Dr. Grant's brown truck with the Museum of the Rockies and Montana State University logos on it is actually based on the vehicle that belongs to Dr. Jack Horner, paleontologist consultant on the Jurassic Park films as well as the man that the character of Grant is based on. It was a difficult and time consuming process to find an exact match of Dr. Horner's truck to be used in the movie.
According to an interview with William H. Macy, the actor said the film's animatronic Spinosaurus had a 1,000-horsepower motor and that creature could turn its head at twice the force of gravity, with the tip of its nose moving at a speed of more than 100 miles per hour.
A few of the action sequences are borrowed from left over ideas from the first two Jurassic Park films, some of which were in the original scripts and made it as far as being storyboarded before they were scrapped due to time and budget constraints. These scenes include the pteranodon and river boat sequences.
After the Spinosaurus' attack on the airplane, Grant asks Billy how he would classify the animal. Billy's first inclination is to say the dinosaur is a Suchomimus or Baryonyx, due to the large snout. This is a joke meant for many fans of the film who, when the new movie's logo was first revealed, said the exact same thing Billy did. Many long pages on the message boards of fan pages and the official page were dedicated to this debate.
Mirroring the latest palaeontologic finds that were made at the time, feathers were added onto various parts of the Velociraptor males, most noticeably on the top of their head. More recent finds suggest that raptors were indeed covered in feathers, a fact most members of the general public still find hard to digest. However the type of feather they used in the movie is incorrect: real raptors had the same kind of feathers as modern birds, and these covered their entire body, save for the tip of their snout.
Steven Spielberg initially devised a story idea which involved Dr. Alan Grant living on one of InGen's islands to study dinosaurs. Because he was not allowed in for research, he was living in a tree like Robinson Crusoe. However, Johnston rejected the idea because he couldn't imagine Dr. Grant returning to any island inhabited by dinosaurs after the events of the first film.
Original scripts and storyboards had a Baryonyx as the main dinosaur instead of the Spinosaurus. Baryonyx is a close relative of the Spinosaurus and they looked basically the same. Baryonyx was a little smaller, and did not have the fin like the Spinosaurus did. Director Joe Johnston wanted a main dinosaur that would not be confused with the T-Rex. Though the Baryonyx would have been vastly different, the Spinosaurus had a bizarre look no other carnivore had.
When Ellie is talking to Grant she mentions getting a quote from Jack Horner for her book. Jack Horner is a paleontologist who was Michael Crichton's inspiration for the character of Alan Grant; he was also a consultant on all of the three "Jurassic Park" films.
The computer-controlled "rapid prototyper" portrayed in the film is real technology, able to mechanically sculpt parts and objects in three dimensions using computerized drawings and scanned information. The machine in the film uses Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM). Using one thin layer of bond paper and resin at a time, it carves away the unwanted material as each layer is added, until all the cross-sections have been built up into a solid replica of the original. The carving action of each layer creates a great deal of shavings and dust during the process, which you can see when Billy lifts the lid up to remove the finished model.
This is the shortest of the Jurassic Park franchise. Jurassic Park 3 (2001) runs at 1h 32min, Jurassic Park (1993) runs at 2h 7min, The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) runs at 2h 9min, and Jurassic World (2015) runs at 2h 4min.
When Dr. Grant and Billy enter the bar to meet with the Kirbys, the song "Big Hat, No Cattle" by Randy Newman is playing. This is not a mere coincidence. The song is about lying and making yourself out to be someone who you are not; exactly what the Kirbys do in order to fool Dr. Grant into being their guide. This is further evidenced when Paul takes out his checkbook and claims to be capable of writing whatever amount he wants on it. In the background, you can hear the song saying: "And I lie, lie, lie..." right as the scene ends.
The second script involved a Pteranodon escaping from Isla Sorna and causing a string of mysterious killings on the mainland, which was to be investigated by Dr. Alan Grant and other characters. The project was green-lit but, five weeks before shooting began, the entire script was rejected by Steven Spielberg and Joe Johnston; Johnston felt that the story was too complicated. By that time, $18 million was already spent on the project.
The ringing of the phone in the Spinosaurus stomach is a homage to the crocodile from Peter Pan, who had swallowed an alarm clock that went off every time it was near, thus alerting others to its presence.
