The notion of ancient Egyptian curses that supposedly befall anyone who disturbs the grave of a Pharao is a popular one in literary fiction and movies. It originated from the novel 'The Mummy', written in 1828 by Jane Loudon Webb, which sparked the idea of a cursed tomb with a vengeful mummy. Several later writers reused the idea. The discovery of King Tutankhamun's burial chamber in 1922, which allegedly led to the mysterious deaths of 26 people involved, fueled the conviction that the curse really existed. However, contrary to popular belief, this has very little basis in fact. In the time before and after the discovery, writer Arthur Conan Doyle (of Sherlock Holmes fame) had already reminded the public of the terrible Egyptian curse from the novel. A newspaper at the time of the discovery falsely reported that Tutankhamun's tomb bore an inscription saying "They who enter this sacred tomb shall swiftly be visited by wings of death", and the story was quickly picked up by others. Although some old graves have been known to contain inscriptions cursing potential desecrators, the only inscription in Tutankhamun's tomb that comes close appeared over a shrine dedicated to the god Anubis, and stated "It is I who hinder the sand from choking the secret chamber. I am for the protection of the deceased". Among the 26 deaths supposedly caused by the curse, only eight died in the first 12 years after the discovery (there were 58 people present when the tomb was opened). The most prominent victim, who died several weeks after the discovery, was Lord Caernavon, who had funded the expedition and was one of the first to enter the tomb. His death sparked much speculation among writers about the curse being real. However, his death was from blood poisoning due to an infected mosquito bite, and not some unexplained cause. The actual discoverer of the tomb, archaeologist Howard Carter, lived on for another 17 years, finally dying a natural death from lymphoma. The third person to enter the newly discovered tomb, Lord Caernavon's daughter, did not die until 53 years later, at the age of 79. So whatever 'proof' there ever was about ancient curses, most of these stories have been wildly exaggerated.