IMDb > Richard III (1995)
Richard III
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Richard III (1995) More at IMDbPro »

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Release Date:
29 December 1995 (USA) See more »
What Is Worth Dying For... Is Worth Killing For. See more »
The classic Shakespearean play about a murderously scheming king staged in an alternative fascist England setting. Full summary » | Add synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for 2 Oscars. Another 6 wins & 9 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
See Olivier's "Richard III," then this one See more (80 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Directed by
Richard Loncraine 
Writing credits
William Shakespeare (play)

Ian McKellen  and
Richard Loncraine 

Produced by
Maria Apodiacos .... executive producer
Stephen Bayly .... producer
Lisa Katselas .... producer (as Lisa Katselas Paré)
David Lascelles .... line producer
Ellen Dinerman Little .... executive producer
Ian McKellen .... executive producer
Mary Richards .... associate producer
Joe Simon .... executive producer
Michele Tandy .... associate producer
Original Music by
Trevor Jones 
Cinematography by
Peter Biziou 
Film Editing by
Paul Green 
Casting by
Irene Lamb 
Production Design by
Tony Burrough 
Art Direction by
Richard Bridgland 
Choi Ho Man 
Costume Design by
Shuna Harwood 
Makeup Department
Kathy Ducker .... makeup artist
Sallie Evans .... makeup artist (as Sally Evans)
Richard Glass .... contact lens optician
Pat Hay .... key makeup artist
Chris Lyons .... special effects teeth
Liz Michie .... hair stylist
Daniel Parker .... makeup designer: Ian McKellan
Daniel Parker .... prosthetics designer
Stephen Rose .... hair stylist
Jemma Scott-Knox-Gore .... contact lens technician
Sian Turner .... make up/hair dailies (uncredited)
Production Management
Ken Holt .... unit manager
Mike Nunn .... post-production supervisor
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Todd Austin .... second assistant director
Marios Hamboulides .... trainee assistant director
Mark Layton .... second assistant director
Ken Tuohy .... first assistant director
Neil Tuohy .... second assistant director
Art Department
Michael Bates .... carpenter
Jon Billington .... assistant art director
Paul Cheesman .... property storeman
Sarah Jane Cornish .... assistant art director
Michael Davis .... carpenter
Kevin Day .... stagehand
Gary Dyer .... stagehand
Steve Furneaux .... carpenter
John Godfrey .... construction manager
John Greaves .... storyboard artist
Charles Hammett .... carpenter
Ken Hawkey .... stand-by painter
Arthur Healey .... painter
Jonathan Hurst .... chargehand stand-by propman
Douglas Ingram .... storyboard artist
Martin Kingsley .... chargehand dressing propman
Adam Kyriakou .... carpenter
Rebecca Loncraine .... art department assistant
Eric Lowen .... carpenter (as David Lowen)
Steve Malin .... stagehand
Brian Mitchell .... stand-by stagehand
Keith Muir .... chargehand stagehand
Con Murphy .... stand-by rigger
Peter Murray .... carpenter
Tony Musk .... carpenter
Brian Neighbour .... assistant construction manager
Keith Pitt .... dressing propman
Harry Portlock .... carpenter
Butch Roper .... painter
Dominic Smithers .... production buyer
Tony Snook .... carpenter
Alan Tagg .... painter
Ty Teiger .... property master
Dave Thompson .... painter
Nick Turnbull .... stand-by propman
Peter Watson .... dressing propman
Tommy Westbrook .... stand-by carpenter
Steve Williamson .... supervising painter
Nick Wood .... painter
Ginger McCarthy .... construction rigger (uncredited)
Sound Department
John Lewis Aschenbrenner .... sound trainee (as John Lewis)
Gerry Bates .... sound maintenance
Philip Bothamley .... sound editor
David Brady .... assistant foley editor
Renato Giannelli .... sound re-recording mixer
Michael Harris .... playback operator (as Mike Harris)
John Iles .... stereo sound consultant: Dolby
Eric Jordan .... assistant sound engineer
James Manning .... assistant sound engineer
Chris Nuttall .... sound
William Parnell .... dialogue editor
Rocky Phelan .... foley editor
David Stephenson .... sound recordist
John Taylor .... stereo sound consultant: DTS
Lee Taylor .... dubbing mixer
Elaine 'Chucks' Thomas .... adr editor
Aad Wirtz .... dubbing mixer
Toby Wood .... assistant sound engineer
Garry Fiferman .... sound re-recordist (uncredited)
Special Effects by
Philip Clark .... special effects technician (as Phil Clark)
John Coyle .... special effects assistant
Paul Dimmer .... special effects technician
John Evans .... special effects supervisor
David Eves .... special effects assistant
Matthew Horton .... special effects technician
Robert Nugent .... senior special effects technician
Peter Skehan .... senior special effects technician
James Skipsey .... special effects assistant
