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American History X
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American History X (1998) More at IMDbPro »

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American History X -- Academy Award-nominee Edward Norton delivers a searing performance as aformer neo-Nazi skinhead who now struggles to prevent his youngerbrother from following in his footsteps.
American History X -- Trailer for this intense drama
American History X -- A former neo-nazi skinhead tries to prevent his younger brother from going down the same wrong path that he did.


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8.6/10   744,248 votes »
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Popularity: ?
Down 8% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Writer (WGA):
David McKenna (written by)
View company contact information for American History X on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
20 November 1998 (USA) See more »
His father taught him to hate. His friends taught him rage. His enemies gave him hope. See more »
A former neo-nazi skinhead tries to prevent his younger brother from going down the same wrong path that he did. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for Oscar. Another 4 wins & 13 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
Not perfect but still very strong See more (1407 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Edward Norton ... Derek Vinyard

Edward Furlong ... Danny Vinyard

Beverly D'Angelo ... Doris Vinyard

Jennifer Lien ... Davina Vinyard

Ethan Suplee ... Seth Ryan

Fairuza Balk ... Stacey

Avery Brooks ... Dr. Bob Sweeney

Elliott Gould ... Murray

Stacy Keach ... Cameron Alexander

William Russ ... Dennis Vinyard

Guy Torry ... Lamont

Joe Cortese ... Rasmussen
Jason Bose Smith ... Little Henry (as Jason Bose-Smith)

Antonio David Lyons ... Lawrence

Alex Sol ... Mitch McCormick

Keram Malicki-Sánchez ... Chris (as Keram Malicki-Sanchez)

Giuseppe Andrews ... Jason
Michelle Christine White ... Lizzy
Jonathan Fowler Jr. ... Jerome

Christopher Masterson ... Daryl Dawson (as Chris Masterson)
Nicholas R. Oleson ... Huge Aryan

Jordan Marder ... Curtis

Paul Le Mat ... McMahon

Thomas L. Bellissimo ... Cop #2 (as Tommy L. Bellissimo)

Cherish Lee ... Kammi
Sam Vlahos ... Dr. Aguilar

Tara Blanchard ... Ally Vinyard

Anne Lambton ... Cassandra
Steve Wolford ... Reporter
Richard Noyce ... Desk Sergeant

Danso Gordon ... Buddy #1

Jim Norton ... Randy
David Basulto ... Guard
Alexis Rose Coen ... Young Ally Vinyard

Kiante Elam ... Lawrence's Partner (as Kiant Elam)
Paul Hopkins ... Student

Keith Odett ... Random Skinhead

Paul E. Short ... Stocky Buddy (as Paul Short)

Nigel Miguel ... Basketball Player
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Darrell Britt ... White Supremicist (uncredited)
Robert 'Duckie' Carpenter ... Skinhead (uncredited)

Sydney 'Big Dawg' Colston ... Prison Gang Leader (uncredited)
Hans Cozzens ... Police Officer #2 (uncredited)
John Embry ... Parking Lot Skinhead (uncredited)
Maximillian Kesmodel ... Young Danny Vinyard (uncredited)
Barbie Marie ... Student (uncredited)

Allie Moss ... Skinhead Girlfriend (uncredited)

Denney Pierce ... Arresting Officer (uncredited)

Glendon Rich ... Deputy Sheriff (uncredited)
Louis E. Rosas ... Jail Inmate (uncredited)

Sam Sarpong ... Jail Inmate (uncredited)
Mark Swanson ... Skinhead in Store (uncredited)
Jeremy Sweet ... Skinhead (uncredited)
Selwyn Ward ... High School Student Leaving Bathroom (uncredited)

Directed by
Tony Kaye 
Writing credits
David McKenna (written by)

