IMDb > Primal (2010)
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Primal (2010) More at IMDbPro »

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Primal -- A young woman is reduced to a crazed predatory state while camping with her friends in the Australian wilderness.


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Nigel Christensen (story) &
Josh Reed (story) ...
View company contact information for Primal on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
7 May 2011 (Japan) See more »
A group of friends travel into the Australian wilds to view ancient cave paintings but soon find a horrible sickness gripping one of their own, which leaves them with nothing in their mind but a primal blood lust. Full summary » | Add synopsis »
User Reviews:
A Nutshell Review: Primal See more (45 total) »


  (in credits order) (complete, awaiting verification)
Zoe Tuckwell-Smith ... Anja

Krew Boylan ... Mel

Lindsay Farris ... Chad
Rebekah Foord ... Kris
Damien Freeleagus ... Warren

Wil Traval ... Dace
Mark Saunders ... Painter (as Alfred Coolwell)
Walangari Karntawarra Jakamarra ... Monster (as Walangari Karntawarra)
Stephen Shanahan ... Settler
Ch'aska Cuba de Reed ... Settler's Daughter
Santiago Cuba de Reed ... Settler's Son

Directed by
Josh Reed 
Writing credits
Nigel Christensen (story) &
Josh Reed (story)

Josh Reed (screenplay)

