IMDb > Buffalo Soldiers (2001)
Buffalo Soldiers
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Buffalo Soldiers (2001) More at IMDbPro »

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Buffalo Soldiers -- Joaquin Phoenix (Signs, Gladiator) leads an all-star cast in a wickedly funny comedy that entertains in the edgy tradition of Pulp Fiction! A U.S. soldier with nothing to fight but boredom as the Cold War winds down, Ray Elwood (Phoenix) enjoys the rush of trading anything he can get his hands on in West Germany's booming black-market.
Buffalo Soldiers -- Trailer
Buffalo Soldiers -- A criminal subculture operates among U.S. soldiers stationed in West Germany just before the fall of the Berlin wall.


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Up 2% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Robert O'Connor (book)
Gregor Jordan (screenplay) ...
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Release Date:
31 October 2002 (Germany) See more »
War is hell... but peace is f*#!%!! boring. See more »
A criminal subculture operates among U.S. soldiers stationed in West Germany just before the fall of the Berlin wall. Full summary » | Add synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
1 win & 6 nominations See more »
(79 articles)
User Reviews:
over-hyped for it's anti-american military commentary, which it isn't... See more (111 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Joaquin Phoenix ... Ray Elwood

Ed Harris ... Colonel Berman

Scott Glenn ... Sergeant Lee

Anna Paquin ... Robyn Lee

Elizabeth McGovern ... Mrs. Berman

Michael Peña ... Garcia

Leon ... Stoney (as Leon Robinson)

Gabriel Mann ... Pfc. Brian Knoll

Dean Stockwell ... General Lancaster

Brian Delate ... Colonel Marshall

Shiek Mahmud-Bey ... Sergeant Saad (as Sheik Mahmud-Bey)

Amani Gethers ... Kirschfield

Noah Lee Margetts ... Rothfuss (as Noah)

Tom Ellis ... Squash

Kick Gurry ... Video

Haluk Bilginer ... The Turk

Idris Elba ... Kimborough

Glenn Fitzgerald ... Hicks

James 'Kimo' Wills ... Walters (as Kimo Wills)

Enoch Frost ... Johnnie
Jimmie Ray Weeks ... Colonel Armstrong
Roger Griffiths ... Simmons

Alexis Rodney ... Parsons McCovey
Josef Ostendorf ... Herman
Tom George ... Nerdy Young Soldier
Lars Rudolph ... Courier
Paul Conway ... Frank
Martin Cole ... MP
Ilhani Terzi ... Davood
Alexander Theodossiadis ... Bouncer

Derek Lea ... Truck Driver #1
Mark Anthony Newman ... Truck Driver #2 (as Mark Newman)

David Crow ... Private
Jason Rayford ... Young Soldier
Gary Washington ... Sergeant Saad's Man
James Battles ... Sergeant Saad's Man

Leon Deavers ... Sergeant Saad's Man
Gerald Jacy ... Sergeant Saad's Man
Michael Johnson ... Sergeant Saad's Man
John Lovett ... Sergeant Saad's Man
Antonio Ruffin ... Sergeant Saad's Man
Glenn Stephens ... Sergeant Saad's Man
Terrence Packer ... Sergeant Saad's Man
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Lawrence Dean ... Cowboy (uncredited)

Robert Hatch ... Officer at Party (uncredited)

Shawn C Smith ... 1st Lieutenant at Party (uncredited)

Directed by
Gregor Jordan 
Writing credits
Robert O'Connor (book)

Gregor Jordan (screenplay) and
Eric Weiss (screenplay) (as Eric Axel Weiss) &
Nora Maccoby (screenplay)

