Mulan (1998) Poster



Both Mulan and her father were animated by the same team, supervised by Mark Henn, as this helped make them seem related to each other.
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This film marked Disney's first ever DVD, released in November 1999.
The first Disney animated film to openly deal with warfare.
In one version of the legend, Mulan had a younger brother who was to be enlisted in the military, but instead, Mulan goes in his place. In the film, Mulan has a dog named "Little Brother," as a nod to this.
When Mulan sings "Reflection" in her father's shrine, the writing on the temple stones is the names of the Disney animators who worked on the film, written in ancient Chinese.
"Fa" is the Cantonese pronunciation of Mulan's family name. "Hua" is the correct Mandarin pronunciation, and means "flower." "Hua Ping" (Mulan's fake name) means "flower vase" or just "vase." In China, an effeminate man is often called a "flower vase" or "flowerpot."
The opening titles were put together by simply putting watercolor on rice paper.
Jackie Chan (Shang's martial arts model) voices Shang in the Chinese release. Chan, who is a hugely successful singer in Asia, also made a music video of the song "I'll Make a Man out of You."
The is the only Disney animated film to use the phrase "cross-dresser." The film was almost rated PG because of the use of the phrase.
According to Robert D. San Souci, who retold and researched the original story, Disney did not like the idea of putting in a dragon as a companion for Mulan; they feared it would be too big and menacing. San Souci explained to them that in Chinese lore, dragons can be any size, so a small dragon was approved. Thus, Mushu was born. This change is acknowledged when Mulan calls him "tiny" and Mushu replies, "Of course! I'm travel size for your convenience! If I was my REAL size, your cow (Khan) here would die of fright!"
The film is credited with launching the career of Christina Aguilera, whose first song to be released in the U.S. was the film's song "Reflection." The song went down so well that it landed her a recording contract with RCA Records.
The film was originally planned as an animated short entitled "China Doll," about an oppressed and miserable Chinese girl who is whisked away by a British Prince Charming to happiness in the West. Then Disney consultant and children's book writer Robert D. San Souci suggested making a movie of the Chinese poem, "The Song of Fa Mu Lan," so the two projects were combined.
Mulan's name means "wood orchid" or "magnolia." As such, magnolias serve as a running motif in the movie.
Disney animators were very keen to gain the support of the Chinese government, hoping that it might help smooth over relations following the upset that had been caused by the Disney-funded release of Kundun (1997).
Mulan is one of only two Disney princesses to wear pants, with the other being Jasmine from Aladdin (1992).
Tony/Olivier Award-Winning actress Lea Salonga originally auditioned for Mulan's voice, but it was deemed "not deep enough" for when Mulan is impersonating a male soldier. Although Ming-Na Wen plays Mulan, Salonga was retained for Mulan's singing voice.
The first Disney animated film to feature an Asian heroine.
The tai chi form Mulan's father begins before his leg injury interferes is Mulan Quan, a tai chi practice named for Mulan herself.
Bruce Willis was originally cast as Li Shang.
Chi Fu's name literally means "to bully," in Chinese.
Donny Osmond, who sings several songs on the soundtrack, noted that his children only ever really thought that he had made it in show business when he worked on a Disney film.
Development first began in 1994 with Disney sending a select group of artistic supervisors to China for a three-week acclimatization and inspiration course. The movie's artistic supervisors spent this time sketching, photographing, and soaking up the culture.
In the scene where Mushu awakens the ancestors, one set of grandparents worry that Mulan's quest will ensure her family loses their farm. This couple appears to be the couple on the farm in Grant Wood's famous painting "American Gothic." An uncredited Barry Cook, one of the film's directors, provides the man's voice.
Computer animators used the latest technology to add detail and mimic camera techniques that were previously unavailable in animation, like crowd scenes of up to 30,000 people. They used a computer program called "Atilla" to make the sequence featuring 2,000 Huns on horseback.
Crickets are considered a symbol of good luck in China, hence the inclusion of one as a character.
Harvey Fierstein was reluctant to voice a Chinese character, due to strong feelings about giving more opportunities to Asian actors. When he was assured that many true Asians were being cast as main characters, he agreed to play Yao.
Mushu says, at one point, that he wanted to have an "entourage." A persistent joke during Eddie Murphy's career was that he had a large entourage.
HIDDEN MICKEY: The spots on Shang's horse's neck and rump are shaped like Mickey Mouse. There are also other hidden Mickeys in the film.
In total, nearly 700 artists, animators, and technicians worked on the film.