David Watkins .... special effects technician
Barry Whitrod .... senior special effects technician
Visual Effects by
Richard Bain .... compositor
Jon Bunker .... digital effects director (as John Bunker)
Frazer Churchill .... film recording
Matthew Holben .... visual effects producer
Charlie Noble .... compositor
Mark Stannard .... compositor
Richenda Wheeler .... CG artist
Arthur Windus .... visual effects producer
Jonathan Cohen .... stunts
David Cronnelly .... stunt fall performer
Jim Dowdall .... stunt coordinator
Steve Griffin .... stunts
Paul Heasman .... stunts (as Paul Heaseman)
Mark Henson .... stunts
Nick Hobbs .... stunts
Mark Lisbon .... stunts
Gary Powell .... stunts
Lee Sheward .... stunts
Julian Spencer .... stunts
Danny Ray Cook .... precision driver (uncredited)
Camera and Electrical Department
Kenneth Atherfold .... key grip
Alex Bailey .... still photographer
John Barry .... lighting rigging crew
Robert Binnall .... focus puller
Craig Bloor .... clapper loader
Peter Bloor .... chief lighting technician
Peter Bloor .... gaffer
Sam Bloor .... lighting technician
Gary Blowfield .... video operator
Rosalyn Ellis .... camera trainee
Mark Evans .... lighting technician (as Mark 'Rocky' Evans)
Joe Felix .... second camera grip
Darren Gatrell .... lighting rigging crew
Alan Grosch .... generator operator
Colin Hazell .... crane operator
Françoise Higson .... video assistant
Ron Lyons .... lighting rigging crew
Ray Meehan .... assistant chief lighting technician
Mark Moriarty .... focus puller: second camera
Tim Murphy .... electrical rigger
John Palmer .... second assistant camera
Annie Phillips .... lighting technician
Ronnie Phillips .... electrician
Clive Prior .... clapper loader: second camera
Dave Ridout .... best boy
Sid Skinner .... rigger
Peter Taylor .... camera operator
Danny Webster .... rigger
Frankie Webster .... chargehand rigger
Dean Wilkenson .... lighting rigging crew
Alan Williams .... electrical rigger
Casting Department
Lisa Beach .... casting consultant: USA
Ray Knight .... extras casting
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Sheila Cullen .... wardrobe assistant
Elvis Davis .... key set costumer
Alan Flyng .... wardrobe supervisor
Victoria Harwood .... wardrobe assistant
Editorial Department
James Carew .... second assistant editor
Sandra Frieze .... post-production assistant
Peter Hunt .... grader
Elaine 'Chucks' Thomas .... first assistant editor
Music Department
Paul Golding .... music mixer
Paul Golding .... music recordist
Isobel Griffiths .... orchestral contractor
Julian Kershaw .... orchestrator
James Manning .... assistant music engineer
Victoria Seale .... music coordinator for cmmp
Kirsty Whalley .... music mixer
Kirsty Whalley .... music recordist
Gavyn Wright .... orchestra leader (as Gavin Wright)
Transportation Department
Mike Bartlett .... location driver
Bob Dean .... location driver
Terry English .... unit driver
Gerry Floyd .... unit driver
Tony Foster .... location driver
Bert Griffin .... location driver
Mike Harris .... location driver
Scott Henley .... location driver
John Ott .... location driver
Terry Reece .... unit driver
Albert Smith .... location driver
Mike Smith .... unit driver
Barry Stone .... location driver
Dennis Swan .... location driver
Charlie Thomas .... location driver
Bob Valles .... location driver
Other crew
Maria Apodiacos .... script supervisor
Anushka Athaide .... assistant to producer
Rosie Bedford-Stradling .... unit nurse
Erica Bensly .... production coordinator
Charles Bodycomb .... armorer
Etienne Bol .... consultant: aviation
Sarah Booth .... assistant accountant
Dale Clarke .... armorer
Steve Dent .... horse master
Richard Eyre .... original stage production
Simon Fraser .... assistant production coordinator
Andy Hennigan .... post-production accountant
Charles Hubbard .... location manager
Andrew Jack .... dialogue coach
Patricia Johnson .... unit publicist
Mig Kimpton .... assistant: Mr. Mckellen
Grainne Marmion .... production executive
Charles McDonald .... unit publicist
Caroline Moore .... production assistant
Steve Morphew .... stand-in
Rajeshree Patel .... assistant accountant
Huw Phillips .... rushes grader
Timothy R. Price .... production assistant
François Prins .... consultant: aviation
Adam Richards .... co-location manager
Jocelyn Skottowe .... military advisor
Joss Skottowe .... military advisor
Charlie Somers .... floor runner
Tony Stanton .... copyist
Emma Stokes .... stand-in
Phil Todd .... sax and flute solo
Ken Whitfield .... military extras supplier
Jon Bunker .... title designer (uncredited)
James Middleton .... special thanks

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies

Additional Details

Also Known As:
Rated R for violence and sexuality
104 min
Color (Technicolor)
Aspect Ratio:
2.35 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:

Did You Know?

