The radio broadcast is of the women's 1500m race (Athletics) of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. (The United States, West Germany, and ~63 other states boycotted the Moscow Games.) 1500m results: Gold: Tatjana Kazankina (USSR), Silver: Christiane Wartenburg (GDR (East Germany)), Bronze: Nadezhda Olisarenko (USSR). Ulrike Bruns (GDR), also mentioned in the broadcast, finished fifth.
The Torgau workhouse to which Stella is sent is the Torgau Juvenile Detention Centre. The Centre, which ran from 1964 to 1989, was for the "re-education" of young people aged 14 to 18. Inmates had committed no crimes, but were deemed to need education so that they could fit in with the norms of socialist life in East Germany.
The hospital from which Barbara came was the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. This is a large teaching hospital, affiliated with both Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin. Under the East German Government, it was the most prestigious hospital in East Germany and received large amounts of funding to make it a flagship of health-care.