Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) Poster


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The Falcon's flight gear sports a Stark Industries logo. This indicates they are the manufacturer.
In several scenes, Natasha Romanoff wears a necklace with an arrow on it. This is a reference to her teammate and occasional lover Hawkeye (the archer Clint Barton). The necklace was Scarlett Johansson's idea.
When Helicarriers look for their targets on one of the monitors there is a wire-frame model of formerly Stark Tower in New York now sporting the Avengers Sign.
Anthony Mackie's appearance in this film fulfills his dream of playing a Marvel comic book character. He wrote a series of e-mail pleas to Marvel wanting to play any comic character that would appear on film. Though the studio repeatedly replied to him that they will respond in due time, Mackie's emails caught the attention of Kevin Feige who subsequently offered him the role of Falcon.
Nick Fury (Samuel L. Jackson) relates a story of his grandfather being an elevator operator. In real life, Samuel L. Jackson's father was an elevator operator.
Chris Evans and Scarlett Johansson wrote their own dialogue for several scenes they had together.
A deleted scene in The Avengers (2012), of Steve learning what happened to his commandos, and to Peggy Carter ended up being cut out from that film, but is included in this film.
The "catch-up" list Captain America keeps with him varies from country to country:
There is a brief mention of a Canadian agency called Department H by Natasha Romanoff, which was the organization that experimented on Wolverine and gave him his Adamantium-bonded skeleton in the Marvel comics. In addition, it is the organization that created the Canadian superhero team, Alpha Flight.
During filming, Sebastian Stan would walk around all day practicing his moves with a plastic knife because he wanted his movements to feel natural.
Unlike other films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, "The Winter Soldier" minimizes the use of visual effects as much as possible. Anthony Mackie elaborated: "The Russos, what they did that was so great was, they wanted to stay with live action, which is a dying art form...If they could build it, they built it. If we could do it, we did it. They wanted to do as little CGI as possible. That's why the movie looks so great."
Robert Redford wanted to do the film because his grandchildren are fans of Marvel films and he wanted them to see him in one.
During the agent Sitwell interrogation, Sitwell mentions specific persons of interest to HYDRA. One of these people is Stephen Strange. Stephen Strange in the comics is the real name of Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme.
The elevator fight with the Strike Team attempting to take Cap prisoner is a homage to the Civil War story arc when Cap refuses to participate in the government's plan to register all superheroes and S.H.I.E.L.D. attempts to take him prisoner.
Cap's new costume takes cues from the "Super-Soldier" outfit he wore when he served as Director of S.H.I.E.L.D. in the comics.
When the Helicarriers are revealed for the first time, Fury mentions to Captain America that Stark insisted on making changes to the propulsion systems. In The Avengers (2012), Iron Man struggled to restart the damaged propeller-based engines of an earlier generation Helicarrier. The new Helicarriers seem to use jet or repulsor technology instead of propellers to create lift.
To prepare for the role of the Winter Solder, Sebastian Stan went through five months of physical training and historical research: "I dove into the whole Cold War history: I looked at the KGB. I looked at all kinds of spy movies, and all kinds of documentaries about that time, and what it was about. I grabbed anything from that time period and anything about brainwashing."
While writing the script, there was a big possibility of Hawkeye being in the film. However, the writers felt that there were too many characters introduced and they didn't want Hawkeye to be there without any depth. They instead decided to write a small scene in which Hawkeye and his whereabouts are mentioned, which was shot, but ultimately wasn't included in the film.
The scene where Captain America jumps out of a plane without bothering to use a parachute is a homage to a similar scene from the first issue of "The Ultimates" comic.
When asked why Iron Man, Bruce Banner, or any of the other Avengers weren't called to help Captain America or Black Widow in the film, the screen writers explained that the movie only takes place in about three days, therefore, the characters didn't have a chance to contact them.
Hayley Atwell was aged using computer-generated imagery for her appearance as an elderly Peggy Carter, Anthony Russo commented that "all the old people have looked the same in movies since the 80s when you go down the make-up route." Joe Russo said: "We changed her face and her muscle structure and all of those things that change when you age".
According to Chris Evans Steve Rogers continues his adjustment to the modern world, which began in The Avengers (2012): "It's not so much about his shock with technology... It's more about the societal differences. He's gone from the 1940s to today; he comes from a world where people were a little more trusting, the threats not as deep. Now, it's harder to tell who's right and wrong. Actions you take to protect people from threats could compromise liberties and privacy. That's tough for Steve to swallow."
The mall/shopping center in which Black Widow and Captain America visit in order to find the origin of the encrypted USB stick is called the Tower City Center in Cleveland, OH. The front of the building and its concourse were used in The Avengers (2012) as the opera hall in which Loki confronts German opera patrons.
