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Premiering on NBC's prime-time schedule on September 28,1961, "Dr.
Kildare" became a widely successful television series that was based on
the theatrical MGM "Dr. Kildare" movies starring Lew Ayres and Lionel
Barrymore that were released in theaters during the 1930's and 1940's.
There was also a successful radio version of "Dr. Kildare" that became
a household name within itself even before it made the transition to
television by the early-1960's. The television series quickly achieved
success and made a star of Richard Chamberlain,who played the title
role(along with an ABC medical drama "Ben Casey" that premiered at the
same time but premiered a week after "Dr. Kildare" on October
2,1961)that inspired many television series dealing with the medical
Produced with the American Medical Association along with the Physicians Advisory Committee and the Hospital of the Good Samaritan of Greater Los Angeles for their valuable assistance the television series "Dr. Kildare" became one of the biggest prime-time successes at NBC produced a total of 191 episodes airing from September 28,1961 until August 30,1966. Out of the 191 episodes that were produced a total of 135 hour long episodes were in black and white for Seasons 1 thru 4 from September 28,1961 until May 11,1965(with the exception of "The Burning Sky" in Season 2 that was in color). Then on September 13,1965 for it's fifth and final season,the show went from it's hour long format to an half-hour weekly format and the series was now in color for 56 episodes airing from September 13,1965 until April 5,1966. Repeated episodes of it's fifth and final season continued in constant airings until August 30,1966. Seasons 1 thru 4 of "Dr. Kildare" were on Thursday nights in prime-time for NBC. The fifth and final season saw the series moved from Thursday nights to Tuesday nights for the remainder of it's run.
Under the creation of James Komack and producers Norman Felton and David Victor(who served as executive producers of this series under there production company Arena Productions/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Television and NBC),the series like the MGM film series of the same title(1938-1942) centered around the young intern Dr. Kildare(Richard Chamberlain) working at the fictional metropolitan "Blair General Hospital" to learn his profession,and dealing with not only the problems of the patients,but confronting medical issues while winning the respect of the Senior Dr. Leonard Gillespie(Raymond Massey) while surrounded by all artistic obstacles both personal and professional. The results of this series was riveting drama with big name guest stars to boot along with the superior writing. The result gave the series three Prime Time Emmy Nominations for Best New Series and Best Actor in a Television Series and won Richard Chamberlain the Golden Globe in 1963 for Best Outstanding Actor in a Television Series.
The list of big time writers for this series consisted of Gene Roddenberry, Douglas Benton, Don Brinkley, Sy Salkowitz, E. Jack Neuman, Arthur Weiss, Al C. Ward, Christopher Knopf, Edward J. Lakso, Chester Krumholz, Phillip Saltzman, William Bast, to Theodore Apstein, Louis S. Peterson, Jerry De Bono, and Jim Thompson. The big time list of directors who made "Dr. Kildare" a standard quality of great entertainment included Jack Arnold, Alvin Ganzer, Don Medford, Marc Daniels, Alf Kjellin, Leo Penn, Ida Lupino, Lawrence Dobkin, to John Brahm, John Newland, Herschel Daugherty, Sydney Pollack, James Goldstone, Alexander Singer, Boris Sagel, Paul Wendkos and David Friedkin along with James Komack, Richard C. Sarafian, Don Taylor and Elliott Silverstein.
In addition to the recurring characters including Ken Berry, Jud Taylor, Jean Inness, Robert Paget, Joan Patrick, John Napier and Cynthia Stone among others big name guest stars ranging from Leslie Nielsen, Lee Meriwether, Hayden Rourke, Diane Baker, William Shatner, Robert Redford, James Mason, Boris Karloff, Suzanne Pleshette, Robert Culp, Yvette Mimieux, Ricardo Montalban, Leonard Nimoy, Robert Vaughn, Ed Asner, to Sorrell Booke, James Best, Dick York, James Franciscus, Richard Beymer, Ross Martin, Donna Douglas, Fred Astaire, Barbara Parkins, William Schallert, Dean Jagger, James Earl Jones, Diana Sands, Gene Hackman, Greg Morris, Angie Dickinson, Kim Hunter, Carroll O'Connor, Basil Rathbone, Edgar Buchanan, Steven Hill, Anne Francis, Joanne Linville, Charles Bronson, Jack Lord, James Coburn, Burgess Meredith, Yvonne Craig, and George Kennedy.
Several great episodes of "Dr. Kildare" do stand out as brilliant and I will start the show's pilot episode "Twenty Four-Hours". Other great episodes "An Island Like A Peacock", "The Administrator", "An Ungodly Act", "One for the Road", "For The Living", "The Chemistry of Anger", the two-part "Tyger,Tyger", to "To Each His Own Prison", "The Good Luck Charm","Whoever Heard Of A Two-Headed Doll?","A Miracle For Margaret" just to name a few. The phenomenal success of "Dr. Kildare" was a landmark series for many reasons largely because it let audiences see for the first time a show that combined high drama and medical information that was unheard of when this series premiered in 1961. And it has been much imitated.
The year 1961 brought two outstanding medical dramas to television even
though they aired only a week apart. One was "Dr. Kildare" that
premiered over at NBC. The other was the medical drama series "Ben
Casey" that premiered a week after "Dr. Kildare". "Ben Casey" upon its
premiere on October 2,1961 became one of the biggest television hits at
ABC spanning five seasons and 153 episodes all in black and white until
March 21,1966. "Ben Casey" was just that...a gritty riveting medical
drama that was so realistic that it brought on superior acting from
it's guest stars not to mention the astounding writing and big
production values made this show such a colossal hit and a ratings
winner for ABC. Interesting note about this show...Actor Vince Edwards
was discovered by Bing Crosby whose production company Bing Crosby
Productions produced this series and was filmed at Desilu Studios.
Vince Edwards took the character of "Ben Casey" and made him into one
of the biggest television icons of the early-1960's. Vince Edwards
appeared in all 153 episodes of the series. Veteran actor Sam Jaffe who
played Casey's mentor and friend Dr. David Zorba appeared in 127
episodes of the series,and was replaced in the show's final two seasons
by Franchot Tone(Dr. Niles Freeland),and also by Harry Landers(Dr. Ted
Hoffman). "Ben Casey" came at a time when America was at a crossroads
within itself especially with the subject of the Civil Rights Movement,
the Vietnam War, the confrontations in the Southern states against Jim
Crow,and the sudden death of President John Kennedy.
