There are numerous pop culture references: The police car pile-up at the end of the submarine chase is an homage to The Blues Brothers, the Hawkmen arriving in support of Stewie, Mort and Brian's air raid is an homage to Flash Gordon, the apple-cart/skateboard chase is from Back To The Future and ends with the character saying "Das Poop!", perhaps alluding to Das Boot. There's even a blaster noise from Star Wars when they jump the three officers for their uniforms. The plane crash scene is an homage to Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom.
One of the scientists in the atomic facility says that they have a much better luck developing 100 "luftballons" than atomic bomb, then one of them blasts leaving 99. This is a reference to the famous song "99 Luftballons" by German singer Nena.
In addition to the opening theme adapted from "The Winds of War", the wedding celebration scene early in this episode features another composition from the miniseries, "Through Poland to a Jewish Village," by [[Bob Cobert]].