The best adaptation that exists on the War of Independence in Spanish Cinema
"Los Desastres de la Guerra" was a television series , co -production between Spain and France , released by Spanish TV in 1983.
The series follows the events in Spain between 1808 and 1814 , during the Spanish War of Independence against Napoleon's troops . The series was filmed between August and December 1982 on location in La Granja and Riofrio, the Royal Palace of Madrid, Guadalajara , Ciudad Real , Córdoba and Cádiz .
Perhaps "Los Desastres de La Guerra" is the best adaptation that exists on the War of Independence. Made in 1983 by the splendid director Mario Camus , French-Spanish co-production had a budget of 300 million pesetas , which were well invested both in costume and setting, as in shooting natural scenery. As part characters Luxury writers as Rafael Azcona , Eduardo Chamorro and Jorge Sempriin.
It based on the eponymous series of 82 prints by the painter Francisco de Goya, the plot revolves around a quartet of characters: Juan Martin "Empecinado" , General Leopoldo Hugo , Goya and King Jose I. The first two represent the antagonism of the war, while the last two will be thoughtful counterpoint to such savagery . Some of them have other historical figures like Napoleon, Fernando VII, Murat, Palafox, Wellington, ... In total some 160 actors involved in different characters.
Camus rightly thought to Sancho Gracia for him to play Juan Martin "Empecinado" . His deserved reputation for his work on the series " Curro Jiménez " convinced him that it was a safe bet for success. For the character of Goya Francisco Rabal had that at that time was going to resurface as an actor of great talent. However, the French counterpart was not of the same quality . The second row players Bernard Fresson and Philippe Rouleau interpreted to General Leopoldo Hugo and King Jose I, respectively . However, we must make mention of the actors who plays Pierre Santini Francisco Cecilio Napoleon and his character of "Rey Felon" Fernando VII . Although roles are , they do very well .
As expected , there are several sequences that recreate some of the most famous etchings made by Goya , such as French and reprisal killings , hunger and despair of civilians , and of course the dismemberment of the French captured by the Spanish guerrillas . There are other minor works recreated such as the manufacture of gunpowder by the guerrillas.
Except for a few exceptions , prevented Camus represent great battles and thus deplete the budget avoided . Most of the combat operations are ambushed by the guerrillas or skirmishes with the French. The big clashes as "Bailen", "Medina del Rioseco" or "Arapiles" are appointed to give the characters situation. In the case of the "Battle of Vitoria " what we see is the landscape after the battle . The crowd scenes are reduced to the columns of French troops marching , the Dos de Mayo Uprising load including "Los Mamelucos" and the assault Monteleón Artillery Park . The only major battle that is seen throughout the series is the "Battle of Somosierra " and Camus demonstrated a mastery of their recreation. The shots were filmed in the same place and in the winter , so snow and fog are real. And that was to trick. Harnessing the fog to give a sense that there were more people than we actually see on the screen . The load sequence Polish and Spanish army disbanded takes only 1 minute, but it is a masterful example of how to roll with few resources and no digital effects, trick only craft .
The series also has its "surprises" due in part to pay the toll to be a co-production . While it is true that Wellington and his troops were not exactly a model of how it should behave as a " liberation army " , you get to insinuate that he tried to betray "The Empecinado" . But what is surprising is the emphasis on to show that the Francophile and French only looked good and the modernity of Spain and it is stated on several occasions that the "Letter of Bayonne " was the first Spanish constitution and that "La Constitución de Cádiz " was a simple copy of the first . Just read the first article of each to realize such nonsense .
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