Produced by
Nigel Christensen .... producer
John Cordukes .... producer
James Crawford .... executive producer
Rob Gibson .... producer
Josh Reed .... producer
Original Music by
Rob Gibson 
Cinematography by
John Biggins (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Josh Reed 
Casting by
Kirsty McGregor 
Production Design by
Gypsy Taylor 
Art Direction by
Simon Elsley 
Costume Design by
Emily Schulz 
Makeup Department
Charmaine Connelly .... prosthetics coordinator
Rick Connelly .... prosthetics supervisor
Sam Edwards .... makeup assistant (as Samantha Edwards)
Jane Holder .... prosthetics makeup artist
Lynne O'Brien .... hair stylist: pickups unit
Lynne O'Brien .... makeup artist: pickups unit
Marion Phillips .... key hair artist
Marion Phillips .... key makeup artist
Cathy Ransley .... makeup assistant (as Kathy Ramsley)
Russell Sharp .... prosthetics assistant
Jessica Nelson .... assistant special effects makeup (uncredited)
Hugo Villasenor .... assistant special effects makeup (uncredited)
Production Management
Doni Archer .... production manager
Nigel Christensen .... post-production supervisor
Danni Janus .... production manager: pickups
John Wheeler .... unit commander
Lee Brazier .... executive in charge of production: AV Pictures (uncredited)
Ed Marx .... post-production supervisor (uncredited)
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Stephanie Bridger .... first assistant director: pickups unit
Michael Chrisoulakis .... first assistant director: pickups unit
Tony Leach .... first assistant director
Andrew Pante .... second assistant director
Jordan Taranto .... third assistant director
Matt Zettell .... second unit director (uncredited)
Art Department
Kati Bottomley .... additional props buyer
Natalie Bracher .... art finisher
Mark Campbell .... art department coordinator
Mark Campbell .... art director: pickups unit
Mark Campbell .... on-set art director
Loretta Cosgrove .... technician: CNC
Mark Diggins .... carpentry foreman
Ben Foley .... leading hand set builder
Justin Gerke .... set builder
Roger Gillespie .... head plasterer
Lucas Goodchild .... plasterer
Greg Hajdu .... construction supervisor
Pepi Kokab .... art department runner (as Pepi Kobab)
Gaetano Lagana .... scenic artist (as Gatano Lagana)
Tim Latch .... stagehand
Jacob Nash .... artist: indigenous rock artwork
Mark Panucci .... set builder
Stefhan Perry .... art runner
Stefhan Perry .... coordinator
Gemima Snars .... scenic artist
Michael Swingle .... scenic artist
Eddy Taylor .... scenic artist
Amanda Testa .... art department: set modifications/alter
Gary Vickers .... stagehand
Ben Walker .... stand-by props master
Andre Zdroykowski .... plasterer
Sound Department
Leon Anderson .... adr recordist
James Andrews .... adr recordist
Damian Candusso .... sound effects editor
Rosie Chase .... adr assistant
Nigel Christensen .... dialogue editor
Nigel Christensen .... sound designer
Nigel Christensen .... sound effects editor
Nigel Christensen .... sound recordist: pickups unit
Sophie Gleitzman .... dialogue editor
Sophie Gleitzman .... sound effects editor
Justin Hughes .... foley artist
Polly McKinnon .... dialogue editor
Gerry Neutch .... boom swinger: replacement
John O'Connell .... sound recordist
Ian Rumbell .... boom swinger
Fabian Sanjurjo .... sound effects editor
Eren Sener .... sound attachment
Tony Vaccher .... sound mixer
Daniel Young .... foley recordist
Special Effects by
Meg Ashforth .... special effects prop shop supervisor
Alexa Ashton .... special effects props assistant
Helen Dang .... special effects props assistant
Bridget Dolan .... special effects prop fabricator
Luke Ede .... special effects props assistant
Orlando Norrish .... special effects prop shop supervisor
Dan Oliver .... special effects advisor: rigging
Ian Sinclair .... technician: plasticine extraction
Kathy Mar Young .... special effects prop fabricator
Hill Vinot .... mold maker: Proteus FX (uncredited)
Thad Whitley .... dental prosthetics: Dental Distortions (uncredited)
Visual Effects by
Kristen Anderson .... 3D concept artist
Doug Bayne .... visual effects supervisor
Michael Blake .... lead compositor
Landon Curry .... studio manager: Red Cartel
Jeremy Davidson .... rigging: Red Cartel
Jeremy Davidson .... technical director: Red Cartel
Matt Dignum .... creative director: Red Cartel
Blake Druery .... compositor
Matt Ebb .... compositor: Red Cartel
Matt Ebb .... shading: Red Cartel
Nicole Mather .... matte painter
Alex McCleod .... additional visual effects: tentacle effects (as Alex McLeod)
Rob Moffet .... compositor
Mark Mulligan .... rigging: Red Cartel
Mark Mulligan .... technical director: Red Cartel
James Neale .... producer: Red Cartel
Greg Petchkovsky .... models: Red Cartel (as Greg Petchovsky)
Warren Powell .... effects: Red Cartel
Will Skinner .... compositor
Jessica Clare Smith .... compositor (as Jessica Smith)
Luke Sullivan .... animation: Red Cartel
James Cowen .... titles designer (uncredited)
Donna Mathewson .... visual effects editor (uncredited)
Stephanie Bridger .... additional stunt assistant
Grant Page .... safety supervisor
Leroy Page .... stunt assistant
Holly Thompson .... stunt assistant
Jared S. Eddo .... key stunt rigger (uncredited)
Terry Notary .... stunt coordinator (uncredited)
Camera and Electrical Department
Nathan Barlow .... additional grip assistant
John Biggins .... director of photography: pickups unit
Bastien Chapignac .... clapper loader
Bastien Chapignac .... focus puller: pickups unit
Max Davis .... second camera operator
Remi Durrenberger .... electrics assistant: pickups unit
Remi Durrenberger .... electrics
Vera Hong .... camera attachment
Paul Jones .... additional grip assistant
Beau Moulson .... best boy
Alex Orellana .... focus puller (as Alex 'Alby' Orellana)
Ryan Peters .... data wrangler
Ryan Peters .... data wrangler: pickups unit
Matt Russell .... gaffer
Matt Russell .... gaffer: pickups unit
Jith Sen .... grip assistant
Pip Shapiera .... key grip (as Pip 'The Grip' Shapiera)
Mark Tipple .... additional grip assistant
Brie Walsh .... focus puller: pickups unit
Brie Walsh .... focus puller: second camera
Tim Walsh .... camera attachment
Benjamin Zadig .... camera attachment (as Ben Zadig)
Benjamin Zadig .... clapper loader: pickups unit (as Ben Zadig)
Ryan Joblin Allen .... electrician: Los Angeles (uncredited)
Casting Department
Lucky Gorka .... casting assistant (as Eliza Gorka)
Stevie Ray .... casting associate
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Cyd Cornall .... costume assistant
Andrea Hood .... costume standby
Emily Schulz .... wardrobe: pickups unit
Editorial Department
Stewart Arnott .... assistant editor
Nikki Freeman .... color grading coordinator
Amanda Liok .... editing assistant
Warren Lynch .... digital colourist
Music Department
Simon Leadley .... music mixer
Angela Little .... music programmer
Transportation Department
Miles Jones .... provider: truck & equipment
Paul Naylor .... location vehicles
Ric Petro .... location vehicles
Other crew
Hugh Allen .... runner: pickups unit
Asten Blakley .... grunt
Elaine Boyd .... production accountant
James Bramley .... representative: Fox Studios Australia
Stephanie Bridger .... production assistant to director
Nafiz Chowdhury .... overnight security
Pauline Clague .... script consultant
Emma Cohen .... unit nurse
Adam Dowell .... runner: pickups unit
Lee Glen Edmunds .... unit assistant
Sophie Gleitzman .... runner: pickups unit
Chris Hainsworth .... Finance Executive AV Pictures
Anna Hamilton .... locations manager: pre
Katie Harris .... unit nurse
Jill Hewitt .... representative: Moneypenny
Danni Janus .... production coordinator
Cynthia Keyte .... representative: Fox Studios Australia
Sean Kirby .... grunt
Jennifer Leacey .... schedule: pre
Liane Lee .... post-production accountant
Harley Legge .... grunt
Amanda Liok .... production assistant
Amanda Liok .... runner: pickups unit
Kate Meyer .... representative: Moneypenny
Josh Reed .... grunt (as Josh Eggleston)
Suzanne Richards .... unit nurse
Alan Robinson .... budget: pre
Kent Sansom .... animal wrangler
Neil Sharma .... production runner
Robert Simper .... safety report
Kurt Skorski .... grunt
Kerry Smith .... unit nurse
Andrew Teo .... caterer: Gypsy Kitchen
Brett Thornquest .... representative: Moneypenny
Brett Thornquest .... tax services
Lisa Thornquest .... representative: Moneypenny
Kristin Voumard .... script supervisor
Sonja Wilder .... unit nurse (as Sonia Wilder)
Andy Attenhofer .... assistant to director (uncredited)
Gabriel Jiménez .... assistant: producer: Costa Rica unit (uncredited)
Alex Merriman .... production intern (uncredited)
Jose D. Rocha .... production intern (uncredited)
Erin Tambellini .... script supervisor (uncredited)
Sophie Ashton .... extra special thanks
Simon Leadley .... in memoriam: 1956-2010

