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Directed by Lina Wertmüller in 1973, "Love & Anarchy" is an
indisputable classic. Universally identifiable and immediately
Wertmüller carries her audience into the mind and times of Turin, a
in 1930s Italy. When one of his close friends and idols is killed by
fascists, Turin becomes obsessed with anarchist ideals he hardly
understands, and sets off to exact an awful vendetta--the assassination of
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The plan gets off-track when Turin
in love with Tripolina, a prostitute in the bordello where he lives in the
days leading up to the assassination attempt. We soon learn that Tripolina
returns his love, and the tragic stage is set. Knowing full well that the
assassination attempt, successful or not, will surely mean his death,
is suddenly gripped by fear. When all he had at stake was a quiet life on
the farm, he was glad to give it up for a chance at changing the quality
life for his peasant countrymen. But now, having tasted the happiness love
can afford, can Turin really carry through with this suicidal act? Can he
truly give up his life for a belief he once thought was worth
"Love & Anarchy" is a brilliant study of turmoil and human testing in the face of insurmountable odds. It begs the question--is it better to bow and live, or stand up and die? How much can a people be crushed before someone makes a sacrifice for the betterment of society? Whose responsibility is it? And on a grander scale, is it better to live happily, contented by love or family, and leave the world untouched, or to attempt real change by sacrificing everything in exchange for it? "Love & Anarchy" poses all these questions, but it offers no easy answers.
Wertmüller's favorite actor, Giancarlo Giannini, plays the peasant boy, Turin, with beautiful humility. He wordlessly portrays infinite subtleties of emotion with body language and facial expression alone. Giannini has the face of a silent movie actor, and in fact was touted as a new Chaplin in the 1970s. Playing opposite him as the prostitute Salome is Mariangela Melato, who viewers may recognize from Wertmüller's "Swept Away." She, too, delivers a wonderful performance. The style and pacing of the film are excellent. Cinematographer Giuseppe Rotunno captures Rome in a gorgeous, yet unobtrusive manner.
In "Love & Anarchy," Wertmüller doesn't pull any punches. As par usual, she lets the politics of her movie decide the fate of its characters, and tragedy ensues. One must admire her for making an extraordinarily brave and beautiful film. She exhibits how powerful and effective a tragic story can truly be in exploring the more complex questions of life.
One of the most famous mini-series in television history, "James Clavell's
Shogun" tells the epic tale of an English pilot who is washed up on the
shores of Japan in the 17th century and becomes involved in the local
political struggles. "Shogun" proves to be both an engrossing story, and a
fascinating piece of television history.
Based on the life of the English navigator William Adams, "Shogun" is a complex story that explores both the political struggles of Feudal Japan, as well as analyzes the cultural differences of East vs. West. The story revolves around Pilot Major John Blackthorne, played by Richard Chamberlain. Coerced by Catholic Portuguese missionaries, with whom the English were at war, the Japanese authorities, or daimyos, throw the shipwrecked Blackthorne and his ailing crew into prison, and torture them as pirates. We soon learn that Lord Toranaga, the most powerful daimyo in Japan, is in the midst of a power struggle that could possibly lead him to be Shogun--the most powerful military ruler in Japan. In a final interview before his execution, Toranaga sees Blackthorne as valuable, and he spares the Englishman's life. Toranaga decides to employ him in training his troops in the Western methods of battle to help them prepare for the upcoming war against his rival, Ishido. Along the way, the audience is given a fascinating introduction to Feudal Japan through Blackthorne's eyes.
Shot entirely in Japan, director Jerry London took great care in using authentic costumes and believable sets. The casting is commendable, with Richard Chamberlain embodying the perfect Blackthorne (his performance garnered an Emmy nomination in 1980). Lord Toranaga is played masterfully by Toshiro Mifune, who also appeared in Akira Kurasawa classics such as Yojimbo and The Hidden Fortress.
Without a doubt, "James Clavell's Shogun" is worth a watch.