Anthony Mackie took the role of the Falcon partly to give African-American kids another Black superhero to enjoy in the Marvel Cinematic Universe franchise, apart from War Machine in the Iron Man series. However, he was unhappy with the modern take on his costume as Falcon since he wanted the red spandex look from the comics. Instead, this film adapts the Falcon from Marvel Comics' Ultimate Marvel imprint, which has him as a special operations soldier who happens to be equipped with a costume, goggles and unique winged flying harness with much more subdued dark colors.
In battling the Winter Soldier, Captain America needs all the resources he can get, including his iconic shield, which has a lot more uses in the film. The shield is traditionally used mostly as a defensive weapon, but in Captain America: The Winter Soldier the filmmakers wanted to explore using it more as an offensive weapon. There are two handles on the shield and Steve Rogers can hold onto the handles in order to utilize it in an eastern style of fighting.
There are actually two post credit scenes for this Marvel film.
In the Smithonian, a quote from President Ellis, regarding Captain America is seen. Ellis, played by William Sadler, is the president in Iron Man 3 (2013).
When Robert Redford's character is opening his refrigerator, a jar of Newman's Own Sauce is visible on the shelf, an apparent homage to his long-time friend and two-time co-star Paul Newman.
In an attempt to prevent spoilers and keep secrecy, the working title of the project while filming was "Freezer Burn."
The filmmakers described the Winter Soldier as a "negative image of Captain America."
Jasper Sitwell mentions some high-risk targets that HYDRA is keeping tabs on. Among these are Bruce Banner (The Hulk), Dr. Stephen Strange, and "a man in Cairo". The latter is most likely Marc Spector/Moon Knight, an Avengers team member who hasn't made it into the movies yet.
Shooting in Washington D.C. put Steve Rogers, Black Widow and Falcon in scenes at some of the most prominent national landmarks, including the Thomas Jefferson Memorial, Abraham Lincoln Memorial, National Air and Space Museum, Capitol Building, National Mall, Occidental Restaurant at The Willard Hotel, DuPont Circle Neighborhood and the Theodore Roosevelt Bridge, which the production shut down for the first time ever for the filming of a major motion picture.
When Steve Rogers enters his apartment you can briefly see a copy of the book "All the President's Men" on his bookshelf. Robert Redford was producer and star of the movie All the President's Men (1976), an adaptation of this book.
Anthony Mackie likes to say 'cut the check!' whenever something had gone right or a scene had been completed. The phrase caught on during filming, and before long everyone on set was saying it.
Kevin Feige selected Joe Russo and Anthony Russo to direct the film on the basis of their two back-to-back episodes of Community (2009) that they've directed which Feige was impressed with: A Fistful of Paintballs and For a Few Paintballs More.
Kevin Feige described the film as "a 1970s political thriller masquerading as a big superhero movie."
Anthony Mackie described the film as "The Avengers (2012): Part 1.5".
The freighter Batroc hijacks in the beginning is named the "Lemurian Star". This is a reference to Lemuria, the sunken continent that was the home of the Deviants, a race of superhumans created by Jack Kirby.
Black Widow mentions "Operation Paperclip" which is a real-world reference to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program in which over 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers (like Wernher von Braun, father of the V2 and Saturn V rockets) from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States for employment in the aftermath of World War II.
UFC Welterweight champion Georges St-Pierre plays a French mercenary in the film. For the filmmakers, landing the popular MMA fighter for the role was a stroke of luck and good timing but is was equally a stroke of luck for Georges St-Pierre who was excited to get his first chance at being in a big action movie.
Cap's list of the things he missed includes the Moon Landing. In the Marvel storyline "House of M" (an alternate reality where Magneto and mutants rule the Earth) Cap was the first man on the moon.
Sam Wilson/Falcon got double exposure in 2014. First, he is included as a major character in this film and, presumably, in subsequent Captain America films. Secondly, in the comics, with Steve Rogers having aged rapidly, Wilson has been called upon to replace him as the new Captain America.
Although playing a French/Algerian character, Georges St-Pierre speaks his lines in his native French-Canadian accent.
The photo of Alexander Pierce from 1992 is actually a still from the film Sneakers (1992).
It marks the fifth appearance of Maximiliano Hernández as Jasper Sitwell after Thor (2011) Marvel One-Shot: The Consultant (2011) The Avengers (2012) Marvel One-Shot: Item 47 (2012) and multiple episodes of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013).
Prior to the release of this film, there was some doubt that this sequel would have much appeal outside of the United States considering the character's obvious American imagery. However, the film proved a major international success upon release.
