Bill Murray genuinely found that Keith McCawley and Ronnie McCawley who play his sons, were very much like their screen characters, annoying, and many of the scenes, where he lashes out at them and insults them, were improvised.
On the first day of principal photography, Wes Anderson delivered his directions to Bill Murray in a hushed whisper, so awed was he to be working with the actor. Graciously, Murray deferred publicly to Anderson, helped haul equipment, and when Disney denied a helicopter scene that would have cost seventy-five thousand dollars, he gave Anderson a blank check to cover the cost.
Director Wes Anderson drummed up publicity the old-fashioned way by traveling across the country in a tour bus that was kitted out with two big screen TVs, two VCRs, a CD player, cellphones, a satellite dish and a Sony Playstation. This largely came about because Anderson hates to fly.
One of the main filming locations was Wes Anderson's former high school, St. John's School, in Houston, Texas. He hired some of the students from the school to play extras and even some major speaking roles.
Before the film's theatrical release, Wes Anderson arranged a private screening for one of his adolescent heroes, the critic Pauline Kael. The film thoroughly mystified Kael who at that stage was retired, nearly 80 and being treated for Parkinson's disease.
A shot of Max Fischer, sitting on a go-kart, wearing a pair of goggles, (and featured on the back cover of the UK DVD) is a recreation of a photograph taken in 1909 by French photographer Jacques Henri Lartigue, a child prodigy who started taking photographs at the age of 6. The two people go-karting in the background are director Wes Anderson and Owen Wilson.
DIRECTOR_TRADEMARK(Wes Anderson): [Charlie Brown Christmas]: Max's dad is a barber, as was "Peanuts" creator Charles M. Schulz's. Max flies a kite, which Charlie Brown was often seen attempting. Max is seen wearing a winter cap and carrying a plant, similar to a scene with Charlie Brown in A Charlie Brown Christmas (1965). In the beginning of the "December" sequence in the barber shop, a musical interlude from that cartoon can be heard playing in the background.
The film was originally going to be made by New Line Cinema, but they couldn't agree on a budget. Wes Anderson, Owen Wilson, and producer Barry Mendel, held an auction for the film's rights in mid 1997 and struck a deal with Joe Roth, who was then chairman of Walt Disney Studios. A budget of ten million dollars was agreed upon.
Max asks Margaret Yang to remove her glasses, and tells her she looks better without them. While this is a staple of many romantic comedies, it was also used in Rocky (1976), and the girl in glasses was played by Jason Schwartzman's mother, Talia Shire. Max's conversation with the Headmaster, asking to let him stay at Rushmore "for old times' sake," mirrors a similar scene in The Godfather (1972), between Sal Tessio (Abe Vigoda) and Tom Hagen (Robert Duvall). Shire also appeared in that film. Max's play features many similarities to Apocalypse Now (1979) which, like The Godfather, was directed by Shire's brother, and Jason's uncle, Francis Ford Coppola.
Rosemary takes a job at a girls' private school called "The Webster Smalley School for Girls". Webster Smalley is well known for teaching playwriting at the University of Texas at Austin, which Wes Anderson and Owen Wilson both attended.
Touchstone hadn't planned on releasing the film until February 5th, especially in light of the heavy holiday release schedule, but when they saw the finished product, they rushed it into limited release for one week in December to qualify for Academy Award consideration, specifically Bill Murray for Best Supporting Actor.
The book that Miss Cross is reading to her students when Max first sees her is Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson, which follows the growth of David Balfour from a naive young boy to a heroic, experienced man.
In the geometry class Max dreams about during the school chapel/assembly, he solves a problem on the board - this problem is to derive the area of an ellipse by integrating its equation. Not a high school problem, but definitely not the hardest geometry problem in the world.
Film debut of Alexis Bledel who can be seen sitting on the right in the Grover Cleveland classroom just before Max (Jason Schwartzman) makes his speech; she can also be seen in the audience of "Heaven and Hell". Furthermore, one of the names on Max's petition to save Latin is "Alex Bledel."
The song featured whilst the two main characters are sabotaging each other is a live performance from The Who called "A Quick One While He's Away" This is taken from "The Rolling Stones Rock And Roll Circus" show from 1968.
The quote on Max's mother's headstone, "The paths of glory lead but to the grave" is from the Thomas Gray poem "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" (line 36) This same quote was the second clue to the treasure in the Disney film Candleshoe (1977) starring Jodie Foster and Helen Hayes. Touchstone is a division of the Disney Co.
In the film, Max checks out a book by Jacques Cousteau, which is what leads him to finding Miss Cross. Jacques Cousteau is also the main inspiration for the character of Steve Zissou in the Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004), also by Wes Anderson.
The first film collaboration between actor Bill Murray and director Wes Anderson. They would go on to work together again in many more films ("Moonrise Kingdom" (2012), "The Grand Budapest Hotel" (2014), The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou" (2004), etc.).
Wes Anderson: The first voice that appears in the film and tries to solve the problem to the equation in Max's dream scene. Anderson can also be seen at the part after the play sitting in the background behind Max.