Concept art of the spinosaurus was created by Mark "Crash" McCreery, who had previously done conceptual artwork for the previous two films. These include the front snout resembling Suchomimus rather than the actual Spinosaurus as well as a smaller and seemingly singular crest and seems to have a taller sail, even though conceptual art is known to exist of a Spinosaurus with the upper front of the snout that resembles its real life counterpart. Years after the film was released, McCreery considered the crocodile headed dinosaur to be one of his favorite dinosaurs to design for the first three films due to its unique appearance and being larger than the Tyrannosaurus as well as how it was a challenge to make the animal look real rather than like a monster.
The vocalizations of the Spinosaurus were created by mixing together the low guttural sounds of a lion and an alligator, a bear cub crying, and a lengthened cry of a large bird that gave the roars a raspy quality.
If you listen closely the Spinosaurus uses some of the sounds of the Suchomimus from the video game Warpath:Jurassic Park (1999) and the Carnotaurus from Dinosaur (2000) This is highly proven since sound designer Christopher Boyes previously worked on the Disney film a year ago.
Spinosaurus is the only dinosaur in the films that is able to survive or at least win in a fight with a Tyrannosaurus Rex. Though the Indominus Rex from Jurassic World (2015) could be deadly enough to kill a Tyrannosaur as it was able to overpower Rexy before the Velociraptor Blue intervened.
For the vocalizations of the Pteranodon's, large bird sounds (including giant petrels and albatrosses) and the tree hyrax were used, the sounds of the juvenile pteranodons were of mongooses fighting Christopher Boyes found and recorded while on a vacation in Hawaii with his family.
In addition to the use of CGI and the Spinosaur animatronic, a full-scale physical foot prop whose construction was oversaw by John Rosengrant was also used during the plane attack scene. It was suspended by two poles that were operated by two Stan Winston Studio puppeteers and was used to step on a prop of the plane's fuselage designed by Michael Lantieri that was full-scale as well.
In the script for Jurassic Park III Carnotaurus was originally supposed to be the dinosaur that the group encountered at the Spinosaur dung site. This could be why the Ceratosaurus in Jurassic Park III has a color scheme similar to the Carnotaurus in Disney's Dinosaur that was released a year before. Its color scheme is also similar to Ceratosaurus in the toy line Die-Cast: Jurassic Park (see the "Toys" tab for a picture). In Jurassic Park III, The model of the Ceratosaurus was a modified T. rex model by Model Supervisor Ken Bryan according to the commentary of Jurassic Park III.
Cooper may have been inspired by a character in the video game Dino Crisis (1999) named Cooper who gets eaten by a Tyrannosaurus all the way at the start of the game, just like being eaten by the Spinosaurus at the beginning of the film.
In Ricardo F. Delgado's concept art for the plane attack scene after the plane's body falls to the ground, the pilot (or co-pilot) in the body of the destroyed plane makes a dash toward the plane's nose that is nearby to evade the advancing Spinosaurus, but the dinosaur notices the movement of the pilot and approaches the removed nose. In retaliation, the unlucky human desperately hides inside the plane part he/she has reached as the Spino begins rolling the plane's nose before using its head to push the plane part onto its tip. The sail-backed dinosaur then sticks its head inside the front of the plane where it finds the pilot and flings him/her up in the air where the human falls into the Spino's mouth. Furthermore, instead of the Spino losing the protagonists via getting its head stuck in between two trees, Delgado's concept art shows that the Spino was to be trapped in a group of fallen trees apparently caused by a mudslide. During the filming of this scene, the Spino animatronic malfunctioned. When it was sticking its head inside the body of the plane, it instead began slamming into the plane "like a jackhammer" as director Joe Johnston described the malfuction.
several Triceratops can be seen with zebra-like stripes on them much like the Tyrannosaurus and Male Parasaurolophus seen. However this is the same texture that was used for the bull in The Lost World Jurassic Park as you can see the Bull Triceratops had white stripes and dark brown coloration. It was used again in Jurassic Park III, but an unused texture can be seen in the making of and the turntables though.
The reason for the spinosaurus is absent from the list of the dinosaurs created by InGen and its overall existence on Isla sorna is left unanswered. One theory is that InGen scientist mistook the juveniles that lacked their famous sail seen in the adults for its relatives Baryonyx or Suchomimus. This could hold true as the Suchomimus type specimen is a sub-adult and the holotype of Baryonyx Is commonly believed to not have been fully grown. Furthermore the film Spinosaurus snout is similar in appearance to Suchomimus.