Given the support and assistance from the American Medical Association which was behind some of the scenes during production, the series "Ben Casey" was groundbreaking for it's era with some tough issues and hard hitting drama especially with some of the medical issues that each week Dr. Casey and his staff at fictional Metro General Hospital had to face. The success of "Ben Casey" brought 11 Prime-Time Emmy Nominations winning the Prime-Time Emmy in 1963 for Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role(Kim Stanley),and also Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role(Glenda Farrell)Big time name directors ranging from Leo Penn, Irvin Kershner, Sydney Pollack, John Meredyth-Lucas, Mark Rydell, Arthur Hiller, Alvin Ganzer, Marc Daniels, Richard C. Sarafian, Alan Crosland, to Jerry Lewis, Gerald Mayer and even Joesph Pevney and Paul Wendkos contribute to some of the great episodes not to mention superior writing from the show's creator(James E. Moser for all 153 episodes),along with Jack Laird, Chester Krumholz, Don Brinkley, Alvin Sargent, Al C. Ward, Lester Pine, Wilton Schiller, Ken Kolb, Harry Julian-Fink, Dean Riesner, Norman Katkov and William Bast.
Big name guest stars ranging from Peter Falk, Shelley Winters, Cesar Romero, Millie Perkins, Eddie Albert, Tom Bosley, Stella Stevens, Dick Clark, Mary Astor, Ricardo Montalban, Anne Francis, Davy Jones, Barry Sullivan, Bradford Dillman, Brett Somers to George C. Scott, Jerry Lewis, Roddy McDowell, Robert Culp, Greg Morris, Eartha Kitt, Percy Rodriguez, Antoinette Bower, Ellen Burstyn, Jack Warden, to Carroll O' Connor, James Best, Hari Rhodes, Peter Breck, Jack Klugman, Telly Savalas, Bruce Dern, Cliff Robertson, Beau Bridges, Sally Kellerman, Norman Fell, Neville Brand, Patricia Barry, Brooke Bundy, Suzanne Pleshette, Piper Laurie, and even Richard Basehart, Ray Walston, Larry Hovis, Ivan Dixon, Yvonne Craig, William Windom, Patricia Blair, Marlo Thomas, Lee Marvin, Charles Bronson, Simon Oakland not to mention Tuesday Weld, Pippa Scott and James Caan and even Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis,Jr. made a special guest appearances.
The best episodes from this Emmy award winning series starts with the pilot episode "To The Pure" to "I Remember A Lemon Tree", "The Sweet Kiss of Madness", "And If I Die", "A Little Fun to Match the Sorrow", "And Even Death Shall Die", "Behold a Pale Horse", "When You See An Evil Man", to the two-part "A Cardinal Act of Mercy". Other great episodes were "If There Were Dreams to Sell", "The Echo of a Silent Cheer", "A Certain Time, A Certain Darkness", "But Linda Only Smiled", "Courage At Three-AM", "A Woods Full of Question Marks", "Where Did All The Roses Go?", "Every Other Minute,It's The End of the World", "Dress My Doll Pretty", "In Case of Emergency,Cry Havoc","One Nation Indivisible" to "A Falcon's Eye, A Lion's Heart, A Girl's Hand", "The Fireman Who Raised Rabbits", "A Horse Named Stravinsky", "If You Play Your Cards Right,You Too Can Be A Loser", "Allie", "A Hundred More Pipers" to "Legacy from a Stranger" were some of the great episodes that this series produced.
"Ben Casey" premiered on ABC's Monday night schedule in Prime-Time from October 2,1961 until May 13, 1963. The network moved the series to Wednesday nights in Prime-Time from September 9, 1963 until April 22,1964 in favor of another produced Bing Crosby series "Breaking Point". "Ben Casey" went back to Monday nights on September 14, 1964 and remained until the final episode of the series on March 21,1966 after five seasons and 153 black and white episodes. When "Ben Casey" was canceled in the Spring of 1966, the series was replaced by the espionage British import series "The Avengers" on March 28,1966. In the fall of that year it would be replaced by the Western-adventure series "The Big Valley".
On commemorating the 40th anniversary of this show this was at its time
science fiction television of the highest order and it was an
incredible blend of spectacular special effects,amazing sets along with
some of the most fantastic,even metaphysical/mystical stories that put
you in with the action amongst the wonders and horrors the Alphas were
facing in the far reaches of outer space. The short-lived award winning
science fiction series "SPACE:1999" was created and produced by Gerry
and Sylvia Anderson who also served as executive producers of the
series. The series was the last production by the partnership of Gerry
and Sylvia Anderson and when it premiered in 1975 was the most
expensive science fiction series produced for British television at the
time it was made at a cost of $300,000 per episode. The first season
was co-produced by the British television company ITC Productions and
the Italian production company RAI Productions. The second season was
produced only by ITC Productions. Before this series was made the
partnership of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson were known for their
children's action-adventure programs including "Fireball XL-5",
"Stingray", "Thunderbirds!",and "Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons",and
for there live-action produced shows that included the science-fiction
drama "UFO",and their only live- action espionage/crime-drama series
"The Protectors". "SPACE:1999" was originally pitched in the United
States to all three major television networks(ABC,NBC,& CBS) with NBC
expressing interest in the series as a mid-season replacement. As a
result,all three major television networks rejected the offer. The
series ended up in the United States shown in first-run national
syndication for two seasons producing 48 episodes in color from
September 4,1975 until November 12,1977. Out of the 48 episodes that
this series produced, a total of 24 episodes were made from September
4,1975 until February 12,1976. Season 2 also produced 24 episodes in
it's final season airing from September 4,1976 until November 12,1977.
Gerry and Sylvia Anderson were executive producers throughout it's
entire run. Former "Star Trek" producer Fred Freiburger was the
producer for all of Season 2 and for all 24 episodes in it's final
The British produced series starred Martin Landau and Barbara Bain(of "Mission:Impossible" fame),and Canadian actor Barry Morse(of Quinn Martin's "The Fugitive") along with co-stars Nick Tate and Zienia Merton. Throughout the series entire run only actors Martin Landau and Barbara Bain along with Nick Tate and Zienia Merton remained with the exception of Barry Morse who appeared in all 24 episodes of Season 1. In the series second and final season actor Barry Morse was replaced by Catherine Schell. Also added to the cast for Season 2 were actors Tony Anholt, John Hug, and Jeffrey Kissoon. "SPACE:1999" drew a great deal of visual inspiration and technical expertise from Stanley Kubrick's 1968 theatrical film "2001: A Space Odyssey" along with the show's special effects director Brian Johnson who had previously worked on the "Thunderbirds!" television series and on Kubrick's theatrical film.
