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Philadelphia (1993) Poster

(1993)

Trivia

Tom Hanks lost 26 pounds during his role for this film.
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Tom Hanks had to lose almost thirty pounds to appear appropriately gaunt for his courtroom scenes. Denzel Washington, on the other hand, was asked to gain a few pounds for his role. Washington, to the chagrin of Hanks, who practically starved himself for the role, would often eat chocolate bars in front of him.
Filmed in sequence.
The home movies at the end which show Andrew as a child are real life videos of Tom Hanks in his childhood.
Director Jonathan Demme wanted people not familiar with AIDS issues to see his film. He felt Bruce Springsteen would bring an audience that would not ordinarily see a movie about a gay man dying of AIDS. The movie and the song, "The Streets of Philadelphia", did a great deal to increase AIDS awareness and take some of the stigma off the disease.
According to a 1994 Entertainment Weekly profile of Ron Vawter by Stephen Schaefer, Philadelphia (1993) director Jonathan Demme had to convince TriStar Pictures to hire Vawter to play Bob Seidman. TriStar wanted Demme to hire someone else because Vawter was HIV-positive and the insurance company covering the film refused to extend coverage to him. Demme managed to convince TriStar to allow the hiring of Vawter anyway, both because Vawter was the actor that Demme wanted and because refusing to hire an actor because of his HIV-positive status would have been particularly ironic in the context of a movie that is premised on the injustice of a lawyer being fired because he is HIV-positive.
At the costume party, Andrew and Miguel are both dressed in US military uniforms. This is a reference to the fact that when the movie was filmed, there was a total ban on gays and lesbians serving in the US Armed Forces, but Bill Clinton had made a campaign promise to dispense with that ban. Instead, in December 1993, Clinton passed a compromise legislation (popularly known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell") which allowed for gay and lesbian people to serve as long as they did not tell anyone their sexual orientation. This policy remained in place until September 2011.
The courtroom scenes were filmed in an actual courtroom that the city let the producers use. It was not a set.
There was a statistic that there were 53 gay men who appeared in various scenes in this movie and within the next year, 43 of them had died. On his "Entertainment Urban Legends Revealed" website, Brian Cronin more or less confirmed but also corrected this statistic, based, in part, on a New York Times article and other research. According to Cronin, the movie's producers approached the "Action AIDS" non-profit organization in Philadelphia, and asked it to help recruit, as extras, 50 or so gay men whose appearance was indicative of their having AIDS. Contrary to the statistic, the 40 or so who subsequently died -- including Ron Vawter, who played main character "Bob Seidman" in the film -- did not die in the first year after the film was either produced or released; rather, they died over the next few years thereafter. Freelance writer Clifford Rothman also wrote about this subject in a 1995 New York Times piece that further confirmed at least some of this information.
The following message appears at the end credits: This motion picture was inspired in part by Geoffrey Bowers' AIDS discrimination lawsuit, the courage and love of the Angius family and the struggles of the many others who, along with their loved ones, have experienced discrimination because of AIDS.
In the film, Denzel Washington's character says he prays that Philadelphia Phillies win the pennant. The year this movie was released, the Phillies did just that.
Originally, director Jonathan Demme was going to cast a comedic actor in role of Joe Miller as he felt it would be a good counter balance for Tom Hanks who had already been cast and to give an audience the "it's OK" to watch a film about a gay man dying of AIDS. Demme had considered casting either Bill Murray or Robin Williams but when Denzel Washington showed interest in the part, he gave the role to him instead because Demme had wanted to work with Washington for the past few years.
Daniel Day-Lewis, Michael Keaton, William Baldwin and Andy Garcia were all offered the role of Andrew Beckett.
Demme decided to record the opera scene live so Hanks could get a better performance with the music playing. This proved extremely tricky in the editing suite (music is usually added in post-production).
While filming on Market Street, the Mellon Bank Building had been changed to the Wheeler Building and the art department had made temporary signs that were placed over the ones for Mellon. As a result of this, many law students that were scheduled to go on interviews for impending jobs missed their appointment. The reason given was that all they could find was the Wheeler & Wheeler building and had difficulty finding the Mellon Building.
Real-life friends Tom Hanks and Bruce Springsteen both happened to win their respective Oscars for Best Actor and Best Song.
When Andy Beckett leaves Joe Miller's office for the first time, he stands on the street in front of a window with the partially visible words "Macready & Shilts" written on it. This is a reference to journalist Randy Shilts, who wrote the acclaimed AIDS history "And the Band Played On" and who himself died of AIDS the year after the film came out.
Jonathan Demme initially wanted Daniel Day-Lewis to play Andrew Beckett. He turned it down in favour of In the Name of the Father (1993).
Denzel Washington's part was originally written as an Italian-American character named Joe Martino.
An elderly double was used for the close-up of Beckett's hands after his collapse in court.
John Leguizamo turned down the part of Miguel in favour of Super Mario Bros. (1993).
The protestors outside the courthouse holding signs are based on the members of the Westboro Baptist Church in Topeka, Kansas, led by "Reverend" Fred Phelps. Phelps calls this movie "one of my favorite comedies".
Many gay rights activists and historians have credited this film with being the first major motion picture to tackle the AIDS epidemic, bringing awareness to the issue, and working toward lessening the stigma of having AIDS. Despite the praise, others have been critical that it took Hollywood over a decade to address the issue.
This film stars the last two actors to win Academy Awards in two consecutive years. Jason Robards was named Best Supporting Actor in 1976 and 1977 for All the President's Men (1976) and Julia (1977), while Tom Hanks won Best Actor for Forrest Gump one year after winning for his performance in this film.
