The writer, director and producer was best known for penning the script to 1993's Cool Runnings, the comedy about Jamaican Olympic bobsled team.
According to The Hollywood Reporter, Goldberg lost his battle with brain and sinus cancer on October 2.
As well as Cool Runnings, he also co-wrote Should've Been Romeo, Little Giants, Bushwhacked, Snow Dogs and The Lovemaster, which he also directed.
As well as writing and directing Hollywood films, he also directed and acted in a number of off-Broadway productions.
Here is the trailer for Cool Runnings: