Quintus Dias muses that he does not know if Arianne is an angel or devil. Unless Quintus was Christian, Jewish, or Zoroastrian, he would not have used this concept at the time of this movie's events in the 1st century AD, when Christianity had not widely expanded in Europe.
All of the horse riders are shown riding with stirrups. The stirrup did not come into use in Europe until the 6th century, so Romans and Britons riding horses would not had stirrups at the time depicted in the film, the 2nd century AD,
The day after abandoning the general, the Romans are seen running along the top of a rounded hill with a line of snow just under the edge. Some days later, after continuously running westwards, we see them run along the same hilltop in the opposite direction.
There are decapitations aplenty in this movie, with many lightweight weapons, short swords and small axes. Yet not even executioners during medieval times were always able to chop off a head with one stroke, even though the criminal was resting his neck on a chopping block and holding perfectly still and the executioner using a very heavy axe.
Quintus Dias is not a possible roman Name. Quintus would be a possible pronomen, but there's missing the nomen gentile (family name, ever with an "-us"-Ending), every Roman had. Dias would be a strange cognomen (third part of roman names). Example: Caius Iulius Caesar = Quintus XXXXX Dias.
In the beginning of the movie, on the map shown, Oceanvs Occidentalis (latin name of the Atlantic Ocean, meaning "Western Ocean") is misspelt as "Oceanis Occidentalis"; the latin name for the North Sea can be clearly seen to the east of Great Britain correctly spelt "Oceanvs Germanicvs" (meaning German Ocean).
Other misspellings on this map:
Bithinia instead of Bithynia.
Licia instead of Lycia.
Britania instead of Britannia.
The spear the IX Legion carries is a period-correct piece of Roman military equipment, known as the hasta. While certainly less well-known than the pilum (plural pila) throwing spear, the hasta would be a better tactical choice for a legion marching into heavy forest where the space required to bring up and throw a pilum properly is not guaranteed. The hasta, being basically a "typical" spear, is a more versatile weapon. It should be noted that every legionary was issued both a pilum and a hasta, though the pilum featured more prominently in the Romans' preferred open-field strategies.