To basically get the idea of what "SPACE:1999" was about requires heavy viewing in spite of this was out of the ordinary when it came out in 1975. Season 1 of the series is highly recommended and I would highly recommend seeing the pilot episode "Breakaway" which sets the tone for what was to come. The original 24 episodes from Season 1 that were to follow were into a magnificent journey into the unknown reaches of space that gave viewers a retrospective that no other television series of this period has seen before or since. It was Britian's answer to "Star Trek" and "Lost In Space". An grand astounding achievement when it came out during the mid-1970's. The other episodes that stood out from Season 1 of the series were "A Matter of Life and Death", "Dragon's Domain", "End of Eternity", "Earthbound", "The Testament of Arkadia", "The Last Sunset", "Mission of the Darians", "Space Brain", and "The Alpha Child" just to name a few. The second and final season of the series also had some good episodes ranging from the two-part "The Bringers of Wonder", to other Season 2 episodes that followed included "Dorzak", "The Journey to Where", "The Immunity Syndrome", "The Metamorph", "The Seed of Destruction", "The Dorcons",and "The AB Chrysalis" and even "The Rules of Luton" were just a few of the good episodes in its second and final season. The rest of the episodes from Season 2 did not hold their own as the series basically stoop to the level of a Saturday Morning cartoon show. The guest stars ranged from some of the best British actors in the business ranging from Peter Cushing, Christopher Lee, Joan Collins, Sarah Douglas, Jeremy Kemp and Peter Bowles. When it was canceled in the fall of 1977 the series continued in syndicated repeats for some United States network affilate stations(where it was shown on late nights and weekends) until March of 1978.
In 1963, producer Bob Rafelson came up with the idea while vacationing
on tour with a band in Mexico for a television series about the
adventures of a musical act. The exception of this idea was hard to
come by,but by 1964 all of that changed with the music of the British
invasion. "The Beatles" was all the rage and it changed the course of
the American pop scene very quickly. Developing the idea for this
series would be hard to come by not to mention a hard sell. Teaming up
with the executive producer Bert Schneider at Screen Gems-Columbia
Pictures,work was set out to develop the concept of the show which was
loosely based on "The Beatles". Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider under
there production company Raybert Productions with a script that was
written by Paul Mazursky and Larry Tucker sold the series idea to the
head of Screen Gems in August of 1965 with a pilot script called "The
Monkeys". The idea for a television series about a fictional rock and
roll group was developed as early as 1960,but had a hard time
interesting anyone until 1965,by which time rock and roll music and the
phenomenal success of "The Beatles" two movies "A Hard Days Night"
(1964),and "Help!"(1965), was entrenched in pop culture with the
British invasion of music scene sweeping the country. In September of
1965, trade publication newspapers ran and ad seeking "Folk and Roll
Musicians-Singers for acting roles in a new television series". As many
as 400 hopefuls showed up to be considered as one of "4 insane boys".
Fourteen actors from the audition pool were brought back for screen
tests and after audience research, Raybert Productions chose their
The final four that were selected for this series were Mickey Dolenz(who had prior screen experience),Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith,and Peter Tork. The overall part of the show followed the adventures of a folk-rock band forever on the verge of stardom in which these four talented musicians lived together in a crazy apartment and were frequently drawn into the lives of California's many eccentrics. These adventures in which the boys were involved with were interrupted by songs(the songs were written by the best songwriters in the business consisting of Neil Diamond, Harry Nilsson, Carole King, and Boyce & Hart among others). As for the development of the series producers Rafelson and Schneider wanted the style of the series to reflect avant-grade techniques such as improvisation, quick cuts, jump cuts, breaking the fourth wall, and free-flowing loose narratives which was new to audiences at the time this television series premiered which included new techniques in editing and production.
Created by Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider(who also served as executive producers of the series),and produced by Ward Sylvester(Season 2 only), the television series "The Monkees" premiered on NBC's Monday night schedule in prime-time on September 12,1966 at the 7:30pm eastern/6:30pm central time slot in color and was produced Screen Gems/Raybert Productions. The show's sponsors throughout it's run were Kellogg's of Battle Creek(Kellogg's Cereals),and Yardley Fashions of London. Season 1 of the series aired on Monday nights preceding "I Dream of Jeannie" and opposite "The Iron Horse" and "Gilligan's Island" for 32 episodes in color airing from September 12,1966 until April 24,1967. Season 2 of the series also aired on Monday nights preceding "The Man From UNCLE", "Rowan and Martin's Laugh- In",and "The Danny Thomas Show" and opposite "Gunsmoke" and "Cowboy In Africa" for 25 episodes in color airing from September 11, 1967 until March 25,1968. A total of 58 color episodes were produced from September 12,1966 until March 25,1968 with repeated episodes airing from April 5,1968 until September 1, 1968. Only Mickey Dolenz, Peter Tork, Davy Jones and Michael Nesmith were the only original cast members that stayed with the series throughout it's entire two year prime time run on NBC.
Director James Frawley directed 28 episodes of the series including it's original pilot episode. Other directors for this series included Bob Rafelson, Alexander Singer, James Komack, Bruce Kessler, Russ Mayberry, David Winters not to mention even Mickey Dolenz and Peter Tork directed various episodes of the series. The writers included the team of Dee Caruso and Gerald Gardner(21 episodes), Stanley Z. Cherry, Bob Rafelson, Paul Mazursky, Bernie Orenstein, Mickey Dolenz, Stanley Ralph Ross, Larry Tucker, Elias Davis,and Neil Burstyn among others.
