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The Last Samurai (2003) Poster

Trivia

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Tom Cruise spent almost two years in preparation for the film, including swordplay instruction, and Japanese language lessons.
The swordsmith in the village is a real swordsmith. His name is Shoji Yoshihara, brother to Yoshihara Yoshindo. Shoji is a "Mukansa"-level master swordsmith, one of the highest rankings in Japan.
This not only marks the first time Ken Watanabe starred in an American-made film, but it is also the first time he spoke English in a film.
Contrary to a popular misconception, the title of the film does not refer to Nathan Algren, or even Katsumoto, as the Last Samurai. The word "Samurai" here is in its plural form and is actually referring to Katsumoto's clan as a whole.
Although the movie seems to imply that Japan's new army was trained by the Americans, in fact, it was the Prussian General Staff that assisted in the modernization of Japan's army.
Tom Cruise narrowly escaped potentially fatal injuries after a sword was swung within one inch of his neck while filming. He and his co-star Hiroyuki Sanada were acting out a sword fight scene when the incident happened. Sanada swung a sword at Cruise who was on an off-camera mechanical horse at the time. But the machine reportedly malfunctioned and failed to duck at the right moment. Sanada stopped the blade just one inch from his neck.
The Japanese character that the Taka's younger son paints and gives to Algren is the character for "samurai".
This movie marks the 100th score for composer Hans Zimmer.
Tom Cruise took no up front salary for this film.
The film achieved higher box-office receipts in Japan than in the United States.
Filming took place in New Zealand, mostly in the Taranaki region, with Japanese cast members and an American production crew. This location was chosen due to the fact that Egmont/Mt. Taranaki resembles Mt. Fuji, and also because there is a lot of forest and farmland in the Taranaki region. This acted as a backdrop for many scenes, as opposed to the built-up cities of Japan. Several of the village scenes were shot on the Warner Brothers back lot in Burbank, California. Some scenes were shot in Kyoto and Himeji, Japan. There were thirteen locations altogether.
Critical reception in Japan was generally positive. Tomomi Katsuta of "The Mainichi Shinbun" thought that the film was "a vast improvement over previous American attempts to portray Japan", noting that director Edward Zwick "had researched Japanese history, cast well-known Japanese actors and consulted dialogue coaches to make sure he didn't confuse the casual and formal categories of Japanese speech." However, Katsuta still found fault with the film's idealistic, "storybook" portrayal of the samurai, stating: "Our image of samurai is that they were more corrupt." As such, he said, the noble samurai leader Katsumoto "set his teeth on edge."
The kanji characters that appear on the posters, often beneath the title, do not say "The Last Samurai." They say "bushido" ("The Warrior Way," i.e., Japanese chivalry).
Before the final battle, as Captain Algren dismounts, after riding back to the ranks with Kasumoto, his horse kicks out and hits a warrior in the groin.
The final battle takes place on May 26. Die-hard fans and extras watch the movie on May 26 every year.
Over 500 Japanese extras trained for ten days at the Clifton Rugby Grounds in New Plymouth, New Zealand, for the climactic battle scenes.
Historically, the only westerners fighting in the Japanese civil war were French military advisers under Jules Brunet who joined the Shogun's army. Even if most of them were fighting with French equipment, some did wear the samurai attire (like Eugene Collache).
The swords used in the film are the folded steel Orchid katanas by Paul Chen. Originally blue, they were painted red to match the armor of the Samurai that Algren kills in his first engagement with Katsumoto's men. It it the same armor that Taka dresses Algren in for the final battle. In all, 7 live blades were purchased for the production from Ameurasiart in the United States.
Ken Watanabe and Togo Igawa would go on to collaborate on Memoirs of a Geisha (2005).
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This film was inspired by a project developed by writer/director Vincent Ward. Ward became Executive Producer on the film, working in development on it for nearly four years. After approaching several directors (among them Francis Ford Coppola, and Peter Weir), he interested Edward Zwick. The film went ahead with Zwick as director and was shot in Ward's native New Zealand.
The scene in which Captain Nathan Algren simulates a reload under fire for a Japanese recruit is reminiscent of a similar scene in an earlier Edward Zwick film Glory (1989). Matthew Broderick's character simulated fire by firing an identical sidearm up into the air, as opposed to Nathan Algren firing around his Japanese recruit.
This is the second collaboration between Tom Cruise and Timothy Spall after Vanilla Sky (2001).
First feature to use the new Kodak Vision2 500T 5218 film stock - the successor of the previous Vision 500T 5279. However, it was released later than Seabiscuit (2003) which uses the same film stock but at a later date.
Chad Lindberg plays a Winchester Rep Assistant in the film. He would later have a supporting role in the television series Supernatural (2005), which is led by main characters Sam and Dean Winchester.
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Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

The real-life counterpart to Katsumoto (played by Ken Watanabe) is Takamori Saigo, who led a samurai rebellion in 1877. As in the movie, Saigo ended up committing suicide in September 1877 after defeat in battle. The Emperor's attitude in the film toward Katsumoto's struggle and death reflects actual Japanese popular sentiment toward Saigo, who though defeated, was regarded as a hero; a statue of Saigo was erected shortly after his death, and can today be seen in Ueno, in northeast Tokyo.
When Taka starts to undress for Captain Algren, there is a shot with her clothes slightly below her shoulders, looking backwards over her shoulder. This is an homage to Hishikawa Moronobu's ukiyo-e painting "Backwards Beauty".
Body count: 558.
At the beginning of the movie the Japanese soldiers who are trained by the Americans are using American-made Model 1861 Springfield muskets and British-made Pattern 1853 Enfield muskets, no doubt surplus from the American Civil War (which ended eleven years before the beginning of the movie). At the final battle, however, the now better trained and better equipped army can be seen using Prussian-made Gewehr 1871 bolt-action Mausers, a single-shot, bolt-action, black-powder cartridge rifle. This rifle, unlike modern bolt-action rifles, had no magazine (the Model 1871/84 would add a tubular magazine). This equipment update is also reflected in the dress of the Japanese soldiers, which abandoned the American 1870s look of the first part of the movie and adopted a stern, militaristic Prussian look (dark blue blouse, white gaiters, the more military style cap of a professional army instead of a French-style kepi then used by the U.S. Army). This is because the elite Japanese units during this time were trained by Prussia, and the Model 1871 Mauser was widely exported during the 1870s-1880s and was not fully replaced even in Prussian/German service until 1889.
The characters of Viggo Mortensen (Frank T. Hopkins) in Hidalgo and of Tom Cruise (Nathan Algren) in the Last Samurai have very similar traumatizing backgrounds. They both suffer from P.T.S.D. from helping, or aiding in the massacre of Native Americans, they lose themselves in alcohol, and work 1800s Wild West-type shows, followed by receiving an offer to travel to a foreign land for a large amount of money, and are wholly changed by the experience.

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