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
80 min
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »

Did You Know?

Josh Reed made the 12,000 year time-lapse sequence at the beginning of the film by individually photoshopping almost 300 frames. If you go through frame by frame you can see Josh buried to his neck in one frame towards the end, and his daughter, Ch'aska, peeking out from behind a tree in another frame.See more »
Boom mic visible: When Chad and Anja are talking at the campfire, a mic appears at the top edge of the picture.See more »
ShapelessSee more »


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33 out of 41 people found the following review useful.
A Nutshell Review: Primal, 24 March 2010
Author: DICK STEEL from Singapore

Written, directed and produced by Josh Reed, Primal may seem like your typical violent monster / slasher flick, but in following formula the film did turn out to be rather enjoyable, if not cliché, but it worked. The opening scene some 12000 years ago gives us the premise where a caveman tries to communicate the presence of an unknown beast, only to be devoured very quickly before fast forwarding to today, with 6 travelling friends on a road trip to that exact same location for a camp and a hike.

The film takes the first 30 minutes to cue us in on the characters, given that with an ensemble, we expect certain molds to be adopted. For instance, there's always the ditzy, loud mouthed and slutty blonde (Krew Boylan) who's in the trip for some forest romp with studious looking boyfriend Chad (Lindsay Farris), who had enough when she starts to openly flirt with the alpha male of the group, Dace (Wil Traval), who's take away from the trip is the mysterious painting seen in the opening shot. Throw in the others like the group joker Warren (Damien Freeleagus), simple follower Kris (Rebekah Foord) and the one whom you know is more than meets the eye given the token phobia she must overcome at some point (Anja, played by Zoe Tuckwell-Smith), you have the requisite group for one heck of a monster attack.

I would liken the genre as an opportunity to study character dynamics and behaviours when placed under extremely stressful situations, such as the tendency for some to talk a lot without action, or to arrow others to perform various dirty-work What more, it gets interesting because the great unknown happens to be manifested into one of their own, so existential questions get called into the picture, especially when one gets transformed into a blood lusting beast with plenty of fang-like teeth replacing the human ones, extreme dexterity (an ability that varies its effectiveness from time to time) and a nasty violent temper, coupled with some nasty makeup to complete the revolting look set to strike fear.

There's the decision to play who lives and who dies, and as the audience you get roped in, based on past experience in similar genre films, to play guess who's next, as we listen in on all the bickering and disagreements, plus the warning signs that the characters themselves fail to heed. Of course these disagreements get chopped down to manageable size when the body count increases, and part of the guilty fun is to identify and apply genre clichés over the film and see if they still hold water. Most do.

For those into bloody gore, there are enough moments in Primal that are graphic enough to make you squirm, since the acts of violence are unflinching. The story gets built up quite nicely into the last hurrah, where unfortunately some really raw looking special effects set in a cave drew unnecessary attention to itself, and marred the experience of the crescendo carefully crafted.

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