The guest stars that appeared on "The Monkees" were Bobby Sherman, Melody Patterson, Julie Newmar, Rose Marie, Peter Whitney, Lon Chaney, Jr., Arch Johnson, Vic Tayback, Heather North, Jeanne Arnold, Barton MacLane, Ben Wright, Stan Freberg, Harvey Lembeck, Henry Corden, Chips Rafferty, John Hoyt, Frank Zappa and a cameo appearance by Milton Berle. The best episodes from "The Monkees" were "The Devil and Peter Tork", "Monkey Versus Machine", "Dance, Monkey, Dance", "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers", "The Monkees Paw", "The Christmas Show","The Monkees On Tour"(which was a documentary style episode),"Monkees Manhattan Style", "I've Got A Little Song Here" among others. "The Monkees" won two Prime Time Emmy Awards in 1967 for Outstanding Comedy Series and Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy(James Frawley). After NBC canceled the series in the Spring of 1968 enjoyed a resurgence on Saturday morning television in repeated episodes. First it aired on CBS' Saturday morning schedule from September 13,1969 until September 2,1972. Then went over to ABC's Saturday morning schedule in repeats from September 9,1972 until August 8,1973. After it's run on network television the 58 original episodes aired in local syndication from 1975 until 1981. The cable music channel MTV brought back all 58 episodes in repeats on February 23,1986. The success of the original series rebooted a new version titled "The New Monkees" that premiered on MTV in 1987 and later in national syndication. Even after more than 50 years..."The Monkees" are still rock and rolling thanks to a new audience and a new generation who are hooked.
Created and produced by Irwin Allen ,"Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea"
was ABC's long-running science fiction/adventure series based on the
box office 1961 theatrical feature of the same name starring Walter
Pidegon. The television series,based on the same name told the colorful
exploits of the Seaview,which was the world's most technologically
advanced nuclear powered submarine under the command of it's creator
Admiral Harriman Nelson(Richard Basehart) of "The Nelson Institute of
Marine Research". Harriman's second in command of the Seaview was
Captain Lee Crane(David Hedison). Each week was explosive underwater
adventure and suspense that kept viewers tuned in as the crew aboard
The Seaview faced unpredictable dangers and save the world from
espionagen invaders, diabolical villains, saboteurs, aliens from other
lifeforms and some of the scariest sea monsters ever conceived for
"Voyage" premiered on ABC's Monday night schedule on September 14,1964 where 32 episodes from Season 1 only where in black and white until April 19,1965. Then on September 19,1965 in it's second season,the show moved from Monday nights to Sunday nights in an earlier time slot for 78 color episodes for the remainder of it's four-year run until March 31,1968 where it faced stiff competition opposite the long-running animal show "Lassie",and "The Wonderful World of Disney". "Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea" produced in all a total of 110 episodes airing between September 14,1964 until March 31,1968. Created by Irwin Allen under his production company and the first of the trilogy of action- adventure shows he would produced for the network(the others were "The Time Tunnel","The Land of the Giants",and "Swiss Family Robinson").
The series was nominated for 8 Prime Time Emmys and winning 4 Prime Time Emmys in 1965 for Outstanding Individual Achievements In Entertainment- Special Photographic Effects(L.B. Abbott); and again in 1966 for Special Photographic Effects(L.B. Abbott);Outstanding Cinematopgraphy(Winton C. Hoch), Art Direction(William J. Creber); Art Direction and Mechanical Special Effects(Robert A. Tait);and in 1967 for Film and Sound Editing(Don Hall, Dick LeGrand, Daniel Mandell, John Mills),and Photographic Special Effects(L.B. Abbott). Other Emmy nominations were for Sound Editing, Film Editing, Art Direction, and Special Effects.
Several big time directors ranging from Jus Addiss, Jerry Hopper, Sobey Martin, Harry Harris, Leonard Horn, Robert Sparr, Nathan Juran, Sutton Roley, James Goldstone, Laslo Benedek, Gerd Oswald, Tom Gries, Alex March, Alan Crosland, and even Irwin Allen(who directed the pilot episode).
Fantastic writers contribute to some of the great stories which include Irwin Allen(who wrote the pilot episode). Others were William Welch, Allan Balter, John Hawkins, Ward Hawkins, Harlan Ellison, Don Brinkley, Sidney Marshall, Robert Vincent, Alan Caillou, Shimon Wincelberg, to Sidney Ellis and William Read Woodfield along with George Reed and Peter Packer.
The guest star roster for "Voyage" includes big time Hollywood greats including Susan Flannery, Mark Slade, Linda Cristal, Henry Jones, Malachi Throne, Jan Merlin, Leslie Nielsen, Werner Klemperer, Michael Ansara, Lloyd Bochner, Ford Rainey, Kevin Hagen, James Doohan, Eddie Albert, Richard Carlson, Yvonne Craig, June Lockhart, Brooke Bundy, Carroll O'Connor, Viveca Lindfors, Edward Asner, Ina Balin, Gia Scala, Gary Merrill, Victor Buono, Karen Steele, J.D. Cannon, Warren Oates, to Arthur Hill, James Darren, John Lupton, Michael Dunn, Vincent Price, Don Matheson, Robert Duvall,and John McGiver.
The best episodes from this series starts with the pilot episode "Eleven Days To Zero"(which was basically filmed in color but telecast in black and white). Season 1 episodes include "The Sky Is Falling", "Submarine Sunk Here", "Doomsday", "The Saboteur", "The Price of Doom", "The Fear Makers", "The Traitor", "The Mist of Silence", "No Way Out", "The Secret of the Loch","The City Beneath The Sea",and "Mutiny". Season 2 episodes include "The Mechanical Man", "The Cyborg","The Death Ship", "Jonah and the Whale", "Leviathan", "The X-Factor",and "The Phantom Strikes". Season 3 episodes include "The Lost Bomb","The Day The World Ended","Death from the Past","The Creature", "The Wax Men", and "Deadly Invasion". The Fourth and Final Season best episodes were "Edge of Doom", "No Way Back", "Cave of the Dead", "The Man of Many Faces", "Savage Jungle", "The Death Clock", "Man-Beast", "Attack!", "The Rescue", and "The Secret of the Deep" along with "Fires of Death".
When it was abruptly canceled in the Spring of 1968 after four seasons and 110 episodes, ABC didn't waste any time in finding a replacement on it's Sunday night time slot which was another Irwin Allen produced series "Land of the Giants" that ran for two seasons and 51 episodes from 1968-1970.
The short-lived television series "S.W.A.T." was another successful
action-packed police dramas that came from powerhouse television
producer Aaron Spelling,and under the creation of Rick Husky, Lee
Stanley,and Robert Hammer. Aaron Spelling served as executive producer
of the series along with Leonard Goldberg under their production
company Spelling-Goldberg Productions for ABC-TV. "S.W.A.T." actually
was the spin-off of another successful Aaron Spelling produced series
"The Rookies" where Steve Forrest was a guest star on that episode.
