The map locations on the monitors in the S.H.I.E.L.D. Headquarters at the end, correspond to characters and events from the Marvel Comic books. The location in Africa, is a reference to Black Panther. Other locations refer to Thor, Captain America, Hulk, and others.
Jon Favreau had a lot of friction with the Marvel higher-ups, due to their constant intervention, to the point that they were having him rewrite the script as the film was still shooting. In particular, elements such as the increased prominence of the S.H.I.E.L.D. subplot, were the result of a need to establish the greater Marvel Cinematic Universe in preparation for The Avengers (2012), at the expense of the coherence of the film's own plot. These disputes got so bad, that Favreau turned down directing Iron Man Three (2013).
Although Mickey Rourke spent several months on a treadmill, and weight training, he initially was still unable to move around, and use the whip prop in the Whiplash outfit test, due to its sheer weight. To get around this problem, Rourke would wear heavy vests in subsequent physical training sessions to accustom his body in moving, while wearing heavy armor.
A lot of Whiplash's identifying features were suggested by Mickey Rourke himself. He wanted to perform half of his role in Russian, and consulted on the character's tattoos and gold teeth as well as having a pet cockatoo. In fact, Rourke paid for the bird and the gold teeth out of his own pocket.
Samuel L. Jackson was promised that Nick Fury would be given more screentime by Jon Favreau. Jackson almost didn't return to play Fury, due to problems with contract negotiations, but secured a landmark nine-picture deal to play Nick Fury, not only in this film, but in many other Marvel Studio productions.
When Tony Stark asks Natalie Rushman if she actually speaks Latin, she responds with the phrase "Fallaces sunt rerum species", a quote from Lucio Anneo Seneca meaning, "The appearances of things are deceptive".
(at around 14 mins) When first talking with Senator Stern (Garry Shandling), Tony Stark says he would gladly accept the position of Secretary of Defense. In the comics, Tony Stark actually was appointed the Secretary of Defense.
Numerous news clippings shown in the film, show Tony Stark and Ivan Vanko when they were younger men. Most of these, are actual photos of Robert Downey Jr. and Mickey Rourke, both of whom came to fame in the 1980s.
(at around 22 mins) According to Jon Favreau, the Asian man who hands Vanko false papers, in order to get to Monaco, is a member of the Ten Rings, the terrorist organization Stark encountered in the first film. This organization is reportedly headed by Iron Man's nemesis, the Mandarin.
(at around 1h 30 mins) The dance Justin Hammer (Sam Rockwell) does before presenting the drones at the Expo was improvised, and something he does to help himself get into character. It may also be a nod to former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, who was known for his energetic stage presence.
According to Jon Favreau, the technology in this film was portrayed as more futuristic: "After the first film, a number of tech companies talked about how uncanny a lot of our depictions of technology had turned out to be, and how many different films and videogames ended up being inspired by the imagery we used. This forced us to go a bit further into the future, and try and change the nature of this technology. If we'd just duplicated what happened in the first one, we would be behind the curve. So now we're dealing with holograms, the interface within the suit, and the suit being upgraded too."
Ivan Vanko originally had a tattoo of Loki on his neck. The film's producers feared it would cause confused fans to believe that Vanko would have a connection to this other villain from the same Marvel Cinematic Universe, so the tattoo was removed in post-production using CGI.
According to Mickey Rourke, he carried out a lot of research in Russia choosing what tattoos Ivan Vanko should carry on his body. He wanted authentic Russian tattoos, which would represent Vanko's Russian heritage, prison societies, and special clubs he might be in.
To prepare for his role as Ivan Vanko, a.k.a. Whiplash, Mickey Rourke paid a visit to Butyrka Prison, Moscow: "I tried to incorporate the whole Russian philosophy. It's a culture of its own, and I really enjoyed doing the research, and meeting the people, and they were very gracious there at the prison." Rourke also commented that Vanko's dialogue is in a Slovakian accent.
Writer Shane Black recommended that Tony Stark's characterization be inspired by J. Robert Oppenheimer, the scientist who led the team that developed the atomic bomb. After witnessing his creation's destructive potential, Oppenheimer defamed himself as "the Destroyer of Worlds" and sank into depression.
When Marvel first hired Samuel L. Jackson to play as Nick Fury in the first two Iron Man movies, they wanted to keep it very secret. They actually drove Samuel's car onto the middle of the set, and they surrounded it with dressing trailers, so that no one could see him get out of the car, and get into character until the first Iron Man (2008) was released in theaters.
