Actor Vincent D'Onofrio researched his role as Edgar by watching a lot of bug documentaries. In order to achieve his character's distinctive walk, he put on knee braces so he couldn't bend his legs, and taped up his ankles.
The site BadAstronomy, famed for bashing sci-fi movies (such as Armageddon (1998)) about science blunders, praised this movie for being comedic yet surprisingly accurate when it comes to astronomy facts.
Tommy Lee Jones only accepted the role of K after Steven Spielberg promised the script would improve. He had been disappointed with the first draft, which he felt did not capture the tone of the comic.
Lowell Cunningham's comic 'The Men in Black' was much darker and dryer than the family-oriented sci-fi comedy this film adaptation was. In the comics, the MiB survey not only extraterrestrial activity, but paranormal and supernatural activity on earth as well. They are allowed to maintain secrecy by any means necessary (including elimination); they also had a secret agenda: to manipulate and reshape the world in their own image by keeping the supernatural hidden. The comic's basic plot was of MiB Agent X going on the run and trying to keep from getting eliminated.
When K reveals there are about 1500 aliens on Earth and most of them are on Manhattan just trying to make a living, James asks "Cab drivers?". This is a reference to writer Douglas Adams's 'The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy' novels, particularly the fourth out of five novels 'So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish', where archivist Ford Prefect's entry in the Guide hints that driving a cab is a good way to make a living for aliens visiting New York.
The little ball J accidentally sends smashing around MIB headquarters is said by K to be "a practical joke from the Great Attractor". In astronomy the Great Attractor is an actual entity, first detected in 1973, a gravitational anomaly some 250 million light-years from Earth that affects the motion of every galaxy within hundreds of millions of light-years.
The film was going to be set in underground bases/locations, including Kansas, Washington DC and Nevada, but Barry Sonnenfeld made New York the film's main Earth location. He thought it was more believable that aliens could hide out in a global capital (safety in crowds), and thought New Yorkers would be more tolerant of people who behaved oddly (who were in fact aliens in disguise). He also felt much of the city structures resembled flying saucers and rocket ships, which could be REAL spacecraft and other hidden alien technology.
Rick Baker claims his work on this film was his most complex to date, as he had to have approval on his alien designs from both director Barry Sonnenfeld and producer Steven Spielberg: "It was like, 'Steven likes the head on this one and Barry really likes the body on this one, so why don't you do a mix and match?' And I'd say, because it wouldn't make any sense."
When K is in the restaurant with Edwards, the scene starts with K telling the punchline of a joke that's likely a variation of the following: A farmer went to town with his pet rooster to see a movie. Animals weren't allowed in the cinema, so he put the rooster in his overalls' front pocket and smuggled it with him into the crowded theater. When the lights were dimmed he let the bird peek out so it could see. The woman sitting next to him noticed, and she nudged her husband. "This man's a pervert, he's got his thing out." Her husband replied, "So? It's nothing you haven't seen before." To which his wife said, "But honey, this one's eating my popcorn!"
When Edwards (Will Smith) jumps from the overpass onto the tour bus, he jumps from Pershing Square Bridge, the same location where Robert Neville (also Smith) is attacked by the demon dogs after the sun goes down in I Am Legend (2007).
Through an apparent lab error, at least portions of the release prints used in the U.S. were not hard matted for spherical widescreen projection. This meant that if the projectionist did not properly frame the projected image, the audience would be able to see lens shades, microphones and other things not normally visible in the frame area.
John Landis was offered the chance to direct but declined, feeling it was basically just "The Blues Brothers (1980) with aliens". He has since said that he was wrong and he regretted turning down the film.
The success of the film inspired Marvel (who, by 1997, owned the property) to option other properties for development, later collaborating with Columbia Pictures to produce Spider-Man among other projects.
The driver smuggling illegal aliens along a road marked "375" claims to have been "fishing in Cuernavaca." 375 refers to Nevada State Road 375, known as the "Extraterrestrial Highway" for being near Area 51. Cuernavaca is the Mexican city which British ufologist Gordon Creighton claimed a flying saucer had crashed near in 1951 and the saucer's dead aliens thereupon whisked away by the U.S. Air Force with Mexico's alleged cooperation.
According to production designer Bo Welch, the MiB headquarters was designed to resemble a 1960s airport (the examination room of the MIB was particularly based on the TWA terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport). He used the 1960s theme because that was when MiB started up (as well as the decade of the space craze), and the airport design was because MiB's extraterrestrial affairs include their arrival and settlement to Earth, which airports assist in.