Lost its two Oscar nominations (Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design) to Restoration (1995) which also featured Ian McKellen and Robert Downey Jr.See more »
Continuity: When Elizabeth is summoned to talk with Richard in the train car, her coat unbuttons between shots.See more »
[first lines]
Prince of Wales:Goodnight Father.
King Henry:Goodnight son.
Prince of Wales:Goodnight your majesty.
See more »
Movie Connections:
Come Live With MeSee more »


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26 out of 33 people found the following review useful.
See Olivier's "Richard III," then this one, 20 June 2005
Author: vfrickey from Earth

There are two definitive film productions of Richard III: - Sir Laurence Olivier's 1955 film version, which he directed and in which he plays the title role, supported by Sir Cedric Hardwicke as King Edward, Sir John Gielgud as Clarence, the delectable Claire Bloom as the Lady Anne and a host of other brilliant performers - and Ian McKellen's 1995 version, screenwritten by McKellen and director Richard Loncraine, in which McKellen also plays the title role.

While the Olivier version is the definitive classic presentation of the play on film and should serve anyone who wants to see the play as it was intended to be seen (albeit the Colley Cibber adaptation), McKellen's adaptation captures the spirit of the play in modern context.

The movie opens with the Lancastrians in their war room receiving word of Richard, Earl of Gloucester's holding Tewksbury by teletype, then soon their war room is breached by a tank, behind which swarm raiders in gas masks, one of whom slays the Prince of Wales and then the King himself, before removing his gas mask (one of the old goggle-eyed full-face models the Russians still use) to reveal himself Richard, duke of Gloucester.

The scene shifts rapidly to a typical 1930s rich people's fete, complete with mellow-voiced torch singer and live orchestra, at which Richard III delivers the "sun of York" soliloquy as a toast to his father Edward and the assembled party - and then the scene shifts again to Richard completing the soliloquy to the camera, as he does throughout the film. The address to the camera is a little jarring - McKellen's smiling, evilly smirking delivery is a little over the top, what you'd imagine the Blackadder films would have been if they hadn't gone for laughs.

But Ian McKellen carries the role off very well... his not-quite-sane, quite unbalanced and power-mad schemer Richard III is entirely plausible as a 1930s dictator-king in the central European mold. The uniforms shift from the standard British armed forces' khakis to the blacks and greys of Hitler and Mussolini as Britain slides into fascism under her scheming "Lord Protector."

The screen action is taut, visually compelling - even when McKellen bellows "A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!" from a World War II Dodge weapons carrier/"command car," the scene doesn't degenerate into incongruous, unintentional comedy, because by then the viewer is caught up in the tale of this wild-eyed sociopath who has just about run out of rope - and since the truck is axle-deep in sand, stuck, a horse is just what Richard could have used around then.

There's just enough realism in the 1930's props to help with willing suspension of disbelief - no more. Military history buffs will not be happy. No matter. What is communicated very well is the senseless welter of fully-joined battle, fiery slaughter and Richard III's lashing out in senseless rage, eventually as much against his own men as the enemy.

The Duke of Stanley's last-minute defection against Richard's forces in the final battle is all the sharper for Stanley being the commander of the air force (his loyalty to Richard III in the coming battle with Henry, Earl of Richmond seemingly assured by his young son's being held hostage in Richard III's war train) - so that the viewer no sooner hears the news of the defection in the play's dialogue than Richard's forces are strafed and bombed by Stanley's war planes as Richmond's forces swarm into Richard's assembly area, cutting the Ricardian army to pieces.

Lots of interesting touches in the screenplay, such as Queen Elizabeth and her brother Earl Rivers (played ably by Annette Bening and rather indifferently by Robert Downey, Jr - who only manages to convince in the scene when he is assassinated in bed while submitting to the erotic ministrations of a Pan Am stewardess) playing their roles as Americans - using the homage to Wallis Simpson and her husband the Duke of Windsor (who abdicated his kingdom to marry Simpson because she wasn't only a commoner but a divorced American) to bring needed tension among the royals to the play.

In case the viewer's a little too thick to realize that Downey's character is an American, not only does he lay the flat, nasal accent on thicker than Hell, but on landing in England, he steps out of an airliner painted in bright Pan-American Airlines livery, where he is met by his royal sister Elizabeth and her children.

Bening's performance is more nuanced and sympathetic than Downey's - the conundrum of Elizabeth's brother being a Peer and obviously an American at the same time is just left out there. But before long, we're McKellen's willing co-conspirators and agree to forget this lapse.

Maggie Smith as Richard's mother Queen Margaret is stellar in her portrayal of a mother torn between the remnants of love for her twisted, lethal offspring and mourning the rest of her family dead because they stood in Richard's way to the throne. Her delivery of Margaret's of the advice Elizabeth asks for on how to curse Richard (Act 4, Scene 4):


O thou well skill'd in curses, stay awhile, And teach me how to curse mine enemies!


Forbear to sleep the nights, and fast the days; Compare dead happiness with living woe; Think that thy babes were fairer than they were, And he that slew them fouler than he is!"

is one of the best-delivered lines in Shakespeare on film I have seen.

In closing one compares McKellen's Richard III to Anthony Hopkins' Hitler in "The Bunker" - an eerie channeling of one of history's foulest personalities, so that one feels one's self in his foul presence watching the show.

Masterful work.

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