IMDb > The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)
The Last Temptation of Christ
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The Last Temptation of Christ (1988) More at IMDbPro »

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Up 10% in popularity this week. See why on IMDbPro.
Writers (WGA):
Nikos Kazantzakis (novel)
Paul Schrader (screenplay)
View company contact information for The Last Temptation of Christ on IMDbPro.
Release Date:
22 September 1988 (Netherlands) See more »
The life of Jesus Christ, his journey through life as he faces the struggles all humans do, and his final temptation on the cross. Full summary » | Full synopsis »
Plot Keywords:
Nominated for Oscar. Another 3 wins & 5 nominations See more »
User Reviews:
The Hope of Conquering Temptation See more (292 total) »


  (in credits order) (verified as complete)

Willem Dafoe ... Jesus

Harvey Keitel ... Judas
Paul Greco ... Zealot

Steve Shill ... Centurian (as Steven Shill)

Verna Bloom ... Mary, Mother of Jesus

Barbara Hershey ... Mary Magdalene

Roberts Blossom ... Aged Master
Barry Miller ... Jeroboam

Gary Basaraba ... Andrew, Apostle

Irvin Kershner ... Zebedee

Victor Argo ... Peter, Apostle
Michael Been ... John, Apostle

Paul Herman ... Phillip, Apostle

John Lurie ... James, Apostle

Leo Burmester ... Nathaniel, Apostle
Andre Gregory ... John The Baptist

Peggy Gormley ... Martha, Sister of Lazarus
Randy Danson ... Mary, Sister of Lazarus
Robert Spafford ... Man At Wedding
Doris von Thury ... Woman with Mary, Mother of Jesus (as Doris Von Thury)

Tomas Arana ... Lazarus / Crowd Member

Alan Rosenberg ... Thomas, Apostle
Del Russel ... Money Changer

Nehemiah Persoff ... Rabbi
Donald Hodson ... Saducee

Harry Dean Stanton ... Saul / Paul
Peter Berling ... Beggar

David Bowie ... Pontius Pilate

Juliette Caton ... Girl Angel
Mohammed Mabsout ... Other Apostles
Ahmed Nacir ... Other Apostles
Mokhtar Salouf ... Other Apostles
Mahamed Ait Fdil Ahmed ... Other Apostles
Russel Case ... People at Sermon
Mary Seller ... People at Sermon
Donna Magnani ... Crowd Member (voice) (as Donna Marie)
Penny Brown ... Crowd Member (voice)
Gabi Ford ... Crowd Member (voice)
Dale Wyatt ... Crowd Member (voice)
Domenico Fiore ... Crowd Member (voice)

Ted Rusoff ... Crowd Member (voice)
Leo Damian ... Crowd Member (voice)

Robert Laconi ... Crowd Member (voice)
Jonathan Zhivago ... Crowd Member (voice) (as Jonathon Zhivago)

Illeana Douglas ... Crowd Member (voice)
David Sharp ... Crowd Member (voice)
Khalid Benghrib ... Dancer
Redouane Farhane ... Dancer
Fabienne Panciatili ... Dancer
Naima Skikes ... Dancer
Souad Rahal ... Dancer
Otmane Chbani Idrissi ... Dancer
Jamal Belkhayat ... Dancer
rest of cast listed alphabetically:
Giovanni Cianfriglia ... Roman Soldier (uncredited)
Rod Dana ... Soldier. (uncredited)
Leo Marks ... Satan / Archangel (voice) (uncredited)
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Directed by
Martin Scorsese 
Writing credits
Nikos Kazantzakis (novel)

Paul Schrader (screenplay)