"S.W.A.T." premiered as a mid-season replacement on ABC's prime time
schedule on February 17,1975 and lasted a mere two seasons on the air
until April 3,1976. A total of 37 color episodes were produced in which
Season 1 consisted of 12 episodes produced airing between February 17,
1975 through May 26,1975. Season 2 consisted of 25 episodes produced
airing between September 13,1975 through April 3, 1976. "S.W.A.T."
basically premiered as a mid-season replacement for ABC's Monday Night
Football where it faced competition between two prime-time CBS comedies
"Maude",and "Rhoda"(which was the spin-off of The Mary Tyler Moore
Show),and NBC's Monday Night at the Movies. The second and final season
saw the series moved from Monday nights to Saturday nights where it
again faced competition from two CBS comedies "The Mary Tyler Moore
Show",and "The Bob Newhart Show" which clobbered it in the ratings
along with NBC's Saturday Night at the Movies.
The premise of "S.W.A.T."(Special Weapons and Tactics Unit) consisted of a group of highly skilled men that were called on to tackle cases not to mention handle dangerous situations to intense for the police to handle. These quasi-military armed men worked for the Los Angeles Police Department and were all Vietnam Veterans(that fought in Vietnam) that were called on to handle situations in a precision style manner that had to be done with split second timing in order to save lives and take down the baddies or thugs as quickly as possible and bring them to justice. The series starred veteran actor Steve Forrest(of "The Baron" television series)as Lt. Hondo Harrelson the head man of operations. His second in command was Sgt. Deacon Kay(Rod Perry),and his back up in dangerous situations were Officer T.J. McCabe(James Coleman); Officer Luca(Mark Shera); and Officer Jim Street(Robert Urich).
"S.W.A.T." brought in big time directors,big time writers for some of the great episodes,and not to mention big time guest stars in various episodes ranging Sal Mineo, Christopher George, Cameron Mitchell, to Aldo Ray, Robert Loggia, Stuart Whitman, Leslie Nielsen, Mark Slade, William Windom, Farrah Fawcett, Don Stroud, Clint Young, Robert Webber, Carl Weathers, James Darren, Susan Dey, Rose Marie, Phil Silvers, to Michael Conrad, Lesley-Anne Warren, Tom Skerritt, Belinda Tolbert, to Simon Oakland, Loni Anderson, just to name a few of the guest stars that appeared in several episodes.
The best episodes from it's First Season starts off with the groundbreaking pilot episode "The Killing Ground". The other episodes that were not only dramatic but action-packed excitement consisted of "A Coven of Killers"(Season 1,Episode 2); "Pressure Cooker"(Season 1, Episode 4); "Jungle War"(Season 1, Episode 6); "Blind Man's Bluff" (Season 1, Episode 11); "Bravo Enigma"(Season 1, Episode 8); "Death Score"(Season 1, Episode 13);and "The Sole Survivors"(Season 1, Episode 12).
The best episodes from it's Second and Final Season consisted of the two-part season opener "The Deadly Tide",Parts 1 & 2(Season 2, Episodes 1 and 2). Others included "The Vendetta"(Season 2,Episode 6); "The Running Man",Parts 1 & 2(Season 2,Episodes 16 and 17); "The Soldier On The Hill"(Season 2,Episode 23); "Kill S.W.A.T"(Season 2,Episode 3),and the final episode of the series "Officer Luca,You're Dead!"(Season 2,Episode 25).
The series was known for it's opening theme song which became a top-ten hit for the R&B/Pop group Rhythm Heritage in 1976 that were certified Gold and was Grammy nominated that same year. As far as the television series itself was concerned, it premiered in a decade that was littered with detective dramas,and police shows and it was highly criticized for it's violent content that was a rarely with cop shows of the 1970's. When "S.W.A.T." was abruptly canceled in the Spring of 1976, the powers that be over at ABC didn't waste any time for it's replacement where another successful Aaron Spelling produced cop drama "Starsky and Hutch" took over on it's Saturday night prime time slot.
**This commentary was written on January 29,2016 in commemoration with the show's 40th anniversary that was timelined to be written on February 17, 2015.
"The Time Tunnel" when it premiered in the fall of 1966,was creator-
producer-director Irwin Allen's third science fiction series for
television following the success of "Voyage to the Bottom of the
Sea",and "Lost In Space". "The Time Tunnel" was also Allen's second
television series produced for ABC-TV. The series was placed on ABC's
prime-time Friday night schedule on September 9,1966 which in fact
survived a season run of 30 episodes in color until it left on April
7,1967. The reason why this show didn't survive was that the network
put this show opposite the hugely popular "The Wild,Wild West",and
against "The Man From UNCLE" that clobbered it in the ratings. "The
Time Tunnel" was an escapism of a series that was big in production,big
in casting and big in the array of guest stars that were featured each
week. With Art Direction William J. Creber, Rodger Maus and Jack Martin
Smith; Set Decoration by Walter M. Scott and Norman Rockett; Special
Visual Effects by L.B. Abbott;and Cinematopgraphy by Winton C.
Hoch,with an opening theme from composer John Williams(who also
composed the themes to other Irwin Allen produced shows from "Lost In
Space" to "The Land of the Giants" before he became famous of his
theatrical scores of films like "The Poseidon Adventure","The Towering
Inferno","Jaws",and "Star Wars")."The Time Tunnel" upon it's
short-lived run won the Prime Time Emmy in 1967 for Individual
Achievement in Cinematopgraphy and Photographic Special Effects(L.B.
Abbott),and was nominated that same year for Outstanding Achievement in
Cinematopgraphy(Winton C. Hoch). Most of the props used for the series
were borrowed from other Irwin Allen shows like "Voyage to the Bottom
of the Sea",and "Lost In Space".
Top name directors ranging from Nathan Juran, William Hale, Harry Harris, Herschel Daugherty, Murray Golden, Jerry Hopper,and Paul Stanley with Irwin Allen contributing directing the pilot episode of the series. Great writers also came from creator-producer Irwin Allen,but also from Bob and Wanda Duncan, William Welch, Carey Wilber, Allan Balter, Barney Slater, Leonard Stadd, Robert Hamner, William Read Woodfield, Theo Apstein, and Shimon Wincelberg.
