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Gangs of New York (2002) Poster

Trivia

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Leonardo DiCaprio accidentally broke Daniel Day-Lewis' nose while filming a fight scene. Day-Lewis continued to film the scene despite the injury.
Martin Scorsese ends the film with a shot of the New York skyline which includes the World Trade Center Towers, even though the film was finished after the buildings were destroyed in the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. Scorsese chose to end on that shot rather then continue with a skyline without the WTC because the movie is supposed to be about the people who build New York, not those who tried to destroy it.
Daniel Day-Lewis became so uncomfortable with the greasy hairstyle he wore as Bill the Butcher, that immediately after filming completed, he shaved his head.
Bill the Butcher (Daniel Day-Lewis) is a rabid opponent of Abraham Lincoln and in one scene he's shown throwing a knife at a picture of the president. Day-Lewis would play Lincoln in Lincoln (2012) ten years later.
Most of the gangs mentioned by name were real 19th-century New York gangs. Bill "The Butcher" Cutting is based largely on real-life New York gang leader Bill Poole, who also was known as "The Butcher" and had much the same prestige as Daniel Day-Lewis' character.
Bill's hard "New Yok" accent wasn't entirely fabricated. Martin Scorsese actually did some research by listening to a voice recording of Walt Whitman and by reading an old play in which the dialog was spelled out phonetically.
Bill the Butcher has a scene with every main and supporting character in the film, a symbol of his vast influence in the Five Points.
Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio both took salary reductions to preserve the budget.
The name "Dead Rabbits" has a second meaning rooted in the Irish-American vernacular of 1857. The word "Rabbit" is a phonetic corruption of the Gaelic word ráibéad, meaning "man to be feared". "Dead" is a slang intensifier meaning "very." "Dead Ráibéad" thus means a man to be greatly feared.
When Boss Tweed considers being with a prostitute, Bill The Butcher warns him that she's been "frenchified". Frenchified was a 19th-century term for venereal disease.
Martin Scorsese hired "The Magician", an Italian man famous for a 30-year career as a pickpocket, to teach Cameron Diaz about the art of picking pockets.
During filming Daniel Day-Lewis talked with his film accent during the entire time of production, even when he was not on the set.
The draft riots depicted in the film are largely accurate, but the real-life Bill "The Butcher" Poole (the basis for Daniel Day-Lewis' character) was killed several years before the riots took place.
The original cut of the film ran an hour longer.
When the film was first conceived in 1978, Martin Scorsese originally planned to cast Dan Aykroyd as Amsterdam Vallon and John Belushi as Bill 'The Butcher' Cutting. The project fell apart after Belushi died. A cast reshuffle had Mel Gibson as Amsterdam Vallon and Willem Dafoe as The Butcher. Eventually, Leonardo DiCaprio was cast as Amsterdam Vallon and Daniel Day-Lewis was cast as The Butcher.
Daniel Day-Lewis said in an interview that he listened to the music of Eminem to prepare for his role.
The scenes where Bill the Butcher taps his glass eye and where he yells, "Whoopsie daisy!" during the knife-throwing act were both ad-libbed.
Marks the first teaming between Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio, which began a long collaboration, spanning more than ten years and many movies.
The initial battle between Cutting's gang and Priest Vallon's appears to have been based on an actual event that took place on June 21, 1835 (ten years earlier than depicted in the film), on Pearl Street between Chatham and Centre Streets, which is in the heart of the Five Points. The "New York Sun" wrote of "a most disgraceful riot" whose origin "was a dispute between two native citizens and several foreigners." According to the paper's account, "the riotous assemblage amounted to several thousand (people), many of those concerned armed with stones, brickbats and bludgeons."
Bill says his father was killed by the British on 25 July 1814. This was probably in the Battle of Lundy's Lane, which was fought on this date in the Niagara Falls area, and was the bloodiest battle in the War of 1812.
Bill Cutting, the film's xenophobic antagonist, has a particular dislike for Irish immigrants. Daniel Day-Lewis is a naturalized citizen of Ireland.
Martin Scorsese recreated 19th-century New York on the lot of Cinecitta studios in Rome. When George Lucas visited the massive set, he reportedly turned to Scorsese and said, "Sets like that can be done with computers now."
During the boxing scene, there is a cutaway to a man drawing a caricature of "Boss" Tweed. This is a reference to the political cartoonist Thomas Nast, who was primarily responsible for the eventual downfall of Tweed.
During the scene at the Chinese theater, Bill the Butcher calls for his boys to play some "American music" and extols it as "patriotic." The tune they play is "Garry Owen," a Gaelic drinking tune, which became the official song of the 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, chock full of Irishmen and infamous for their defeat, along with their commander, Gen. George Armstrong Custer, by Indians at Little Big Horn.
Many of the characters portrayed in the movie are actually buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. The view of the skyline shown at the end of the movie would not be visible from this location, but rather from the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn.
During the final fight scene, Amsterdam is shown wearing a cestus on each hand. A cestus is a Roman combat glove used in gladiator battles. They are essentially leather straps wrapped around the hands, but when the Romans improved on the Greek design and added metal spikes, they became a more deadly weapon. You can clearly see Vallon's cesti when he is praying before the fight.
