Melancholia (2011) Poster



Writer and Director Lars von Trier admitted to having written the script under heavy influence of alcohol and drugs.
The image of Justine floating down the stream with her bouquet is inspired by John Everett Millais' 1852 painting "Ophelia."
Kirsten Dunst was offered the lead role after a Skype session with Lars von Trier on Paul Thomas Anderson's recommendation.
During the Cannes Film Festival press conference for the film, Lars von Trier responded to a question about the use of Wagner's music, by calling himself a Nazi, and saying that he sympathized with Hitler. Despite apologizing for his remarks, he was banned from the remainder of the festival, and declared a persona non grata by festival organizers, a first in the history of the festival.
Second part of the "Trilogy of Depression" also including Antichrist (2009) and Nymphomaniac: Vol. I (2013) / Nymphomaniac: Vol. II (2013).
John mentions several times that the golf course on their property is eighteen holes. Near the end, as Claire walks on the course through the hail, she passes a marker flag that reads "19".
According to Lars von Trier, "Hole 19" is "limbo".
The painting seen in the prologue is Pieter Breughel's Hunters in the Snow (1565). This painting also prominently features in Andrei Tarkovsky's Solaris (1972). Lars von Trier often stated Tarkovskiy greatly inspires him. He even dedicated his previous film, Antichrist (2009), to the Russian director.
Penélope Cruz was originally cast in the lead role, but left the film for a part in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011). She was replaced by Kirsten Dunst.
Kirsten Dunst won the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival for her role in this film.
The advertisement for which Justine is supposed to come up with a tagline, is based on an oil painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder titled "The Land of Cockaigne", an unflattering portrayal of excess and spiritual emptiness in a mythical land of plenty.
John is the only character who refers to the planet as "Melancholia."
Stellan Skarsgård and Alexander Skarsgård are father and son.
John Everett Millais' painting "Ophelia" and Pieter Breugel's "The Land of Cockaigne" are referenced in the images of the movie. Moreover, both paintings can be seen in the art books that Justine uses to rearrange the bookshelves in the library.
The prologue shows in a pictorially and symbolically way the events of the whole film. The prologue is also very different from the movie, which is filmed in a very realistic way.
There is no dialogue for the first nine minutes and twenty-five seconds of the film.
Lars von Trier cites Jean Genet's play "The Maids" as a source for elements of the story, adding that Penélope Cruz had originally suggested that he direct an adaptation of the play.
Justine's text about the loneliness and evilness of the Earth, about to be destroyed, refers to Genesis 6:13. If Justine is right, this may explain the scientific implausibilities of Melancholia's movement towards Earth.
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Kirsten Dunst and Lars von Trier share a birthday, April 30.
Stellan Skarsgård and Charlotte Gainsbourg appeared in Nymphomaniac: Vol. I (2013) and Nymphomaniac: Vol. II (2013).
Olga Kurylenko was considered to play the lead role.
One of two drama films released in 2011, where the appearance of a new planet in Earth's vicinity, is of major importance to the characters and plot. The other one is Another Earth (2011).
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The cast includes five performers who played vampires or appeared in at least one vampire movie or television series: Udo Kier appeared in Blood for Dracula (1974) and Blade (1998); Alexander Skarsgård was part of the True Blood (2008) cast; Kirsten Dunst was in Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles (1994); Sir John Hurt was in Only Lovers Left Alive (2013), and Kiefer Sutherland was in The Lost Boys (1987).
Lars von Trier said he got inspiration by the Nibiru Cataclysm, a possible encounter between Earth and a planetary object. An event also referenced in the Bible (Genesis 6:13), where God said to Noah: "I am going to put an end to all people, for the Earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the Earth."
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The film cast includes five people who appeared in many films based on comic books or graphic novels: Kirsten Dunst appeared in the Spider-Man trilogy, John Hurt was in V for Vendetta (2005), Stellan Skarsgård was in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, Alexander Skarsgård appeared in The Legend of Tarzan (2016), and Udo Kier appeared in Blade (1998).
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