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Hearat Shulayim
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Footnote (2011) More at IMDbPro »Hearat Shulayim (original title)

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Footnote -- Eliezer and Uriel Shkolnik are father and son as well as rival professors in Talmudic Studies. When both men learn that Eliezer will be lauded for his work, their complicated relationship reaches a new peak.


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Joseph Cedar (written by)
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Release Date:
25 May 2011 (Israel) See more »
Eliezer and Uriel Shkolnik are father and son as well as rival professors in Talmudic Studies. When both men learn that Eliezer will be lauded for his work, their complicated relationship reaches a new peak. Full summary » | Add synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for Oscar. Another 16 wins & 6 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
A sour and mostly unpleasant affair See more (24 total) »


  (in credits order)

Shlomo Bar-Aba ... Eliezer Shkolnik (as Shlomo Bar Aba)

Lior Ashkenazi ... Uriel Shkolnik
Aliza Rosen ... Yehudit (as Alisa Rosen)
Alma Zack ... Dikla Shkolnik
Micah Lewensohn ... Grossman
Nevo Kimchi ... Fingeroot

Yuval Scharf ... Noa
Daniel Markovich ... Josh
Tsipi Gal ... Mystery Woman
Michael Koresh ... Yona Solomon, Committee Member
Idit Teperson ... Sara Foddor, Committee Member
Shmuel Shiloh ... Herman, Committee Member (as Shmulik Shilo)
Albert Iluz ... Dvir Oded, Committee Member (as Albert Illouz)
Gad Kaynar ... Committee Member
Jackey Levi ... TV Host (as Jacky Levy)
Hanna Hacohen ... Israel Prize Producer
Itay Polishuk ... Security Guard
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Edna Blilious ... Costume Designer Lady
Dan Caner ... Narrator
Natalia Faust ... Nurse
Dana Glozman ... Silit
Daria Robichek ... Devora
Dali Shachnaey ... Young Uriel
Jonnie Shualy ... Soundman

Nelly Tagar ... Security Guard (as Neli Tagar)
Nina Traub ... Yonat
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Directed by
Joseph Cedar 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Joseph Cedar  written by

Produced by
Leon Edery .... producer
Moshe Edery .... producer
Michal Graidy .... executive producer: MoviePlus
Tamir Kfir .... line producer
David Mandil .... producer
Joseph Cedar .... producer (uncredited)
Original Music by
Amit Poznansky 
Cinematography by
Yaron Scharf (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Einat Glaser-Zarhin  (as Einat Glaser Zarhin)
Casting by
Hila Yuval 
Production Design by
Arad Sawat 
Costume Design by
Laura Sheim 
Makeup Department
Ronit Arviv .... makeup artist (as Ronit Dugo Arviv)
Production Management
Amit Gilboa .... post-production manager
Assaf Gordon .... production manager
Lee Shira .... post-production supervisor
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Mandel Itai .... second assistant director
Shir Shoshani .... first assistant director
Sound Department
Tuli Chen .... sound mixer (as Tully Chen)
Alex Claude .... sound designer
Israel David .... sound re-recording mixer
Daniel Meir .... sound effects editor
John Purcell .... dialogue editor
Gadi Raz .... sound effects editor
Wilmont Schulze .... foley artist
Bar On Shelly .... assistant re-recording mixer
Sebastian Stroux .... foley mixer
Visual Effects by
Roy Alter .... title designer
Roy Alter .... visual effects artist
Ilan Weintrob .... visual effects supervisor
Michal Wolff .... visual effects director
Camera and Electrical Department
Shimon Belfer .... rigging gaffer
Shuki Paz .... gaffer
Ruby Rubinstein .... assistant camera
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Laura Sheim .... key costumer
Editorial Department
Szabolcs Barta .... colorist
Tibor Csige .... post-production coordinator
László Kovács .... telecine colorist: dailies
Music Department
Itamar Argov .... music preparation
Alex Claude .... musical director
Israel David .... music score recordist
Stefan Karrer .... soundtrack album producer
Amit Poznansky .... orchestrator
Doron Salomon .... conductor
Lionel Ziblat .... orchestrator
Other crew
Grace Benoish .... script supervisor

Production CompaniesDistributorsOther Companies
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Additional Details

Also Known As:
"Hearat Shulayim" - Israel (original title)
See more »
Rated PG for thematic elements, brief nudity, language and smoking
Israel:103 min
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:

Did You Know?

