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Gangs of New York (2002) Poster

Trivia

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Bill the Butcher (Daniel Day-Lewis) is a rabid opponent of Abraham Lincoln and in one scene he's shown throwing a knife at a picture of the president. Ironically, Day-Lewis would later play Lincoln in Lincoln (2012).
Martin Scorsese ends the film with a shot of the New York skyline which includes the World Trade Center Towers, even though the film was finished after the buildings were destroyed in the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. Scorsese chose to end on that shot rather then continue with a skyline without the WTC because the movie is supposed to be about the people who build New York, not those who tried to destroy it.
Leonardo DiCaprio accidentally broke Daniel Day-Lewis' nose while filming a fight scene. Day-Lewis continued to film the scene despite the injury.
During filming Daniel Day-Lewis talked with his film accent during the entire time of production, even when he was not on the set.
Daniel Day-Lewis became so uncomfortable with the greasy hairstyle he wore as Bill the Butcher, that immediately after filming completed, he shaved his head.
Most of the gangs mentioned by name were real 19th-century New York gangs. Bill "The Butcher" Cutting is based largely on real-life New York gang leader Bill Poole, who also was known as "The Butcher" and had much the same prestige as Daniel Day-Lewis' character.
Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio both took salary reductions to preserve the budget.
The name "Dead Rabbits" has a second meaning rooted in the Irish-American vernacular of 1857. The word "Rabbit" is a phonetic corruption of the Gaelic word ráibéad, meaning "man to be feared". "Dead" is a slang intensifier meaning "very." "Dead Ráibéad" thus means a man to be greatly feared.
Bill the Butcher has a scene with every main and supporting character in the film, a symbol of his vast influence in the Five Points.
At one point in the film, Monk (Brendan Gleeson) speaks a line of Gaelic to Amsterdam (Leonardo DiCaprio) and then translates it. Before working as an actor, Gleeson taught Gaelic (among other subjects) as a secondary school teacher.
Martin Scorsese hired "The Magician", an Italian man famous for a 30-year career as a pickpocket, to teach Cameron Diaz about the art of picking pockets.
When Boss Tweed is talking to Bill, Bill says to him, "I know your works. You are neither cold nor hot. So because you are lukewarm, I will spew you out of my mouth." Though not attributed, this is a direct quote from The Holy Bible; Revelations 3:1.
When Boss Tweed considers being with a prostitute, Bill The Butcher warns him that she's been "frenchified". Frenchified was a 19th-century term for venereal disease.
Daniel Day-Lewis said in an interview that he listened to the music of Eminem to prepare for his role.
Bill's hard "New Yok" accent wasn't entirely fabricated. Martin Scorsese actually did some research by listening to a voice recording of Walt Whitman and by reading an old play in which the dialog was spelled out phonetically.
When the film was first conceived in 1978, Martin Scorsese originally planned to cast Dan Aykroyd as Amsterdam Vallon and John Belushi as Bill 'The Butcher' Cutting. The project fell apart after Belushi died. A cast reshuffle had Mel Gibson as Amsterdam Vallon and Willem Dafoe as The Butcher. Eventually, Leonardo DiCaprio was cast as Amsterdam Vallon and Daniel Day-Lewis was cast as The Butcher.
Sarah Michelle Gellar was originally given the role of Jenny. However, with scheduling complications between the film and Gellar's TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997), she backed out. Martin Scorsese then chose Sarah Polley for the part but later went with Cameron Diaz after studios insisted he pick a more "bankable star".
During the boxing scene, there is a cutaway to a man drawing a caricature of "Boss" Tweed. This is a reference to the political cartoonist Thomas Nast, who was primarily responsible for the eventual downfall of Tweed.
Bill says his father was killed by the British on 25 July 1814. This was probably in the Battle of Lundy's Lane, which was fought on this date in the Niagara Falls area, and was the bloodiest battle in the War of 1812.
The scenes where Bill the Butcher taps his glass eye and where he yells, "Whoopsie daisy!" during the knife-throwing act were both ad-libbed.
Bill Cutting, the film's xenophobic antagonist, has a particular dislike for Irish immigrants. Daniel Day-Lewis is a naturalized citizen of Ireland.
The film is based partly on Herbert Asbury's book of the same name. In it the depiction of the riot (which is still the biggest in US history) is more in line with historical fact, which portrays the gangs as pro-slavery, racists and lynchers.
The POV shot where Amsterdam re-emerges into the Five Points after recuperating from his wound (specifically, the four or five men loafing on either side of the alley) is a visual reference to a Jacob Riis photo, "Bandit's Roost," used as cover art on some editions of Herbert Asbury's "Gangs of New York."
The initial battle between Cutting's gang and Priest Vallon's appears to have been based on an actual event that took place on June 21, 1835 (ten years earlier than depicted in the film), on Pearl Street between Chatham and Centre Streets, which is in the heart of the Five Points. The "New York Sun" wrote of "a most disgraceful riot" whose origin "was a dispute between two native citizens and several foreigners." According to the paper's account, "the riotous assemblage amounted to several thousand (people), many of those concerned armed with stones, brickbats and bludgeons."
Martin Scorsese recreated 19th-century New York on the lot of Cinecitta studios in Rome. When George Lucas visited the massive set, he reportedly turned to Scorsese and said, "Sets like that can be done with computers now."
During the scene at the Chinese theater, Bill the Butcher calls for his boys to play some "American music" and extols it as "patriotic." The tune they play is "Garry Owen," a Gaelic drinking tune, which became the official song of the 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, chock full of Irishmen and infamous for their defeat, along with their commander, Gen. George Armstrong Custer, by Indians at Little Big Horn.