In the comics, Tony Stark possesses a suitcase containing a portable suit of armor. This famous "suitcase armor" has been revised for the film. The suitcase converts into a series of plates that slide over a wire framework.
(at around 58 mins) Near the end of Tony Stark's fight with Rhodes, he says "You wanna be the War Machine? Then take your shot!" This is an homage to War Machine, Rhodes' superhero alias in the comics.
(at around 1h 12 mins) Hammer says, "If it were any smarter, it'd write a book, a book that would make 'Ulysses' look like it was written in crayon." Author James Joyce's eyesight was failing so badly during the writing of "Ulysses", that he had to write in large letters with a crayon on huge sheets of paper in order to see what he was writing.
A tattoo on Vanko's torso shows a Russian schooner, bordered with Russian script reading: "Give me a blonde, a bottle, and a boat, and I'll sail away..." This particular tattoo is Mickey Rourke's favorite.
Terrence Howard was replaced in the part of Rhodes for no perceived reason. The actor claimed that his contract wasn't honored. Entertainment Weekly stated that Jon Favreau did not enjoy working with him, often re-shooting or cutting his scenes. There was also speculation that Marvel had gone to Howard, asking him to accept a pay-cut for appearing in the sequel. As Howard had been the first actor cast for Iron Man (2008), he was paid the most.
Inspired by their use on The Dark Knight (2008), Jon Favreau considered the possibility of shooting some scenes using IMAX cameras, but eventually decided against it, as he figured that the film's visual effects would not look convincing at such high resolution.
According to Don Cheadle, he tried to make the role of Stark's right-hand man Rhodes his own, but eventually stole as much as possible from Terrence Howard's performance in the first film, to bring him to life.
(at around 1h 1 min) When Director Fury first shows up, the numbers 91:5 are written in the dust on the sidewalk. Psalm 91:5 reads: "Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day."
The layout, and many of the buildings of "Stark Expo 1974", were based on the 1964-65 New York World's Fair. In the Expo promo film outtakes shown in the movie, young Tony Stark picks up the Bell System Pavilion.
In the comics, Justin Hammer was a shrewd but elderly businessman. He was re-worked as a younger character in the film, to make him a contemporary rival to Tony Stark. The original purpose of the character in the comics, was to explain why the various enemies Iron Man fought somehow gained unique and extremely advanced weapons, but usually kept them for themselves to commit violent crimes instead of making money by bringing them to market. Iron Man eventually discovers the reason is because Hammer gives the weapons to various criminals as part of their contracts to become his mercenaries, with the agreement that they hand over a percentage of the loot from their crimes.
The character of Ivan Vanko (Mickey Rourke) is a combination of Iron Man's enemy the Crimson Dynamo (Dr. Vanko, who wears weaponry and armor that can control electricity), and the super-villain Whiplash (who possesses a specially designed razor and acid whip). In addition, the character is portrayed as the son of Anton Vanko, who was the original Crimson Dynamo in the comics, and assumes the identity of B. Turgenev (Boris Turgenev, in the comics, the second Crimson Dynamo).
This is Scarlett Johansson's third foray into comic book films. Her previous comic book films were Ghost World (2001), and The Spirit (2008), in which her character worked for the Octopus (played by Samuel L. Jackson). In this film, Johansson is again working under Jackson (as Nick Fury). Johansson had earlier expressed interest in playing the Marvel supervillain Moonstone.
Justin Hammer's company logo resembles an exterior picture of Thor's home world, specifically the Great Hall. This, and the company name, could be a foreshadowing of Thor's involvement in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
It has been confirmed by actor Tom Holland, who plays Peter Parker, a.k.a. Spider-Man, in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, that his character appeared in the movie, and was the little boy at the Stark Expo wearing the Iron Man helmet, when the expo was attacked by Hammer Tech drones.
Howard Stark's (John Slattery's) presentation of his idea for a futuristic city, is heavily influenced by Walt Disney's television revelation of his new EPCOT Center, and the accompanying Florida Project. The 3-D map of the city, closely mimics that of EPCOT's, and the posters behind Stark are from World's Fairs, in which Disney had a great influence, like Stark may also have been. In addition, one of the very few real-life 1964 World's Fair buildings, included in the Stark Expo, is a replica of the General Electric pavilion, which famously featured Disney's Carousel of Progress. Richard M. Sherman contributed the song "Make Way for Tomorrow Today" to the movie, a song similar to "There's a Great Big Beautiful Tomorrow," which Richard and his brother Robert B. Sherman composed for the Carousel of Progress, among many other classic Disney tunes.
