IMDb > Paragraph 175 (2000)
Paragraph 175
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Paragraph 175 (2000) More at IMDbPro »

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User Rating:
7.9/10   1,568 votes »
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Popularity: ?
Down 8% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
View company contact information for Paragraph 175 on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
14 November 2001 (France) See more »
Historian Klaus Müller interviews survivors of the Nazi persecution of homosexuals because of the German Penal Code of 1871, Paragraph 175. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
9 wins & 5 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
Those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it. See more (19 total) »


  (in credits order)

Rupert Everett ... Narrator (voice)
Klaus Müller ... Himself - Historian
Karl Gorath ... Himself
Pierre Seel ... Himself
Heinz F. ... Himself
Annette Eick ... Herself
Albrecht Becker ... Himself
Gad Beck ... Himself
Heinz Dörmer ... Himself
rest of cast listed alphabetically:

Marlene Dietrich ... Herself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Magnus Hirschfeld ... Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Adolf Hitler ... Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
Ernst Röhm ... Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)

Directed by
Rob Epstein 
Jeffrey Friedman 
Writing credits
(in alphabetical order)
Sharon Wood 

Produced by
Janet Cole .... producer
Michael Ehrenzweig .... producer
Rob Epstein .... producer
Jeffrey Friedman .... producer
John Hoffman .... producer: Home Box Office
Klaus Müller .... associate producer
Sheila Nevins .... executive producer: Home Box Office
Howard Rosenman .... co-producer
Original Music by
Tibor Szemzö 
Cinematography by
Bernd Meiners (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Dawn Logsdon 
Production Management
Michael Ehrenzweig .... production supervisor
Elena Figarola .... production manager: Europe (as Ilena Figarola)
Sari Gilman .... post-production supervisor
Volker Heise .... production manager: Europe
Joe Hoffman .... post-production supervisor
Jules Hussey .... production manager: Europe
Gabriele Seidel .... production manager: Europe
Mark Sorensen .... post-production supervisor
Sound Department
Pascal Capitolin .... sound recordist
Lora Hirschberg .... sound re-recording mixer
Al Nelson .... sound designer
Steve Romanko .... sound re-recordist
Jurgen Scharpf .... sound re-recording mixer (as Jürgen Scharpf)
Al Nelson .... supervising sound editor (uncredited)
Colin O'Neill .... digital audio technician (uncredited)
Editorial Department
Gary Coates .... color timer
Gary Coates .... colorist: post-production services, Western Images
Sari Gilman .... second editor
Jacquie Lawrence .... commissioning editor: Channel Four Television
Salome Milstead .... assistant editor
Mark Sorensen .... editor: post-production services, Western Images
Other crew
Roberto Acordi .... travel arrangements
Richard Alderman .... translator
Christy Applegate .... intern
Tassilo Aschauer .... production and research asssitant: Europe
Paul Brennan .... legal services
Carlos Cabrales .... producer: graphics and titles
Bill Norfleet Craft .... intern
Kate Davidson .... intern
Michael A. Dively .... funding provided by
Robert D. Dockendorff .... funding provided by
Terri Fredlund .... intern
Melanie Parson Gao .... translator
Pari Garvanos .... assistant to producer
Jacolyn Harmer .... translator
Esmond V. Harmsworth .... funding provided by
Gerrit Hermans .... production crew: Europe
Albrecht Hoffman .... production crew: Europe
Joe Hoffman .... producer: graphics and titles
Joshua H. Johnson .... producer: graphics and titles
Fatime Kahveci .... production crew: Europe
Nancy L. Kittle .... funding provided by
Thomas Kufus .... production services: Zero films, Berlin
Arthur Laurents .... funding provided by
Rachel Lipsits .... intern
Torsten Löhn .... production crew: Europe
Daniel McCarthy .... intern
Madeline S. McEneney .... production associate
Marianne McEvoy .... translator
Barry McKay .... intern
Norbert Mentrop .... production crew: Europe
Hillel Meyer .... translator
Greta Miskatel .... translator
Lars Morgenroth .... production crew: Europe
Klaus Müller .... research director
Devra Noily .... translator
Sönke Ohlen .... production crew: Europe
Annette Perry .... accountant
Matthew Riutta .... intern (as Matt Riutta)
Whitney Saik .... assistant: Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman
Inbar Sarig .... translator
Verena Sixt .... translator
David Abravanel Stein .... archival material
Amelia Stephenson .... intern
Frank A. Suchomel Jr. .... funding provided by
Michael John Suchomel .... funding provided by
Joerg Taszman .... translator (as Jörg Taszman)
R.D. Tong .... accountant
Jason Topolski .... intern
Emmanuelle Vuillequez .... production crew: Europe
November Wanderin .... intern
November Wanderin .... translator
Vanessa Warheit .... intern
Johannes Weidinger .... funding provided by
Regina Wosnitza .... translator
Donald Bird .... special thanks
Ellen Bruno .... special thanks
Paul Camarillo .... special thanks
Susan Clark .... special thanks
Cappy Coates .... special thanks
Julie Dorf .... special thanks
Ellis Driessen .... special thanks
Diana Elbaum .... special thanks (as Dianna Elbaum)
Michael Engel .... special thanks
Mark Epstein .... special thanks
Vincent Escareno .... special thanks
Raye Farr .... special thanks
Connie Field .... special thanks
Michael Mitch Fricke .... special thanks (as Michael Fricke)
Eric Friedman .... special thanks
Richard Gordon .... special thanks
Leigh B. Grode .... special thanks (as Leigh Grode)
John Haptas .... special thanks (as John Haptos)
Paul Herman .... special thanks
Deborah Hoffmann .... special thanks
Jeff Iorillo .... special thanks
Deborah Kaufman .... special thanks
Ayse Kenmore .... special thanks
Hubert Kennedy .... special thanks
Gerard Koskovich .... special thanks
Mark Leno .... special thanks
Matthew Lesar .... special thanks
James Lichti .... special thanks (as Jim Lichti)
Michael Lumpkin .... special thanks
Sue Marcoux .... special thanks
David Mixner .... special thanks
Jennifer Morris .... special thanks
Sharon Mueller .... special thanks
Jenni Olson .... special thanks
Mark Page .... special thanks
Lucy Massie Phenix .... special thanks
Janis Plotkin .... special thanks
Mark Pogachefsky .... special thanks
Frances Reid .... special thanks
Jan Rofekamp .... special thanks (as Jan Röfekamp)
Kristine Samuelson .... special thanks (as Kris Samuelson)
Ellen Schneider .... special thanks
Ken Schneider .... special thanks
Veronica Selver .... special thanks
David Shepard .... special thanks
Gail Silva .... special thanks
Chris Simms .... special thanks
Alan Snitow .... special thanks
Wieland Speck .... thanks
Jim Steakley .... special thanks
Peter L. Stein .... special thanks (as Peter Stein)
Jamie Stobie .... special thanks
Leslie Switt .... special thanks
Margaret Teskey .... special thanks
Jack Walsh .... special thanks
John Wright .... special thanks
David Young .... special thanks