Produced by
Barbara De Fina .... producer
Harry J. Ufland .... executive producer (as Harry Ufland)
Original Music by
Peter Gabriel 
Cinematography by
Michael Ballhaus (director of photography)
Film Editing by
Thelma Schoonmaker 
Casting by
Cis Corman 
Production Design by
John Beard 
Art Direction by
Andrew Sanders 
Set Decoration by
Giorgio Desideri 
Costume Design by
Jean-Pierre Delifer 
Makeup Department
Zineb Bendoula .... hair assistant
Zhor Bennani .... makeup assistant
Claudia Bianchi .... hair assistant
Mirella Ginnoto .... hair stylist
Federico Laurenti .... makeup artist
Ferdinando Merolla .... hair assistant
Mario Michisanti .... makeup artist
Luigi Rocchetti .... makeup artist
Manlio Rocchetti .... makeup supervisor
Aldo Signoretti .... hair stylist supervisor
Maurizio Silvi .... makeup artist
Production Management
Laura Fattori .... production manager
Marco Valerio Pugini .... unit manager
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
Ahmed Hatimi .... second assistant director
Fabio Jephcott .... second assistant director
Joseph P. Reidy .... first assistant director (as Joseph Reidy)
Art Department
Elio Altamura .... prop master
Steve Clarke .... painter (as Steven Clark)
Dave Coldham .... plasterer (as David Coldham Sr.)
Dean Coldham .... plasterer (as Dean Coldham Sr.)
Bernard Collins .... carpenter
Bob Devine .... construction foreman (as Robert Devine)
John Frankish .... assistant art director
Geoff Kingsley .... construction coordinator (as Geoffrey Kingsley)
Hadj Lahcen Kahia .... assistant construction coordinator (as Lahcen Kahia)
Peter Mann .... carpenter
Goffredo Massetti .... propman
Alberto Tosto .... assistant set decorator
Marcello Turco .... stand-by painter
Mauro Vitturini .... set dressing propman
Derek Whorlow .... stagehand
John Alvin .... poster artist (uncredited)
Miki Zachar .... assistant art director (uncredited)
Sound Department
Ron Bochar .... foley artist
Ron Bochar .... foley supervisor
Najib Chlieh .... cable person
Aldo De Martino .... boom operator (as Aldo De Martini)
Michael DiCosimo .... stereo sound consultant: Dolby (as Mike DiCosimo)
Tom Fleischman .... sound re-recording mixer
Peter Gabriel .... additional sound recordist
Thomas A. Gulino .... sound editor
Don Hunerberg .... foley recording engineer
Brian Johnson .... apprentice sound editor
Frank Kern .... assistant sound editor
Lisa J. Levine .... adr editor (as Lisa Levine)
Skip Lievsay .... supervising sound editor
Marissa Littlefield .... assistant sound editor
Douglas Murray .... sound recordist (as Douglas L. Murray)
Eliza Paley .... foley editor
Bruce Pross .... first assistant sound editor
Nic Ratner .... assistant sound editor
Marc S. Shaw .... adr editor (as Marc Shaw)
Gail Showalter .... foley editor
Jeffrey Stern .... sound editor
Philip Stockton .... dialogue supervisor
Amelio Verona .... sound mixer
Steven Visscher .... foley editor
Shari Johanson .... sound recordist (uncredited)
Mel Zelniker .... adr recordist (uncredited)
Special Effects by
Luigi Buldrini .... special effects driver
Iginio Fiorentini .... special effects technician
Dino Galiano .... special effects supervisor
Visual Effects by
Janos Pilenyi .... opticals (as Janos O. Pilenyi)
Craig Barron .... visual effects supervisor (uncredited)
Michael Pangrazio .... matte artist supervisor (uncredited)
Thomas Rosseter .... optical supervisor (uncredited)
Omero Capanna .... stunts
Domenico Cianfriglia .... stunts
Giovanni Cianfriglia .... stunts
Enzo Maggio .... stunts (as Vincenzo Maggio)
Stefano Maria Mioni .... stunts (as Stefano Mioni)
Orlando Ragusa .... stunts
Franco Maria Salamon .... stunt coordinator (as Franco Salamon)
Marco Stefanelli .... stunts
Massimilano Ubaldi .... stunts
Massimiliano Ubaldi .... stunts
Franco Ukmar .... stunts
Giovanni Ukmar .... stunts
Claudio Zucchet .... stunts
Camera and Electrical Department
Adil Abdelwahab .... third assistant camera
Florian Ballhaus .... first assistant camera
Najib Ben Fares .... electrician (as Najib Benfares)
Abida Boubker .... generator operator
Bruno Brenna .... electrician