Believe it or not, Irwin Allen's "The Time Tunnel" debuted in the same week as "Star Trek", "The Green Hornet",and "Tarzan",the premiere episode of "The Time Tunnel" had our heroes traveling through the portals of time ranging from them going back to the days of Pearl Harbor, The Old West, Sherwood Forest, going aboard the doomed Titanic,through the Roman Legions, Greek Mythology,and in one episode transported back to the Prehistoric/Jurassic Period. The starring leads Robert Colbert and James Darren were very familiar faces with TV audiences especially Darren himself who was still idolized as a "teen idol" from his stint in the theatrical "Gidget" movies and starring opposite Gregory Peck and David Niven in "The Guns of Navarone". The series also starred Whit Bissell,John Zaremba,and former Miss USA Lee Meriwether(in her first-ever television series). Each episode had our heroes going from one dimension of history to another and still you had to respect Irwin Allen for attempting to make something more and interestingly profound than "Voyage",but it survived as one of the shortest of the Irwin Allen produced series. Big name guest stars ranging from Michael Rennie, to Gary Merrill appeared in the pilot episode. Other guest stars were Lew Gallo, Michael Ansara, Malachi Throne, Rhodes Reason, Kevin Hagen, Anne Dore, Michael Pate, Perry Lopez, Rodolfo Hoyos,Jr., John Hoyt, Carroll O'Connor, Paul Fix, Vitina Marcus, Linden Chiles, Scott Marlowe, David Opatoshu, Nehemiah Persoff, to Victor Jory, Ellen Burstyn, Ben Cooper, Torin Thatcher, Mako, John Lupton, Jim Davis, Dee Hartford, R.G. Armstrong, Regis Toomey, Ford Rainey, John Napier, Vince Howard, Susan Flannery, Don Knight, Robert Riordan, George Matsui, Abel Fernandez, Richard Jaeckel, Robert Duvall, Gunnar Hellstrom, Allen Case, Eduardo Ciannelli, Paul Mantee, Jan Merlin, Heather Young, John Saxon, and Robert Walker, Jr.
The best episodes from this short-lived science fiction/fantasy series were very good and I start with the series pilot episode "Rendezvous With Yesterday". The other episodes included were "The Day The Sky Fell In", "The Revenge of the Gods","The Revenge of Robin Hood", "The Alamo", "The Invasion", "The Walls of Jericho", "The Pirates of Deadman's Island", "The Last Patrol", "A Chase Through Time", "Crack of Doom", "The Death Trap","The End of the World",and "The Idol of Death".
When the series was abruptly canceled on April 7, 1967 the network didn't take long to find a replacement on it's Friday night schedule for the 1967-1968 season. The series that replaced "The Time Tunnel" was a Western which was also short-lived as well......"Hondo" that was produced through John Wayne's production company Batjac Productions for ABC-TV that lasted 26 episodes in color and starred Ralph Teague in the title role.
Created by the team of Mel Brooks and Buck Henry,and produced by
Leonard Stern(who served as executive producer)along with Burt Nodella,
Jay Sandrich, Arnie Rosen,Chris Hayward,and David Davis, the television
series "Get Smart" premiered on NBC's Saturday night prime time
schedule on September 18,1965 and remained for four seasons producing
112 episodes(which also includes the pilot episode of the series which
was in black and white)until March 29, 1969. Then after it was canceled
by NBC in 1969,the series in it's final season went to CBS where it
ended up on it's Friday night prime time schedule for 26 episodes on
September 26,1969 until the final episode of the series on May 15,1970.
"Get Smart" in all produced 138 episodes in total where it ran on two
major television networks first on NBC and then over at CBS in it's
final season from 1965 to 1970 spanning five seasons. Only the pilot
episode of the series was in black and white. Episodes 2 thru 137 were
"Get Smart" upon it's premiere in 1965 was truly a product of it's era. Creators Mel Brooks along with Buck Henry developed a comedy spoof about a bumbling secret agent that was cross between James Bond and Inspector Clouseau. This series came at the height of the "James Bond/007", "The Pink Panther" craze of the 1960's when espionage shows and comedies were the norm. "Get Smart" premiered on NBC after the success of "The Man From UNCLE" the previous year and had it's television debut one day after CBS aired "The Wild,Wild West",and aired three days after the first episode of the Sheldon Leonard produced espionage series "I Spy" (which was on the same network as part of NBC's prime-time schedule). "Get Smart" was a satirical parody of James Bond and the espionage business in general that was mixed in as a satirical parody of Inspector Clouseau of "The Pink Panther" films. Where James Bond was the smart and suave secret agent,Maxwell Smart was incompetent and clumsy,where in just about any episode was lucky in spite of his screw-ups.
Mel Brooks and Buck Henry centered this show as a spoof on "The Man From UNCLE" where Maxwell Smart(Don Adams)was an agent who worked for the underground secret agency known as CONTROL based somewhere in Washington,D.C.,who were battling the forces behind a sinister organization known as KAOS with the help of Max's assistant,Secret Agent 99,a female counterpart(Barbara Feldon)to whom both agents answer to the head man of CONTROL known as "The Chief"(Edward Platt)who basically had to put up with Max's bumbling incompetency in every aspect. And this is where they got their assignments from "The Chief" since they were the only two agents they had to dispatch. In just about every episode details with an agent or agents of KAOS doing something maleviolent during their dangerous but sometimes hilarious missions. The other CONTROL agents were usually messengers,informants,or worthless counterparts who always seem to get themselves killed. It just about every other episode opens with a CONTROL agent getting killed and it is up to Max and 99 to find out why with Max fouling up one mission after another with hilarious but funny as hell results. CONTROL's arch-nemesis was the diabolical Siegfried(the head of KAOS) played by Bernie Kopell.
"Get Smart" was known for it's very creative gadgets, settings,and often times,characters. Not to mention Max's clever catchphrases always spout out in just about every episode. This is what set the show apart from all the others when it premiered in 1965. The comedical writing and funny lines that what made this stand out was one of the biggest hits of the mid-1960's. The result of "Get Smart" spawned a total of winning 7 Prime-Time Emmys for Best Actor(Don Adams), Best Outstanding Continue Performance,and Best Comedy Writing in a Prime-Time Series(during it's four-year run on NBC) along with 2 Golden Globe nominations for Best Comedy Series in Prime Time. Top name directors ranging from Gary Nelson to Bruce Bilson, James Komack, Earl Bellamy, Jay Sandrich,and Alan Rafkin and top writers from Mel Brooks, Buck Henry, Arne Sultan, Chris Hayward, Leonard Stern, Stan Burns, Allan Burns, Mike Marmer and Dee Caruso contribute to some of the hilarious episodes of the series.