Produced by
Bobby Allen .... associate producer
Chris Chrisafis .... co-executive producer
Rainer Grupe .... producer
Oliver Huzly .... co-producer
Amy Kaufman .... associate producer
Reinhard Klooss .... executive producer
Kai May .... co-executive producer
Ariane Moody .... producer
James Schamus .... executive producer
Douglas R. Stone .... co-executive producer (as Douglas Stone)
Chris Thompson .... co-producer
Paul Webster .... executive producer
James Wilson .... co-executive producer
Original Music by
David Holmes 
Cinematography by
Oliver Stapleton (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Lee Smith 
Casting by
Abi Cohen 
Ali Farrell 
Laura Rosenthal 
Annie Teague 
Production Design by
Steven Jones-Evans 
Art Direction by
Christoph Simons 
Frank Walsh (supervising art director)
Set Decoration by
Judy Farr 
Olaf Lemitz 
Costume Design by
Odile Dicks-Mireaux  (as Odile Dicks Mireaux)
Makeup Department
Sandra Grimmer .... makeup artist
Fae Hammond .... chief hair designer
Fae Hammond .... chief makeup designer
Sharon Martin .... makeup artist
Pebbles .... makeup artist
Pebbles Robertson .... hair stylist
Astrid Schikorra .... hair stylist
Production Management
Neil Grimshaw .... post-production supervisor
Peter McAleese .... executive in charge of production
Claus Meding .... production manager
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Patrick Clayton .... first assistant director
Sean Clayton .... key second assistant director
Kate Dennis .... second unit director
Andreas Meszaros .... third assistant director
Fletcher Rodley .... third assistant director
Gregor Stitzl .... crowd assistant director
Art Department
Graham Caulfield .... drapes
Jane Clark .... storyboard artist
Hannah Coupland .... production buyer
Roger Holden .... dressing props
Jason Knox-Johnston .... stand-by art director
Tam Morris .... storyboard artist
Raymond Perry .... property master
Sarah Stuart .... art department assistant
Thomas Jones .... foam technician (uncredited)
Sound Department
Nick Adams .... supervising sound editor
Gordon Brown .... additional dialogue adr editor
Colin Cooper .... foley mixer
Jonathan Cronin .... foley editor
Ken Dufva .... foley artist
Laurent Friob .... assistant sound editor
Matthew Gough .... additional sound re-recording mixer
Steve Hancock .... studio sound technician
Graham Headicar .... additional sound effects editor
Alex Hudd .... sound consultant: dolby
Martin Müller .... sound mixer
Colin Nicolson .... sound mixer
Mike Prestwood Smith .... additional sound re-recording mixer (as Michael Prestwood-Smith)
Adrian Rhodes .... sound re-recording mixer
Sam Southwick .... supervising sound editor
Nigel Stone .... dialogue editor
Sven Taits .... sound re-recording mixer
Alexander Theodossiadis .... second boom operator
Mike Wood .... additional dialogue editor
Mike Wood .... adr editor
Paul Wrightson .... adr editor
Paul Wrightson .... dialogue editor
Jeffrey Perkins .... sound re-recording mixer (uncredited)
Special Effects by
Rolf Hanke .... special effects production manager
Torsten Knapp .... special effects technician
Michael Luppino .... special effects foreman
Endres Löber .... special effects
Gerd Nefzer .... special effects supervisor (as Gerd Feuchter)
Bernd Rautenberg .... special effects technician
Mathias Spannagel .... special effects technician
Thomas Thiele .... special effects technician
Ralf Wetzel .... special effects technician
Visual Effects by
Dan Ashton .... scanning and recording
Alan Church .... digital visual effects supervisor
Peter Connelly .... digital compositor
Gavin Digby .... digital compositor
Simon Giles .... visual effects supervisor
Theano Kazagli .... digital I/O: Cinesite
Diane Kingston .... digital visual effects coordinator
Paul Ladd .... visual effects coordinator: Cinesite
Paul Lambert .... sequence supervisor
Mathias Larserud .... CG artist
Derek Ledbetter .... visual effects
Stuart McAra .... visual effects producer: Cinesite
Steve Parsons .... senior data operator
Antoinette Perez .... visual effects coordinator: Cinesite
Foad Shah .... I/O film supervisor
Mark Slade .... digital compositor
Tara Walker .... digital I/O
Trevor Young .... digital compositor
Phil Green .... data operator (uncredited)