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Martin Scorsese got interested in the project in the early 1970s after he read the book while house-sitting on Long Island one New Year's Eve.
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The draft riots depicted in the film are largely accurate, but the real-life Bill "The Butcher" Poole (the basis for Daniel Day-Lewis' character) was killed several years before the riots took place.
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During the final fight scene, Amsterdam is shown wearing a cestus on each hand. A cestus is a Roman combat glove used in gladiator battles. They are essentially leather straps wrapped around the hands, but when the Romans improved on the Greek design and added metal spikes, they became a more deadly weapon. You can clearly see Vallon's cesti when he is praying before the fight.
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The original cut of the film ran an hour longer.
Many of the characters portrayed in the movie are actually buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. The view of the skyline shown at the end of the movie would not be visible from this location, but rather from the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn.
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In one scene Boss Tweed is describing to a few men the city's need for a grand new courthouse before being interrupted. This is a reference to the infamous old New York County Courthouse, now known as the Tweed Courthouse, where Tweed and Tammany Hall had stolen millions from the city that was earmarked for the construction of the building, which became the most expensive civic building of the 19th century because of Tammany's theft of funds.
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Martin Scorsese claims that he returned his salary for this film in order to help bring it within budget.
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To make sure his facts were accurate, Martin Scorsese contacted Tyler Anbinder, a professor of history at George Washington University and author of the book "Five Points".
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The main character's name is Amsterdam and New York's original name was New Amsterdam before it was taken over by the British.
Robert De Niro and Willem Dafoe were considered for the part of Bill "The Butcher" Cutting.
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The movie was originally planned for Christmas 2001 release. In June 2001, trailers were released in theaters along with posters being displayed with "Christmas 2001" and "December" listed on them. At the last moment the film was pulled off the release schedule. It was released unchanged for Christmas 2002.
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Martin Scorsese originally wanted Liam Neeson to play Monk McGinn, but Neeson asked to play Priest Vallon instead.
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Due to the scarcity of English-speaking actors in Italy, some of the extras were US Air Force personnel from the 31st Fighter Wing, stationed at nearby Aviano Air Base.
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Marks the first teaming between Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio, which began a long collaboration, spanning more than ten years and many movies.
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The film was conceived in 1978 and intended to be produced sometime in 1980 or 1981, but the box -office failure of Heaven's Gate (1980) made studios wary of expensively ambitious historical dramas, so the idea was shelved.
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Martin Scorsese was a big fan of the film O Lucky Man! (1973), and considered casting Malcolm McDowell as Amsterdam. Had Scorsese been able to make this film in 1978, he planned to cast Robert De Niro as "Amsterdam."
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When Amsterdam takes his medal back from Jenny, the blood on his neck is digitally added.
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The original budget was $83 million.
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Martin Scorsese was influenced by American Mutoscope & Biograph Co.'s groundbreaking gangster film short The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912), directed by D.W. Griffith. Biograph is the oldest movie company in America and still in business.
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Tobey Maguire was at one time considered for the role of Johnny Sirocco.
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Jonathan Rhys Meyers was offered a part before production, but turned it down because he said he was too busy with other projects.
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Christina Ricci auditioned for the role of Jenny Everdeane.
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Elmer Bernstein's original unused score was released as a limited edition CD along with Bernstein's unused scores for The Journey of Natty Gann (1985) and The Scarlet Letter (1995) in 2008.
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Some of the remaining scaffolding on the back lot at Cinecittà Studios was reused by Mel Gibson for The Passion of the Christ (2004). The Roman praetorium is one of them.
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Elmer Bernstein was commissioned to write the score, which was recorded at London's Abbey Road studios, but it was replaced by a new soundtrack at the last minute.
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Director Cameo 

Martin Scorsese:  the wealthy man at the head of the table being "turtledoved" by Jenny (look for the big eyebrows)

Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Bill's last words, "I die a true American", were the last words of his true-life counterpart, Bill Poole.
Priest's murder was originally much more violent. During the opening battle, just before Bill stabs Priest Valon, an axe severs his left arm at the elbow, then Bill hacks him limb from limb. The shot of the arm being severed is still in the film moments before Bill yells for Priest to turn around.

See also

Goofs | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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