The first Bollywood production in 30 years to use synchronized sound. An Arri535 camera, brought over from Germany, was used to facilitate sync-sound recording. Most Indian films are dubbed entirely in the studio in the process known as ADR.
Lagaan has many parallels with Bhuvan Shome (1969). Amitabh Bachchan is the narrator in both the movies. The hero and heroine's name are the same, Bhuvan and Gauri. Suhasini Mulay who played the heroine in Bhuvan Shome, played the hero's mother in Lagaan. Both movies were shot in Gujarat.
Lagaan's shooting was done in kutch district of Gujarat. The places are Vijay vilas palace-Mandavi, Prag Mahal- Bhuj , and the Field between Jam Kunariya and Kotay near Bhuj. Aamir Khan and his team were much impressed by the villagers of Kotay and Kunariya. After 6 months of shooting there was a high scale earthquake in the village. After this Aamir donated much of his Lagaan earnings for relief efforts to help the village.
The village shown in the film is titled Champaneer, which is supposed to be located in Madhya Pradesh. This is a fictitious place, but there is a place called Champaneer near Vadodara that is now a World Heritage Site. Coincidently, Vadodara and Bhuj, where the film was shot, are in the same state of Gujarat.