The interior shots of Molly and Carl's house are filmed on the set of Hope and Michael Steadman's house from Thirtysomething (1987). The exterior is the house used at the end of 13 Going on 30 (2004), where it is pink.
The cover for Dupree's book, "Seven Different Kinds of Smoke," exactly mimics the cover for Lance Armstrong's book, "It's Not About the Bike," which is mentioned a couple times in the movie. Dupree reads Lance's book, and at the end, Lance reads Dupree's book.
Donald Fagen and Walter Becker, of the popular 70's band Steely Dan, addressed a letter to Owen Wilson's brother, actor Luke Wilson, on their blog with claims that the idea of "You, Me and Dupree" was stolen from their song, "Cousin Dupree". (Lyrics to "Cousin Dupree" can also be found on their website.) Only the name Dupree and the possibly that Cousin Dupree and that Wilson's character Dupree both may have slept on a couch seem to be common links in their claims.
Lance Armstrong: who is Dupree's inspiration, makes three cameos in the movie. First, he is seen in the biking video that Dupree exercises to (despite appearances, this is not stock footage, but filmed specifically for this movie). Second, he appears in the dream sequence, where Carl imagines Dupree and Molly on Bob's boat (Armstrong is wearing Dupree's "Say Hello to my little friend" gnome shirt). Finally, in a brief after-the-credits scene, he is shown reading Dupree's book, in exactly the same way that Dupree was seen earlier reading Armstrong's book.