- the war between the Asgardians and the Jotunns was based on the Aesir-Vanir war (the Jotunns were in fact a non-hostile/antagonistic race).
- Odin's ravens Huginn (thought) and Muninn (memory), who gather information in Midgard and relay it to Odin, are sitting on his throne during Thor's coronation ceremony.
- the symbol seen at the weapons vault, and on Mjolnir is the triquetra, a religious symbol. Its ancestor is the valknut, a German symbol associated with Odin.
- the Bifrost, originally thought of as the rainbow by the Norse, is seen as a beam of rainbow light.
- when Odin appears in Jotunheim, he is riding his eight-legged horse Sleipnir.
- a Jotun calls Thor a "little princess" - once Thor's hammer was stolen, and he dressed up as a Princess to go back and retrieve it.
- Laufey and Thor describe Loki as mischievous and a talented liar, an homage to Loki's titles as the god of mischief and lies.
- Thor asks for a cat to ride - Thor's mother Frigga has her chariot pulled by two large blue cats, a gift from Thor (to be noted, this could also reference the goddess Freya).
- and Thor shows Jane a drawing of a crossroads with nine orbs in it - his perception and representation of Yggdrasil, a great tree, around which, the nine worlds are tethered, making up the universe.
- the Tablet of Life and Time, a slab that can extend one's lifetime.
- the Eye of Agamotto (plays a major part in Doctor Strange (2016)).
- the Warlock's Eye, an artifact that can control peoples' minds.
- the Eternal Flame, a mystical flame that cannot be extinguished.
- the Casket of Ancient Winters, an enchanted container filled with frosty winds (plays a major role in this film).
- and the Infinity Gauntlet (right-handed), a glove encrusted with six reality-bending jewels (plays a major part in Avengers: Infinity War (2018) and Untitled Avengers Movie (2019)).
- Odin lost an eye in a battle with the Jotuns; in Norse legend, he gave up an eye to attain cosmic wisdom.
- In Norse legend, Loki is Odin's adopted brother, not Thor's. Loki was also the god of fire, and not a Frost Giant.
- Laufey was originally Loki's mother, and not his father (this change was found amusing in Iceland, since Laufey is still a popular female name there).