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Circumstance (2011) More at IMDbPro »

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Circumstance -- Winner of the 2011 Sundance Film Festival Audience Award, CIRCUMSTANCE is a provocative coming-of-age story that cracks open the hidden, underground world of Iranian youth culture.
Circumstance -- A wealthy Iranian family struggles to contain a teenager's growing sexual rebellion and her brother's dangerous obsession.


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5.9/10   6,147 votes »
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Maryam Keshavarz (written by)
View company contact information for Circumstance on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
6 October 2011 (Netherlands) See more »
A wealthy Iranian family struggles to contain a teenager's growing sexual rebellion and her brother's dangerous obsession. | Add synopsis »
10 wins & 8 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
"Empathic and mindful love-story..." See more (42 total) »


  (in credits order)

Nikohl Boosheri ... Atafeh Hakimi

Sarah Kazemy ... Shireen Arshadi

Reza Sixo Safai ... Mehran Hakimi
Soheil Parsa ... Firouz Hakimi
Nasrin Pakkho ... Azar Hakimi
Amir Barghashi ... Mohammed Mehdi
Fariborz Daftari ... Shireen's Uncle

Keon Alexander ... Joey (as Keon Mohajeri)

Sina Amedson ... Hossein
Amir Hossein Soleimani ... Payam (as Amir Soleimani)
Siro Fazlian ... Shireen's Grandmother
Elie Njeim ... Club Drug Dealer
Joseph Fadel ... Taxi Merci Driver
Milad Hadchiti ... Yusef
Ghina Daou ... Party Girl

Hadi Tabbal ... Molesting Taxi Driver (as Hady Tabbal)
Rita El-Achkar ... Maid
Ele Khater ... Young Addict
Amanda Nawfal ... Fatima
Paul Bweiz ... Good Looking Boy
Layale Harfouche ... Club Model
Nay Harfouche ... Club Model
Neila Salameh ... Club Model

Directed by
Maryam Keshavarz 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Maryam Keshavarz  written by

