*Question* : An empty pond contains a single leaf. On each succeeding
day the number of leaves in the pond doubles from that on the preceding
day. If the pond is full of leaves on the 30th day, which day was this
pond half-filled ?
*Answer* : On the 29th day.
The Malthusian theory of population has brought the world on the 29th
day. As per this theory the foodgrain production increases with time as
per the arithmetical progression, i.e., 1,2,3,4,5 ...etc. whereas the
population increases with time as per the geometric progression, i.e.,
1,2,4,8,16 ...etc. Quite naturally, the available foodgrain (say all
kinds of resources necessary for the mankind) falls short to take care
of the consumers at large.
Parivaar (family) is the story of Karam Chand (Om Prakash) who has a
son, Gopal (Jeetendra) through his deceased wife and many daughters
through his second wife, Bhaagwanti (Sulochana Chatterjee). He does not
believe in family planning and believes in going ahead with expansion
of his family. His second wife, i.e., Bhaagwanti treats her step-son,
i.e., Gopal very badly and forces him to leave the house of his father.
Gopal's father is very much aggrieved by it (because he loves his son
very much) but being a henpecked husband, he cannot do anything about
it. Gopal becomes a doctor and gets a government job as well. Falling
in love with Meena (Nanda) who is a girl from a different caste, he
gets married to her despite opposition from the side of Meena's
parents. They start their family but quite wisely, decide to keep it
restricted to two or maximum three children.
On the other hand, the financial condition of Karam Chand's family gets
worse and worse with the passage of time because of limited income and
several mouths to feed. He does not get any moral support from his
insensible wife, Bhaagwanti who believes that it's the duty of her
husband to bring money to the house, irrespective of the means used. A
licentious friend of Karam Chand, Deewaan Chand (Krishan Dhawan) takes
advantage of this situation and traps the eldest daughter of Karam
Chand, Sapna (Maadhavi) in his lusty web by extending monetary favour
to herself and her mother.
Gopal and Meena beget three children, two sons and a daughter. However
the daughter who is very dear to Meena, does not survive. But instead
of going for one more child, Meena decides to foster the children of
others. The children of a wine-shop owner, Michael are adopted by them
after he is arrested and sentenced to jail. They propagate family
planning and enlighten the people with a traditional mindset regarding
the ill-effects of unnecessarily large family where the resources to
feed, clothe and educate the children fall short of the requirement.
Due to the ignorance of Karam Chand, crookedness of Deewaan Chand,
insensibility of Bhaagwanti and immaturity of Sapna; the unfortunate
day comes when Sapna gets pregnant through Deewaan Chand and seeing
that this fact becomes known to her parents, commits suicide. Karam
Chand kills Deewaan Chand but knowing this fact, Gopal confesses for
the murder to save his father from the gallows. However the loving
father does not allow his son to get punished for the crime committed
by him. He interrupts the trial of Gopal and tells everything in the
court, asserting that the way there is a punishment for killing, there
should be some punishment for giving birth to children also when the
capacity to become good parents is not there. He dies in the court
itself and then Gopal has to shoulder the complete responsibility of
the family left behind. In the ending scene, Meena who has hitherto
been satisfied with being a housewife only, decides to do a job and
increase the family earning to make both ends meet for everyone in the
now extended family.
Instead of being a hard-hitting movie like Bol (2011), Parivaar is a
regular potboiler with the intermixing of all the usual Bollywood
formulae. All the same, it's a laudable thing to make a movie with an
exemplary message without deviating from the main purpose of
entertaining the audience. It was the time when a lot of effort was
invested in writing good (and original) scripts for the movies and
specific story departments were maintained by reputed banners. That's
how such good stories used to come to the fore. Since the box office
could not be kept out of sight, the stories were mixed with all the
entertaining spices of romance, comedy and music. The same is the case
with this movie which entertains as well as provokes a thought.
Technically the movie is good though the balance in the main story and
the side tracks is not perfect. All the same, it is nowhere boring and
not unduly long also. Kalyanji Anandji have composed good music for the
movie with the help of beautiful lyrics of Gulshan Bawra. Aaj Hai Do
October Ka Din, Aaj Ka Din Hai Bada Mahaan (Lata) is an inspiring song
dedicated to two great leaders of our nation - Mahatma Gandhi and Laal
Bahadur Shaastri. Among other songs, the best song is - Hamne Jo Dekhe
Sapne, Sach Ho Gaye Wo Apne (Lata-Mahendra Kapoor).
Performances are good. Both Jeetendra and Nanda have done well
alongwith good on-screen chemistry between them. Om Prakash as the
ignorant father who could not first control the size of his family and
thereafter its fate, is the best performer. Sulochana Chatterjee as
Bhaagwanti has also done quite impressively.
Those who have seen Bol, can watch Parivaar contrast this formula-based
flick with that outstanding piece of art. Both contain glaring
similarities but unlike Bol Parivaar is a family drama with an
I wholeheartedly recommend Parivaar to one and all.
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