When Boss Tweed is talking to Bill, Bill says to him, "I know your works. You are neither cold nor hot. So because you are lukewarm, I will spew you out of my mouth." Though not attributed, this is from the Bible (Revelations 3:15-16).
To simulate Bill the Butcher's fake eye, Daniel Day-Lewis had his own eyeball covered in prosthetic glass. Day-Lewis learned to tap his fake eye with the tip of a knife without blinking.
The film is based partly on Herbert Asbury's book of the same name. In it the depiction of the riot (which is still the biggest in US history) is more in line with historical fact, which portrays the gangs as pro-slavery, racists and lynchers.
Martin Scorsese originally wanted Liam Neeson to play Monk McGinn, but Neeson asked to play Priest Vallon instead.
Sarah Michelle Gellar was originally given the role of Jenny. However, with scheduling complications between the film and Gellar's TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997), she backed out. Martin Scorsese then chose Sarah Polley for the part but later went with Cameron Diaz after studios insisted he pick a more "bankable star".
To make sure his facts were accurate, Martin Scorsese contacted Tyler Anbinder, a professor of history at George Washington University and author of the book "Five Points".
Due to the scarcity of English-speaking actors in Italy, some of the extras were US Air Force personnel from the 31st Fighter Wing, stationed at nearby Aviano Air Base.
In one scene Boss Tweed is describing to a few men the city's need for a grand new courthouse before being interrupted. This is a reference to the infamous old New York County Courthouse, now known as the Tweed Courthouse, where Tweed and Tammany Hall had stolen millions from the city that was earmarked for the construction of the building, which became the most expensive civic building of the 19th century because of Tammany's theft of funds.
Martin Scorsese got interested in the project in the early 1970s after he read the book while house-sitting on Long Island one New Year's Eve.
One day, after the day's filming was finished, DiCaprio and Scorsese managed to talk Day-Lewis into going out to eat with them. He refused to break character, ordering his food in accent, and the waitress was afraid to go near him.
The original budget was $83 million.
The main character's name is Amsterdam and New York's original name was New Amsterdam before it was taken over by the British.
Martin Scorsese claims that he returned his salary for this film in order to help bring it within budget.
Robert De Niro and Willem Dafoe were considered for the part of Bill "The Butcher" Cutting.
When Amsterdam takes his medal back from Jenny, the blood on his neck is digitally added.
Martin Scorsese was a big fan of the film O Lucky Man! (1973), and considered casting Malcolm McDowell as Amsterdam. Had Scorsese been able to make this film in 1978, he planned to cast Robert De Niro as "Amsterdam."
Martin Scorsese was influenced by American Mutoscope & Biograph Co.'s groundbreaking gangster film short The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912), directed by D.W. Griffith. Biograph is the oldest movie company in America and still in business.
Martin Scorsese first became interested in working with Leonardo DiCaprio on Robert De Niro's recommendation. De Niro had worked with the young actor on This Boy's Life (1993) and had been thoroughly impressed with his talent.
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Daniel Day Lewis took up an apprenticeship at a butcher shop in preparation for the role of Bill "The Butcher" Cutting, so called because of his superb butchering skills.
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Daniel Day-Lewis - noted for his immersion into his characterizations - stayed in character as Bill the Butcher throughout filming and on several occasions got himself into scuffles in car parks in Rome where the film was being made.
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Leonardo DiCaprio got a dressing down in front of the entire assembled crew when he turned up late one morning after a night's heavy partying.
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Martin Scorsese said in an interview that he offered first the part of Bill "The Butcher" Cutting to Tom Hanks who he loved the script but he was forced to turned down the part due to his work in Road to Perdition (2002).
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The film was conceived in 1978 and intended to be produced sometime in 1980 or 1981, but the box -office failure of Heaven's Gate (1980) made studios wary of expensively ambitious historical dramas, so the idea was shelved.
The film case includes three Oscar winners: Daniel Day-Lewis, Jim Broadbent and Martin Scorsese - who has a cameo role; and three Oscar nominees: Leonardo DiCaprio, Liam Neeson and John C. Reilly.
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Daniel Day-Lewis employed two circus performers to travel to his home in Wicklow, Ireland, to teach him how to throw thin, sharp daggers. He also went to work in a butcher's shop for several weeks to learn how to meticulously incise and gut carcasses.
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The movie was originally planned for Christmas 2001 release. In June 2001, trailers were released in theaters along with posters being displayed with "Christmas 2001" and "December" listed on them. At the last moment the film was pulled off the release schedule. It was released unchanged for Christmas 2002.
Tobey Maguire was at one time considered for the role of Johnny Sirocco.
Elmer Bernstein was commissioned to write the score, which was recorded at London's Abbey Road studios, but it was replaced by a new soundtrack at the last minute.
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Elmer Bernstein's original unused score was released as a limited edition CD along with Bernstein's unused scores for The Journey of Natty Gann (1985) and The Scarlet Letter (1995) in 2008.