During pre-production, Barry Sonnenfeld changed a lot of the film's aesthetic: "I started out saying aliens shouldn't be what humans perceive them to be. Why do they need eyes? So Rick did these great designs, and I'd say, 'That's great - but how do we know where he's looking?' I ended up where everyone else did, only I took three months."
After script rewrites looking for a more action oriented ending, the original animatronic Bug was discarded after 8 months of development. The new sequence using a redesigned Bug contain 45 CG shots, at a cost of $100000 each. According to director Barry Sonnenfeld "It was the best $4.5 million we spent".
Yasushi Nirasawa worked on some designs for the Edgar Bug which ultimately went unused. One of his takes on the Edgar Bug was a creature more humanoid in form, with two heads and very long arms which resembled the forelegs of a praying mantis.
Much of the M.I.B. traits and characteristics are in keeping with established lore of Men in Black. For example, supposed encounters with M.I.B.s, witnesses report they use outdated jokes and vernacular and that their dress and vehicle seem to be dated as well. In the Chinese restaurant, Agent Kay tells Edwards "Agent Jay", "be there or be square", an expression that's out-of-place for mid 1990s humor.
Originally there were going to be two huge alien spaceships looming over Earth: an Arquillian ship and a Baltian ship, with representatives of both species staking claim of the galaxy. Mr. Rosenberg (the "little dude in the big dude's head") was a Baltian (confirmed by the novelization of the film), while the tall alien (Carel Struycken) he met at the restaurant was an Arquillian (and is so listed in the end credits). After some choice editing and rewriting, Rosenberg became an Arquillian.
Producers Walter F. Parkes and Laurie MacDonald originally wanted Barry Sonnenfeld to direct, because he had helmed the darkly humorous Addams Family movies. However, Soonenfeld was making Get Shorty (1995) at the time, so Les Mayfield was going to replace him, because the positive reception to his film Miracle on 34th Street (1994). The producers saw that film later and decided he was inappropriate for a sci-fi comedy, so they decided to wait until Sonnenfeld was available.
When K searches for his old girlfriend, the satellite video feed of her lists coordinates of 44.41 degrees north by 70.0 degrees west. On a map, those coordinates are in the small town of Readfield, Maine, at a point about 300 feet east of Chimney Road and 2000 feet north of Chimney's intersection with Main Street in Kent's Hill. (And nowhere near Truro, Massachusetts, over 160 miles away. But the discrepancy might be explained by the use of an alien coordinate system required by the "Tycho Treaty".)
To make them into credible flying saucers, the CG renditions of the towers at Flushing Meadows, Corona Park, where the finale takes place, are substantially different from the actual buildings. Primarily, there are actually three structures of varying height, not two as shown in the film. Additionally, the saucer dish of the shortest tower intersects with the poles of the taller ones, and the dish of the mid-sized tower intersects with the pole of the largest one. Therefore, there is really only one complete saucer - on top of the tallest building. Moreover, the dish atop the highest tower is double the thickness of the shorter tower, not equal as depicted in the film.
Much of the initial script drafts were set underground, with locations ranging from Kansas to Washington, D.C. and Nevada. Barry Sonnenfeld decided to change the location to New York City, because the director felt New Yorkers would be tolerant of aliens who behaved oddly while disguised. He also felt much of the city's structures resembled flying saucers and rocket ships.
At a point of the movie, J jumps from a bridge to fall into a bus full of tourists. The bridge where he jumps is the same where lately Iron Man, Thor, Captain America, Hawkeye, Black Widow and Hulk fight against Chitauri's army in The Avengers (2012).
As K checks on his ex-girlfriend in Truro, MA, the spy satellite at first locks on (or on a spot very near) two invisibly-small firing ranges inside Otis Air National Guard Base, some thirty miles from Truro. This seems arbitrary or a goof. But quite nearby is the giant missile-tracking radar of Cape Cod Air Force Station, home of the 6th Space Warning Squadron, one of whose tasks is to track all known Earth-orbiting objects "or any new orbiting objects." (Official mission statement.) Also, just a few miles to the south is Otis's old but still-active Guard training center called - suitably enough - Camp Edwards.
The scene where James Edwards chases a disguised alien was to occur at the Lincoln Center. But once the New York Philharmonic decided to charge the filmmakers for using their buildings, Barry Sonnenfeld and Bo Welch went for the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.