Israel's official submission to the Best Foreign Language Film category of the 84th Academy Awards 2012.See more »
Eliezer Shkolnik:That's a very nice idea, very nice... but wrong.See more »
Movie Connections:


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5 out of 9 people found the following review useful.
A sour and mostly unpleasant affair, 1 April 2012
Author: Howard Schumann from Vancouver, B.C.

Though Joseph Cedar's Footnote is a look at the Israeli academic community's insularity and hubris, the problems it raises are universal and the film could most likely take place anywhere in the world. One of five nominated films at this year's Oscars in the Best Foreign Film category, Footnote allows us to take a peak behind the hallowed walls of academia and it is not a pretty sight. With its exposure of political maneuvering, egotism, ambition, and tightly controlled orthodoxy, the film makes clear its point of view that professors who are out of the mainstream are marginalized and passed over for recognition by their peers.

The film centers on Eliezer Shkolnik (Schlomo Bar Aba), an aging Talmudic scholar and philologist, who has become a bitter and aggrieved man after having been passed over for the prestigious Israel Prize for twenty years. Eliezer arrogantly denounces the selection committee for the Prize as people who have forgotten the meaning of true scholarship. He has spent his career researching corrupted Jewish texts that deviate from the original Talmud, but whose only recognition has been a citation in a footnote.

Ill at ease in the hallowed walls of academia and in relationships in general, Eliezer sleeps in his office and only ventures out to go to the library. He continues to schedule classes even though as little as one or two people enroll. His relationship with his wife Yehudit (Alisa Rosen) appears strained and distant and, when he is at home, he blocks out the world by putting on gigantic yellow earphones. His behavior is contrasted with that of his more sociable and outgoing son, the bearded Uriel (Lior Ashkenazi) who is also a Talmudic scholar but one whose work is more attuned to popular tastes. His father, unfortunately, is generally disdainful, calling him a "folklorist" and a scholar subservient to the prevailing academic status quo.

The film opens with Eliezer sitting in an auditorium with a dour and rigid look on his face as Uriel is being inducted into a scholarly academy, an honor which the father has never received. Despite the downbeat beginning, the first part of the film is fairly lighthearted with Cedar entertaining us with inter-titles describing the background of the characters and Amelie-like cutesy cinematic tricks bouncily scored by Amit Poznansky. Halfway through, however, the film takes a more dramatic turn when Eliezer learns that he has finally won the Israel Prize after waiting for twenty years, an event that threatens the resentment he clings to so obsessively.

Unfortunately, a ridiculous faux-pas by the Nominating Committee only serves to place more obstacles in the father-son relationship. It is, unfortunately, not an easily correctable mistake but a true ethical dilemma and one that precipitates a confrontation between Uriel and the academic committee in a tiny room, an absurd scenario that would be funny if it did not have so many potential disastrous ramifications. The brunt of Uriel's attack is directed towards Yehuda Grossman (Michah Lewesohn), a scholar who has either rejected or ignored his father's work and whose publication of his own Talmudic discovery undermined all the meticulous research Eliezer had been doing for years. In the film's most dramatic sequence, the confrontation escalates into highly articulated personal attacks, ultimatums, and even a bit of physical violence.

While Uriel is defending his father at the committee meeting, Eliezer is doing the opposite, criticizing his son during an interview, lumping him in with those whose Talmudic studies he considers to be shallow and superficial. Needless to say, this even further exacerbates their troubled relationship. Footnote is an engaging film marked by exceptional performances by Lewesohn, Ashkenazi, and Bar Aba and you can enjoy it whether or not you care very much whether or not the current version of the Talmud correctly reflects the original ancient texts. The depiction of Eliezer, however, is one-dimensional and the father's incessant self-righteousness turns the film into a sour and mostly unpleasant affair. In addition to its depressing tone, numerous plot points are introduced and then dropped without further comment.

Eliezer is seen talking to another woman, a sequence that leads to a bedroom discussion of the event between Uriel and his wife Dikla (Alma Zack), but soon morphs into an argument, its purpose obscure. Also in another thread that goes nowhere except to add to the general unpleasantness, Uriel's son Josh (Daniel Markovich) goes on a hiking trip and comes home having to confront his father's anger at his ostensible lack of ambition or goals. Although the film's loose ends are particularly annoying, we are caught up in its very compelling scenario. Cedar knows how to build up the tension and we eagerly await some sort of resolution but, as is the trend of late, the director feels that his film is more valuable as a gigantic set-up than as a satisfying resolution and the result is a film that leaves us thinking that the projectionist inadvertently cut out the best part of the movie.

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