Produced by
Bill Carraro .... executive producer
Michael De Luca .... co-executive producer
Jon Hess .... co-producer
David McKenna .... co-producer
John Morrissey .... producer
Kearie Peak .... executive producer
Steve Tisch .... executive producer
Lawrence Turman .... executive producer
Brian Witten .... co-executive producer
Original Music by
Anne Dudley 
Cinematography by
Tony Kaye 
Film Editing by
Gerald B. Greenberg  (as Jerry Greenberg)
Alan Heim 
Casting by
Valerie McCaffrey 
Production Design by
Jon Gary Steele 
Phill Zagajewski (assistant production designer)
Art Direction by
J. Kyler Black  (as James Kyler Black)
Dan Olexiewicz 
Set Decoration by
Tessa Posnansky 
Costume Design by
Doug Hall 
Makeup Department
Judith A. Cory .... supervising key hair (as Judith Alexander-Cory)
Bill Fletcher .... wig maker
Heather Fraker .... makeup artist
Karyn Huston .... hair stylist
John E. Jackson .... supervising key makeup
Matthew W. Mungle .... special effects makeup artist
Gina Rylander .... body makeup artist
Christina Smith .... supervising key makeup
Jamie Kelman .... lab makeup effects artist: W.M. Creations (uncredited)
Production Management
Bill Carraro .... unit production manager
Joe Fineman .... executive in charge of post-production
Carla Fry .... executive in charge of production
Diana Kaufman .... post-production supervisor
Michael Mandaville .... production supervisor
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Mark Cotone .... first assistant director
Michael Keller .... second second assistant director
David Larson .... second assistant director
Rusty Mahmood .... dga trainee
Scott Harris .... first assistant director (uncredited)
Art Department
Curtis Baruth .... construction coordinator (as Curtis W. Baruth)
Sharleen Bright .... head scenic artist
Clovis Chamberet .... lead man (as Clovis Chambaret)
Michael Cudlitz .... construction coordinator
Franco Esile .... set dresser
Steven E. Eyrse .... scenic artist
Brandon S. Gilgen .... scenic painter
Chris Griffiths .... set dresser
Vincent M. Jackson .... scenic painter
Pete Josephs .... construction foreman (as Peter Josephs)
Ian Kay .... prop assistant
Craig Lafferty .... on-set dresser
Lynda Reiss .... property master
Lisa Roman .... set dresser
Parker Swanson .... assistant property master
Le'Von Webb .... set dresser (as Lévon Webb)
Sound Department
Joe Barnett .... sound re-recording mixer
Javier Bennassar .... sound effects editor
Dorian Cheah .... sound effects editor
Benjamin L. Cook .... background sound editor (as Benjamin Cook)
Suzanne Davis .... utility cable
Jed M. Dodge .... dialogue editor (as Jed Dodge)
Roger Dudley .... additional sound engineer
Mary Erstad .... foley mixer
David Lee Fein .... foley artist (as David Lee Fine)
Alan Freedman .... adr mixer
Cormac Funge .... sound effects editor
Robert Getty .... assistant sound editor
Kurt Godel .... transfer engineer
David Grant .... dialogue editor
Tom Hartig .... boom operator (as Thomas W. Hartig)
Frederick Howard .... sound designer
Frederick Howard .... supervising sound editor
Craig Jurkiewicz .... foley editor
Ossama Khuluki .... foley artist (as Ossame Khuluki)
David Mann .... foley editor
Diane Marshall .... foley artist
Bob McNabb .... dialogue editor (as Robert McNabb)
Michael Mullane .... background sound editor
Steve Nelson .... production sound mixer
Sarah Peterson .... dialogue assistant
Yuri Reese .... sound re-recording mixer
John Ross .... sound re-recording mixer
Steve Scoville .... dialogue editor
Susan Shin .... adr supervisor
Anne Slack .... transfer engineer
William Smith .... sound re-recording mixer (as Bill Smith)
Walter Spencer .... dialogue editor
Lucy Sustar .... foley mixer
Roland N. Thai .... sound effects editor (as Roland Thai)
Paul Coogan .... boom operator (uncredited)
Michael Ferdie .... production sound editor (uncredited)
Jason George .... dialogue editor (uncredited)
Cameron Hamza .... sound recordist (uncredited)
Dean Hovey .... sound effects editor (uncredited)
Robert Jackson .... dialogue editor (uncredited)
Scott Jones .... adr mixer (uncredited)
Thomas Jones .... dialogue editor (uncredited)
Paul Vik Marshall .... pickups sound mixer: second unit (uncredited)
Paul Vik Marshall .... sound mixer (uncredited)
Matthew Reidenbach .... assistant sound editor (uncredited)
Aletha Rodgers .... sound mixer: second unit (uncredited)
Walter Spencer .... production sound editor (uncredited)
Kelly Vandever .... additional sound re-recording mixer (uncredited)
Special Effects by
Charles Belardinelli .... special effects (as Charlie Belardinelli)
Thomas L. Bellissimo .... special effects supervisor (as Tom Bellissimo)
Jerry Donegan .... special effects
Christy Sumner .... special effects
Malia Thompson .... special effects
Shannon J. Thompson .... special effects (as Shannon Thompson)
Visual Effects by
Stephen Jennings .... visual effects production assistant (uncredited)
Charles Belardinelli .... stunts
Chris Carnel .... stunts
Eugene Collier .... stunts
Kevin LaRosa .... stunts
Chai Lee .... stunts
Dwayne McGee .... stunts
Francine Morris .... stunts
Ernie F. Orsatti .... stunt coordinator (as Ernie Orsatti)
Noon Orsatti .... stunt coordinator
Mark Orson .... stunts
Jimmy Ortega .... stunts
Courtney Pakiz .... stunt double
Eddie Perez .... stunts
Denney Pierce .... stunt coordinator
Paul Sherrod .... stunts
Paul E. Short .... stunt coordinator (as Paul Short)
Russell Solberg .... stunts
Sammy Thurman .... stunts
Frank Torres .... stunts
Mark Aaron Wagner .... stunts (as Mark Ron Wagner)
Eddie Wong .... stunts
Merritt Yohnka .... stunts (as Merritt Yohnke)
Camera and Electrical Department
James Alden .... grip
Curtis A. Andrews Jr. .... lamp operator
Curtis A. Andrews Jr. .... rigging gaffer
Tim Angelo .... best boy grip
Mark Bolin .... dolly grip
Rick Drapkin .... first assistant camera: "b" camera
David Elmore .... second assistant camera: "b" camera
Scott England .... lamp operator
Warren Feldman .... second assistant camera: "a" camera
David Jarrell .... chief lighting technician