David M. Dunlap .... second camera operator (as David Dunlap)
Ahmed El Hmaini .... grip
Sergio Fabbriani .... grip
Antonio Fortunati .... electrician
Harald Hauschildt .... generator operator
Pamela Katz .... second assistant camera
Giacomo Moroni .... grip
Silvio Natali .... grip
Maria Schiavone .... gaffer
Giuseppe Sciusco .... electrician
Matteo Sciusco .... electrician
Sergio Serantoni .... key grip
David Slama .... second camera operator
Mustapha Stitou .... electrician
Franco Tocci .... key rigging grip
Mario Tursi .... still photographer
Casting Department
Julie Alter .... additional casting
Francesco Cinieri .... casting: Rome
Abdessamad Dinia .... extras casting
Rose Tobias Shaw .... casting: London
Costume and Wardrobe Department
Abdelkrim Akallach .... wardrobe: men
Sergio Ballo .... wardrobe: men
Naïma Bouanani .... assistant wardrobe supervisor
Orielle Del Re .... seamstress
Anna Foresi .... seamstress
Bona Nasalli-Rocca .... wardrobe supervisor (as Bona Nasalli Rocca)
Angela Silighini .... seamstress
Zhor Slimani .... seamstress
Editorial Department
Marcus Chun .... apprentice editor
David Leonard .... second assistant editor
Geraldine Peroni .... first assistant editor
Joe Violante .... dailies advisor
Music Department
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan .... musician: Qawwali voice
Antranik Askarian .... musician: Armenian doudouk
Abdul Aziz .... musician: Egyptian kanun
David Bottrill .... music track engineer
Bill Cobham .... musician: drums
Djalma Correa .... musician: Brazilian percussion
Lucy Duran .... folk music researcher
Nathan East .... musician: bass guitar
Manny Elias .... musician: drums
Kudsi Ergüner .... musician: Turkish Ney flute (as Kudsi Erguner)
Richard Evans .... musician: penny whistle
Fatala .... musician: African percussion
Peter Gabriel .... musician: drums, voice and keyboards
Jon Hassell .... musician: trumpet
Vatche Housepian .... musician: Armenian doudouk
Todd Kasow .... music supervisor
Manu Katché .... musician: additional percussion
Baaba Maal .... musician: Senegalese voices
Barbara Minor .... assistant music editor
Youssou N'Dour .... musician: Senegalese voices
Robert Nichols .... associate music editor (as Bob Nichols)
Hossam Ramzy .... musician: Egyptian percusion
David Rhodes .... musician: guitars
David Sancious .... musician: hammond organ, keyboards and additional voice
Shenkar .... musician: violin ) (as Shankar (I)
Mahmoud Tabrizi-Zadeh .... musician: Persian kamanche
Julian Wilkins .... English choir boy
Brian Eddolls .... sound: percussion and orchestration (uncredited)
Todd Kasow .... music editor (uncredited)
Shenkar .... composer: additional music (uncredited))
Transportation Department
Vincenzo Corcioni .... driver: makeup
Enrico Pini .... unit manager transportation
Walter Santalmasi .... driver: wardrobe truck
Other crew
Jan Sebastian Ballhaus .... production assistant (as Sebastian Ballhaus)
Brahim Bayadat .... cashier
Aicha Benhaddou .... production assistant
Marion Billings .... publicist
Sabrina Canale .... office secretary
Joe Caroff .... title designer
Ahmed Darif .... location manager
Valter De Filippis .... honey wagon attendant (as Walter De Filippis)
Brahim Derhem .... assistant location manager (as Brahim Derham)
Aicha Dimna .... production secretary
Antonio Gabrielli .... location manager
Rachel Griffiths .... script supervisor
Julia Judge .... assistant: Mr. Scorsese
Lon Kirschner .... title designer
Betsy Marino .... assistant: Ms. De Fina
Doudou N'Diaye Rose .... percussion loop
Anne Parsons .... assistant: Peter Gabriel
Roberto Penna .... accountant
Paolo Piria .... production accountant
Claudio Sabatilli .... cashier
Gabriella Toro .... production coordinator
Lahcen Zinoun .... choreographer (as Lahcen Zinoune)
Nadine F. Wilson .... post-production accountant (uncredited)
Nass-El Ghiwane .... special thanks for inspiration (as Nass El Ghiwane)
Boris Leven .... special thanks
Leo Marks .... special thanks
Pierre Toureille .... special thanks: Ocora-Radio-France
Crew believed to be complete

