Star Trek: Voyager: Season 3, Episode 21

Before and After (9 Apr. 1997)

TV Episode  -   -  Action | Adventure | Sci-Fi
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Starting near her death with no memory, Kes experiences parts of her life moving backwards through time. The Doctor develops an experimental procedure to extend Kes' lifespan beyond the ... See full summary »



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Title: Before and After (09 Apr 1997)

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Episode cast overview:
Lieutenant B'Elanna Torres (as Roxann Biggs-Dawson)
Michael Maguire ...
Andrew Kim (as Christopher Aguilar)
Janna Michaels ...


Starting near her death with no memory, Kes experiences parts of her life moving backwards through time. The Doctor develops an experimental procedure to extend Kes' lifespan beyond the Ocampan standard nine years. We see a possible future Voyager where Janeway and Torres died years ago in a great war and the survivors of Voyager were exposed to temporal radiation. The Doctor's procedure re-activates the symptoms of the radiation, causing Kes to relive moments of her life, from being elderly to her conception. In this reality, Kes and Tom Paris married and had a daughter named Linnis. Linnis and Kes became ship's physicians. At age three, Linnis married Harry Kim and they had a son named Andrew. When the cycle takes Kes back to an embryo, the cycle begins again in the correct order, stopping at present day, leaving Kes with all the memories of the possible future and valuable knowledge of the upcoming war that will be known as "The Year of Hell." Written by Meribor

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Release Date:

9 April 1997 (USA)  »

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Aspect Ratio:

1.33 : 1
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Did You Know?


First appearance of Kes' longer hair style instead of the very short hair style from seasons 1, 2, and part of 3. Jennifer Lien, the actress who played Kes, was apparently sensitive to the make-up and adhesive used to apply her Ocampa ears. With the longer hairstyle, it was no longer necessary to apply the Ocampa ears each time she was filmed. See more »


The Doctor says there are no other Ocampans on board to compare with, although there are two others, Kes's daughter Linnis and her grandson Andrew. However, the Doctor was referring to the symptoms of the morilogium - which only affects Ocampa in the final stage of their lives - he had no other Ocampa to compare them with. Since Linnis and Andrew haven't reached that stage yet, the Doctor's statement is quite correct. Furthermore, Linnis and Andrew are both only part Ocampan, so their genetic structure is likely to be different anyway. See more »


[first lines]
The Doctor: Activate the bio-temporal chamber.
See more »


Star Trek: Voyager - Main Title
Written by Jerry Goldsmith
Performed by Jay Chattaway
See more »

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User Reviews

kaerF mutnauQ
9 June 2013 | by (United States) – See all my reviews

In a lot of ways, I agree with "Quantum Freak" but the things they cite that made it non-enjoyable for them, I enjoyed.

But I will not refute what they have said, because they are correct in everything they said about not only this Ep, but the state of the show at this time, and the Main Producer of the show, one Brannon Braga.

Voyager did not have the Braintrust which Next Generation had for the first 6 years, nor the Writing Team which turned Deep Space Nine into a full Universe-Spanning Epic.

And it does seem that for the first 2 1/2 years, Voyager was lost not only in the Delta Quadrant, but in a mist of lagging and non progressive story lines.

It was as if - As much as Janeway is loathe to avoid neglecting The Prime Directive, so too were the Writers of Voyager, being way too careful to avoid breaking the Prime Directive for the first two and a half seasons. Janeway's response to situations was inflexible and religious- Not at all Like Picard, who would not act UNTIL he had heard all of the options laid out on the table. But Janeway would never call for conferences of this sort, and she had only one rule, never BREAK the Prime Directive. This is a recipe for bland story lines and lack of progress.

Usually, a show takes a full season of episodes (or less) just to establish itself. Why Voyager took two and a half, could be assigned a number of reasons: UPN was an Infant Network, and Voyager was a Network Show. This Infant Network (Now a Deceased Network) went from being "Dramatically Different" to being nothing but off colour ethnic comedy in One Season.

Look at the shows which came and went: Legend, a Western Macgyver (With John Delancey)- Marker. Deadly Games. And the best - Nowhere Man. All GONE in the second year of UPN's existence, and all great shows, all replaced with lame comedies which themselves would not last a whole season Like "Moesha". It was as if Paramount was BET-Mount for a while. So every other Non Voyager show was a Race show. Now I love Martin Luther King Jr as much as anyone, as a human, but I'm for balance, not complete assimilation- Which is what happened to UPN.

It was as if some universe-upheaval shook down the offices of UPN and did a Major Universe-Alteration from one season to the next. From the second year of UPN on, UPN only offered Ethnic Comedies, and Voyager. It was not that the Ethnic Comedies were Ethnic comedies, it's that they were BAD Comedies.

So Voyager stood alone in this vast wasteland of television dren. Not only was Voyager a Trek show, it was Also a NETWORK show - It was no longer Syndicated. And due to this flaw, it could now be micromanaged - AND, Threatened with Cancellation.

So while Next Generation and Deep Space Nine enjoyed a full seven years unhindered by Network Executives, Voyager was probably henpecked by these infestations from the start. Ergo, there was NO Straight Line Voyager took from Delta Quadrant to Alpha Quadrant.

This is why I like this episode - It Established a FUTURE HISTORY. We know now, The Kremin and The Year of Hell is on the horizon, and soon.

We also see microscopic changes in the timeline - Kes no longer has her Pixie haircut, she now has long flowing Tresses, and looks much better like that.

Really, Kes was a good character, we only got to know her fleetingly. She was unceremoniously KICKED off the show, despite Strong performances- And she never worked again after Voyager instead actually becoming a real Doctor in real life.

The best Kes episode was when she gets taken over by the Warlord, that was some range revealed there. Jennifer Lien was in fact the best Actress of the whole Voyager Cast, I felt a Method approach. Also, the character showed the most growth of all of the Voyager Crew, she was innocent, left the show with a streak of Darkness.

So this episode, despite being weak in it's narrative, is in fact something that was used to put Voyager on more of a Straight Line to the Alpha Quadrant. And as we know now, the Year of Hell changed the WHOLE timeline- As well as Janeway's Haircut.

Which was a bold move, but it had to be preceded by this episode, this one poorly written episode, written by tired writers. Oh, I agree with that 100.

But if you look at the details of the episode, many of these details show up in the next 4 and a half seasons of Voyager, all the way to the end of the series. So this episode paves the way for the changes that made Voyager a much better show for the rest of the series. And, Season 3 is a look up, it is a good season, a season that ended strongly. But I still feel badly for Jennifer, she did not deserve to be treated that shabbily, and by Trek People, who are supposed to represent an "Enlightened" way of acting and treating others. The Prime Directive was Definitely BROKEN when it came to Jennifer Lien.

2 of 3 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

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