Courtney Vanderslice .... head of production: Cinesite (uncredited)
Roy Alon .... stunts
Sadie Eden .... stunts
Nick Gillard .... stunts
Thilo Kudler .... stunt double: J. Phoenix
Marko König .... stunts
Derek Lea .... stunts
Mark Lisbon .... stunts
Sean McCabe .... stunt coordinator
Mark Anthony Newman .... stunts
Ray Nicholas .... stunts
Dieter Pfersching .... stunts
Gábor Piroch .... assistant stunt coordinator
Gábor Piroch .... stunt double: S. Glenn
Terence Plummer .... stunts
Dinny Powell .... stunts
Tatjana Rosenblatt .... stunt double: A. Paquin
Birk Sander .... safety man
Daniel Seideneder .... stunt driver
David Ware .... stunt wire technician
Camera and Electrical Department
Therese Andersson .... electrician
Gerd Breiter .... assistant camera
Armin Buerkle .... best boy
Milly Donaghy .... clapper loader
Sam Garwood .... focus puller
Leigh Gold .... first assistant camera: second unit
Sönke Hansen .... camera operator: "b" camera
Sönke Hansen .... director of photography: second unit
Rupert Lloyd-Parry .... grip
Sascha Mieke .... steadicam operator
Nic Sadler .... director of photography: second unit
Steve Sansom .... rigger
Florian Schneider .... assistant grip
Alex Scott .... gaffer
Joy Scott .... video assistant
Sascha 'Sash' Seitz .... first assistant camera: second unit
Casting Department
Jaclyn Brodsky .... casting assistant
Robert Hatch .... extras casting
Catherine Huegel .... local crowd casting coordinator (as Catherine Hügel)
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Kate Chilcott .... junior costume assistant
Annette Clauss .... additional wardrobe assistant
Kira Hofmann .... additional wardrobe assistant
Maria Kokkini .... additional wardrobe assistant
Colin May .... additional wardrobe assistant
Jane Petrie .... assistant costume designer
Editorial Department
Steve Farman .... negative cutter
Steve Harrow .... post-production consultant
John Lee .... first assistant editor
Uli Mueller-Uri .... post-production intern
Ben Renton .... second assistant editor
Catriona Richardson .... assistant editor
Martin Walsh .... color grader
Helen de Winter .... delivery coordinator (uncredited)
Sam Mangan .... post-production coordinator (uncredited)
Music Department
Chris Dawkins .... musician: guitar and bass
Stephen Hilton .... musician: keyboards (as Steve Hilton)
David Holmes .... music supervisor
Hugo Nicolson .... music editor (as Hugo Nicholson)
Richard T. Norris .... music editor
Jim Watson .... musician: keyboards
Transportation Department
Steven Brigden .... transport co-ordinator
Cornelius Gladewitz .... unit driver
Jan Corin Wolfgang Kitanoff .... driver: Ed Harris
Olaf Lemitz .... driver
Daniel Seideneder .... picture car coordinator
Alexander Theodossiadis .... driver: Joaquin Phoenix
Other crew
Kim Ballard .... senior production executive: FilmFour
Josef Brandmaier .... banking services
Lee Brazier .... Assistant To Chief Executive Producer FilmFour
Michael Edmiston .... military advisor
Jo Farrugia .... production assistant
Andrew Fletcher .... military costumier
Lorraine Francis .... assistant: David Holmes
Brendan Gunn .... dialogue coach
Jo Hannam .... assistant accountant
Derek Harrington .... location researcher
Robert Hatch .... production assistant
Bernhard Janitzki .... production assistant
Ivan Jordan .... assistant to director
Peter Kujawski .... assistant: Mr. Schamus
Cheryl Leigh .... script supervisor (as Cheryl Leigh-Saville)
Uli Lorenz .... assistant to location manager
Uli Lorenz .... location assistant
Clare Macdonald .... assistant to producer
Paula McBreen .... production coordinator
Jill McCullough .... dialect coach
Justin Miller .... assistant accountant
Della Moore .... financial controller
Bridget Irene Pastor .... location manager
Roger Phillips .... title designer
Kirsten Rischmann .... set production assistant
Ariel Rogers .... assistant: Amy Kaufman
Sarah Sher .... assistant to producer
Kevin L. Thieme .... second military advisor
Rene von Bodisco .... production assistant
Martina Werner .... assistant: Reinhard Klooss
Michael Zimmermann .... supervising location manager
Claudia Zschauer .... production coordinator
Richard Chamberlain .... special thanks
Vanessa Langer .... dedicatee
Ian Neil .... thanks