The big time guest stars that appeared on "Get Smart" ranged from Robert Culp, Leonard Nimoy, Victor French, William Schallart, Jonathan Harris, Barbara Bain, Vic Tayback, Larry Storch, Ted Knight, Ernest Borgnine, Vito Scotti, Michael Dunn, Bill Dana, Don Rickles, Carol Burnett, Stu Gilliam, Julie Sommars, Cesar Romero, Jamie Farr, Marj Dusay, Edward G. Robinson, Regis Philbin, Simon Oakland, Vincent Price, to Antoinette Bower, Julie Newmar, John Dehner, Broderick Crawford, to walk on cameos from Bob Hope, Danny Thomas, Steve Allen, Buddy Hackett, to Milton Berle, Phyllis Diller, and Sid Caesar. Even walk on cameos from other celebrities made appearances on the show mostly playing extras in various episodes.
The astounding success of "Get Smart" spawned the 1980 theatrical film "The Nude Bomb"(with Don Adams and Barbara Feldon reprising their original roles from the television series),and in 1989 ABC aired the two hour movie "Get Smart Again!"(again with Don Adams and Barbara Feldon in the original roles of Max and 99),and in 1995,the FOX Television Network brought back "Get Smart" as a weekly series with Don Adams in charge of CONTROL and his son fighting the forces of KAOS. A 2009 theatrical feature based on "Get Smart" starring Steve Carell and Anne Hathaway did big business and a sequel to the 2009 theatrical feature in expected to come out in 2018.
The television series "The Wild,Wild West",represented CBS at it's most
daring that in 1965,creator-producer Michael Garrison developed a
television show like no other. A show that was part Western and part
Espionage/Spy genre with elements of Ian Fleming, H.G. Wells, Jules
Verne, Louis L'Amour,and Lewis Carroll. A series that came at the peak
of the James Bond/007 craze not to mention when there were a slew of
espionage shows on all three television networks when it was virtually
inundated with 'secret agent' series with "The Man From UNCLE" becoming
the most successful. Not to mention other espionage-spy laced series
that were dazzling and eye-popping ranging from "The Avengers","The
Saint","Danger Man","I Spy",and some that were not like the short-lived
"Amos Burke,Secret Agent",just to name a few. But the most unabashedly
entertaining series of the genre was also the most far fetched that
stood out from all the rest. Set in the 1870's in the administration of
President Ulysses S. Grant,the series featured two secret service
agents operating out of private train with an assortment of special
gadgets while saving the nation and the world from the forces of evil.
"The Wild,Wild West" lived up to its title,and had more imagination,romance, and exciting action-packed episodes than any other series of it's day. Created and Produced by Michael Garrison along with Producers John Mantley, Phillip Leacock, Bruce Lansbury, Gene L.Coon, and Leonard Katzman(who served as Executive Producer),the series aired on September 17,1965 and was placed in prime-time on CBS' Friday night schedule for the remainder of it's run,lasting four seasons on the air and producing 104 episodes until it's abrupt cancellation on April 1, 1969. Out of the 104 episodes that this series produced only 26 episodes in it's first season were telecast in black and white from September 17,1965 until April 22, 1966. Seasons 2 thru 4 produced 78 color episodes than ran from September 16, 1966 until April 1, 1969.
The Espionage/Western series starred Robert Conrad(of "Hawaiian Eye") as James West,the dedicated,handsome,resourceful secret agent. While Conrad's acting skills stood out as impressive,he was in superb physical condition for the part,and performed all of his own stunts, throughout the series entire run. Dressed in a waist coat and tight toreador pants he exuded a sex appeal that no other star of that decade could match. His partner,Artemus Gordon,was portrayed by respected character actor Ross Martin(an actor with impeccable credentials ranging from his work in television series like "Mr. Lucky",to his guest star appearances on "The Twilight Zone","Bonanza","Peter Gunn","One Step Beyond","Naked City",and "Richard Diamond",along with his theatrical work in such movies as "The Great Race","An Experiment In Terror", and "Geronimo" just to name a few)who was the master of disguise.
The premise of the show was simple with episodes entitled "The Night Of.." in which this week's villain or villainess would come up with a nefarious scheme that would involved weapons of mass destruction or a murder or an attempt to assassinate a politician that brings our leading agents West and Gordon to solve either the mystery of clues or a murder of who done it in the meantime while our heroes would have to defeat the henchmen(group of stuntman who would reappear in every episode in a variety of disguises),while West ends up seducing the inevitably girl in distress who is involved with the villain's schemes. Each episode would feature several spectacular fight scenes between West and the henchmen,or one or two disguises for Gordon where our heroes are captured by the villain which leads to a climax where our heroes,held prisoner or trapped inside one of the villain's surprise chambers would find a clever means to escape with an incredible array of special gadgets. Once freed,they solve the mystery or the murder that goes along with the plot and towards the end they end up in another spectacular fight scene with West or Gordon destroying the villain's weapon of destruction or having a bare-knucking climated fight cliffhanger between West and the villain while West and Gordon captures our evil villain or villainess and they henchmen to justice.
Many of Hollywood's legendary actors ranging from Boris Karloff to Vincent Price, Agnes Moorehead, Victor Buono, Ida Lupino,and Ted Knight would guest star as this week's villain,but the one actor who became the most popular,by far,and would reappear the most frequently throughout the show's entire run was the brilliantly funny,unpredictable,yet evil dwarf Dr. Miguelito Loveless,portrayed by the gifted actor Michael Dunn who became more popular than Conrad and Martin,but what made the show stand out was the Loveless episodes of the series which were the most stylish and entertaining. Not to mention as far as guest stars go,Robert Conrad recruited his former "Hawaiian Eye" stars for several episodes with included Anthony Eisley and Connie Stevens. Not to mention other guest stars from Jim Backus, Alan Hale, Jr., Dabbs Greer, Ray Walston, Martin Landau, Leslie Nielsen, Carroll O'Connor, Sammy Davis, Jr., Tina Louise, Dawn Wells, Ricardo Montalban, Suzanne Pleshette, William Windom, Richard Pryor,and Keenan Wynn just to name a few that made guest star appearances on the show.