(at around 1h 11 mins) When Hammer pitches his weapons arsenal to Rhodey he calls the Minigun "Puff the Magic Dragon". Aside from the movie and song references, during the Vietnam War, the Douglas AC-47 "Spooky" attack plane was armed with similar Miniguns, and was nicknamed "Puff the Magic Dragon".
The 35mm prints were shipped to U.S. theaters with the code name "Glow". There were three separate cans shipped. Can number three held reels one and eight, and was locked. The combination to the lock was not sent until a few hours before the midnight premieres.
This film has cameos for two actresses that co-starred in movies based on Marvel Comic characters. Kate Mara plays a U.S. Marshal, that serves Tony Stark with papers. She went on to star as Susan Storm in Fantastic Four (2015). Also making a cameo, is Olivia Munn, who plays the television show presenter at the Stark Expo. Olivia starred as Psylocke in X-Men: Apocalypse (2016).
(at around 1h 30 mins) As Justin Hammer is introducing each group of Hammer Drones, the anthem of each respective branch of the military plays in the background: The U.S. Army's "The Army Goes Rolling Along (The Caisson Song)", the U.S. Navy's "Anchors Aweigh", the U.S. Air Force's "The U.S. Air Force (Into the Wild Blue Yonder)", and the U.S. Marine Corps' "Marines' Hymn".
(at around 4 mins) When showing Vanko's collection of covers and articles about Tony Stark, there is one article about Iron Man stabilizing East and West relations that has the byline attributed to "Rob Down", a reference to Robert Downey Jr. The text of the article, is actually an obituary for Howard Stark, Tony's father.
Curiously, every instance of the word "Russian" was made inaudible in the Chinese version. No explanation was given as to why, although theories abound in the comments, ranging from China thinking viewers would be distressed by a Russian villain, trying to lend a courtesy to their longtime ally nation, or instead, trying to distance themselves from Russia, by obscuring all mention of it.
The final confrontation takes place in the Oracle dome. The decor resembles a Japanese tea garden, including a Japanese gate (that gets destroyed). Oracle's CEO, Larry Ellison, has a well-known affinity for all things Japanese, especially landscaping and decor.
During Stark's birthday party, partygoers begin throwing items into the air for a drunk Stark (suited up as Iron Man) to blast. One girl throws a watermelon, and Stark comments "Oh, you want the Gallagher?" This is a reference to Gallagher, whose famous Sledge-O-Matic comedy routine splatters produce (usually juicy items, like watermelons and tomatoes) onto the front rows of the audience.
The vintage automobiles seen in Stark's private collection, the 1953 Cadillac Series 62 Coupe by Ghia, once owned by Rita Hayworth (a present from Prince Aly Khan); a 1949 Mercury "lead sled" customized by Sam Barris (brother of George Barris, was provided by the Petersen Automotive Museum. The 1932 Ford flathead roadster there belonged to Jon Favreau.
Five authentic vintage formula one race cars were used in the Monaco race. Among them is a 1976 Lotus type 77 owned by collector Chris Locke. In the starting list of drivers shown on the television, one of the drivers names is Locke while another is Chapman, after Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus and their F1 team manager until his death in 1982.
(at around 46 mins) Pepper Potts' (Gwyneth Paltrow) line "The fundamentals of our company are strong", regarding the Stark Technology stock crash, is a reference to Senator John McCain's comment "The fundamentals of our economy are strong", made after the 2008 stock market crash, which is widely believed to have contributed to McCain's loss of the 2008 United States Presidential Election.
The character "Rumiko Fujikawa" was initially going to appear in the film, with Marvel reportedly wanting Ziyi Zhang for the role. Her part was cut, due to the film already having too much going on, but viral marketing, showcasing her Stark-Fujikawa subsidiary, was still used to promote the movie.
(at around 27 mins) When Tony Stark meets Elon Musk, he remarks admiration for Musk's "fantastic" Merlin engines, which are the propulsion engines SpaceX uses on its Falcon series of rockets. Musk replies that he's considering a concept for an "electric jet", a concept that he began revisiting in late 2015 to early 2016.
(at around 30 mins) At the start of the Monaco racing scene, Ivan Vanko is wearing an orange jump suit with the name "B. Turgenov", which is in reference to Boris Turgenov, the Crimson Dynamo. Boris' armor was designed by Anton Vanko. He was also a partner of Natasha Romanov a.k.a. Black Widow.