The film's workings title included "People Like Us", "At Risk" and "Probable Cause".
Denzel Washington's character's office is above the now defunct Snow White diner in Philadelphia. The office itself became a bar called "No Che". The entrance to the office (Where Tom Hanks' character famously exits onto the street and looks both ways as if with no hope left) is located at 1901 Chestnut Street, and is still there.
Michael Keaton was the second choice to play Andrew Beckett. He turned down the role and made My Life (1993) instead.
This film marked the first time that Bruce Springsteen lent his writing talent to a motion picture production.
At Beckett's Costume/Memorial Party, the elderly chap standing next to 'Mona Lisa' is none other than Quentin Crisp, the British gay celebrity portrayed in Thames Television film The Naked Civil Servant (1975) starring John Hurt.
The library scene was filmed in the Furness Building at the University of Pennsylvania. This building is actually a Fine Arts library.
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James Woods was considered for the role of Charles Wheeler.
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The film cast includes six Oscar winners: Tom Hanks, Denzel Washington, Jason Robards, Mary Steenburgen, Joanne Woodward and Kenneth Utt.
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Director Trademark: [Jonathan Demme]: Characters looking directly into the camera in extreme close-ups. This trademark is present in several scenes.
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In the scene shown on the television in the bar, then Mayor Edward Rendell was interviewed for the news. Jonathan Demme wanted him to follow lines in the script and Rendell had refused. He insisted on simply answering as he would for any other topic when interviewed for the news. As a result, he managed to get the take on the first try. Through the rest of his tenure as mayor, many referred to him as "One Take Eddie" due to this part in the film and his subsequent ability to do this shot in one try.
In addition to multiple cast members also staring in Demme's The Silence of the Lambs (1991), a great number of the cast/crew starred in The Manchurian Candidate (2004) also directed by Jonathan Demme.
For the purpose of illustration, Joe Miller asks people to explain things to him in simple terms, several times throughout the movie. First, he requests an explanation fit for a 2 year old child. Later, for a 4 year old. And finally, for a 6 year old.
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Screenwriter Paul Rudnick credited this film, and particularly Tom Hanks's Academy Award acceptance speech, as serving as the inspiration for his comedy In & Out (1997). In Hanks' speech, he credited his high school teacher for being the inspiration behind his performance. A major plot point in Rudnick's film is when an Academy Award winning actor accidentally outs his former teacher in his acceptance speech.
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Jonathan Demme has stated that he was moved to direct the film after a friend of his, the illustrator Juan Suárez Botas, was diagnosed with AIDS.
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Jodie Foster was considered for the role of Joe Miller.
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Several scenes depicting a more intimate relationship between Andrew and Miguel were chopped out by the studio. They also attempted to block the casting of the HIV-positive Ron Vawternote, until Jonathan Demme pointed out how hypocritical this would be in the face of the film's message.
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Director Jonathan Demme, a fan of Debbie Harry, included the video of her duet with Iggy Pop - "Well Did You Evah" - from Red Hot and Blue (1990) on the TV in the background during the opening of the party scene.
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Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.
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Tom Hanks said that his casting was a deliberate step to get people too see "the movie about a lawyer with AIDS over the big puppet show" or some other less intense option. A number of the previews made it clear it was a legal drama but gave no hint whatsoever of the actual subject matter of the movie.
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The film was very nearly lost to oblivion when Orion Studios filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy in December 1991. Producer Edward Saxon had to appear before a bankruptcy court to convince them that the film's rights should not be lost as an asset in the studio's bankruptcy fallout.
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The film's journey from script to screen was an extraordinary rocky one. The script underwent over 25 major revisions, the film's rights were embroiled in bankruptcy proceedings, and the subject matter sparked some major protests.
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Tim Robbins turned down the role of Joe Miller.
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Reunites Mary Steenburgen and Jason Robards who also appeared in Melvin and Howard (1980) - also directed by Jonathan Demme and Parenthood (1989).
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Is one of two films released in 1993 starring Tom Hanks that have an American city in the title of the film. The other film was Sleepless in Seattle. Hanks's character was called Sam Baldwin and therefore - in Philadelphia his character was called Andrew Beckett - had a surname that started with the same letter as the other character and had the same number of letters in it.
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In the library, Miller mentions to Beckett he named his daughter Clarice. This is more than likely a nod to the character of Clarice Starling from Silence Of The Lambs, also directed by Jonathan Demme.
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Cameo 

Tak Fujimoto: The cinematographer appears as a doctor in the hospital immediately following the birth scene.

Spoilers 

The trivia items below may give away important plot points.

Andrew Beckett dies from acute CMV (Cytomegalovirus), a common cause of death in acute AIDS patients. His lesions were caused by Kaposi's sarcoma, also seen in many persons with advanced AIDS.
Andrew Beckett is awarded a total of $5,025,000 from the jury. The breakdown is as follows: Back pay and loss of benefits, $143,000; mental anguish and humiliation, $100,000; punitive damages, $4,782,000.

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