At one point, Torres suggests that the Doctor program himself, to which he replies "Now there's an interesting concept: a hologram that programs himself. What would I do with that ability? Create a family? Raise an army?" He eventually does both, in the 3rd-season Star Trek: Voyager: Real Life (1997) and the 4th-season two-parter "The Killing Game".
The scene in which Ethan Phillips is "dismissed" from Janeway's ready room bears a remarkable resemblance to another scene featuring Phillps from Wagons East (1994) . In that scene, Phillips' character, Smedly, is in a similar one-on-one meeting and is told he's dismissed. Just like in this episode, Phillips stands there dumbfounded and stuttering before being told to simply "get out". Coincidentally, Wagon's East also featured fellow Voyager star Robert Picardo in a starring role.