By 1862, both sides had 1 million men in uniform across a 1000 mile battle front ranging from Manassas, Virginia to Missouri. Battles had taken a horrendous toll in human lives on both sides. Lincoln and his Cabinet were frustrated by the slow pace of the war and with Gen. George B. McClellan who apparently did not want to engage the enemy. The eventual attack on the Confederate capital, Richmond - by transporting Union troops by boat to the peninsula southeast of Confederate capital - was met by stiff resistance from a force one-tenth its size. McClellan dug in at Yorktown and the battle dragged on. Mranwhile, the South had a new weapon in the form of the Merrimack, the first ironclad ship far more powerful that anything the North had immediately available but they eventually responded with the Monitor, which won the epic battle of iron ships when the Merrimack withdrew. In the West, Union Gen. U.S. Grant won two crucial victories and enhanced his reputation as well by demanding ... Written by
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Elisha Hunt Rhodes
This afternoon, seeing the general alone in the office, I stepped up to him and said, "General, I want to go home." "Want to go home, and for what?" he said. Unable to think of an answer, I blurted out. "I want to see my mother." "Is she sick?" he asked. "No," I replied, "I hope not." He asked me how long I had been away from home and if I was ever away for so long a time before. I told him I had been in the service for seven months and had never been away from home before.