)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.9/10 X  

A woman with a young child begins to work at a funeral home to earn money to pay for her own funeral. Unbeknownst to the funeral director, they are father and daughter.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 15

12. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: At the End of the Aisle (2003)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.9/10 X  

Monica, Tess and Andrew are invited to the wedding of Audrey, someone they helped before when Audrey's son was dying. Gloria is at the wedding for an assignment to help Audrey make the right decision about getting married.

Director: Jim Charleston | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 20

13. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Mother's Day (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.9/10 X  

Monica, Tess and Andrew return to see Audrey Carmichael, now an alcoholic and still angry over her son's death. Emma, another angel, shows up to assist, and Andrew later gets in touch with a woman who may have a connection to Audrey.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Fredric Lehne

Votes: 16

14. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Netherlands (2001)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.9/10 X  

Monica's faith is challenged by Satan himself after she witnesses a tragic incident.

Director: Kevin Dowling | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Jeff Yagher

Votes: 32

15. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Saving Grace: Part 1 (1998)

TV-PG | 46 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.9
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.9/10 X  

After Russell Greene's brother Joe caused the death of a father and son, the widow started to drink, neglect her living son, and send threatening letters to Joe. Joe leaves town to work on ... See full summary »

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Gerald McRaney

Votes: 19

16. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: A House Divided (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

A boy's parents are divorced and bickering. The boy feels torn and he wants to divorce his parents.

Director: Bethany Rooney | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Peter Onorati

Votes: 18

17. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Children of the Night (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

The angels must help some homeless children who have banded together to be a family. They need a secure place to live and to find their faith again.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Christopher Masterson

Votes: 27

18. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Dear God (1996)

TV-PG | 46 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

A postal worker who is a Holocaust survivor answers letters that people mail to God. Max has lost his faith and uses the letters to try to connect again. Monica tries to help him find his ... See full summary »

Director: Timothy Van Patten | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Kelsey Mulrooney

Votes: 26

19. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Elijah (1998)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

A man is ordered by the court to stay in his own slum apartments for two weeks. He has lost his faith and forgotten all his father taught him. Then his son is shot and no help is found in the building.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Doris Belack

Votes: 19

20. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Flights of Angels (1998)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

The angels must help a man who is dying from Lou Gehrig's disease learn how to find peace and help his family through the ordeal.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Linda Purl

Votes: 23

21. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Hello, I Love You (2002)

TV-PG | 45 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

A young girl in search of the father she has never known is guided to several possibilities.

Director: Frank E. Johnson | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 20

22. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Jacob's Ladder (1996)

TV-PG | 47 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

Monica goes to the wrong place to help someone, so the other angels are not able to help her. Monica is arrested for selling drugs and is put in an insane asylum since people think she is ... See full summary »

Director: Michael Schultz | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, Wanda De Jesus, Jim Metzler

Votes: 32

23. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Legacy (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

A father pressures his college-bound son to join the same fraternity he joined when he was in college. The fraternity practices dangerous hazing. The angels must show the son that he has to follow his own life.

Director: Bethany Rooney | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Jere Burns

Votes: 17

24. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Missing in Action (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

George is an old army veteran from WWII, Korea, and Vietnam, who thinks he has nothing left to live for. He has also been removed from six separate retirement homes. Monica is assigned, as an old woman, to show him the joy of living again.

Director: Timothy Van Patten | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Gwen Verdon

Votes: 20

25. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Sky is Falling (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

Monica is assigned to help Leonard, who has fears of Halloween. Monica first worked with Leonard in 1938, the day that Orson Welles broadcast his War of the Worlds radio story. Both Monica and Leonard carry dread from that day.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Allyce Beasley

Votes: 22

26. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Spirit of Liberty Moon: Part 1 (1998)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.8
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.8/10 X  

Monica is assigned to accompany a group of U.S. businesspeople to China to negotiate a merger. An employee is reluctant to go due to a secret from her past.

Director: Timothy Van Patten | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Bai Ling

Votes: 33

27. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: A Death in the Family (2001)

TV-PG | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

An officer's accidental shot at a young African-American boy is taken as prejudice.

Director: Stuart Margolin | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Larry Joshua

Votes: 16

28. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: An Angel on My Tree (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

The family of a convicted murderer face a bleak Christmas in a town which blames them.

Director: Larry Peerce | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Richard Lineback

Votes: 29

29. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Forever Young (2002)

TV-PG | 45 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

A motivational speaker helps other to move forward and achieve, but he and his wife have their own problems of moving forward since their daughter's murder.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 19

30. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Promised Land (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

A family is down to its last dollar, traveling by trailer to a new town, hoping for a job and home. The angels try to restore the father's faith and inspire him to help others who are down on their luck just like he has been.

