The Tasmanian Tiger, also known as the Tasmanian Wolf, thylacine or Thylacinus cynocephalus, the latter which is Greek for "dog-headed pouched one", is an extinct species of carnivorous marsupial. It is so called a Tasmanian Tiger because of the stripes on its back.
Approximately 40% of the film's production personnel were from Tasmania - Australia's small southernmost island where the film was shot. Locations included Maydena, Deloraine and the Florentine Valley.
Willem Dafoe had to deal with leeches during production filming in the Tasmanian wilderness in Australia. In a media interview, he joked how he didn't lose any blood, ironic because his previous Australian film Daybreakers (2009) had been a vampire movie. Both movies co-star Sam Neill.
The source novel by Julia Leigh won the French Prix de l'Astrolabe Ettonants Voyageurs as well as a British Betty Trask Award. The book was also a New York Times notable book of its year as well as being short-listed for a number of literary prizes. It has been translated into nine languages and published in all major territories. This film was made 12 years after the movie's source book was first published in 1999.
The film's source novelist Julia Leigh is also a writer-director herself, writing and directing Sleeping Beauty (2011), another Australian movie released in the same year as this film. Leigh however did not actually work on the screenplay nor direct this film.