When Steve Rogers and Natasha Romanoff encounter Zola's supercomputer, it identifies Natasha as being born in 1984 the same year as Scarlett Johansson who plays her.
The film takes place 2 years after The Avengers (2012).
In his first comic incarnation, Falcon had the superpower to communicate with birds telepathically. The film version, much like the Marvel Ultimate comics version, does not give Falcon any superpowers.
Robert Redford was cast in part as a homage to his roles in 1970s thrillers like Three Days of the Condor (1975).
The tombstone for Nick Fury contains a quote from Ezekiel 25 :17. This was his famous line in the film Pulp Fiction (1994) when he stood alongside John Travolta in this scene where they went to collect a briefcase for Marcellus. "The path of the righteous man..."
Georges St-Pierre, who plays Batroc the Leaper, is the former UFC Welterweight Champion (2008-2013), having vacated his title in December 2013.
This marks the first Marvel Cinematic Universe film in which vehicles produced by an American car maker, Chevrolet, are featured as part of a product-placement deal. Chevy vehicles prominently featured in the movie include a pre-production 2014 Corvette Stingray, driven by Natasha in an early scene; a Tahoe SUV (featuring a substantial number of S.H.I.E.L.D. "upgrades," including bulletproof glass and the ability to drive itself) driven by Nick Fury during an extended chase sequence; a Silverado pickup truck driven by Steve; and a Cruze driven by Sam. Other Chevy vehicles are plainly visible in some shots, including several of its limited-production Volt hybrid vehicle.
The Winter Soldier does not appear until 34 minutes into the movie.
The mask of Winter Soldier is exactly opposite to the mask of Captain America, just like Cap's image. Winter Soldier's mask covers his eyes and lower face where as Captain's mask reveals his eyes and lower face.
The Russos cited the 70's spy movies Klute (1971), The Parallax View (1974), Three Days of the Condor (1975) and All the President's Men (1976), The French Connection (1971) and To Live and Die in L.A. (1985) as inspiration for making this film..
Anna Kendrick, Felicity Jones, Imogen Poots, Teresa Palmer, Alison Brie, Emilia Clarke, Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Elizabeth Olsen and Jessica Brown Findlay were considered to play Sharon Carter. Although the role ultimately went to Emily VanCamp, Olsen appears as Wanda Maximoff/Scarlet Witch in a mid-credits scene.
The name "exo-7" of the prototype wings used by Sam Wilson/Falcon, is a pun on French pronunciation "exocet," which is the name of a type of flying fish that has shiny "wings."
There are four Korean terms in the film which are only shown in the Korean theaters. In one scene, Captain America writes down keywords from different cultures to help him adjust to the modern lifestyle. They are "Park Ji Sung", Korean film "Old Boy" and two remaining keywords that are kept secret.
Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Kevin Durand and Josh Holloway screen-tested for the role of Brock Rumlow/Crossbones.
While Rogers and Romanoff are questioning Sitwell about Zola's algorithm, Sitwell lists people that are being tracked. He mentions Stephen Strange. He is the main character in the Marvel film 'Doctor Strange' that is being released in 2016, and will be played by BENEDICT Cumberbatch.
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The score from Captain America: The First Avenger (2011) is heard at the beginning when Steve Rogers and Sam Wilson are jogging in Washington.
When Nick Fury is racing through the busy streets after his SUV has been attacked, there are two scenes where he drives by the street (E 9th) and intersection (E 9th & Euclid) where the street battle scenes from The Avengers (2012) were shot. There is also a very short clip of him driving down the actual street where those scenes were shot. Several of the buildings from The Avengers can be seen. Also, The rotunda styled bank where Bucky goes for his treatments is the same building from The Avengers that Captain America was blown out of when the alien grenade went off.
Not including Chris Evans' cameo in Thor: The Dark World (2013) this is Chris Evans' and Scarlett Johansson's second Marvel Cinematic Universe film together.
Near the beginning of the film, in an aerial shot of Washington, D.C., the camera lingers on a shot centered on the Watergate Complex, where President Richard Nixon's Committee to Re-elect the President (the Plumbers) broke into the Democratic National Committee headquarters, sparking the Watergate Scandal, which led to the revelation Nixon had been using the intelligence agencies to gain political power. Robert Redford played Bob Woodward in the famous Watergate Scandal movie All the President's Men (1976).