The theme song in the opening credits, as well as the melody for "Honor to Us All," is the same tune Peter Pan plays on his pan flute in the Disney version of the movie.
Mushu spoofs Frankenstein's monster when he first awakens by rising up from the smoke and yelling, "I LIVE!"
Eddie Murphy's debut as a voice actor, as well as his only voice over work done outside Dreamwork's Shrek Film Trilogy.
This film is Disney's 36th animated feature.
The song "Reflection" was meant to be much longer, but the filmmakers wanted to save time in the movie. In the deleted version, Mulan not only takes off her bun, makeup, and jewelry, she also takes off her sashes. Also, the deleted version shows Mulan riding Khan through mountains and a swamp.
The first full-length movie animated only at the Florida animation studio.
One of Mulan's ancestors is known as Fa Deng (the beheaded one). In real life, there was a member of the Communist party of the same name, the last President of the party before Zedong Mao.
The family names called out when the conscription notices are being handed out (with the exception of the Fa family) are actually family names of Rita Hsiao's childhood friends.
Mulan writes with her left hand, but is seen using the sword in her right hand, so she may be ambidextrous.
When Mushu is saying names to Mulan, he mentions Ah Chew. Pat Morita, who does the voice of The Emperor, guest starred on Sanford and Son (1972) as a character named Ah Chew.
Mulan is a female who dresses and passes as male to join the military. BD Wong (the voice of Shang) began his acting career as a male who dresses and passes as a female in M. Butterfly (1993).
One of the beauty parlor ladies preparing Mulan for the matchmaker was drawn in the likeness of Rita Hsiao.
Real-life martial artist Mimi Chan and George Kee did the martial arts fights and choreography for the characters Mulan and Shang. Chan was discovered by Mark Henn while performing for the animation team in Orlando. He then used her as his model for Mulan.
This film marked Jerry Goldsmith's last Academy Award nomination.
This was the last Disney animated feature film to contain musical elements, after a decade's worth of Disney animated musicals (the only exception being The Rescuers Down Under (1990)), up until The Princess and the Frog (2009).
Eddie Murphy recorded his dialogue during the breaks of Holy Man (1998).
Li Shang's act of turning the entire camp against Mulan is actually a common technique used by sergeants during training, troublemakers will not be singled out by the sergeant, which would result in earning them sympathy, but instead earn all recruits a punishment. *Shangs act of singling Yao out with the retrieval of the arrow is also a technique used in training, smart-mouths will be singled out for humiliation, not only to show that they are wrong but also to show they are a risky person to agree with or be friends with.
Some footage of the Forbidden City is recycled from the "A Whole New World" musical number from Aladdin (1992), albeit with adjustments.
Ming-Na Wen was in her mid-thirties when she voiced the much-younger Mulan.
Tia Carrere was the first choice to voice Mulan.
Hayabusa is the third bird sidekick to a Disney Villain, the first being Diablo, and the second being Iago, but unlike the ones before him, he is a bird of prey rather than a raven or a parrot. Though technically all three are within a bird clade known as Australaves.
Mulan spends most of the time in her training uniform, her battle armor, or her blue infiltration dress, while in the merchandise, she is shown mostly in her "normal" dress or her pink matchmaker dress.
To promote the movie, McDonalds released a new item on their menu called Szechuan Sauce for a limited time. On April 1st 2017, episode 301 of Rick and Morty aired where at one point in the story, the character Rick enters his mind and relives a traumatic experience back in 1998. Before he goes to the incident, he goes to a McDonalds to order Szechuan Sauce and rambles on how much he loved it and then got pissed off when McDonalds removed the item (he also does the same at the very end of the episode). Since the episode's airing, Szechuan Sauce became a major topic online and many fans of the show have said that the company should bring back the item and there's even a petition online for them to bring it back. McDonalds conceded and made the sauce available for one day only on October 7, 2017.
Mulan is the only Disney Princess to not be royalty. She wasn't born into royalty, nor did she marry a prince.
Mulan touches her hair a lot because animators noticed that Ming-Na Wen did.
Mulan is, by far, the Disney character (heroine or villain) with the highest body count ever. The production team had drawn 2,000 Hun soldiers during the Huns' attack sequence, along with 2,000 more horses. Only six Huns survived to the avalanche and only one of them (Shan Yu) is killed later. This makes Mulan's final body count to 3,994 (Shan Yu is killed by Mushu, rather than Mulan, and not a single horse survived).
*In Chinese, Yao means need to/want to/going to. *In Mandarin, Ling is Ning which means "peaceful" *Chien Po (in Wade-Giles) means "gold gem".
