When Rabb and Pike arrive aboard the carrier, they are greeted by Ens. Roberts. Although uncovered, Roberts salutes the senior officers. The Navy and Marines do not salute while uncovered. At most, they will momentarily snap to attention.
In the closing shot, Rabb and Pike are pressed back into their seats as the COD is launched off the carrier. The seats in the COD are rear facing to protect the occupants during carrier landings. They should have been thrown forward into their harnesses.
During the ATARS flight, CAG is wounded and Harm flies the plane back to the carrier and lands. No F-14 had dual controls. The rear-seater, RIO, if his pilot is wounded and unable to fly the aircraft, can only eject both of them and hope the pilot survives the ejection and landing.