Pierce tells Cap that his father fought for the 101st. This is a homage to the war drama Band of Brothers (2001), centering on the Easy Company, aka the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment/101st Airborne Division. That show featured X-Men: First Class (2011) cast members James McAvoy and Michael Fassbender. It also is a reference to Nick Fury's own Marvel Comics series, in which Nick Fury, Dum-Dum and other members of his squad, that we saw in action in Captain America: The First Avenger (2011). They were all members of "Easy Company" in that comic series.
Chapter Three of Phase Two in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
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Steve Roger's catch up list include Star Wars/Trek. In the Avengers movie, Samuel L. Jackson and Chris Hemsworth play Nick Fury and Thor and in Guardians of the Galaxy, Zoe Saldana plays Gamora (since Guardians and Avengers exist in the same universe). Samuel L. Jackson played Mace Windu in the Star Wars movies, and Chris Hemsworth and Zoe Saldana played George Kirk and Nyota Uhura in 2009's Star Trek.
The directors considered using the "Captain America" March for when Steve Rogers steals his old Captain America costume from the Smithsonian for the final battle against Hydra, but ultimately decided it wasn't necessary since this film is different in tone than Captain America: The First Avenger (2011).
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Chris McKenna, who worked with the Russo brothers on Community (2009), did some script polishing during production.
Although Captain America never holds or uses a gun in this film, he is still sometimes seen wearing holstered pistol on his belt.
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The coordinates of the Triskelion (when corrected from the impossible south longitude to west longitude) are 38N 53'33.78" 77W 3' 38.91. This puts in on Theodore Roosevelt Island in the Potomac River, Washington, DC, with the shown view of the Abraham Lincoln Memorial to its southeast.
F. Gary Gray and George Nolfi were considered to direct the film.
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Samuel L. Jackson and Anthony Mackie previously worked together in the 2006 drama Freedomland.
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Emily VanCamp's former Everwood (2002) co-star Chris Pratt was cast as Peter Quill in the film Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), also based on a Marvel comic book in the same year.
In Steve Rogers list of things to catch up on , Star Wars was one of them. Samuel L Jackson who plays Nick Fury played the character Mace Windu In the Star Wars prequels.
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Just as Steve Rogers steps onto the elevator when leaving the office of Alexander Pierce, the large complex visible across the river is the Watergate. This was where the infamous break-in occurred that ultimately led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974, and the scandal was later dramatized in the movie, "All the President's Men". One of the two main characters in that movie, Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward, was portrayed by Robert Redford, who also plays Pierce in this movie.
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Although this film does not feature a romantic sub-plot, there is still a hint of chemistry between Cap and Natasha.
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First film since The Horse Whisperer (1998) where Scarlett johansson and Robert Redford costar
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The fight scene involving George St. Pierre and the Cap, GSP throws a Superman punch which probably is a shoutout to the Man of Steel.
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Ed Brubaker:  A scientist at the birth of the Winter Soldier is played by the author of the Winter Soldier comic book.
Joss Whedon:  director of the team up movies as the man wearing a captain America T-shirt and going down the escalator with a little boy at the Smithsonian.
Stan Lee:  as a Security Guard at the Smithsonian who notices the original Captain America costume is missing and says "I am so fired".
Garry Shandling:  reprising his role as Senator Stern from Iron Man 2 (2010).
Gary Sinise:  The info voice narrating the history of the Howling Commandos in the museum.
Danny Pudi:  as the Com Tech operator who lets Captain America into the communications room.
Christopher Markus, Stephen McFeely:  The film's writers appear as the two S.H.I.E.L.D. interrogators.
Steven Culp:  the Congressman who angrily interrogates Black Widow at the hearing, is better known for playing the antagonistic Speaker of the House in The West Wing (1999).
D.C. Pierson:  The big beard man in the Smithsonian Museum with Natasha and Steve hiding in plain sight while Brock's team pursuing them.
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Director Cameo 

Joe Russo:  The doctor treating Natasha when she and Steve were brought in by Maria to the safe house.


The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Nick Fury's grave bears the epitaph: "The path of the righteous man. Ezekiel 25:17." This is a favourite line of Jules Winnifield (Samuel L. Jackson) in Pulp Fiction (1994).
The laser cutter that Fury uses to escape from his ruined car into the sewer/metro has the same blue beam as the one used to access the plane buried in the ice in the first film. The episode of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013) that aired directly after the film's release ("Providence") revealed that they were invented by Fitz.
First film in the series to reveal Nick Fury's blind eye.
Sebastian Stan is contracted for nine films but according to him, when production for this film began he was not told of anything of which films he will be incorporated. Stan only realized he was playing the title role of Winter Soldier when the title was formally revealed in San Diego Comic Con 2013.