Considering the setting and their point of origin, Shan Yu and his Huns could, in fact, be members of the Xiongnu people, Tuco-Mongol tribes who lived in the lands north of the Great Wall and conquered much of the Central Asia steppe in the 3rd-1st centuries BC. It is thought by many that the Huns that invaded Europe around 375 AD are descendants of those Western Xiongnu who were evicted by the Chinese in Turkmenistan. This is further supported by Shan-Yu's name, as a "Shanyu" or "Chanyu" was what the Xiongnu leaders were called, much like a Mongol leader would be "Khan."
Chris Sanders (Little Brother) was also the voice of Stitch in the Lilo & Stitch franchise.
Mulan is the only Disney Princess to be of East Asian descent.
Originally, the film makers planned to have Mulan join to the army to get out of her society. Though the way she feels about society is still present in the movie, it is not made to be the main point. She seemed selfish and unlikable that way, so animators stuck to the traditional way of her saving her father.
Little Brother is the third dog to be owned by a Disney Princess, with Cinderella's dog Bruno being the first and Pocahontas' dog Percy (in the sequel) being the second.
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The name "Little Brother" is possibly a reference to Mulan having a little brother in the original Ballad of Mulan. Aptly enough, Mulan may have named her dog this because she considers him her adoptive "brother."
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Mulan is the second Disney Princess to have both parents alive and present during the entire film, the first being Aurora in Sleeping Beauty (1959) and the third being Rapunzel in Tangled (2010), and Merida being the fourth in Brave (2012).
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The Emperor offering Mulan Chi-Fu's job in his court was a reference to the real-world inspiration for The Ballad of Mulan during the Sui Dynasty: Specifically, the Emperor, upon discovering that a woman was impersonating a soldier, was impressed when he learned that she did it out of devotion to her father that he exempted her father from service and then nominated her to his court. Unlike in either the Disney version or the original ballad, however, this woman didn't go to war, hence why she wasn't executed.
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Though he is not a Hun, Chi-Fu can be seen as an antagonist, especially to Mulan. He is the one who ordered her father to go to war, ignoring his old injuries, silencing her protests. He also encouraged her would be husband Shang to execute Mulan for lying to the army, and also stops her horse Khan and her friends Yao, Ling and Chien Po from halting the execution, regardless of her recent acts of heroism, but Shang refuses and chose to spare her for saving his life.
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The name "Khan" translates to "prince" but can also mean "king" or "leader" in many Tuco-Mongol languages.
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Khan is the third horse to be owned by a Disney Princess; Major being the first and Phillipe being the second.
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Khan's hair color (black) is representative of the "feminine" yin, while Shang's horses' hair color (white) is representative of the "male" yang.
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After the departure of Jeffrey Katzenberg in 1994, the story was infused with a lighter touch and handed over to the fairly new Florida feature unit. Up until that point, they had been mainly responsible for the Roger Rabbit shorts.
Co-director Barry Cook cited David Lean as one of his influences. This is particularly evident given the epic sweep of the Hun mountainside advance of 2,000 soldiers on the Imperial troops, and the later crowd sequence of 30,000 in the Imperial City.
Unlike most characters in the film, Shan Yu does not underestimate women. He also, unlike Chi-Fu, does not silence and belittle Mulan when they converse with each other before his death. When Mulan reveals that she caused the avalanche and came up with the idea to save the Emperor, Shan Yu instantly acknowledges that she is both responsible and a far greater threat to him than Shang as he abandons him in favor of killing Mulan. This is likely because it is believed that the Huns actually had several females within their military, many of the worst war crimes being caused by such women. It could also be because he lost many of his men because of Mulan and she ruined his plans to conquer China.
At one point, Stephen Schwartz was lined up to be the lyricist for the film. When he could not do it, the job went to David Zippel, who had been working on Disney's Hercules (1997).
Mushu was animated by director Tony Bancroft's twin brother, Tom Bancroft.
Shan Yu's black eyes may be a procedure known as scleral tattooing, in which tattoo ink is injected into the whites of the eye. This procedure is traditionally done in certain cultures and is still sometimes practiced today.
Helen Hunt was considered for the role of Mulan.
Although the plot of the film centers on a woman masquerading as a man, most of the male cast had played or dressed as women at points in their careers: BD Wong (Shang) in David Henry Hwang's M. Butterfly (1993) and Mr. Robot, Harvey Fierstein (Yao) in the Broadway musical "Hairspray," and Eddie Murphy (Mushu) in several of his own films. Also, Soon Tek-Oh (Fa Zhou) and Gedde Wattanabe (Ling) appeared in a 1976 musical called "Pacific Overtures," in which both played women's parts.