Director: Michael Schultz | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Gerald McRaney

Votes: 29

31. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Redeeming Love (1998)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

Monica tries to help a young mother overcome her drug addition. Meanwhile, Tess must help the parents learn not to enable their daughter in her drug life. The woman has to learn to be a ... See full summary »

Director: Burt Brinckerhoff | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Alanna Ubach

Votes: 23

32. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Shallow Water: Part 1 (2001)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

Monica is assigned to help a former member of a gospel choir, who has retreated from reality following a tragedy.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Cameron Bowen

Votes: 31

33. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Shallow Water: Part 2 (2001)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

Monica has found J.D. Winslow, but he's not the Jed that Diana desperately wants to come to her planned family reunion. Will Diana's faith give her the strength to face the truth?

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Cameron Bowen

Votes: 25

34. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Stealing Hope (2000)

TV-G | 60 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.7
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.7/10 X  

Ricky is a gas station attendant who just lost his job since the station is closing. Monica goes to help with the closing inventory of items, and to convince him that a door closing opens another door and that he needs to pursue his poetry.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Pedro Pascal

Votes: 20

35. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Angels Anonymous (2001)

TV-PG | 44 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

The angels attempt to change the lives of the individuals in a long-lost group of friends. Their influences on these people cause them all to end up unexpectedly at the same Polynesian ... See full summary »

Directors: Larry Peerce, John Blush | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 16

36. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Birthmarks (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

A man dying of cancer and his wife return to his father's farm. The couple has a surrogate mother carrying their child. The father says he will not accept the child as he grandson.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, William Daniels

Votes: 21

37. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: God Bless the Child (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

A teen is about to throw away her ambitions of music and education by starting to use drugs. The angels use her love of music to tell her the story of Billie Holiday's tragic life in hopes ... See full summary »

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Kenya Williams

Votes: 20

38. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Holy of Holies (2001)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

Monica, Tess and Andrew help train their newest angel, Gloria. Their assignment is to help a college professor in his quest for the Ark of the Covenant.

Director: Bethany Rooney | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 16

39. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Indigo Angel (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

An elderly man in ill health manages a blues club which he refuses to close for business even though it no longer makes money. He is waiting for a sign that he is supposed to close the club.

Director: Jon Anderson | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, Geoffrey Nauffts, John Dye

Votes: 28

40. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Into the Light (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

A man is arrested in a sting operation for bribery, but since he has a heart condition he is sentenced to community service at a hospital. Tess and Monica pose as nurses. The man sees Andrew and knows who he is, but not how to react.

Director: Victor Lobl | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, David Marciano

Votes: 28

41. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Jump! (2002)

TV-PG | 44 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

Monica becomes a radio assistant to a crude talk show DJ. One of his callers is a depressed young boy who is on verge of committing suicide. The boy calls into radio show for help. The angels must save the boy and the DJ.

Director: John Dye | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 17

42. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Christmas Watch (2002)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

The angels must help the family of a World Trade Center victim to adjust to their loss.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 24

43. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Homecoming: Part 1 (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

Monica, Tess, and Andrew help a down-on-her-luck prostitute who stays drunk more than anything else. While getting cleaned up, she must confront her past which caused her to become a ... See full summary »

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Ossie Davis

Votes: 25

44. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Invitation (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

It's Halloween, and a young couple is having a party. There are spooks around, and Satan comes to the party. The angels must protect the man and his pregnant wife.

Director: Michael Schultz | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Karina Arroyave

Votes: 19

45. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Last Day of the Rest of Your Life (1999)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

A support group for terminally ill people try to prepare themselves for their own death. Monica leads the group and helps each of them recognize what they want to do to fulfill their final wishes.

Director: Robert Visciglia Jr. | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, David Kaufman

Votes: 21

46. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: The Road Home: Part 1 (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.6
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.6/10 X  

Joe Greene returns to his brother Russell's home where his son is living. On the drive, he causes an accident that kills two people and puts a child in the hospital. He does not tell anyone. Part 2 is finished on The Promised Land.

Director: Timothy Van Patten | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Ossie Davis

Votes: 22

47. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: A Joyful Noise (1996)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  

A sweet young girl who sings like an angel claims to hear voices by angels. Her parents have her seen by a psychologist who has his own problems. Monica and Tess must help the man heal from his past in order that he can help the young girl.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Dwight Schultz

Votes: 35

48. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Buy Me a Rose (2000)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  

A successful business man has time for his work but not for his wife. When he is unavailable for their 20th wedding anniversary, the wife connects with a former boyfriend.

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Michael Nouri

Votes: 20

49. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Crisis of Faith (1997)

TV-G | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  

A minister is involved in a car accident and his son dies in the other car. Now he is beginning to doubt God just when the son's surviving friend, whom he convinced not to steal the ... See full summary »

Director: Peter H. Hunt | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Ilene Graff

Votes: 22

50. Touched by an Angel (1994–2003)
Episode: Famous Last Words (2001)

TV-PG | 45 min | Drama, Family, Fantasy

8.5
Rate this
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.5/10 X  

After discovering a heartbreaking secret about his mother, a man discovers his last chance to repent before being executed for killing his abusive stepfather.

Directors: Peter H. Hunt, John Blush | Stars: Roma Downey, Della Reese, John Dye, Valerie Bertinelli

Votes: 23



Recently Viewed