The action sequence of the Historic Grand Prix of Monaco had to be shot at the parking lot of the Downey Studios in California, as F1 boss Bernie Ecclestone (who had initially granted permission) retracted permission to film at the Grand Prix circuit. By the time permission was retracted, one Rolls-Royce Phantom was sent there, where driving sequence on the circuit was filmed.
On June 26, 2017, it had been confirmed by Tom Holland, that the little boy with the Iron Man mask at the Stark Expo, played by Kiana Prudhont, is a young Peter Parker, making this the first appearance of the Marvel Cinematic Universe Spider-Man.
According to the January 2012 Air & Space Magazine, Tony Stark's character was also inspired by South African-born (SpaceX and PayPal co-founder) Elon Musk. A statue of Iron Man, complete with company ID, "stands guard" at SpaceX, along with a Battlestar Galactica (2004) Cylon.
(at around 1h 13 mins) The names seen on the blueprints for the arc reactor that Tony removes from his father's box, are the names of crew members associated with the Iron Man films, William J. Law III, Sharon Davis, and Walt Hadfield. They all worked in the Art or Construction Departments.
The Navy Hammer drones are marked "VX-23." VX-23 is a U.S. Navy Aircraft Test Squadron out of Naval Air Station Patuxent River, that conducts research, testing, and evaluation of fixed wing tactical aircraft, and UAVs.
(at around 1h 29 mins) When Hammer yells at Vanko, "I don't speak RUSSIAN!", the Russian phrase Vanko had just spoken (after Hammer's lengthy speech) was "Slishkom mnogo govorish." This translates as, "You talk too much." Vanko uses the familiar "you" form of the verb, suggesting he doesn't respect Hammer, or see him as an equal.
(at around 1h 24 mins) Tony Stark refers to the government, who wants his suit technology, as the "Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers". This is a reference to a 1970s underground comic called "The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers", a drug culture comic, with three brothers named Phineas, Franklin, and Fat Freddy.
Stark's Grand Prix racer was partially based on a 1978 Walter Wolf Formula One car. Of the nineteen built, two were running models, powered by a 320 base horsepower, 350 cubic inch Chevrolet small-block V-8 engine.
(at around 55 mins) In Stark's mansion, Alberto Giacometti's bronze sculpture entitled "L'Homme qui marche I" can be seen. On February 3, 2010, the second edition of the cast of the sculpture became one of the most expensive works of art ever sold at auction, to Brazilian philanthropist Lily Safra, who paid 107.3 million dollars for it.
To keep various aspects of the production secret, the official fake working title from Marvel Studios was "Rasputin". Two more fake titles were also used during additional photography: "Murphy's Law" (named after John Francis Murphy, the recently-deceased father of Susan Murphy) and "The Adventures of Angus McDonald" (named after William Angus McDonald, the great-great-grandfather of Scott Trimble).
(at around 34 mins) When Tony gets out of the race car damaged by Whiplash, his arm is set on fire as he wears a blue track suit, making him resemble the Human Torch of the Fantastic Four, another Marvel character.
(at around 1h 24 mins) When Agent Coulson visits the lab with the under-construction accelerator, part of the coils are sitting on a generator marked "Lincoln Electric". Coulson later works with a character on Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013) with electric powers named Lincoln.
Stark refuses Nick Fury's and Natasha Romanov's offer to join The Avengers. The same thing happens to Wade Wilson, in the later Marvel comic film, Deadpool (2016), when Wilson refuses Negasonic Teenage Warhead's and Colossus's offer to join the X-Men.
DJ AM: (at around 53 mins) The D.J. at Tony's birthday party is DJ-AM, who died after principal photography had wrapped, making this his last film project. During the end credits, the film is dedicated to him.
Larry Ellison: (at around 10 mins) The CEO of Oracle Corporation (a billionaire playboy, who has often been compared to Tony Stark) is glimpsed briefly at the Stark Expo. As he walks past, Stark says, "It's the Oracle of Oracle." Oracle's brand is prominently placed at several points in the film, including the climactic showdown at a fictional "Oracle Biodome".
The trivia items below may give away important plot points.
