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The following FAQ entries may contain spoilers. Only the biggest ones (if any) will be covered with spoiler tags. Spoiler tags have been used sparingly in order to make the page more readable.
For detailed information about the amounts and types of (a) sex and nudity, (b) violence and gore, (c) profanity, (d) alcohol, drugs, and smoking, and (e) frightening and intense scenes in this movie, consult the IMDb Parents Guide for this movie. The Parents Guide for The Green Mile can be found here.
Yes; this movie is based on the 1996 novel of the same name, written by Stephen King.
Like Alfred Hitchcock, Stephen King occasionally has a cameo in the movies based on his stories, but he does not appear in The Green Mile.
This is not fully explained in either the movie or the novel. When John Coffey (Michael Clarke Duncan) tried to revive the little girls, he mentioned that he tried to 'take it back', suggesting that sickness and death are phenomena that can invade a person, but can also be taken out again. Think of it as the physical manifestation of whatever disease or sickness John "sucked" out of those he helped. In the short story The Little Sisters of Eluria, King describes "Doctor Bugs", which are parasitic organisms that first heal people so that they might feed on them slowly. It's been tossed around that Coffey's "bugs" may or may not be the same kind of organism, though there's no confirmation one way or the other or even that they are bugs.
Water, particularly salt water, is a good conductor of electricity. Having the brine-soaked sponge causes the electricity to move in a more efficient line, thus killing the prisoner faster (comparable to a fast blow to the head with a large hammer). Without the sponge, the electricity would simply disperse over the body, meeting with a lot of resistance, causing the body to cook, and death would be much more agonizing, as seen during Del (Michael Jeter)'s execution (comparable to getting hit all over the body with a lot of small hammers).
At the time of their murder, there was no link between the girls and Wild Bill Wharton (Sam Rockwell). He was simply a drifter who worked for food and a place to sleep, and he had moved on by the time the girls went missing. When they were found in the arms of John Coffey, a poor, simple-minded, imposing black man who was saying, "I tried to take it back, but it was too late," that was proof enough to everyone that Coffey was guilty.
Paul Edgecomb (Tom Hanks) had no physical evidence to prove that John was innocent. Just saying that John showed him what really happened through a psychic link wouldn't exactly go over well. John's knowledge of the details would have only convinced a jury that John indeed had committed the crime. Then, Percy (Doug Hutchison) shooting and killing Wild Bill ruined any chance of him ever admitting to the crime. On a less pragmatic note: John Coffey himself admits that, prisoner or no, his life is one of constant pain and suffering, as a result of his sensitivity to the evil in the world. To quote him directly:
I'm tired boss. [...] Mostly I'm tired of people being ugly to each other. [...] It's like pieces of glass in my head all the time.
Because of the accidental "gift" John Coffey transferred to the mouse while holding the mouse during Del's execution. John says later that the mouse felt what he felt. When Paul takes John's hand and sees what John saw of the murders, John gives him the same gift, although this time purposefully. However, there is no indication that Mr Jingles will live "as long as" Paul Edgecomb, only that they both will have extended lifespans. Coffey's healing of Paul & Mr Jingles was as much a curse as it was a gift: the price that Paul pays is that he'll outlive everyone he loves, such as his wife & Elaine.
As old Paul says at the end, "We each owe a death, there are no exceptions. But oh God, sometimes the Green Mile seems so long". His concern seems somewhat justified: by the end of the movie, Mr Jingles is at least 64 years old, about sixteen times the lifespan of a normal mouse; if the same logic applies to Paul, that would mean he could theoretically reach an age somewhere between 1300 and 1500 years. However, it may not work as logically as that. Maybe John's intervention simply 'cleaned' him out, 'resetting' his health as if he were starting his life all over again. If that is the case, he would be living out an additional human lifespan (say 80-90 years). This would mean he could reach an age between 124 and 134.
Paul Edgecomb is 104 years old and still alive. His wife Janice was killed in a bus accident in Alabama in 1956. Melinda 'Melly' eventually died of a heart attack in 1943, and her husband, Warden Hal Moores, died of a stroke in 1941. Brutus Brutal Howell died of a heart attack while eating a fish sandwich, Harry Terwilliger died in 1982 of intestinal cancer, and Dean Stanton was stabbed in the neck by a prisoner four months after John Coffey was executed. William Wild Bill Wharton was shot by Percy Wetmore in 1932, and Percy went catatonic and lived in mental institutions until his death in 1965. Mr Jingles: died of old age in 1996
It is not explained in the movie. In the novel, Bitterbuck is sentenced to death after killing a man in an argument over a pair of boots. Del is a convicted arsonist, rapist and murderer.
The easiest answer that we see in the film is that there wasn't time. When Paul figures things out, Percy has given the order, Jack Van Hay has already thrown the switch, and it's much too late to stop things and rewire Del so that he'd suffer much less. The scene is depicted in real time, but doesn't actually happen that way. There are two things going on at once: (1) Percy's management of the entire execution and his orders being followed ("Roll on two!" the order to throw the switch), and (2) Paul's reaction to the revelation about the sponge, the consequences that will inevitably result, and the reaction of the witnesses gathered in the room. It's all done very well to give the viewer a sense of the sequence of events involved, however, it's not actually "real time" as we know it. So, by the time we see everyone's actions and Paul's reaction, it's too late.
Whenever a sentence of capital punishment is carried out in the United States, the law requires people be present as witnesses to see the convict actually die. The witnesses are all volunteers. In most states, if not all, the victim's family is also given the option to attend the execution, as is the case in this movie.
Percy is the nephew of the Governor of Louisiana's wife, so he had political connections. You might remember that Warden Moores talks to Paul Edgecomb about how he got a call from the state capital (presumably from the Governor's office) about Paul throwing Percy off the Mile when John Coffey was being brought in. Percy had wanted to take the opportunity at that point to instill fear in Coffey personally because of his blatant contempt for convicts. If Percy felt he was being mistreated, he'd simply call his mother or the Governor himself and complain like a spoiled child. The other argument is that it's a different time period. In the 1930s it was much easier for an inhuman person like Percy to work at such a job. The laws hadn't been changed to, say, profile a person like Percy for his mental illness. In modern times a condition like Percy's would've been discovered either through psychoanalysis when he applied for the job or because he'd caused a tragedy to happen. In the time the film was set, it wouldn't matter if Percy had been abusive toward a prisoner like Del, people would think Del was getting his just desserts for his crimes. The sabotage of Del's execution is something that might not have gone unnoticed by the proper authorities, however, Paul, Brutal, Dean, Harry and Warden Moores are able to cover it up since their jobs are at stake as much as Percy's would be. Percy, however, might have come out clean because of his connections to the governor's office.
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