The Story of Film examines world cinema in the period of 1939-1952 looks at film-making during and immediately after World War II. Hollywood films shift away from soft focus and begin to use the techniques of deep staging and deep focus as in John Ford's Stagecoach (1939) and Orson Wells's Citizen Kane (1941). It then looks at Italian Neorealism of Roberto Rossellini and Vittorio De Sica before examining the development of Film Noir in the films of Billy Wilder, Howard Hawks, and Ida Lupino. American films grow more serious though romantic film remain popular. In the late 40's, American cinema is investigated for communist activities and producers, actors, and directors are blacklisted. Meanwhile in Britain, Carol Reed creates the Noir classic The Third Man (1949) Written by
Did You Know?
Cousins states that the Italian neo-realist movement was among the inspirations for film noir, a genre that began in 1940, yet the specific film he cites - Roma città aperta
- was not made until 1945 and not seen in the USA until 1946. However, as film noirs were being made well into the 1950s, Italian neo-realism certainly had an influence on later film noirs. See more
Haskell Wexler - Interviewee
[quoting Elia Kazan
The main thing about directing is casting.
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