Out of all the teen/children, Eric is the only one who actually had to live and adapt to the island Isla Sorna, another thing that makes Eric stand out as a survivalist is that he survived on the island alone. Characters like Lex Murphy, Tim Murphy, and Kelly Malcolm all stayed on the islands only for about 2 days and they had adult protection. Gray and Zach Mitchell we're only on the island for a few hours in Jurassic World. Eric, however survived on Isla Sorna for 8 weeks by himself and without anyone's assistance.
Spinosaurus and Tyrannosaurus lived on different continents and different eras. So, the fossil record can not give a definitive answer on which species would win in a battle. It is unknown if Spinosaurus was a better fighter than Tyrannosaurus. Jack Horner explained: "We don't know how ferocious any dinosaur really was, all we have are their skeletons. If you scale the ferocious factor on the length of the animal, there was nothing that ever lived on this planet that could match [Spinosaurus]. My hypothesis is that T. rex was actually a scavenger rather than a killer. Spinosaurus was really the predatory animal."
This wasn't the first time that Trevor Morgan had to deal with dinosaurs, let alone a purple and green Tyrannosaurus Rex with the diet of an omnivore that could talk, sing and dance while encouraging younger children to use their imaginations. Under the lead role of Cody Newton in Barney's Great Adventure (1998), he had to tolerate (and warm up to) the whimsical escapades of the eponymous protagonist.
For the coloration of the Spinosaurus, Stan Winston Studio aimed for a "venomous flavor" that was seen in animals like the coral snake. Several designs of various color schemes of Spinosaurus were created by Ricardo Delgado, but the final color scheme of the spinosaur came from sketches by Mark "Crash" McCreery that Joey Orosco drew over using colored pencils. Orosco was also responsible for devising the red in its color scheme that the spinosaurus bears with the aim of giving it a bold look that was shared with the other dinosaurs designed for the film.with a design chosen, Orosco, John Rosengrant, Trevor Hensley, Rob Ramsdell and Paul Mejias created a 1/5 scale maquette that was later scanned in a computer where it was then used to create the mold of the Spinosaurus animatronic via rapid prototyping. Orosco also supervised the construction of the life-sized sculpture,for a reference for video games, advertising and other merchandise for Jurassic Park 3, a 1/16 scale maquette was also sculpted by Joey Orosco and Scott Stoddard with Mark Maitre painting the miniature.
Several designs for the Jurassic Park III logo did not feature Spinosaurus, instead featuring Velociraptor (represented as Deinonychus), Pteranodon,a Lourinhanosaurus embryo,a human embryo (usually depicted as a skeleton) and finally the Tyrannosaurus Rex.
Two scenes of Ankylosaurus was removed from Jurassic Park III. This is included a battle between an individual and a pack of Velociraptor and a more peaceful scene of a herd of three crossing the river that Dr. Alan Grant and the Kirby family were on. However, the scene where an Ankylosaurus fights a Velociraptor pack was later included in the LEGO Jurassic World level "Eric Kirby".
In the "Valley of the Dinosaurs" scene, you will notice a number of small white birds resting on the dinosaurs' backs and flying above their heads. They likely accompany the herbivorous dinosaurs on the island, and perhaps eat harmful parasites from their skin while perched on their backs, in a similar fashion to the relationships between Oxpeckers and Rhinos and African Buffalo of the African plains.
In the script for Jurassic Park III, Corythosaurus was to be among the dinosaurs seen on the riverbank after the protagonists escape from the aviary. Originally, the stamped seen in the film was only going to contain Parasaurolophus, but director Joe Johnston and visual effects supervisor Jim Mitchell felt there needed to be more variety, so Corythosaurus was created for the film. The Corythosaurus depicted in the film was created from the Parasaurolophus model.
Much like Spinosaurus, Pteranodon was to be an animal that was not listed on InGen's list in one of the early scripts, this would have been contradictory to what was shown in the Lost World Jurassic Park (1997) when Pteranodon (Geosterbergia) was seen on the factsheets given to the InGen hunters and as one of the screensavers in the Gatherers RV.