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Additional Details

Also Known As:
81 min | Germany:75 min (TV version)
Sound Mix:
Filming Locations:

Did You Know?

The statute of Paragraph 175 was amended several times. The Nazis broadened the law in 1935 and increased its prosecutions by an order of magnitude; thousands died in concentration camps, regardless of guilt or innocence. East Germany reverted to the old version of the law in 1950, limited its scope to sex with youths under 18 in 1968, and abolished it entirely in 1988. West Germany retained the Nazi-era statute until 1969, when it was limited to "qualified cases"; it was further attenuated in 1973 and finally revoked entirely in 1994 after German reunification.See more »
Symphony No. 5See more »


This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.
5 out of 6 people found the following review useful.
Those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it., 9 December 2005
Author: cogitoergosum-1 from United States

If you are gay, lesbian, or simply sympathetic to the lives and struggles of gays and lesbians, you must watch this film.

It is the story of gays and although briefly, lesbians, during the early Pre-WWII years and also during the war.

Although I had heard of the "pink triangle" used by the Nazi's during the war, I had never heard any information about victims of Nazi persecution against homosexuals. Ever. Until now I was in the dark.

I shall forever be grateful to the producers, director, and survivors who shared their deeply personal stories, each unique, yet all with a common thread; one of having survived as homosexuals and lesbians during the Nazi era in Germany.

The stories are real, the people are real, and the emotions which are displayed and which will be brought forth in you, are real. It is impossible to be a human being, and not be struck deep inside by the faces and stories of these people.

Remarkably, even some of the survivors eventually became members of the German Army during the war themselves, so in no means is this a whitewashed film nor is it seen only through rose colored glasses.

This is documentary cinema at its very finest. Emotional, insightful, raw, and human in every sense of the word.

Do not miss this film!

Was the above review useful to you?
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