John T. Martin .... key grip
John McCoy .... video playback operator
Sean Hunter Moe .... camera loader
Charles Papert .... Steadicam operator
Charles Papert .... camera operator: "a" camera
Rico Priem .... grip
James Scott .... best boy electric
John Sekula .... first assistant camera: "a" camera
Peter Sorel .... still photographer
Fred Talmadge .... 24 frame video operator
Barry Berona .... first assistant camera: additional photography (uncredited)
Joe Crouch .... electrician (uncredited)
Isaac Friedman .... film loader: second unit (uncredited)
Eric J. Goldstein .... additional photographer (uncredited)
Barry Gross .... electrician (uncredited)
Leyla Monique Guzman .... second assistant camera (uncredited)
Barry Idoine .... first assistant camera (uncredited)
Tony Kaye .... camera operator (uncredited)
Gaston Langer .... second assistant camera (uncredited)
Dale Obert .... electrician (uncredited)
Dale Obert .... gaffer: additional unit (uncredited)
Jeff Orsa .... gaffer (re-shoots) (uncredited)
Christopher C. Pearson .... first assistant camera: additional photography (uncredited)
Bradley Richard .... additional second assistant camera (uncredited)
William Robinson .... assistant camera (uncredited)
Casting Department
Joe Adams .... casting assistant (as Joseph Adams)
Bill Dance .... extras casting
Terrence Harris .... extras casting assistant (as Terence Harris)
Mark Williamson .... extras casting assistant
Terrence Harris .... casting associate (uncredited)
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Marisa Aboitiz .... costume supervisor
Yvette Ammon .... additional set costumer
Ulker Irazat .... seamstress
Ángela Núñez .... costumer (as Angela Nunez)
Lisa Parmet .... key costumer
Editorial Department
Glenn Cocco .... first assistant editor
Kim Ettinger .... assistant editor
Bob McMillian .... color timer
Danny Miller .... first assistant editor (as Dan Miller)
Brandon Smith .... post-production coordinator
Ron Stanik .... assistant editor
Stephanie Olah .... post-production coordinator (uncredited)
Music Department
Paul Broucek .... music executive
Paul Broucek .... music supervisor
Bulge .... music performers: score
Marc Cancel .... musician: Bulge member
Karen Elliott .... music coordinator: Air-Edel
Richard Ford .... music editor
Isobel Griffiths .... orchestral contractor
Paul Hulme .... scoring mixer
Stanley Mueller .... musician: Bulge member
Christopher Rensink .... musician: Bulge member
Lori Silfen .... music business affairs
Keith Swan .... musician: Bulge member
Gavyn Wright .... orchestra leader
Mark Berrow .... musician: violin (uncredited)
Peter Davies .... musician (uncredited)
Woody Jackson .... musician (uncredited)
Bruce White .... viola (uncredited)
Transportation Department
Joseph Aroesti .... driver
Tony Barattini .... driver
Robin D. Bishop .... driver (as Robin Bishop)
Joe Cosentino .... transportation captain
Pat Cosentino .... driver
Angel Desanti .... driver (as Angel De Santi)
Ed Evans .... driver
Dash Hart .... driver
Geno Hart .... transportation coordinator
Alvin Hurd .... driver: honeywagon
Glenn Knowlton .... driver
Glen Mathias .... driver (as Glenn Mathias)
Bill Needham .... driver
John Pellegrino .... driver: production van
Adam Pinkstaff .... transportation co-captain
Leo Stefanos .... general manager: transportation
Leo Stefanos .... transportation dispatcher
Tom Stillman .... driver
Steven Luke Weible .... driver: honeywagon (as Steve Weible)
Michael Burnette .... transportation (uncredited)
Hardy Ophuls .... driver: cast (uncredited)
Other crew
George Alonso .... on-set medic
Matt Baird .... set production assistant
Peter Barnett .... first assistant production accountant (as Peter J. Barnett)
Lisa Behlendorf .... post-production accountant
Paul Belenardo .... production accountant
Olivette Brown .... office staff production assistant
Rex Camphuis .... set production assistant
Anthony Cortés .... personal trainer: Edward Norton (as Anthony Cortes)
Wendy Cox .... production coordinator
Avy Eschenasy .... production attorney
Michael Estrella .... set production assistant
April Fawcett .... set production assistant
Nancy A. Flint .... studio teacher (as Nancy Flint)
Emily Glatter .... in-house coordinator
Keeley Gould .... assistant: Mr. Kaye
Susan Hart .... production associate
Phil Hickerson .... set production assistant (as Phil S. Hickerson)
Erik Holmberg .... production executive
Ira Hurvitz .... script supervisor
Karen Jarnecke .... assistant production coordinator
Brian R. Keathley .... craft service
Kevin LaRosa .... helicopter pilot
Andrew Lipschultz .... unit publicist
Patti J. McDaniel .... assistant: Mr. Carraro
Nick Mestrundrea .... craft service (as Nick Mestrandrea)
Matthew Mizel .... assistant: Mr. Kaye
Jeff Myers .... set production assistant
John Nisbet .... set production assistant
Johanna Parker .... set production assistant
Paul Prokop .... production controller
Joshua Ravetch .... production resources
Marc Rindner .... production attorney
Oscar Luis Rodriguez .... additional best boy (as Oscar Rodriguez)
Silvie Rodriguez .... animal trainer
Marc E. Spiegel .... location manager (as Marc Spiegel)
Sihu Suhr .... accounting clerk
Tim Swan .... location scout (as Tim Swann)
Sonya Thompsen .... contract administrator
Paul Tompkins .... assistant location manager (as Paul Tompkins)
Omar Torres .... office staff production assistant
Eric Troop .... set production assistant (as Eric Topp)
Natalie Trussell .... production secretary
Timothy P. Tundel .... payroll accountant (as Tim Tundel)
Ryan Wallace .... office staff production assistant
Chris Warren .... caterer
Chris Warren .... chef
Ronald C. Briggs Jr. .... inventory services (uncredited)
Robert 'Duckie' Carpenter .... choreographer: slam pit (uncredited)
Dyanne C. Deuel .... set medic (uncredited)
Sean Jordan .... interactive media (uncredited)
Peter Menich .... title designer (uncredited)
Kelli Sample .... dialogue research (uncredited)
Chase White .... personal assistant: Tony Kaye (uncredited)
Crew verified as complete

