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Europa Europa (1990)

2:05 | Trailer
A boy in Nazi Germany, trying to conceal that he is Jewish, joins the Hitler Youth.



(additional material), | 1 more credit »
Nominated for 1 Oscar. Another 8 wins & 5 nominations. See more awards »



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Cast overview, first billed only:
Solomon Perel ...
Salomon Perel heute (as Salomon Perel)
Salomon Perel jung
René Hofschneider ...
Piotr Kozlowski ...
Klaus Abramowsky ...
Michèle Gleizer ...
Marta Sandrowicz ...
Nathalie Schmidt ...
Delphine Forest ...
Martin Maria Blau ...
Wlodzimierz Press ...
Stalin's Sohn
Klaus Kowatsch ...
Holger Kunkel ...
Bernhard Howe ...


A Jewish boy, separated from his family in the early days of WWII, poses as a German orphan and is thereafter taken into the heart of the Nazi world as a 'war hero' and eventually made a Hitler Youth. Although improbabilities and happenstance are cornerstones of the film, it is based upon a true story. Written by Keith Loh <loh@sfu.ca>

Plot Summary | Plot Synopsis


In the tradition of Voltaire's Candide and Jerzy Kosinski's The Painted Bird.


Drama | History | War

Motion Picture Rating (MPAA)

Rated R for mature treatment of holocaust issues | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:




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Release Date:

14 November 1990 (France)  »

Also Known As:

Europa Europa  »

Filming Locations:


Box Office


$5,575,738 (USA)

Company Credits

Show detailed on  »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:



Aspect Ratio:

1.66 : 1
See  »

Did You Know?


Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider. See more »


When 'Jupp' leaves the police station after he admits to not possessing 'racial purity' papers, the town is bombed by a modern-era Hercules C-130 transport aircraft. See more »


Salomon 'Solly' 'Salek' Perel: From that moment on, I decided to be only a Jew. Leaving Europe I emigrated to Palestine, and when I had sons, I barely hesitated to circumcise them.
See more »


Referenced in The 100 Greatest War Films (2005) See more »

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User Reviews

A Different Kind of Kulturkampf
3 July 2003 | by (Arizona) – See all my reviews

One has to be annoyed with comments that question either the historical verisimilitude or the integrity of this film, whether from the shaky ground of some rigid, illiberal ideological or religious prejudice or from some one-sided version of history. Furthermore, negative ad hominem attacks on someone other than political leaders or other persons who willingly seek out the public eye are reprehensible.

Does this story ring true? It does to me, and if there is even one-tenth as much basis in fact in the life of Salomon Perel as is represented in the film, I am satisfied. Having been to all the places and delved into the culture and history of all the nationalities that comprise its background, I am also convinced that much if not all of the story is correct at a level that goes well beyond whether this or that small factual detail is rooted in what actually happened to the real Perel.

Moreover, "Hitlerjunge Salomon" (better known in English-speaking countries as "Europa, Europa") is a masterful piece of cinema, beautifully produced and directed, and bearing a cachet of authenticity that few cross-cultural films achieve. I can attest to the utterly convincing script and characterization within the German language portion, and the bits in Polish and Russian seem equally strong.

Why is it so difficult to believe that a malleable teenager raised in a cross-cultural environment would be any less rooted in one part of his life than another? Marco Hofschneider captures precisely the right tone as he demonstrates how "Solly" and "Jupp" are two complementary aspects of the same person. Indeed, there are even good Germans and bad Germans, good Poles and bad Poles, etc., etc. throughout the film.

None of this compromises the truth that millions of other Jews did not survive the Holocaust. Nor does it demean their memory to cast a glance or two at this singular exception. The survivors have their stories as do the victims, and to explore the wider spectrum of life that goes on is surely to find hope in the ruins of an otherwise depraved episode in world history.

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