Jay (Will Smith) says, "Don't start nothing, won't BE nothing," to Edgar the Bug. 18 years later Will Smith's son, Jaden Smith, is rumored to star in DC's TV show Static Shock, based on the DC comic Static. On the cover of the 1993, Static #1 has the quote, "You don't start none, there won't Be none."
The double-action revolver carried by the tow-truck driver and later by Edgar in the morgue scene is a Ruger Super Redhawk .44 Magnum, which is available in two barrel lengths. This one has a 9-1/2" barrel and weighs 58 ounces (i.e., a little over 3-1/2 pounds) empty.
In the scene where Will Smith's character is the only one to spot the need for a writing surface (the table). Any of the characters could have simply got out of their egg chair and used the outer surface to rest the paper form against.
The neon sign in the front window of the Russian restaurant translates into English as "Good Food." The sign is also listed under goofs/continuity for missing letters during the scenes filmed inside the restaurant.
Originally the idea for the Arquillian aliens was meant for a minor character a bartender named Chuckie, originally to prove that he was an alien he was to shoot a beam of light from his head, Rick Baker suggested that he was a tiny alien living inside the head of a robot body, ultimately the character was cut but the producers liked Baker's idea so much they decided to use it for characters that were more important to the plot.
The trivia items below may give away important plot points.
According to the novelization, J is right to shoot Tiffany, the cardboard cutout on the MIB firing range. She's actually a dangerous alien in disguise, while all of the other aliens around are completely harmless.
At the end of the film, Agent J reveals to Agent L that Dennis Rodman is an alien. This was changed to Michael Jackson in the German, Spanish and French dubbing of the film due to Dennis Rodman not being widely known in Germany, Spain nor France. Oddly enough, Michael Jackson makes a cameo in the sequel Men in Black II (2002).
During the shoot, there was a script revision which changed the role of the 'Galaxy' in the movie - the two Arquillians at the restaurant were originally warring species, who would exchange the galaxy to end a war which Edgar Bug wanted to keep going. Fortunately, some creative tricks could be used to avoid having to re-shoot several scenes. For instance, the Arquillian restaurant dialogue was originally in English, but were redubbed in post-production in an alien language that could be subtitled with a new explanation. Similarly, new expository lines were written for Frank the Pug, whose scenes had to go through post-production anyway. Director Barry Sonnenfeld could be heard on the DVD bonus material jokingly advising fellow directors to include a talking dog into every movie, which makes it easy to change the plot while filming.
The final scene reveals that our universe is seen to exist in a gaming marble, just like the miniature galaxy. Both the scene and concept of the miniature galaxy were was inspired from Douglas Adams's novel 'The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy', where Ford Prefect tells Arthur Dent he knew of a planet that got used in a game of inter-galactic bar billiards and was potted into a black hole ("only scored 30 points, too").
After Edgar bug kills the Arquillians in the diner he leaves the restaurant and walks down the sidewalk. The camera cuts back to the cat in the restaurant where we hear the cat growl. The cat's growl is actually a sound effect from the "zombie" monster in the 1996 PC game Quake (1996).
The appearance of a female with the initial L (Laurel Weaver/Agent L) appears to be in keeping with the main MiB agents (J, K, and L). However, it could also be a reference to the comic hero Superman, an alien who often dealt with females with initials of L (Lois Lane, Lana Lang, Lori Lemaris, etc). Weaver's designation as L is also a clever language joke: the French pronoun "elle" means "she" or "her".
The ending of the movie is a long-take with the camera showing planet Earth, moving away to show Mars and the rest of the planets, the solar system and finally the Milky Way, depicting this as a little gaming rumble property of a gigantic alien being. The same idea was used in Contact (1997), released nine days later, but the scene is changed to continue moving shown more galaxies, super-galaxies and finally the entire universe, closing with a head-shot of young Ellie Arroway (Jena Malone). In 2004, The Simpsons (1989) paid tribute to this scene repeating it in the Couch Gag, in "The Ziff Who Came to Dinner" (season 15, episode 14). In it, after showing the entire universe, galaxies were turned in atoms, DNA's chains and cells, with the camera finally exiting from Homer's head.
Its highly likely that Orion, the cat of Gentle Rosenburg, is also a more than coincidental reference to Ellen Ripley's cat Jones in the 20th Century Fox "Alien" films. Both in terms of a loyal companion, and also certain shots of the Cats' reactions to both films' Aliens are nearly identical.