Scenes in the film explicitly foreshadow The Avengers (2012): -When Tony goes through his father's case, an old Captain America comic book can be seen inside. Later, he uses Captain America's shield (a prototype) to build a reactor. -When Tony is watching the old reels of his father, and going through his notebooks, one of the sketches is of a Tesseract, drawn in the form of a so-called "Schlegel diagram". The Tesseract is a very important item in both Captain America: The First Avenger (2011) and The Avengers (2012). -News report of The Incredible Hulk (2008)'s campus battle is seen near the end of the film. -Stark and Fury discuss Stark's membership throughout the film. -Agent Coulson finds Thor's hammer in a crater in the post-credits scene.
In Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Garry Shandling reprises the role of Senator Stern. In Winter Soldier, it is revealed that Stern is a sleeper Agent of Hydra, which explains why the character was trying so hard to take Tony Stark's Iron Man suits and technology in this film.
In the original ending, Whiplash is revealed to have survived the explosion, and attacks Tony and Pepper before being killed by Rhodey. The ending was changed to a more ambiguous situation, in case Marvel wanted to bring back Whiplash for future movies.
The film's basic storyline (Stark must cope with the government confiscating his armor, and a mid-life crisis of depression and alcoholism, with his manipulative rival Justin Hammer scheming to ruin him) is inspired by the Iron Man comic "Demon in a Bottle".
at around 1h 24 mins) Tony Stark creates a new arc reactor with an item that resembles Captain America's shield. This shield was earlier seen lying on a desk at Stark's office in Iron Man (2008). This is an easter egg to reference Captain America, who was a founding member of The Avengers along with Iron Man in the films (although Captain America didn't appear in the Avengers comics until issue three, when they found him frozen). In the movie, Nick Fury refers to something called "The Avenger Initiative". Contrary to popular theory, it is not actually the shield of Captain America.
Seth Green: (at around 10 mins) while Tony is leaving the Expo and meets "Larry King" and Larry Ellison. Seth Green made several spoofs of Iron Man (including "Little Iron Man") in Robot Chicken (2001). Green later made another cameo in the Marvel Cinematic Universe as the voice of Howard the Duck during the post-credits scene in Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).
at around 1h 55 mins) The medals, presented to Rhodes and Stark at the end of the film, are actual military medals: Rhodes is awarded a Meritorious Service Medal, and Stark is awarded the Army's Distinguished Service Medal.
In the comics, Tony Stark would drive on a racetrack and suffer a car crash, from which "Happy" Hogan rescued him. This event has been replicated in the film, with the minor change being that Whiplash's attack causes the crash, and Hogan saves Stark by getting to him his suitcase armor.
at around 1h 1 min) When brainstorming the location for the scene when Nick Fury meets a hungover Tony Stark eating donuts, Jon Favreau wanted something that was distinctly Los Angeles, as Stark is the first on-screen Marvel superhero on the west coast. Favreau was figuring out where a character like Stark would visit after being hungover from partying all night, and figured Randy's Donuts, the twenty-four hour Los Angeles donut shop with the giant landmark donut on top was perfect. Favreau was relieved that Stark wasn't going to be on a giant sign belonging to a national chain restaurant. When meeting with the shop owner, who liked the idea, the owner initially suggested Stark fly through the donut.
The film's plot has a resemblance to a storyline in the comics called "Armor Wars II", which was published in 1990. In the comic, a man named Kearson DeWitt accused Tony Stark of stealing his father's designs, and uses technology given to him by Desmond and Phoebe Marrs, owners of the Marrs Corporation, to infect Tony with a techno-organic virus, and eventually battles Stark in a large armored suit. James Rhodes also helps Stark in the final battle. In the film, DeWitt is replaced by Ivan Vanko, and the Marrs siblings are replaced with Justin Hammer. The comic story also utilized remote-controlled empty armored suits, which appear in Iron Man Three (2013).
During the climax at the Stark Expo, Tony saves a young boy wearing an Iron Man helmet from one of the robotic drones. Several fans have speculated that the boy may have been a young Peter Parker, better known as Marvel's Spider-Man. Since the Spider-Man franchise was owned by Sony Pictures, the character could not be explicitly used in any Marvel film at the time. However, a deal that was made later between Marvel and Sony enabled Spider-Man to feature in both Captain America: Civil War (2016) and Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017). Given the fact that the Stark Expo was held in Queens (where Parker is from), and the boy seemed to have the right age to be a teenager by the time that Captain America: Civil War (2016) occurred, the theory grew stronger. Marvel and Spider-Man performer Tom Holland confirmed the theory shortly before the release of Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017).
The boy dressed in the iron man mask that Tony saves is according to fan theories (and reportedly confirmed later) is Peter Parker/Spiderman in the MCU who later shows up in Civil War and Spiderman Homecoming.