Production CompaniesDistributorsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Rated R for graphic brutal violence including rape, pervasive language, strong sexuality and nudity
119 min | USA:101 min (workprint version)
Aspect Ratio:
1.85 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
Argentina:16 | Argentina:18 (cable rating) | Australia:MA | Belgium:KNT | Brazil:14 | Canada:18A (Alberta/British Columbia) | Canada:R (Manitoba/Ontario) | Canada:18 (Nova Scotia) | Canada:16+ (Quebec) | Canada:13+ (Quebec) (re-rating) (film #131174) | Denmark:15 | Finland:K-16 | France:-12 | Germany:16 | Greece:K-17 | Hong Kong:IIB | Iceland:16 | India:A (city of Mumbai) (certificate #VFL/3/36/2009-MUM) | India:A (city of Mumbai) (cut) (certificate #CFL/3/81/1999-MUM) | India:UA (city of Mumbai) (cut) (certificate #VFL/VV/2/19/2009-MUM) | Ireland:18 | Israel:18 | Italy:VM18 | Japan:R | Malaysia:(Banned) | Mexico:C | Netherlands:16 | New Zealand:R16 | Norway:15 | Peru:18 | Philippines:R-18 | Portugal:M/16 | Russia:16+ | Singapore:R21 | South Korea:18 (certificate #99-086) | Spain:18 | Sweden:15 | Switzerland:16 (canton of Geneva) | Switzerland:16 (canton of Vaud) | UK:18 (original rating) | UK:15 (re-rating) (2012) | USA:TV-14 (TV version) | USA:R (certificate #36005)