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Seven cast members have also appeared in films for Steven Spielberg, more than have ever appeared together in another Scorsese picture. Leonardo DiCaprio appeared in Catch Me If You Can (2002), Cameron Diaz appeared briefly in Minority Report (2002), Daniel Day-Lewis appeared in Lincoln (2012), Brendan Gleeson appeared in A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001), Jim Broadbent appeared in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008), Henry Thomas appeared in E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), and Liam Neeson appeared in Schindler's List (1993).
Production designer Dante Ferretti recreated over a mile of mid-nineteenth century buildings, consisting of a five block area of Lower Manhattan, including the Five Points slum, part of the East River waterfront with two full-sized sailing ships, a thirty building stretch of lower Broadway and replicas of a mansion, Tammany Hall, a church, a saloon, a Chinese theater and a gambling casino.
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At the time, this was the most expensive film Martin Scorsese had ever made with a budget of $100 million. (Hugo (2011) has since exceeded that.)
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Before the battle at the beginning of the film, several gangs introduce themselves. At least three of them (the Dead Rabbits, the Bowery Boys and the Forty Thieves) were real life New York gangs at the Five Points from the 1860's and 1870's. Their appearance, weapons of choice and behavior is accurate and, in reality, many of their members ended up a politicians later on.
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Some of the remaining scaffolding on the back lot at Cinecittà Studios was reused by Mel Gibson for The Passion of the Christ (2004). The Roman praetorium is one of them.
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Jonathan Rhys Meyers was offered a part before production, but turned it down because he said he was too busy with other projects.
During the making of The Age of Innocence (1993), Martin Scorsese handed his art director Dante Ferretti five books of notes on production design.
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Christina Ricci auditioned for the role of Jenny Everdeane.
Originally set for release in December 2001, the film was put back to July 2002 and then finally December 2002. Speculation was rife about the delays (it was mainly down to Martin Scorsese having to trim the film by an hour) but it meant that Leonardo DiCaprio had two competing films opening within a week of each other - Steven Spielberg's Catch Me If You Can (2002) being his second movie of that Christmas season.
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Martin Scorsese's first edit of the film lasted in excess of three hours.
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When Paul Schrader met Martin Scorsese for the first time in 1972, the latter told him that there was two books he wanted to make into films - "Gangs of New York" and "The Last Temptation of Christ".
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Martin Scorsese) first encountered Herbert Asbury's 1928 book about the history of Five Points in 1970. His first call was to his friend Jay Cocks who would eventually collaborate on the screenplay over 30 years later. Scorsese told Cocks to "think of it like a western in outer space".
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Jay Cocks and Martin Scorsese wrote their first screenplay draft in 1977.
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Cinematographer Michael Ballhaus was handed a lavish book of Rembrandt prints when he signed on to the film, and was told by Martin Scorsese that that was how he wanted the film to look like.
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Elmer Bernstein was originally assigned to provide the score for the film (having previously worked with Martin Scorsese on Cape Fear (1991), The Age of Innocence (1993) and Bringing Out the Dead (1999)). However, Bernstein's score was rejected as Scorsese decided to take a more anachronistic approach to the music.
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In 1977, Martin Scorsese took a full page ad in Variety advertising Gangs of New York (2002) as his next project. The general consensus on why it never came to fruition at that time was the failure of Michael Cimino's Heaven's Gate (1980) and Scorsese's own New York, New York (1977), two big budget studio films that tanked at the box office.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Director Cameo 

Martin Scorsese:  the wealthy man at the head of the table being "turtledoved" by Jenny (look for the big eyebrows)

Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Bill's last words, "I die a true American", were the last words of his true-life counterpart, Bill Poole.
At one point in the film, Monk (Brendan Gleeson) speaks a line of Gaeilge to Amsterdam (Leonardo DiCaprio) and then translates it. Before working as an actor, Gleeson taught Gaeilge (among other subjects) as a secondary school teacher.
Priest's murder was originally much more violent. During the opening battle, just before Bill stabs Priest Vallon, an axe severs his left arm at the elbow, then Bill hacks him limb from limb. The shot of the arm being severed is still in the film moments before Bill yells for Priest to turn around.
The POV shot where Amsterdam re-emerges into the Five Points after recuperating from his wound (specifically, the four or five men loafing on either side of the alley) is a visual reference to a Jacob Riis photo, "Bandit's Roost," used as cover art on some editions of Herbert Asbury's "Gangs of New York."

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Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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