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Rated R for violence, drug content, strong language and some sexuality
98 min
Color (Technicolor)
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:

Did You Know?

The scene in the parking lot where Elwood is tasking Knoll with getting the food for the big cook, was filmed in the parking lot of the US Army Karlsruhe Shopping Center, part of Smiley Barracks and Paul Revere Village housing complex, which had been recently turned back over to the Germans at the time of filming. Directly behind them can be seen the base theater "Minute Man Theater" and while the shot pans around to reveal them entering a building marked "Commissary", this had actually been the base PX at the time, with the Commissary located in a more confined area.See more »
Audio/visual unsynchronized: When they pick up the HMMWV, they are talking to Sgt Lee as they climb in. When they shut the door, you hear the door slam shut, and the lock clicking. The doors fitted to this type of HMMWV are soft doors, which don't make a noise when they close, and don't have a lock. They close by turning a plastic handle.See more »
Robyn Lee:He murdered your car?See more »
Movie Connections:
Bear WitnessSee more »


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55 out of 69 people found the following review useful.
over-hyped for it's anti-american military commentary, which it isn't..., 30 July 2003
Author: Dan Heller ( from

Some films just suffer from bad luck, and `Buffalo Soldiers' is one of them. Not that the movie is all that bad, nor all that terrific; it just deals with a subject that Americans might not be comfortable about today: a less-than-glowing depiction of the American military.

The film made its debut at the Toronto Film Festival, three days before Sept 11, 2001, under great fanfare. It was billed as being a dark satirical look at the military, but after the attacks on 9/11, its future was buried. Now, almost two years later, `Buffalo Soldiers' is finally being released, but it's not clear that the climate will be any more accommodating.

The movie starts by presenting a criminal subculture operating among U.S. soldiers stationed in West Germany just before the fall of the Berlin wall. The satirical billing is merely a backdrop for the film, and it does present just about everyone rather hyperbolically. Joaquin Phoenix plays Ray Elwood, a la Radar O'Reilly from MASH. He is the company clerk for a U.S. supply base, making most decisions for his oblivious colonel to rubber stamp. Like Milo Minderbinder from Catch-22, he goes about his normal routine of making money and duping the system, but in this case, Elwood is a small-time drug dealer who sometimes dabbles in black market booty. Things turn on him quickly when he happens across some heavy weaponry, and his plan for unloading the equipment puts him way over his head, getting him into far more trouble than what he can handle as the lightweight and inexperienced paper-pusher that he is. By the time the plot line is established, the backdrop of satire is abandoned, witty observations undone, and philosophical quips erased.

Indeed, the true essence of the film lies beyond the plot, but it doesn't go as far as it tagline philosophy: `Where there is peace, the warlike man attacks himself.', a quote from Nietzsche, whose keen observation was the original inspiration for the film. At most, `Buffalo Soldiers' depicts how people behave when they get in over their heads, and only a dash of commentary on anything military or philosophical.

As for the controversy around American soldiers doing bad things, it would be a stretch to feel this is commentary on the good ol' US of A. Only those looking to pick a fight would find any form of offense or unpatriotic flavor to this film. Still, all one has to do is suggest the notion, and people will simply adopt that view anyway, regardless of what's on screen. Ironically, that's the movie's fault, not the public's. If the movie were better at delivering a more profound message - one that it clearly wanted to make - or if the story line were multi-dimensional, rather than a straightforward crime caper, people would easily overlook its superficial qualities. To be sure, Joaquin Phoenix does an excellent job at portraying a frat boy who doesn't take the army seriously, and who learns the ropes the hard way, just before he gets busted down to hell.

In the end, `Buffalo Solders' is entertaining, has a splash of romance, and is certainly a good enough movie in its own right, but is not the cynical, anti-war, anti-patriotic movie that people will be told it is. Oddly, the film's perception may be disproportionately diminished and reviewed poorly because of the attention it's getting, but it doesn't deserve undue praise either.

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Recent Posts (updated daily)User
Okay sooo.....? insert_coinzz
Anybody know what the song is playing at the end? ledesma_b
Extremely Underrated stainluss
Joaquin Phoenix is so amazingly good. sybil_vane31
Goof (or not) crazydave682000
And he explained the handcuffs how? mf1849
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