Did You Know?

The diner that Danny and Derek go to get breakfast at before Danny goes to school in the morning is the same diner that is used in The Big Lebowski (1998), during the infamous "toe" scene. It's located at Wilshire and Fairfax in Los Angeles and is called Johnie's Coffee Shop and is only open for filming.See more »
Continuity: When Danny is pulling his Nazi memorabilia out from his wooden box a knife appears on the bed that was never pulled out of the box.See more »
Danny Vinyard:[arguing about his "Mein Kampf" paper] Look Sweeney, did you bring me here to talk about Derek? Because what happened to him has nothing to do with me.
Bob Sweeney:Everything you do right now has something to do with Derek.
See more »
Movie Connections:
The White Man Marches OnSee more »


What is the song with lyrics in the trailer?
What does the title mean?
What is "Mein Kampf"?
See more »
25 out of 35 people found the following review useful.
Not perfect but still very strong, 8 November 2003
Author: bob the moo from United Kingdom

Years have past since Danny saw his neo-nazi brother, kill several black males who were robbing his car. Since he has been in prison, Derek's legacy has grown among the white gangs of the area and Danny has followed in his brother's footsteps. When he writes a racist paper for school, his teacher makes his write a new paper, focusing on recent history – that of his brother and how he influenced him. Meanwhile Derek leaves prison a reformed man with only the desire to repair the damage he once did to his family with his beliefs and his hate.

I was looking forward to see this film as I missed it at the cinema and am a firm believer that Edward Norton is one of the most talented actors of his generation and is always worth seeing (even if some of his films have given less than he deserves). It was maybe better that I only saw it recently as I was able to enjoy it without all the hype and fighting over who did what to who, or all the comments from director Kaye as to his opinions of the film. Having seen the pompous fool interviewed several times, I find it quite self assuring that I don't agree with his opinions of it!

The plot is a mix of flashback into Derek's hate filled past (told in b&w) and the present (colour) where he is desperate to save his brother and family from suffering anymore from his `sins'. As a basic narrative the film struggles at times to make a solid story and seems to be trying too hard to create confrontations to up the drama within the film. It still works mind you but this is not it's best asset.

The main thing the film does well is to be a very true representation of white male disillusionment. The film avoids painting these people as monsters straightaway (although makes no bones that they are confused, misled and wrong). The arguments and discussions they have in the film are not so far from reality that the characters seem fiction – the characters and the film's world seem very real. The film's message that hate is no way to live no matter who it is directed at may be a little simplistic but it is a valid point. One particular weakness which I felt was a little hamfisted was Derek's `road to Damascus' experience in prison – it was OK but was far too easy given the character we had just seen brutally kill several black men.

The other main selling point the film has is a performance by Norton that simply ensures he steals nearly every scene he is in. In b&w flashback he is at his best – a larger than life character who is never allowed to just be seen as a thug. Norton acts out the various stages of his life well and makeup ensures that he looks younger when required. In the present he is less dominant but still is very good giving a different performance. Furlong is also very strong, although he only has a few scenes where he is able to be outside of Norton's shadow. Support from Balk, Gould, D'Angelo and Brooks is mixed – Gould's Jewish character is only in the film to allow for one scene to occur, while Brooks' righteous teacher is simply a `morally upright teacher' with no meat on his character.

Overall this is a good film, which occasionally struggles when it forces the issue in the `present' scenes. However for the most part it is a powerful film which owes a lot to well captured themes and an excellent performance from Norton.

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