Produced by
Maryam Ataei .... associate producer (as Maryam Azadi)
Karin Chien .... producer
Antonin Dedet .... co-producer
Nathan C. Dee .... co-executive producer
Derek T. Fears .... co-executive producer
Hossein Keshavarz .... associate producer
Maryam Keshavarz .... producer
Melissa M. Lee .... producer (as Melissa Lee)
Carla Roley .... associate producer
Pierre Sarraf .... line producer
Audrey Saunders .... co-executive producer
Christina Won .... executive producer
Original Music by
Gingger Shankar 
Cinematography by
Brian Rigney Hubbard (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Andrea Chignoli 
Casting by
Lara Chekerdjian  (as Lara Chekedjian)
Production Design by
Natacha Kalfayan 
Costume Design by
Lamia Choucair 
Makeup Department
Stéphanie Aznarez .... key makeup artist (as Stéphanie Asnarez)
Kasia Bohos .... assistant makeup artist: reshoot unit
Joanna Kamar .... makeup assistant
Therese Moukarzel .... key hair stylist
Michael Peter .... additional hair stylist
Anna Piskoulian .... key hair stylist: reshoot unit
Anna Piskoulian .... key makeup artist: reshoot unit
Production Management
Jimmy Dib .... assistant unit production manager
Abla Khoury .... unit production manager
Bassam Madi .... unit manager
Amanda Nawfal .... unit manager
Joseph Rusin .... unit production manager: reshoot unit
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Nagham Abboud .... third assistant director
Kit Bland .... first assistant director
Reine Razzouk .... second assistant director
Art Department
Jessica Abi Nassif .... assistant art director (as Jessica Abinassif)
Scott Enge .... production designer: reshoot unit
Alicia Peterson .... set dresser: reshoot unit
Christina Weston .... art director: reshoot unit
Sound Department
Karine Bacha .... boom operator (as Kareen Bacha)
John Bires .... additional audio
Robert Deschaine .... adr mixer
Paul Flinchbaugh .... digital assistant
Paul André Fonarev .... sound mixer: reshoot unit (as Paul Fonarev)
Michael Gassert .... sound mixer
Darlene Gorzela .... additional audio
Arda Gulesserian .... additional audio
Daniel R. Kerr .... additional audio (as Dan Kerr)
Glenn T. Morgan .... supervising sound editor
Robert Rosenthal .... additional audio
Kyle Seo .... additional audio
Hermann Thumann .... sound effects editor (as Herman Thumann)
Rich Toenes .... additional audio
Tami Treadwell .... adr recordist
Mathew Waters .... sound effects editor (as Matt Waters)
Mathew Waters .... sound re-recording mixer
James Wright .... dolby sound consultant
David Young .... additional audio
Joe Barnett .... sound re-recording mixer (uncredited)
Visual Effects by
Chris Armstrong .... director of animation and visual effects
Christopher Boyd .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Sarah Jane Chin .... visual effects production manager: Academy of Art University
Philip Fadlou .... visual effects artist
Sean Gillane .... visual effects video technician
Nathan Hackett .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Micah Jordan .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Doyoung Kim .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Quan Li .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Patrick Louie .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Patrick Louie .... visual effects supervisor: Academy of Art University
Jeremy A. Parrish .... visual effects technical assistant
Galina Rozina .... visual effects lab manager
Ronald Tacsion .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Catherine Tate .... senior visual effects supervisor: Academy of Art University
Catherine Tate .... visual effects instructor: Academy of Art University
Cheryl Lynn Vanderbilt .... visual effects production consultant
Jeong Won Jang .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Stephanie Woo .... lead compositor: Academy of Art University (as Stephanie G. Woo)
Weihung Yin .... compositor: Academy of Art University
Jad Eid .... stunt coordinator
Camera and Electrical Department
Georges Abou Annei .... grip
Toni Abou Haidar .... grip
Johnny Abou Sleiman .... grip
Joseph Abou Sleiman .... grip
Yousseh Aho .... grip
Elie Akl .... camera assistant
Syha Araj .... videographer
Team Bashet .... key grip: reshoot unit
Safa Brahim .... additional key grip
Samir Brahim .... best boy electric
Majed Chaaban .... camera assistant
Sara Elia .... best boy grip: reshoot unit
Sarah Galley .... second assistant camera: reshoot unit
Fernando Gayesky .... first assistant camera
Cecilia Guerrero .... first assistant camera: reshoot unit
Charbel Hadchiti .... grip
Marzouk Helmy .... grip
Rawad Hmaymass .... key grip
Riad Howayek .... grip
Toni Illo .... grip
Hanna Issa .... camera assistant
Mina Jamil .... grip
Scott Johnson .... second assistant camera: reshoot unit
Kinzi Khalaf .... grip
Joseph Khamis .... gaffer
Nader Kneiher .... grip
Tony Mkere .... steadicam operator
Tarek Moukaddem .... still photographer
Joseph Nabhan .... camera assistant
Rami Saad .... camera assistant
Michel Saadeh .... camera assistant
Kenneth Wales .... gaffer: reshoot unit (as Ken Wales)
Marie Warde .... second assistant camera
Vanessa Wolf .... best boy electric: reshoot unit
Casting Department
Nagham Abboud .... casting coordinator
Suha Araj .... casting assistant
Mia Askerlund .... casting assistant (as Mia Askerland)
Jason Knight .... casting assistant
Mahsa Saloor .... casting assistant
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Rana Ali .... assistant wardrobe manager
Jacqueline Castro .... assistant wardrobe: reshoot unit
Danielle Gilbert .... key wardrobe manager: reshoot unit
Nicole Weinert .... assistant wardrobe: reshoot unit
Editorial Department
J. Cody Baker .... digital intermediate assistant
Dane Bergerson .... digital intermediate assistant
Salvatore Catanzaro .... on-line editor
Mike Chiado .... digital intermediate technologist
Christopher Clausing .... drs artist
Michael Coronado .... drs artist
Alden Delos Santos .... telecine
David Feldman .... digital intermediate director feature sales
Siggy Ferstl .... digital intermediate colorist
Dan Goslee .... digital intermediate assistant
Annie Johnson .... digital intermediate producer
Thomas Kuo .... digital intermediate scan operator
Chocez Peterson .... digital intermediate feature operation manager
Sherry Price .... drs artist
Tristan Rayos .... digital intermediate assistant
Paul Sage .... digital intermediate assistant
Heidi Scheuermann .... editorial intern
Spencer Seibert .... editorial intern
Stefan Sonnenfeld .... digital intermediate executive producer
Rachel Tejada .... additional assistant editor
Vincent Tsu .... assistant editor
Kristin Yawata .... editorial intern
Music Department
Jas Ahluwalia .... musician: tabla, percussion
Sussan Deyhim .... musician: special guest vocalist
Shahzad Ismaily .... musician: banjo
M.C. Rai .... musician: vocalist
Bahman Sarram .... musician: violin
Gingger Shankar .... musician: vocals, double violin, piano
Janani Shankar .... musician: vocals
Jake Snyder .... musician: guitars
Stevie Snyder .... musician: guitars
Mona T. .... musician: drums, percussion
Chris Votek .... musician: cello (as Christopher Votek)
Gingger Shankar .... music editor (uncredited)
Gingger Shankar .... music supervisor (uncredited)
Transportation Department
Ahmad Abkan .... driver
Iskandar Antoun .... driver
Elie Chalhoub .... driver
Abdelrahman El Aley .... driver
Rabih Ghyia .... driver
Nabil Hachem .... driver
Saad Hadchiti .... driver
Jean Saad .... driver
Other crew
Tara Aghdashloo .... script translator
Heather Askew .... script supervisor
Maryam Ataei .... dialogue coach: Persian (as Maryam Azadi)
Maryam Ataei .... script translator (as Maryam Azadi)
Maryam Ataei .... story editor (as Maryam Azadi)
Bassam Bokdashy .... runner
Nicole Compas .... production counsel: Gray Krauss Des Rochers
André Des Rochers .... production counsel: Gray Krauss Des Rochers
Jimmy Dib .... location manager
Pooria Fard .... additional adr voice
Jeano Fata .... assistant location manager
Nadine Haber .... office assistant
Jowe Harfouche .... location coordinator
Muhamed Kawas .... choreographer
Bassam Madi .... caterer
Jonathan Mastro .... script consultant
Tony Mjaess .... unit helper
Sarah Nasser .... unit helper
Amanda Nawfal .... caterer
Danny Pugh .... end credits
Danny Pugh .... production assistant: reshoot unit
Carole Sawma .... production assistant
Ali Seblini .... unit helper
Spencer Seibert .... production assistant: reshoot unit
Stephan Sesquin .... script translator
Hind Shoufani .... script translator
Jana Wehbe .... production coordinator
Chino Wong .... titles designer
Marijana Wotton .... location scout: reshoot unit
Kristin Yawata .... english subtitles
Atom Egoyan .... very special thanks
Robert Redford .... very special thanks
Alesia Weston .... thanks