Production CompaniesDistributorsSpecial EffectsOther Companies
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Additional Details

Also Known As:
164 min
Color (Technicolor)
Aspect Ratio:
1.85 : 1 See more »
Sound Mix:
70 mm 6-Track (70 mm prints) | Dolby (35 mm prints)
Argentina:X (original rating) | Argentina:18 (re-rating) | Australia:M | Australia:R (original rating) | Brazil:14 | Chile:(Banned) (1989-2002) | Finland:K-16 | Iceland:16 | Ireland:18 | Mexico:C | Norway:18 | Peru:18 | Philippines:(Banned) | Portugal:M/16 | Singapore:(Banned) | South Africa:18 | South Korea:18 | Spain:13 | Sweden:15 | UK:18 (original rating) | UK:15 (video re-rating) (2000) | UK:18 (video rating) (1988) | USA:R (certificate #29344) | West Germany:16
Filming Locations:

Did You Know?

Universal Pictures agreed to produce the film if Scorsese then did a commercial film. That was Cape Fear (1991).See more »
Continuity: The state of Mary Magdalene's robe when confronted by Jesus at the beginning.See more »
Jesus:[is drawing a circle in the earth while he speaks to God] I'm not going to leave this circle, I'm not going to leave until you speak to me. No signs, no pain, just speak to me in human words. Whatever path you want, I'll take. Love, or the axe, or anything else. Now if you want me to stay here and die, I'll do that too, but you have to tell me.See more »


Why was this film controversial?
Is this film based on the Bible? Can it be considered an adaptation of the Bible?
Was Nikos Kazantzakis a Christian? Is Martin Scorsese?
See more »
31 out of 40 people found the following review useful.
The Hope of Conquering Temptation, 19 May 2008
Author: DaveDiggler from United States

Martin Scorsese directs one of his finest achievements in a career of directing finest achievements. He takes on a subject close to his heart and close to his faith. Nikos Kazantzakis wrote an extraordinary piece of work on the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The last temptation takes place while Jesus is on the cross, but before that we watch Jesus (William Dafoe) try to overcome temptation as an everyday man. That's what Kazantzakis focuses on. While Christ is on the cross the pain and sacrifice wouldn't be the same if he didn't feel it and showing Jesus in the form of an everyday man may offend some devout Christians, but if they're offended then they're missing the point. God sent his son down to this earth to die for mans sins. That's what scriptures tell us, but Kazantzakis takes us down an intriguing road as the son of God battles the temptations of the everyday man, yet without sin. We watch Jesus struggle with acceptance that he is the messiah, but eventually he accepts his role. We watch Jesus tempted by evil, but he resists. When some hit's him, he turns the other cheek. He has love and he has love for everyone and everything. He doesn't have hate, he doesn't have sin, Jesus is a perfect creature in a man's body sent to do God's work. Martin Scorsese depicts him no differently than he's imagined or believed to have been.

The final act is the greatest part of the film (maybe the most controversial). It shows Jesus taken down, off the cross, by his guardian angel- something that didn't happen according scriptures. As you watch this and if you know the story and haven't read the novel, you become baffled. You don't know what to think or how to interpret it. We see Jesus doing things he never did, like having sex, having children, and living out the rest of his life as an everyday man; living a good, humble life, old and tired. Only until the final moment and the final shot of the film, does the entire third act make complete sense, which makes the final statement by Jesus all that more powerful; "It is accomplished!" It isn't done in a negative manner. Kazantzakis and Scorsese aren't showing Jesus full of sin for no good reason. Showing the hallucination and showing Satan tempting Christ in his weakest moment is what makes Jesus' sacrifice even more powerful. Not only did he die for the sin of man, but he died for the sin of man while being tempted to live a normal and happy life as a man by Satan in the form of a beautiful guardian angel. There would be no torture; no death; no pain; no sacrifice, but here, Jesus fights his temptations and accepts his role and the path God sent him on. He dies on the cross in agony with temptation from Satan at his weakest moment. He's triumphant in a way that is hard to see triumph, but not only does he accept the sins of man, and not only does he sacrifice his life, but he defeats Satan and conquers temptation... as a man. Jesus is a powerful figure without sin and neither Scorsese nor Kazantzakis show him as anything less than the Lord and Savior. The film should leave you questioning your ability to resist temptation as Jesus did. As a devout Christian, one would think, you'd be more appreciative of the depiction in this film than any other film ever made on this subject. "The Last Temptation of Christ" is a powerful film done without sensation, without hate, but with taste, respect, love and appreciation for his sacrifices and his ability to resist temptation and go on with the plan when, as a man, Jesus could have taken the easy way out. He didn't. He sacrificed his life and went through the pain and suffering as a man. Not as a God, where he knows there is no pain and he'll born again in three days, but as a man that can feel all the things we feel and resist all things we don't resist.

Personally I have serious doubts about every word that I've come across, or every biblical story I've ever heard. I am not a Christian. I'm not atheist. I'm nothing more than a skeptic, but this film did something that I would never think possible; I had a religious experience and almost, for a second, became a believer. This is one of the most profound and powerful films ever made even though it has some serious flaws. You don't have to believe in God or Christianity to enjoy this film, simply an opened mind.

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how come no last temptation of Muhammad? tlauver79
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