At the end of the movie can be seen Brock Rumlow (Frank Grillo) burned but alive, being healed by some doctors while he is moved in an ambulance. In the comics, Crossbones (Rumlow's supervillain moniker) had his face severely burned, necessitating that he wear a mask.
The Winter Soldier (Bucky Barnes) is able to match Captain America (Steve Rogers) move by move, even to the point of catching Rogers' shield. This foreshadows Barnes taking over as Captain America (which happened in the comics).
The two subjects in the HYDRA base in the mid-credit scene are identified as the mutants Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver.
The list of targets selected by the Helicarriers include The Baxter building (home and headquarters of the superhero team the Fantastic Four), Tony Stark and President Matthew Ellis from Iron Man 3 (2013).
Kate/Agent 13 played by Emily VanCamp is later referred to by her real name (Kate was just her cover name) Sharon. Many fans would have put it together when she was called Agent 13 and others when she is called Sharon, but this is Sharon Carter, Peggy's younger sister in the comics (they later changed it to her niece when they made continuity changes but the relationship in the movie is not established) and major love interest for Captain America. What, if anything, this will mean for future movies remains to be seen. The cover name Kate is from S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Kate Neville.
Samuel L. Jackson describes Nick Fury as facing a crisis: "Almost everything that comes out of Nick Fury's mouth is a lie in some sense. He has to ask if he is even lying to himself?"
Comic book writer Ed Brubaker was both pleased and surprised at the adaptation of the Winter Soldier storyline, his work on the title - including the return of Bucky Barnes as the Winter Soldier: "I got to go out to Marvel Studios and read one of the later drafts of the script. I went out to dinner with directors Joe and Anthony Russo and talked about the project and gave them feedback on what I liked or didn't like or what parts didn't work. I mean, the script I read was fantastic. The tone of it and the Bucky stuff is so perfect and the way I'd want it to be, I was so thrilled to see that."
Baron von Strucker experiments on twins with superpowers. In the comics, Strucker actually subjected his own twins Andrea and Andreas to a treatment which gave them superpowers.
Maria Hill's last scene is of her joining Stark Industries. In the comics, she served under Tony Stark, but it was the other way around as he ended up joining S.H.I.E.L.D.
The film's plot is based on the storylines "The Winter Soldier" (Captain America's new threat) and "The Ultimates" (SHIELD is taken over by HYDRA).
The filmmakers originally intended that Dr. Zola transfer his consciousness into a robot and make an escape. This was scrapped for running time purposes.
Steve Rogers tells Natasha Romanov that he is "always honest". He takes this to an extreme when addressing S.H.I.E.L.D. about the Hydra takeover. Although everyone believed that Nick Fury had been killed, Steve only states that Alexander Pierce had Fury "shot", since Steve knew that Fury was still alive.
Joss Whedon directed the mid-credits scene with Baron Strucker, Quicksilver and Scarlet Witch that sets up Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015).
In Dr. Zola's lair, Black Widow says "Shall we play a game?" This was a line taken from WarGames (1983) which featured an intelligent supercomputer and a trigger to bomb specifically targeted locations.
A deleted scene explains why Captain America had to borrow his old uniform from the museum: he let the S.T.R.I.K.E. team track his new uniform to a basketball court while he went back to the hospital in regular clothes.
Aaron Taylor-Johnson and Elizabeth Olsen appear as Quicksilver and The Scarlet Witch in an extra scene during the end credits, which sets the stage for Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015).
This is the first film involving Captain America in which Steve Rogers never uses or even touches a firearm of any kind.
Cameo) Robert Downey Jr.: at 1:53:47 when the helicarriers are locking on to the new Avengers Tower, in the far right of the screen an image of Robert Downey Jr. can be seen.
The document in Nick's box is Thai Working permit.
In the scene where Nick Fury comes and revealed he is alive to Alexander Pierce, while Black Widow is releasing all the secrets to the internet, you can see a faint outline of the game Galaga, a reference to The Avengers movie
The bible quote on Nick Fury's headstone is the line that Samuel L. Jackson delivered as the gangster Jules in Pulp Fiction.
In the scene where Steve sneaks into his apartment through the window, the book Night Stalkers by Micheal Durant can be seen at the bottom of the horizontal stack of books. Durant served in the Army as a Chief Warrant Officer 4, and was taken prison in Somalia during the Battle of Mogadishu in 1993. He was released after spending 11 days in captivity. The film Black Hawk Down portrays the events of the battle, and Durant's capture.
Natasha Romanov disguised as Councilwoman Hawley, wearing a holographic mask of Councilwoman Hawley may be a nod to Total Recall (2012), where Colin Farrell's character Douglas Quaid disguises himself as a Japanese man by wearing a holographic mask.

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