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In Custody (1994)

PG | | Comedy, Drama | 3 June 1994 (UK)
An editor asks Deven, a teacher who loves Urdu poetry, to interview poet Nur Shahjehanabadi, an aging whale of a man. Deven goes to Bhopal from Mirpur to meet Nur, of whom he is in awe. He ... See full summary »



(novel), (script) | 1 more credit »

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Cast overview, first billed only:
Imtiaz Begum
Safiya Begum
Prayag Raj ...
Siddiqui (as Ajay Sahni)
Sagar Arya ...
Alakh Nandan ...
Yusuf Khurram ...
Young Poet
Riju Bajaj ...
Young Poet
Maza Bi ...
Safiya's Attendant
Nayeem Hafizka ...
Young Poet
Young Poet


An editor asks Deven, a teacher who loves Urdu poetry, to interview poet Nur Shahjehanabadi, an aging whale of a man. Deven goes to Bhopal from Mirpur to meet Nur, of whom he is in awe. He finds him living with feuding wives, visited by sycophants who drink his whisky and eat his food. Deven wants to record Nur for posterity and seeks funds to buy an aged tape recorder, to bribe Safiya, the elder wife, to get Nur into a room at a brothel for a week for the recording, and to feed Nur's pals who show up. Nur's beautiful second wife, Imtiaz, wants to be taken seriously as a poetess. Dever dismisses her and ignores his own wife and child much as Nur does. In the end, what is preserved? Written by <jhailey@hotmail.com>

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


Comedy | Drama

Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)

Rated PG for thematic elements and mild language | See all certifications »






Release Date:

3 June 1994 (UK)  »

Also Known As:

Hifazaat  »

Box Office


$92,612 (USA)

Company Credits

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:



Aspect Ratio:

1.78 : 1
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Did You Know?


Shabana Azmi, who plays Imtiaz Begum, who aspires to be a poetess in her own right in the movie is related to many poets, namely, father Kaifi Azmi, husband Javed Akhtar and father in law Janisaar Akhtar. See more »

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User Reviews

In Custody of a Language
9 July 2011 | by (Fraggle Rock) – See all my reviews

Merchant Ivory Productions's adaptation of Anita Desai's novel, 'In Custody' is rawer and grittier than their previous films. Not to put down their previous works, which are gems in their own rights, but such treatment wouldn't have worked for a story like 'In Custody'. Merchant gives it a very lyrical and subtle toned down look. The art direction and props look very authentic. Cinematography has always been a strong point in Merchant Ivory films and here too it is no less stunning.

The film's key theme is that of deterioration. This is reflected in the dying out of the Urdu language that Deven desperately tries to keep alive through Nur's poetry; in Nur's own life (once he was a celebrated poet and now he's merely an over-eating alcoholic has-been who's resented by his own wife) and seeks momentary comfort in his supposed 'fans' who drop by, uninvited, for their own convenience; in Choti Begum who's become the breadwinner as she continues to plagiarize her husbands poems and performs in front of the sleazy men of the village. With Choti Begum, the issue of feminism is touched. When she tells Deven how men were always praised for their poetry while women were merely seen as the object of desire, this does ring true to an extent.

The first rate performances are very natural. Shashi Kapoor performs effortlessly. In a way, 'In Custody' also reflects the deterioration of his physical health. Shabana Azmi also turns in a remarkable performance and Om Puri leads the film with élan.

The poetry is superb. It contributes beautifully. Not only is it a part of the film, but to me the entire picture felt like one poem.

1 of 2 people found this review helpful.  Was this review helpful to you?

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