Bruce Willis asked for the scene where the Jackal kills a gay man to be re-shot so it was more obvious that he was being killed due to the fact that he knew too much (having seen The Jackal on a news report) rather than because he was gay.
At age 91, just months before his death, Fred Zinnemann, director of the original The Day of the Jackal (1973), on which this film is based, fought with Universal to change the title of the film. He said the original had stood the test of time and did not want the remake to have the same title.
This isn't the first time richard gere was considered for a role that Bruce Willis got. The first was the role of John McClane in Die hard which Gere turned down and it went to Bruce Willis who he later worked opposite in this film.
The large, remote-controlled machine gun is a mock-up of the Soviet-designed KPV (Krupnokaliberniy Pulemyot Vladimirova) Heavy Machine Gun. The weapon used for the mock-up is actually an American M2HB .50BMG Heavy Machine Gun with a lot of parts added to it to make it look like a KPV. The name "Polish ZSU-33" is fictional.
In the scene at the marina in Chicago - where they're waiting for The Jackal to arrive by boat - Mulqueen (Richard Gere) turns to Major Koslova and says, "Shall we dance?" Seven years later, Gere starred in the film Shall We Dance (2004).