Shan Yu's pet falcon is named Hayabusa, the name "Hayabusa" means "Peregrine Falcon" in Japanese, though he is said to be more of a saker falcon.
As of 2016, this is the last film in the Walt Disney Animation Studios canon where voice actor Frank Welker receives an on-screen credit for providing animal vocal effects. In later films, he'd simply be listed under the Additional Voices or go Uncredited.
In Mulan (1998), Eddie Murphy voices Mushu, a Dragon. In Dreamworks Animation's Shrek (2001) and it's sequels, Murphy's character Donkey falls in love with a Dragon (whose vocal effects were provided by Frank Welker, the voice of Mushu's Companions Krikee and Khan in this film).
Li Shang is possibly ambidextrous. He tends to do a lot with the left hand as well as right.
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In a 2015 interview, when informed that Lea Salonga had voiced only the singing voice of Mulan and Jasmine, singer Idina Menzel described it as "very 'My Fair Lady'", presumably referring to how 'Audrey Hepburn''s singing was dubbed in the 1964 movie. Marni Nixon, who provided the singing voice for Grandma Fa in Mulan (1998), was also the one who provided the singing voice for Audrey Hepburn's character in My Fair Lady.
Mulan went by the name Ping in her Male Disguise. That would later be the name of James Hong's (Chi-Fu) character in Dreamworks Animation's Kung Fu Panda (2008) and its sequels, which also take place in China.
When Mulan sleeps in before her first morning of training, Mushu wakes her up, proclaiming, "Rise and shine, Sleeping Beauty!" This is a nod to the legendary Disney classic Sleeping Beauty (1959).
Jerry Goldsmith's last Golden Globe nomination in 1999. It was his first and only nomination for a Disney film.
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For the role of Mushu, Disney was aiming for top Hollywood talent in the vein of Robin Williams's performance as the Genie, and approached Eddie Murphy, who at first balked during recording in the Disney studios, and asked to record the voice in his basement at his Bubble Hill mansion in Englewood, New Jersey.
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June Foray (Grandmother Fa) and BD Wong (Li Shang) has both been in DuckTales Shows. Foray was in the Original DuckTales (1987) as the voices of Magica Despell, Ma Beagle and one of the voices of Mrs. Featherby, and Wong had been in the DuckTales (2017) Reboot as the voice of Toad Liu Hai. Frank Welker (Kri-Kee and Khan) had been in both DuckTales Shows, providing both speaking voices and vocal effects in the Original but only vocal effects in the Latter (usually going uncredited).
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The last Disney Animated Feature Film where a character's singing and speaking voice is done by separate voice actors up until Moana (2016) 18 years later.
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The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

In the original Chinese legend upon which this film was based, Mulan succeeds in her deception and leaves the battlefield with great honors. Months later, Mulan's fellow soldiers come in search of their "brother-"in-arms, and are shocked to discover that she is a woman.
The rocket Mushu straps himself to in the climax says "weixian" in Chinese, which translates into "danger" or "dangerous."
The scene in the climax where Mulan disarms Shan-Yu with a fan is an actual martial arts technique.
In one of the original versions of the film, Mulan was engaged to Li Shang and matching Yin-Yang necklaces were bestowed upon them. Although that part was removed, the Yin-Yang necklaces survive in the sequel (Mulan II (2004)).
Likenesses of the directors Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook appear as the firework attendants frightened by Mushu in the climax.
The English translation of the Chinese characters on the rocket Mushu has strapped to his back during the climax is "The Big Bamboo," a place in Kissimmee, Florida where the Mulan (1998) crew liked to hang out.
Mulan's horse, Khan, is referred to by name only twice in the entire film. The first time is when Mushu asks him for a ride (which he promptly refuses). The second time is when Mulan decides to return home after saving the Emperor.
Harvey Fierstein, who voices Yao, is also famous for drag queen performances, including the role of Edna Turnblad in the Broadway version of the film Hairspray (1988). He translates this to animation when they invade the palace to defeat the Huns in the film's third act.
All of Mulan's dresses in the film have a blue bodice and a red sash. This is possibly due to show that, despite being forced to change her appearance many times in the movie, Mulan ultimately stays true to herself throughout.
At the end of the film, while playing drums, Cricket wears sunglasses, just like Stevie Wonder, who sang "True To Your Heart" with 98 degrees.

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