Scotland's beginnings, including its geological formation and the geography and wildlife that shaped its history. This episode covers all of the peoples who settled the country, from its first human inhabitants on through the 11th century.
James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England in 1603, and is succeeded by his second son Charles I. However, their reigns are marked by religious strife over the governance of Scotland's Reformed Churches.
Queen Victoria's enthusiasm for Scotland led to English society visiting to embrace the kilt, bagpipes, and Highland Gatherings. The Victorians invented the tartans, the dances, and the Gaelic music thought of as Scottish.
Scots played a vast role in exploring, winning, and administrating the huge British Empire. Many Scots of humble backgrounds made fortunes. Scots were a people who since the Middle Ages had roamed Europe, and they now travelled the world.
Although WWII boosted Scottish industry, after 1945 coal mining, shipbuilding, and engineering continued to decline. Since the 1970s central Scotland has become an industrial graveyard, and one in six Scots is unemployed.