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Rated R for sexual content, language and some drug use
107 min
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Australia:MA (2011) | Canada:14A (Ontario) | Canada:13+ (Québec) | Netherlands:12 | Sweden:11 | UK:15 | USA:R
Filming Locations:

Did You Know?

Errors made by characters (possibly deliberate errors by the filmmakers): When Mehran stops to pray at the side of the road, he holds his hands like Shiites and his foot like Sunnis.See more »
Zamin SafeSee more »


This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.
8 out of 10 people found the following review useful.
"Empathic and mindful love-story...", 11 October 2012
Author: Sindre Kaspersen from Norway

Iranian-American screenwriter and director Maryam Keshavarz's feature film debut which she wrote, premiered in the U.S. Dramatic section at the 27th Sundance International Film Festival in 2011, was shot on location in Lebanon and is a USA-Iran-France co-production which was produced by Karin Chien, Melissa Lee and Maryam Keshavarz. It tells the story about Atafeh, a 16-year-old student who lives in a wealthy family in Tehran with her father Firouz, her mother Azar and her older brother Mehran who has recently returned home from a rehab. Atafeh spends most of her time with her orphaned best friend Shireen who lives with her uncle. Atafeh and Shireen share a dream about leaving Tehran to become singers and they are becoming more than just friends, but then Atafeh's brother meets Shireen and falls in love with her.

Finely and acutely directed by Iranian-American filmmaker Maryam Keshavarz, this finely paced fictional tale draws a moving and intimate portrayal of a forbidden romance between two somewhat rebellious 16-year-old girls. While notable for it's naturalistic and atmospheric urban milieu depictions, fine production design by production designer Natasha Kalfayan, cinematography by cinematographer Brian Rigney Hubbaro and costume design by costume designer Lamia Choucair, this character-driven and dialog-driven coming-of-age indie depicts two dense studies of character and contains a prominent score by Indian-American multi-instrumentalist and composer Gingger Shankar.

This romantic and engaging drama about identity and the freedom of love, is impelled and reinforced by it's cogent narrative structure, subtle character development, entwined stories, multiple viewpoints and the commendable acting performances by Pakistan-born Canadian actress Níkohl Boosheri and French actress Sarah Kazemy in their debut feature film roles and Iranian-born stage director, writer and actor Soheil Parsa. An empathic and mindful love-story which gained, among other awards, the Audience Award-Dramatic at the 27th Sundance International Film Festival in 2011.

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