In 2014 Dr. Nizar Ibrahim and Dr. Paul Sereno presented evidence that indicated that Spinosaurus was not a land animal. This was a creature adapted to life in the water, floating like a crocodile with paddle-like feet. On land the Spinosaurus had walked on four legs. Therefore, if Spinosaurus would fight with other large predators, the battle look very different from the one in the movie. Paul Sereno said that when Spinosaurus emerged on land, it probably didn't brawl with other predators. "Big predators would likely have stayed away from fighting each other," Ibrahim says. "Whichever one got in the first big bite would have probably won a fight." In the film it is the Tyrannosaurus that got the first big bite and should have won the fight. Moreover, with a bite force of 3.5-23.5 metric tons the T. rex should have bitten the Spinosaur's head off.
As he leaves Dr. Sattler's house, Dr. Grant says that he is "The last of my breed." Ironically, he is driving an Oldsmobile Intrigue, which was one of the last Oldsmobiles made. General Motors closed the Oldsmobile division less than three years after the film's release.
Trevor Morgan, who plays Eric Kirby, also played Scott Anspaugh on ER (1994). Scott Anspaugh was the son of Dr. Donald Anspaugh (John Aylward), who was Chief of Staff. In Jurassic Park III, he plays William H. Macy's son. William H. Macy played Dr. David Morganstern on ER, who was the Chief of Surgery. ER was also created by Michael Crichton, the creator of the Jurassic Park franchise.
Sam Neill plays a character in the The Hunt for Red October (1990). During the climax of that movie, his character says that he would have liked to have seen Montana. Dr Grant meets the character Billy in Montana at a dig site.
The trivia items below may give away important plot points.
Near the end of the movie, when the Spinosaurus attacks Amanda Kirby (Téa Leoni) in the water and tries to grab her, the actress admits that she was injured by accident during those scenes when its claws would scratch her. When Leoni returned home from work one night and her husband David Duchovny saw the various slashes on her back she received during filming, he asked "At what point in this movie do they whip you?"
The other reason the Tyrannosaurus is not featured in this movie is because the animatronic puppet was damaged at the neck and was too costly to repair. They instead changed the outcome of the Spinosaur vs. T-Rex fight to have the T-Rex's neck broken and Spinosaur win.
Pterosaurs were included in the original "Jurassic Park" novel, and had been considered for both of the previous films, but these ideas were abandoned except for a brief scene at the end of The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). They are finally featured in this film, in a sequence that is largely based on the aviary subplot in the first novel.
In the end scene of Jurassic Park (1993) Dr. Alan Grant looks out the helicopter's window and sees a flock of pelicans, flying beside the helicopter. At the end of this film, Dr. Alan Grant looks out of the plane's window and sees a group of Pterodons flying beside the plane.
It is subtly implied that Billy was in on the expedition to search for Paul and Amanda Kirby's son from the beginning, with his own agenda in mind. There are four distinct moments: 1. Billy gives a look that implies he was aware that Paul Kirby would be arriving after showing Dr. Grant the velociraptor resonating chamber 2. Paul Kirby, after introducing himself to Grant, says "how ya doin', Billy?" implying that the two already knew each other 3. In the same scene, Billy hastily responds "We'd love to" Paul Kirby's request. 4. On the plane ride to the island Billy turns around, with a clearly facetious look on his face, asks Cooper "how do you know the Kirby's?" with which Cooper responds "through our church" with an equally sarcastic look. The fact that Billy steals raptor eggs in an effort to fund the dig site, along with his initial excitement of travelling to Isla Sorna is further evidence of this fact.
There is a fan theory that the sub-adult T-rex killed by the Spinosaurus in this is the infant T rex from the lost world (1997) however it could be a rogue T rex as the Infant had a skin color like his parent's while the T rex in this was more green in color. When asked if the infant T-Rex was the Tyrannosaur killed by the Spinosaurus during Stan Winston Schools "Jurassic Party" Matt Winston jokingly said "Yes! We're just making stuff up."
This is the second Jurassic Park movie in which actors from the television series, Miami Vice (1984), get eaten by a dinosaur. In the original Jurassic Park, it was Martin Ferrero, who played a recurring character named Izzy Moreno on Vice, as the lawyer who gets eaten by T-Rex. In JP:III, Miami Vice regular John Diehl plays Cooper, the mercenary who gets devoured by Spinosaurus as the plane is trying to take off, and Julio Oscar Mechoso, who plays the Dino-Saur boat captain eaten in the beginning of the film, played first season Miami Vice character Lester Kosko, the Vice squad's surveillance tech expert. Cooper was also often used as an alias by Ricardo Tubbs, played by Philip Michael Thomas on Miami Vice.