The phenomenal success of "The Wild,Wild West" holds a unique position among the spy shows of the 1960's with a huge fan base that is extremely loyal and to those babyboomers who remember watching the show during it's run on CBS. The success after it's cancellation spawned two made for television movies in 1979 with "The Wild,Wild West Revisited" and in 1980 with "More Wild,Wild West" featuring Robert Conrad and Ross Martin in their original roles. A show that even 50 years after its debut still entertains. Happy Anniversary to "The Wild,Wild,West"
The television series "I Spy" represented NBC at it's most daring that
in 1965 actor-producer-creator Sheldon Leonard,best known behind the
guiding force behind "The Andy Griffith Show", "The Danny Thomas Show
aka Make Room For Daddy",and "The Dick Van Dyke Show" could offer a
first-class dramatic entry as well. Certainly during the 1960's when
civil rights was an explosive issue,and television series were
predictable and shot exclusively on studio sound stages and back lots,a
program that was the first to filmed 'on location' and to featured an
African-American actor in a leading role for the first time(in a
mainstream dramatic series that was totally brand new in 1965)was not
only revolutionary,but potentially disastrous as well. It is to
everyone's credit that the powers that be over at NBC,which was most
successful network at that time was willing to take this extreme risk
and introduce this remarkable series to American audiences that would
be the first to be filmed on location in exotic places around the world
and in full color.
Robert Culp was an established television and film star when the series debuted with credentials that included his work on television Westerns( the series,"Trackdown" from 1957-1959),his work on the first major made for-TV movie ("The Hanged Man"),guest star appearances("The Outer Limits","Naked City", "The Virginian", "Rawhide", "Gunsmoke", "The Corruptors","Bonanza","Mr.Novak","The Man From UNCLE"),and strong theatrical film work("PT 109", "Sunday In New York","The Raiders"),and his credentials as gifted writer and actor. The premise for "I Spy" was the adventures of a tennis pro Kelly Robinson played by Robert Culp and his trainer Alexander Scott(A Rhodes Scholar) played by newcomer Bill Cosby,who were actually CIA agents who would use their covers on worldwide missions,was hammered out. Culp knew he had the right formula with Bill Cosby and this is where the show took off. The co-starring role became the focus of attention throughout the series with the initial focus was on Culp's flamboyant 'Kelly Robinson" and Cosby's 'Alexander Scott' relegated to the serious role of the 'contact' man with the CIA. While Cosby having a way to 'punching up' his dialog this had the potential of the actor putting in one-liners and asides that not only improve the scenes but gave the character of Scott a humanity that the scripts lacked. Not only were the episodes became funny but it also added in several good action-packed sequences that made this show stand out. Not to mention some of the best dramatic acting ever assembled. Thus it became television's most popular espionage buddy show and the result won three Prime-Time Emmys during it's sensational three year run at NBC.
The creative force behind the show were writers David Friedkin and Morton Fine and cinematographer Fouad Said under there production company "Triple F Productions" under the aegis of Desilu Studios where the series was produced. Fine and Friedkin were co-producers and head writers and wrote the scripts for 16 episodes, one of which Friedkin directed. Friedkin also dabbing in acting and appeared in two episodes in the first season of "I Spy". The series aired on September 15, 1965 and was placed on NBC's Wednesday prime-time schedule opposite "Amos Burke" and "The Danny Kaye Show" that did very well in the ratings. The series lasted three seasons producing 83 episodes in color until April 15,1968. "I Spy" ran for 2 seasons on Wednesday nights,and in its third season the show moved to Monday nights. Big name writers included Jerry Belson, Stephen Kandel, Edward J. Lakso, Robert Culp, Chester Krumholz, Jackson Gillis, Earl Barret,and Oliver Crawford. Big name directors from Earl Bellamy, Christian Nyby, Paul Wendkos, Leo Penn, David Friedkin, Sheldon Leonard, Tom Gries, Mark Rydell, Anton Leader, Richard Benedict, Hal Cooper, Ralph Senensky, John Rich, Richard C. Sarafian, and Allan Reisner.
Big name guest stars consisted of seasoned African-American actors ranging from Cicely Tyson, Ivan Dixon, Diana Sands, Abbey Lincoln, Brock Peters, Eartha Kitt, Godfrey Cambridge, Leslie Uggams, Beah Richards, and Raymond St. Jacques. The guest stars that appeared on "I Spy" included Carroll O'Connor, Jim Backus, Maurice Evans, Nehemiah Persoff, Victor Buono, Joey Heatherton, Lee Weaver, Julie London, Roger C. Carmel, France Nuyen, Ricardo Montalban, Gene Hackman, James Best, Nancy Wilson, Madlyn Rhue, Jay Novello, Lloyd Nolan, Kamala Devi,Boris Karloff, and Harold J.Stone. along with Martin Landau. Even Sheldon Leonard was a guest star on an episode as well as producer David Friedkin was also a guest star. Other guest stars included newcomer George Stanford-Brown,along with James Earl Jones and Roscoe Lee Browne. Even "Andy Griffith" alumnus Ronnie Howard was also a guest star in an episode.
The best episodes from this Emmy winning series "Home To Judgment", "Mainly on the Plains", "The War Lord", "Bet Me A Dollar", "Trial By Treehouse", "Dragon's Teeth", "So Long, Patrick Henry", "A Cup of Kindness", "Bridge of Spies", "Danny Was A Million Laughs", "The Loser",and "It's All Done With Mirrors" and so much more. The phenomenal success of "I Spy" basically opened the doors for other African-American actors who would go on to bigger and better careers,thanks in part to Sheldon Leonard who opened the door for Bill Cosby who went on to make historical contributions to this series. And the overall achievements that the television series "I Spy" made opened the doors for other actors as Nichelle Nichols("Star Trek"),Rosey Grier("Daniel Boone"), Greg Morris("Mission:Impossible"), Don Mitchell("Ironside"),Clarence Williams III("The Mod Squad"),Diahann Carroll("Julia"), Robert Hooks ("N.Y.P.D."),Otis Young("The Outcasts"),and Raymond St. Jacques("Rawhide"),and Don Marshall("The Land of the Giants") and many more. Without the success and the launching of "I Spy" this would have not been possible. Happy Annniversary "I Spy".
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